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SG-43 Goryunov: Wikis


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SG DF-ST-86-08093.jpg
Egyptian marines with SG-43
Type Medium machine gun
Place of origin  Soviet Union
Service history
In service 1943-1968 (SU)
Production history
Designer P.M. Goryunov
Designed 1943
Variants SG-43, SGM, SGMT, SGMB
Weight 13.8 kg (30.42 lb) gun body
41 kg (90.39 lb) on wheeled mount
Length 1,150 mm (45.3 in)
Barrel length 720 mm (28.3 in)

Cartridge 7.62x54mmR
Action Gas-operated
Rate of fire 500-700 rounds/min
Muzzle velocity 800 m/s (2,624 ft/s)
Feed system 200 or 250 round belts

The SG-43 Goryunov was a Soviet medium machine gun that was introduced during the Second World War and is chambered for the 7.62x54mmR cartridge. It was introduced in 1943 as replacement for the older M1910 Maxim machine guns and was mounted on wheeled mounts, tripods and vehicles. After the end of World War II the SG-43 was improved and renamed SGM ("M" for modernized). A tank mounted variant was also developed under the designation SGMT. The SG-43/SGM was widely exported and also manufactured in China and elsewhere. Hungary made a lightened version. This was the KGK general purpose machine gun. Besides World War II it saw service in the Korean War by North Korean and Chinese forces; and in the Vietnam War where it was used extensively by the North Vietnamese armed forces and NLF guerillas. In Soviet service, it was replaced in the 1960s by the PK and PKM machine guns.


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