SUNY Downstate Medical Center: Wikis

  
  
  

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In 2010, SUNY Downstate will commemorate its sesquicentennial, celebrating 150 years of excellence in medical education. Sesquicentennial Site

The State University of New York Health Science Center at Brooklyn, better known as SUNY Downstate Medical Center, is a public university and medical center located in central Brooklyn, New York. As the only academic center for health education, research, and patient care serving Brooklyn’s 2.5 million residents, SUNY Downstate has been an essential resource for the borough and the city of New York.


Its large urban campus includes the College of Medicine, College of Nursing, College of Health Related Professions, School of Graduate Studies, Graduate Program in Public Health, and University Hospital of Brooklyn, as well as a student center and residences.

In addition to affiliations with Kings County Hospital Center and 22 other hospitals throughout Brooklyn, where much of the core clinical teaching takes place, Downstate has numerous partnerships, including a joint PhD Program in Biomedical Engineering with Polytechnic University (now Polytechnical Institute of NYU); science enrichment programs for local youth in tandem with the Arthur Ashe Institute for Urban Health, housed on the Downstate campus; and the Brooklyn Health Disparities Center, in collaboration with the Ashe Institute and the Office of the Brooklyn Borough President.

Downstate has been an engine of opportunity for students, workers, and the wider Brooklyn community. It directly generates 7,117 jobs, making it the borough’s fourth largest employer. Many of its employees and half of Downstate’s 1,613 students are minorities or recent immigrants.

The College of Medicine, one of the largest medical schools in New York, has the highest percentage of minority students of any medical school in the state. More physicians practicing in New York City received their training there than at any other medical school. Downstate also ranks eighth nationally for the number of graduates who are on the faculty at academic medical centers across the country.

The Colleges of Nursing and Health Related Professions also play a unique role in the life of the borough and city. The College of Nursing is the only nursing school in New York to offer graduate programs in all major tracks: nurse practitioner, clinical nurse specialist, nurse midwifery, and nurse anesthesia. Approximately three-fourths of its students are minorities.

The College of Health Related Professions is the gateway for students seeking to enter some of the most competitive and highly paid careers in healthcare today: physician assistant, physical and occupational therapy, medical informatics, diagnostic medical imaging, and midwifery. The college is particularly proud of its historic claim to having the oldest midwifery program in the nation.

The School of Graduate Studies is known for its excellence in basic science education and research. Students have the opportunity to work side by side with many of the top neuroscientists and basic researchers in the country, such as Robert F. Furchgott, whose Nobel Prize-winning discovery of the role of nitric oxide in the body was made in close collaboration with his students.

Through both its research and educational enterprise, SUNY Downstate has succeeded in nurturing biotechnological development in Brooklyn. The cornerstone of this initiative is Downstate’s Advanced Biotechnology Incubator and Biotechnology Park, the only one of its kind in Brooklyn. In addition to providing the facilities for small start-up companies to develop new biomedical products, job-training programs are in place to provide the educated work force needed to meet the demands of this growing industry.

The current president is John C. LaRosa, MD.

Contents

History

In 2010, SUNY Downstate will celebrate its sesquicentennial, commemorating the year that the Long Island College Hospital (as it was then known) first opened its doors to students. Yet Downstate traces its roots back even further, to 1856, when a small group of physicians set up a free dispensary in Brooklyn to care for poor immigrants.

Known as the German General Dispensary, its original aim was to care for indigent Germans living in Brooklyn, but changing demographics soon required it to broaden its outreach. In 1857, it was reorganized as a charitable institution and renamed The St. John’s Hospital—the first of many name changes.

Officially chartered by the state in 1858 as the Long Island College Hospital of the City of Brooklyn, it was authorized to operate a hospital and confer medical degrees on candidates who attended two lecture courses and completed a three-year preceptorship under a practicing physician. The notion that patient care should be included as an essential part of medical training was revolutionary for its time, but other medical schools soon adopted the approach and it came to be regarded as essential pedagogy.

In 1860, the school officially opened its doors to 57 (male) students. The first faculty included many distinguished physicians, such as Dr. Austin Flint, Sr., remembered for his role in introducing the stethoscope into standard medical practice in this country. Dr. Flint delivered the commencement address in July 24, 1860, when the school graduated its first new doctors.

In the following decades, The Long Island College Hospital greatly expanded both its facilities and medical school curriculum. By the time of the First World War, admission was opened to women and postgraduate training had been introduced. In 1930 the college and hospital were separated from one another so that each would be under its own governing board. The following year, the school was rechartered as the Long Island College of Medicine; the hospital retained its name and continues to operate to this day. Affiliations with other Brooklyn hospitals, including Kings County Hospital, made it possible for the college to conduct much of its clinical teaching at locations throughout the borough.

