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Saab 91 Safir: Wikis

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91 Safir
Saab 91C of the Swedish Air Force
Role Trainer
National origin Sweden
Manufacturer Saab
Designed by Anders J. Andersson
First flight 20 November 1945
Primary users Swedish Air Force
Finnish Air Force
Number built 323

The Saab 91 Safir (English:"Sapphire") is a three (91A, B, B-2) or four (91C, D) seater, single engine trainer aircraft. The Safir was built by Saab in Linköping, Sweden, (203 aircraft) and by De Schelde in Dordrecht, Netherlands (120 aircraft).

Contents

Design and development

The Safir's first flight on 20 November 1945. The all-metal Safir was designed by Anders J. Andersson, who had previously worked for Bücker, where he designed the all-wood Bücker Bü 181 "Bestmann". The Safir thus shared many conceptual features of its design with the Bestmann.

The Saab 91A is powered by a 125-hp four cylinder De Havilland Gipsy Major 2c piston engine, or a 145-hp Gipsy Major 10 piston engine. The 91B, B-2 and C have a six cylinder Lycoming O-435A engine with 190 hp. The 91D has a four cylinder Lycoming O-360-A1A engine with 180 hp.

The "Safir" was later used as a platform to test at low speeds the new swept wing for the Saab 29 Tunnan jet fighter.

Operational history

Finnish Saab 91 Safir

323 units were built in 5 versions (A, B, B-2, C and D). The Safir was used by the Swedish, Norwegian, Finnish, Austrian, Tunisian and Ethiopean air forces as a trainer aircraft, and a single aircraft was used by the Japanese Self-Defense Force as an STOL test platform.

Major civilian users were Air France, Lufthansa and the Dutch Rijksluchtvaartschool (RLS) in Eelde, near Groningen.

During development of the Saab 29, the initial Saab 91 prototype was modified with a scaled down version of the Saab 29's swept wings; this aircraft was designated Saab 201 Experimental Aircraft. This same airframe was later fitted with wings designed for the Saab 32 Lansen; this was designated Saab 202.

Operators

 Austria
 Ethiopia
 Finland
 Japan
 Norway
 Sweden
 Tunisia

Civil Operators

 Australia
 France
 Germany
 Paraguay
  • Paraguayan Aeroclub

Specifications (91A)

Saab 91 "Safir"

Data from

General characteristics

Performance

See also

Comparable aircraft

References

  1. ^ 91B, B-2 and C: 7.9 m, 91D: 7.9 m
  2. ^ 91B: 1,165, B-2 and 91C: 1,215 kg, 91D: 1205 kg

External links

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