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SMS Pommern: Wikis

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Bundesarchiv DVM 10 Bild-23-61-21, Linienschiff "SMS Pommern".jpg
SMS Pommern in 1907
Career (Germany) Kaiser
Name: Pommern
Namesake: Pomerania
Builder: AG Vulcan, Stettin
Laid down: April 1904
Launched: 2 December 1905
Commissioned: 6 August 1907
Fate: Torpedoed and sunk at the Battle of Jutland, 1 June 1916
General characteristics
Class and type: Deutschland-class battleship
Displacement: 13,200t normal; 14,218t full load
Length: 127.6 m (419 ft)
Beam: 22.2 m (73 ft)
Draught: 7.7 m (25 ft)
Propulsion: 19,330 hp, three shafts = 19.1 knots (35 km/h)
Speed: 17 knots (31 km/h)
Range: 5,000 nautical miles (9,000 km); 10 knots (20 km/h)
Complement: 743
Armament: 2 × 2 - 28 cm (11 in) SK L/40 guns guns (2 × 2)
14 × 17 cm (6.7 in) guns (casemated)
22 × 8.8 cm (3.5 in) (casemated)
6 × 45 cm (18 in) torpedo tubes
Armor: 230 mm in belt
280 mm in turrets
76 mm in deck

SMS Pommern was one of the Deutschland class of pre-Dreadnought battleships built for the Kaiserliche Marine between 1904 and 1906. Named after the Prussian province of Pomerania, she was built at the AG Vulcan yard at Stettin (now Szczecin, Poland), where she was launched on 2 December 1905. She was commissioned into the navy on 6 August 1907. The ships of her class were already outdated by the time they entered the service, being inferior in size, armor, fire power and speed to the new post-Dreadnought battleships. She was sunk by a torpedo during the Battle of Jutland in 1916.

Contents

Design

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Dimensions and machinery

Pommern was 413 ft (126 m) at the waterline, and 418.66 ft (127.61 m) overall. She had a beam of 73 ft (22 m) and a draft of 27 ft (8.2 m), and displaced 13,993 tons fully laden. Pommern was powered by 3 shaft triple expansion engines, which produced 19,000 ihp, and a top speed of 18 knots.

Armament

Pommern's main armament was composed of four 28 cm (11 in) SK L/40 guns in twin turrets, one fore and one aft of the superstructure. Her secondary battery was composed of fourteen 6.7 in (17 cm) guns and twenty-two 3.4 in (8.6 cm) inch guns, all casemated along the length of the ship, concentrated particularly amidships. Pommern also mounted six 17.7 in (45 cm) inch torpedo tubes.

Armor

Pommern had an armored belt that was 9 in (23 cm) inches thick at its strongest points, those which covered the ship's vitals, and tapered to 4 in (10 cm) inches thick in less critical areas, such as the bow and stern. The turrets had 11 in (28 cm) inches of armor protection, a full inch thicker than the prededing Braunschweig class. The deck was covered by 3 in (7.6 cm) inches of armor plate.

Service history

At the Battle of Jutland on 31 May–1 June 1916, Pommern, under the command of Kapitän zur See Siegfried Bölken, was part of Rear Admiral Mauve's Second Battle Squadron. During the night action following the main battle, Pommern was hit at about 02:00 on 1 June 1916 by a torpedo fired by HMS Faulknor of the Twelfth Destroyer Flotilla. The hit was followed by a massive explosion in one of her magazines, and the ship broke apart midships and quickly sank with the loss of all 839 men aboard.

The wreck was substantially salvaged in 1957, with the armour and non-ferrous metals being removed. The bow ornament (Bugzier) is now in the German Naval Memorial, Laboe.


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