In 1945, the purchased a large tract of land that would become the site of the future Downstate Medical Center. The “Downstate” era began on April 5, 1950, with the signing of a merger contract between the State University of New York (SUNY) and the Long Island College of Medicine. The medical center came to be known as Downstate to distinguish it from the SUNY medical center in Syracuse, New York. Several years later, the current campus was built in the East Flatbush section of Brooklyn.

In 1954, President Dwight D. Eisenhower laid the cornerstone for the Basic Science Building. In the following years, the complex grew rapidly, with the addition of a student center and residence halls, as well as nurses' residences. In 1966, Governor Nelson Rockefeller officiated at the dedication of University Hospital of Brooklyn, Downstate’s own teaching hospital. The School of Graduate Studies, the College of Health Related Professions, and the College of Nursing were established that same year. In 1987, Governor Mario Cuomo and Mayor Edward Koch helped break ground for the new Health Science Education Building, where most student classes now take place.

Since the arrival of John C. LaRosa, MD, in 2000 as SUNY Downstate’s new president, the medical center has entered a period of renewed growth and expansion. In addition to the completion of a multimillion capital improvement program for the hospital, and the addition of new clinical and research facilities, the campus has expanded to include a Biotechnology Park and Advanced Biotechnology Incubator.

Designed for start-up and early-stage biotech companies, it includes a commercial synthetic chemistry facility. Plans are underway to develop biotech research and manufacturing at the Brooklyn Army Terminal. These initiatives are part of a strategic plan to position SUNY Downstate as the center for biomedical discovery and development in Brooklyn.

Academic Profile

Schools and Programs

College of Medicine

  • MD Program

School of Graduate Studies

  • MD/PhD Program
  • PhD Programs:
  • Molecular and Cellular Biology
  • Neural and Behavioral Science
  • Biomedical Engineering

School of Public Health

  • MPH Program
  • DrPH Program

Combined Programs: MD/MPH OT/MPH PT/MPH

College of Health Related Professions

BS Programs:

  • Diagnostic Medical Imaging
  • Physician Assistant

MS Programs:

  • Medical Informatics
  • Midwifery

Occupational Therapy

Combined Programs:

  • BS/DPT in Physical Therapy

Advanced Certificate Programs:

College of Nursing

BS with a Major in Nursing

MS Programs:

  • Clinical Nurse Specialist
  • Adult Nursing Track or High-Risk Mother and Infant Nursing
  • Family Nurse Practitioner
  • Women’s Health Nurse Practitioner
  • Nurse Anesthesia
  • Nurse Midwifery

Advanced Certificate Programs:

  • Family Nurse Practitioner
  • Women’s Health Nurse Practitioner

Patient Care

Opened in 1966, University Hospital of Brooklyn (UHB) is an eight-story, 376-bed facility with 8 intensive care and step-down units, 12 operating rooms, an adult and pediatric ER, diagnostic and ambulatory surgery facility, and 75 outpatient clinics. It operates four community-based health centers in the East New York, Bedford-Stuyvesant , Midwood, and Bay Ridge sections of Brooklyn, plus a nearby Dialysis Center.

Specialized Services

  • Comprehensive cardiovascular services, including 24/7 angioplasty services and heart surgery;
  • Comprehensive neurological services, including neurosurgery, diagnosis and treatment for stroke, epilepsy, sleep disorders, and Alzheimer’s disease;
  • Adult/pediatric emergency services: the ER receives more than 64,860 patient visits a year;
  • Kidney transplantation and dialysis;
  • Sports medicine;
  • HIV/AIDS treatment and support services- Downstate is a designated AIDS treatment center;
  • Maternal and infant health—Downstate is a designated Regional Perinatal Center.

Technological Advances

  • Robotic pharmacy—automated drug dispensing system helps prevent medical errors;
  • Multi-slice CT scans in 6 seconds;
  • Gamma camera—imaging with radioactive materials;
  • PACS (picture archiving and communication system) for storing, processing, and viewing digital radiological images;
  • Bi-plane angio room allows physician to view the procedure he's performing in 3-D;
  • Radiology Information System—electronic ordering system for patient studies;
  • HealthBridge electronic health records system centralizes patient information to improve care, safety, and hospital operations.

Research

Research is one of SUNY Downstate’s primary missions. In 2000, funding for sponsored research, including 506 basic science investigations and 44 programs funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH), totaled close to $50 million. Downstate is the birthplace of many modern medical developments including:

Development of MRI

First in country to develop MRI machine capable of producing whole body images, and first to propose fundamental science underlying MRI technology. Built on the Downstate campus by Dr. Raymond Damadian, who was awarded the National Medal of Technology in 1988.

