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Encyclopedia

Staffordshire
Geography
Status Ceremonial & (smaller) Non-metropolitan county

OriginHistoric
Region West Midlands
Area
- Total
- Admin. council
- Admin. area
Ranked 18th
2,713 km² (1,047 sq mi)
Ranked 18th
2,620 km² (1,012 sq mi)

Admin HQStafford
ISO 3166-2GB-STS
ONS code 41
NUTS 3 UKG24
Demography
Population
- Total (2007 est.)
- Density
- Admin. council
- Admin. pop.
Ranked 16th
1,064,800
392/km² (1,015/sq mi)
Ranked 8th
816,700
Ethnicity 97.0% White
1.7% S.Asian
Politics

Staffordshire County Council
http://www.staffordshire.gov.uk

ExecutiveConservative
Members of Parliament
Districts
  1. Tamworth
  2. Lichfield
  3. Cannock Chase
  4. South Staffordshire
  5. Stafford
  6. Newcastle-under-Lyme
  7. Staffordshire Moorlands
  8. East Staffordshire
  9. Stoke-on-Trent (Unitary)

Staffordshire (pronounced /ˈstæfərdʃər/ or /ˈstæfərdʃɪər/; abbreviated Staffs) is a landlocked county in the West Midlands region of England. Part of the National Forest lies within its borders. It adjoins the ceremonial counties of Cheshire, Derbyshire, Leicestershire, Warwickshire, West Midlands, Worcestershire, and Shropshire.

The largest city in Staffordshire is Stoke-on-Trent, which is administered separately from the rest of the county as an independent unitary authority. Lichfield also has city status, although this is a considerably smaller cathedral city. Major towns include Stafford (the county town), Burton upon Trent, Cannock, Newcastle-under-Lyme and Tamworth. Wolverhampton and Walsall were also in Staffordshire until local government reorganisation in 1974, but are now within the West Midlands county.

Apart from Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire is divided into the districts of Cannock Chase, East Staffordshire, Lichfield, Newcastle-under-Lyme, South Staffordshire, Stafford, Staffordshire Moorlands, and Tamworth.

Contents

History

Historically, Staffordshire was divided into the five hundreds of Cuttlestone, Offlow, Pirehill, Seisdon, and Totmonslow.

The historic boundaries of Staffordshire cover much of what is now the metropolitan county of West Midlands. An administrative county of Staffordshire was set up in 1889 under the Local Government Act 1888 covering the county except the county boroughs of Wolverhampton, Walsall, and West Bromwich in the south (the area known as the Black Country), and Hanley in the north. The Act also saw the towns of Tamworth (partly in Warwickshire) and Burton upon Trent (partly in Derbyshire) united entirely in Staffordshire.

In 1553 Queen Mary made Lichfield a county separate from the rest of Staffordshire. It remained so until 1888.

Handsworth and Perry Barr became part of the county borough of Birmingham in the early 20th century, and thus associated with Warwickshire. Burton, in the east of the county, became a county borough in 1901, and was followed by Smethwick, another Black Country town in 1907. In 1910 the six towns of the Staffordshire Potteries, including Hanley, became the single county borough of Stoke-on-Trent.

A major reorganisation in the Black Country in 1966, under the recommendation of the Local Government Commission for England led to the creation of an area of contiguous county boroughs. The County Borough of Warley was formed by the merger of the county borough of Smethwick and municipal borough of Rowley Regis with the Worcestershire borough of Oldbury : the resulting county borough was associated with Worcestershire. Meanwhile, the county borough of Dudley, historically a detached part of Worcestershire, expanded and became associated with Staffordshire instead. This reorganisation led to the administrative county of Staffordshire having a thin protusion passing between the county boroughs (to the east) and Shropshire, to the west, to form a short border with Worcestershire.

Under the Local Government Act 1972, on April 1, 1974 the county boroughs of the Black Country and the Staffordshire urban district of Aldridge-Brownhills became, along with Birmingham, Solihull, and Coventry and other districts, a new metropolitan county of West Midlands. County boroughs were abolished, with Stoke becoming a non-metropolitan district in Staffordshire, and Burton forming an unparished area in the district of East Staffordshire. On April 1, 1997, under a recommendation of the Banham Commission, Stoke-on-Trent became a unitary authority independent of Staffordshire once more.

Economy

town centre]]

This is a chart of trend of regional gross value added of the non-metropolitan county of Staffordshire at current basic prices published (pp. 240-253) by Office for National Statistics with figures in millions of British Pounds Sterling.

Year Regional Gross Value Added[1] Agriculture[2] Industry[3] Services[4]
1995 6,447 209 2,349 3,889
2000 8,621 150 2,986 5,485
2003 10,169 169 3,164 6,835
  1. ^ Components may not sum to totals due to rounding
  2. ^ includes hunting and forestry
  3. ^ includes energy and construction
  4. ^ includes financial intermediation services indirectly measured

Some National and Internationally known Companies have their base in Staffordshire.They include The Britannia Building Society which is based in Leek. JCB are based in Rocester near Uttoxeter.The Theme park Alton Towers is in the Staffordshire Moorlands and several of the worlds largest Pottery Manufacturers are based in Stoke On Trent.

