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State Intelligence Service
Sherbimi Informativ Shteteror
SHISH.jpg
Seal of the State Intelligence Service
Agency overview
Formed February 07, 1991
Headquarters Tirana, Albania
Annual budget $12,470,858.06[1]
Agency executives - Bahri Shaqiri, Director
- Ylli Alushi, Deputy Director
- Saimir Kodra, General Inspector
Website
[1]

The State Intelligence Service, commonly known by its acronym SHISH, is the primary intelligence agency of Albania. It was created in 1991 by the Albanian Peoples Assembly as SHIK, acronym of Shërbimi Informativ Kombëtar (National Intelligence Service), but it later changed it`s name in SHISH.

Contents

History

The National Informative Service (Albanian: Shërbimi Informativ Kombëtar, SHIK) was created by the Albanian parliament in 1991. The agency has been used to manage internal dissent and protect the interests of the individual members of the regime.

On April 1, 1997, Bashkim Fino announced that SHIK activity would be suspended effective from March 31. SHIK Director Bashkim Gazidede and his deputy, Bujar Rama, resigned. On May 30, the President, named Arben Karkini as the new head of SHIK. He was succeeded by Fatos Klosi after the Socialists won the July 1997 parliamentary elections. In October 1997, the United States Central Intelligence Agency sent a team of experts to assist the government in restructuring the SHIK. In November 1999, SHIK was renamed SHISH. The current director is Bahri Shaqiri.

Mission and Function

The State Intelligence Service has the following duties:

SHISH main building
  • collect information from abroad for the purpose of national security;
  • undertake intelligence activities for the purpose of the protection of integrity, independence and constitutional order;
  • collect information regarding terrorist activity, the production and trafficking of narcotics, the production of weapons of mass destruction and crimes against the environment;
  • collect information regarding organized crime that endangers national security.

Relationship with other state entities

Institutional Position of the State Intelligence Service and relationship with other state bodies:

Current director of SHISH Bahri Shaqiri

The State Intelligence Service falls under the authority of the Prime Minister. Its Head is appointed and dismissed by the President of the Republic under the advice of the Prime Minister.

SHISH operates within this context and while it has been identified as being "generally under effective civilian control" (U.S. Department of State, 2004) the agency has still been associated with various abuses within the country and continues to play a significant role in domestic politics. The Albanian government has received support from the U.S. and European countries in working to establish or reform national institutions, including its intelligence and security services.

External links

References

  1. ^ Chris Hippner, "A Study Into the Size of the World’s Intelligence Industry" (Master's Thesis, December 2009), 78, http://www.scribd.com/doc/23958185/A-Study-Into-the-Size-of-the-World-s-Intelligence-Industry.
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