Nitric Oxide Molecule and Its Role in the Body

Discovery of nitric oxide molecule and its relaxation effect on blood vessels has been the basis for heart medications and drugs to combat erectile dysfunction. Professor emeritus Robert F. Furchgott was awarded the Nobel Prize for this work in 1998.

First Open Heart Surgery in New York

Dr. Clarence Dennis, chair of the Department of Surgery from 1951 to 1971, built his own heart/lung machine from scratch in his Brooklyn laboratory. He missed performing the first successful open heart surgery in the country by a matter of days, but did perform the second successful procedure– and the first in New York State—using his heart/lung machine, which is now part of the Smithsonian collection.

Rheumatoid Factor Discovery

Rheumatoid factor was discovered by Erik Waaler

Recent Milestones

Neuroscience

With over 40 scientists studying the hippocampus, Downstate is one of the largest facilities in the country for the study of neuroscience. Research by Todd Sacktor and Andre Fenton on the core molecular mechanism for memory storage was highlighted by Science magazine as one of the top10 science breakthroughs of the year in 2006.

Genetics of Alcoholism

The late Dr. Henri Begleiter was the first to define the role that genetics plays in the development of alcoholism. His research has helped redefined medical science’s view of alcoholism. The nine-site Collaborative Study on the Genetics of Alcoholism, which he spearheaded, is the world’s largest study of the genetics of alcoholism.

HIV Treatment and Research

In 1985, at a time when the public and most of the medical establishment considered AIDS a disease of gay men, SUNY Downstate launched the first federally funded study of HIV transmission from mother to baby. Later, Dr. Howard Minkoff, led the first federally funded study of the manifestations of AIDS in women. With funding from the NIH’s Fogarty International Center, Dr. Jack DeHovitz established the Central/East European HIV Education Center. To date, it has trained more than 5,300 health care workers in Central and Eastern Europe, and in Africa.

Research Centers and Major Laboratories
  • Alzheimer’s Disease Research Program
  • Brooklyn Center for Health Disparities
  • Center for Biomedical Imaging
  • Center for Cardiovascular Muscle Research
  • Center for Neurorobotics and Neuroengineering
  • Center for Treatment and Study of Endometriosis
  • Cancer Research Focus Group
  • Henri Begleiter Neurodynamics Laboratory (Genetics

of Alcoholism)

  • HIV Center for Women and Children
  • Northeast Terrorism Preparedness, Training, Education,
  • and Research Center
  • Transgenic Mouse Core Facility

Regional Economic Impact

SUNY Downstate Medical Center is the fifth largest employer in Brooklyn. Eighty-five percent of its employees are New York City residents; 62 percent live in Brooklyn. The center's total direct, indirect, and induced economic impact on New York State is in excess of $627 million. For every $1 the state invests, SUNY Downstate returns more than $12 to the economy. The addition to lifetime earning power for each nursing and allied health graduate ranges from $288,000 to $925,000. SUNY Downstate Medical Center attracted $33.7 million in external research funding in 1998/99, including $24 million from federal sources. Clarkson Avenue separates its campus from Kings County Hospital Center.

Milestones in Research

  • 1955: Clarence Dennis, M.D., inventor of the heart-lung machine, performs first successful open heart surgery in New York State.
  • 1964: Eli Friedman, M.D., establishes nation's first federally-funded dialysis program at University Hospital of Brooklyn.
  • 1977: Raymond Damadian, M.D., produces first human images using magnetic resonance imaging.
  • 1984: Henri Begleiter, Ph.D., Distinguished Professor of Psychiatry and Neuroscience, publishes landmark study showing that the children of alcoholics may have a greater risk for alcoholism.
  • 1986: SUNY Downstate conducts first federally funded study of HIV's transmission from mother to fetus.
  • 1998: Dr. Robert Furchgott, distinguished professor emeritus of pharmacology, is awarded the Nobel Prize in Medicine for his research on nitric oxide.
  • 2006: Drs. Todd Sacktor and Andre Fenton conduct research on maintenance of long-term potentiation and its implications on spatial memory storage, which is named one of the top scientific breakthroughs of the year by Science Magazine.

References in popular culture

  • Mos Def, in his 1999 recording of "Got" uses the line "you takin' a ride on the Downstate Medical," indicating that the victim of a violent robbery might be transported by ambulance to SUNY Downstate to receive medical care.

External links


Simple English

The State University of New York Health Science Center at Brooklyn (also called SUNY Downstate Medical Center), is a medical center in the Borough of Brooklyn in New York City. It is a teaching hospital.

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