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Somanahalli Mallaiah Krishna
ಸೋಮನಹಳ್ಳಿ ಮಲ್ಲಯ್ಯ ಕೃಷ್ಣ

Assumed office 
23 May 2009
Prime Minister Manmohan Singh
Preceded by Pranab Mukherjee

In office
12 December 2004 – 5 March 2008
Chief Minister Vilasrao Deshmukh
Preceded by Mohammed Fazal
Succeeded by Sanayangba Chubatoshi Jamir

In office
11 October 1999 – 28 May 2004
Governor V. S. Ramadevi
Triloki Nath Chaturvedi
Preceded by Jayadevappa Halappa Patel
Succeeded by Dharam Singh

Born 1 May 1932 (1932-05-01) (age 77)
Political party UPA-INC
Spouse(s) Prema Krishna
Residence Bangalore, India
Alma mater Maharajas College, Mysore
University Law College, Bangalore
Southern Methodist University
George Washington University

Somanahalli Mallaiah Krishna (Kannada: ಸೋಮನಹಳ್ಳಿ ಮಲ್ಲಯ್ಯ ಕೃಷ್ಣ), generally referred to as S. M. Krishna (born May 1, 1932) is the Indian Minister for External Affairs and a member of the Indian Parliament from Karnataka in the Rajya Sabha. He was the Chief Minister of Karnataka from 1999 to 2004 and the Governor of Maharashtra from 2004 to 2008.


Biographical information

S.M. Krishna is the son of S.C. Mallaiah. He completed his Bachelor's in Arts from Maharaja's College, Mysore and obtained a Law degree from University Law College, which was then known as Government Law College in Bangalore [2]. Krishna studied in the United States, graduating from the Southern Methodist University in Dallas, Texas and The George Washington University Law School in Washington D.C, where he was a Fulbright Scholar and later in the faculty where he taught International Law. Soon after his return to India, he got elected to the Karnataka legislative assembly in 1962. [3].

He was married to Prema on April 29, 1964 and has two daughters. Krishna is an avid sportsperson and plays tennis regularly.

Political biography

Krishna(center) with US President Barack Obama and First Lady Michelle Obama during a reception at the Metropolitan Museum in New York.

In addition, Krishna has served multiple terms as an MP from the Mandya district of Karnataka starting from 1968 in the 4th, 5th, 7th and 8th Lok Sabha. He served as minister under Indira Gandhi between 1983-84 and Rajiv Gandhi between 1984-85 as minister of state for industry and finance respectively. He was member of the Rajya Sabha in the years 1996 and 2006. He was member of the Karnataka legislative assembly and council at different times. Between 1989-1992 he was speaker of the Karnataka Legislative Assembly and Deputy Chief Minister of Karnataka.

In 1999, as KPCC president, he lead his party to victory in the assembly polls and took over as Chief Minister of Karnataka, a post he held till 2004. He is often credited as the father of modern Bangalore by making it the IT capital of India. He was also instrumental in creating power reforms with ESCOMS. He encouraged private public participation and was a forebearer of the Bangalore Advance Task Force. He later became the Governor of Maharastra.

Krishna resigned as Governor of Maharastra on March 5, 2008. It was reported that this was due to his intention to return to active politics in Karnataka.[1] President Pratibha Patil accepted his resignation on March 6.[2] Krishna entered the Rajya Sabha and subsequently took the oath of office as a Union Cabinet Minister of External Affairs in the Council of Ministers under Prime Minister Manmohan Singh on May 22, 2009. H. In September 2009, Tharoor and S M Krishna were incorrectly accused for staying in luxurious 5-star hotels on tax-payers money [3]. Both later clarified that they were paying from their own pockets for their 5-star stay.

Positions held

  • Member of 2rd Karnataka Legislative Assembly 1962-67
  • Member, Indian Parliamentary Delegation to Commonwealth
  • Parliamentary Conference, New Zealand, 1965
  • Member, 5th Lok Sabha 1971-1976
  • Member, 7th Lok Sabha 1980-1984
  • Member, Karnataka Legislative Council 1972-1977
  • Minister for Commerce & Industries & Parliamentary Affairs, Government of Karnataka 1972-77
  • Member, Indian Delegation to the United Nations, 1982
  • Union Minister of State for Industry during 1983-1984
  • Union Minister of State for Finance during 1984-1985
  • Member, 9th Karnataka Legislative Assembly 1989-1992
  • Speaker, Karnataka Legislative Assembly 1989-92
  • Delegate to Commonwealth Parliamentary Seminar at West Minister, UK in March 1990
  • Deputy Chief Minister of Karnataka, 1992-1994
  • Elected to Rajya Sabha in April 1996
  • Chief Minister of Karnataka October 1999 - 2004
  • Re-elected to Karnataka Legislative Assembly: 2004
  • Governor, Maharastra: 2004-2008
  • External Affairs Minister, Government of India: May 22, 2009 to date


Lok Sabha
Preceded by
Member for Mandya
1968 – 1989
Succeeded by
Rajya Sabha
Preceded by
Member for Mandya
1996 – 2006
Succeeded by
Political offices
Preceded by
Jayadevappa Halappa Patel
Chief Minister of Karnataka
1999 – 2004
Succeeded by
Dharam Singh
Preceded by
Mohammed Fazal
Governor of Maharashtra
2004 – 2008
Succeeded by
Sanayangba Chubatoshi Jamir
Preceded by
Pranab Mukherjee
Indian Minister for External Affairs
2009 – present


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