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SNCF TGV "Sud-Est"
SNCF TGV 101.JPG
TGV-SE set 101
In service 1981 -
Manufacturer GEC-Alsthom
Family name TGV
Number built 107 trainsets
Formation 10 cars (2 power cars, 8 passenger cars)
Capacity 350
Operator SNCF
Specifications
Car length 200m
Width 2.904m
Maximum speed 300 km/h
Weight 385 tonnes (bi-current)
Power output 8,800 kW @ 25 kV
Electric system(s) 25 kV AC
1500 V DC
Gauge Standard gauge - 4 ft 8½ (1,435 mm)
A TGV Sud-Est set in the original orange livery (This colour is not used anymore)

The SNCF TGV Sud-Est or TGV-PSE is a French TGV train built by Alstom and operated by SNCF, the French national railway company. It is a semi-permanently coupled electric multiple unit which operates primarily between Paris and the south-east of France.

The TGV Sud-Est fleet was built between 1978 and 1988 and operated the first TGV service from Paris to Lyon in 1981. Currently there are 107 passenger sets operating, of which nine are tri-current (25 kV 50-60 Hz AC - French lignes à grande vitesse, 1500 V DC - French lignes classiques, 15 kV 16⅔ Hz AC - Switzerland) and the rest bi-current (25 kV 50–60 Hz AC, 1500 V DC). There are also seven bi-current half-sets - TGV La Poste - without seats which carry mail for La Poste between Paris and Lyon. These are painted in a distinct yellow livery.

Each set is made up of two power cars and eight carriages (capacity 345 seats), including a powered bogie in each of the carriages adjacent to the power cars. They are 200 m (656 ft) long and 2.81 m (9.2 ft) wide. They weigh 385 tonnes (424 tons) with a power output of 6,450 kW under 25 kV.

Originally the sets were built to run at 270 km/h (168 mph) but most were upgraded to 300 km/h (186 mph) during their mid-life refurbishment in preparation for the opening of the LGV Méditerranée. The few sets which still have a maximum speed of 270 km/h operate on routes which have a comparatively short distance on the lignes à grande vitesse, such as those to Switzerland via Dijon. SNCF did not consider it financially worthwhile to upgrade their speed for a marginal reduction in journey time.

Fleet Details

Class No. in Service Year Built Operator Current Units Notes
Series 23000 98 1978-1987 SNCF 01-37, 39-69, 71-87, 89-102 Bicurrent
No. 38 rebuilt as TGV La Poste
No. 70 scrapped 1988
No. 88 rebuilt for TGV Atlantique testing
No. 101 rebuilt for tilt testing
Series 33000 9 110-118 Tricurrent
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