Education

Staffordshire has a completely comprehensive system with eight independent schools. Most secondary schools are from 11-16 or 18, but two in Staffordshire Moorlands and South Staffordshire are from 13-18. Resources are shared, where appropriate, with Kingsmead Technology College, Blake High School and Norton Canes High School for example, combining their sixth forms to form a Sixth Form Consortium offering a greater selection of subjects than each individual school would otherwise be able to offer.

Two major universities are located in the county. Keele University is located in Newcastle-under-Lyme. Staffordshire University has two campuses; one located in Stoke-on-Trent, the other in Stafford.

Geography

In the north and in the south the county is hilly, with wild moorlands in the far north and Cannock Chase an area of natural beauty in the south. In the middle regions the surface is low and undulating. Throughout the entire county there are vast and important coal fields. In the southern part there are also rich iron ore deposits. The largest river is the Trent. The soil is chiefly clay and agriculture was not highly developed until the mechanisation of farms.

Staffordshire is also home to the highest village in Britain, Flash. The village in the Staffordshire Moorlands stands at 463 m (1518ft) above sea level. This record was confirmed in 2007 by the Ordnance Survey after Wanlockhead in Scotland also claimed the record. The BBC's 'The One Show' investigated the case in a bid to settle the argument and Flash turned out to be the highest.

Government

Staffordshire County Council is the top-tier local authority for the non-metropolitan county.

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Latest Council Election Results

Staffordshire County Council election, 2009
Party Seats Gains Losses Net Gain/Loss Seats % Votes % Votes +/-
  Labour 3 -29 46315
  Conservative 49 +22 109699
  Liberal Democrat 4 +2
  UK Independence 4 +4

Boundary changes

Towns and villages

See the list of places in Staffordshire and the List of civil parishes in Staffordshire

Dogs

A type of bull terrier called the Staffordshire Bull Terrier was bred for hunting purposes in this county. They are known affectionately as "Staffs", "Staffies", and "Nanny-dogs". Staffies should not be confused with the considerably larger American Staffordshire Terrier, American Pit Bull Terrier, and (English) Bull Terrier.

Transport

Canals

Staffordshire has an extensive network of canals including the Birmingham and Fazeley Canal, Caldon Canal, Coventry Canal, Shropshire Union Canal and Trent and Mersey Canal.

Railways

See Rail transport in Staffordshire

Roads

The county has relatively good links to the national roads network. Several major roads intersect the county, making it a popular location for commuters working in Birmingham.

The M42 has a junction in Tamworth at the south-east of the county, and heads south-west towards Birmingham. The M6 runs north through the county and junctions 10A-16 are in the county. The M6 Toll, the UK's first toll motorway, runs through the county with junctions in Weeford near Lichfield, Cannock and joins the M6 heading north towards Stafford.

The A5 and A34 run through the county. The former has been significantly widened to a dual carriageway at several sections, although much of it remains single carriageway.

Places of interest

Key
Image:AP_Icon.PNG Abbey/Priory/Cathedral
Accessible open space
Amusement/Theme Park
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Castle
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Country Park
English Heritage
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Forestry Commission
Heritage railway Heritage railway
Historic House

File:Museum icon (red).png
Museum (free/not free)
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National Trust
Zoo

See also

External links


Simple English


Staffordshire (abbreviated Staffs) is a county in the West Midlands region of England. The county town is Stafford. Part of the National Forest lies within its borders. It adjoins the counties of Cheshire, Derbyshire, Leicestershire, Warwickshire, West Midlands, Worcestershire and Shropshire.

The largest city in ceremonial Staffordshire is Stoke-on-Trent.

Places of interest

Key
NT Owned by the National Trust
EH Owned by English Heritage
FC Owned by the Forestry Commission
A Country Park
An Accessible open space
Museum (free)
File:Museum icon (red).png Museum (charges entry fee)
Heritage railway Heritage railway
Historic House
  • Alton Towers
  • Ancient High House
  • Belvide Reservoir
  • Biddulph Grange
  • Blithfield Hall
  • Blithfield Reservoir
  • Brindley Water Mill
  • Broad Eye Windmill
  • Cannock Chase
  • Chasewater Railway
  • Cheddleton Flint Mill
  • Churnet Valley Railway
  • Croxden Abbey
  • Dovecliff Hall
  • Downs Banks
  • Drayton Manor Theme Park
  • Eccleshall Castle
  • Festival Park
  • Ford Green Hall
  • Foxfield Steam Railway
  • Heart of England Way
  • Ilam Park
  • Izaak Walton Cottage Museum
  • Leek and Manifold Valley Light Railway
  • Lichfield Cathedral
  • Madeley Old Hall
  • Moseley Old Hall
  • Moseley Railway Trust
  • Mow Cop Castle
  • National Memorial Arboretum
  • RSPB Coombes Valley
  • Rudyard Lake Steam Railway
  • Sandon Hall
  • Shugborough Hall
  • Stafford Castle
  • Staffordshire Way
  • Tamworth Castle
  • Trentham Gardens
  • Tutbury Castle
  • Victoria Park
  • Weston Park
  • Whitmore Hall

Other websites


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