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Saale
Karte Saale und Mulde.gif
Origin Upper Franconia, Bavaria
50°7′14″N 11°49′50″E / 50.12056°N 11.83056°E / 50.12056; 11.83056
Mouth Elbe
51°57′17″N 11°54′50″E / 51.95472°N 11.91389°E / 51.95472; 11.91389Coordinates: 51°57′17″N 11°54′50″E / 51.95472°N 11.91389°E / 51.95472; 11.91389
Basin countries Germany
Length 413 km (257 mi)
Source elevation 728 m (2,389 ft)
Avg. discharge 115 m³/s
Basin area 24,100 km²

The Saale, also known as the Saxon Saale (German: Sächsische Saale) and Thuringian Saale (German: Thüringische Saale), is a river in Germany and a left-bank tributary of the Elbe. It is not to be confused with the smaller Franconian Saale, a right-bank tributary of the Main, or the Saale in Lower Saxony, a tributary of the Leine.

Contents

Course

Saale valley near Töpen, Bavaria

The Saale originates on the slope of the Waldstein mountain near Zell in the Fichtelgebirge in Upper Franconia (Bavaria), at an altitude of 728 m. It pursues a winding course in a northern direction, and after passing the manufacturing town of Hof, enters Thuringia. It flows amid well-wooded low mountains of the Thuringian Forest until it reaches the valley of Saalfeld. After leaving Saalfeld the Saale reaches Rudolstadt. Here it receives the waters of the Schwarza, in whose valley lies the ruined castle of Schwarzburg, the ancestral seat of the formerly ruling House of Schwarzburg.

From Saalfeld the Saale enters the limestone hill region north of the Thuringian Forest, and sweeps beneath the barren, conical hills enclosing the university town of Jena. It enters Saxony-Anhalt and passes the spa of Bad Kösen, washes numerous vine-clad hills and, after receiving the deep and navigable Unstrut at Naumburg, flows past Weißenfels, Merseburg, Halle, Bernburg and Calbe. It finally joins the Elbe just above Barby, after traversing a distance of 413 km (257 mi) (shortened 14 kilometers (9 mi) by a bypass from its natural length of 427 kilometers (265 mi)).

The Saale is navigable from Naumburg and is connected with the Weiße Elster near Leipzig by a canal. The soil of the lower part of its valley is exceptionally fertile, and produces, amongst other crops, large supplies of sugar beet. Among its tributaries are the Weiße Elster, Regnitz and Orla on the right bank, and the Ilm, Unstrut, Salza, Wipper and Bode on the left. Its upper course is rapid. Its valley, down to Merseburg, contains many castles which crown the enclosing heights.

Geography

Originating in Zell, the Saale flows through – SparneckWeißdorf – Seulbitz – Förbau – Schwarzenbach an der Saale – Fattigau – OberkotzauHof – Brunnenthal – Saalenstein – Joditz – Landesgrenze Bayern/Thüringen – Hirschberg – Sparnberg – Rudolphstein – BlankenbergBlankensteinHarra – Saaldorf – Saalburg – Poeritzsch – Gräfenwarth – Burgk – Walsburg – Ziegenrück – Neidenberga – Hohenwarte – Eichicht – Kaulsdorf – Fischersdorf – Weischwitz – Reschwitz – Breternitz – Saalfeld – Schwarza – Volkstedt – Rudolstadt – Catharinau – Kolkwitz – Weißen – Uhlstädt – Rückersdorf – Zeutsch – Niederkrossen – OrlamündeFreienorlaGroßeutersdorfKleineutersdorfKahlaGroßpürschütz – Jägersdorf – Rothenstein – Maua – Lobeda – Jena – Zwätzen – Porstendorf – DornburgDorndorf-SteudnitzWichmarCamburg – Tümpling – Großheringen – Kleinheringen – Landesgrenze Thüringen/Sachsen-Anhalt – Stendorf – Saaleck – Bad KösenNaumburg – Schellsitz - Schönburg – Eulau – GoseckLeißling – Lobitzsch – Uichteritz – Markweben – Weißenfels – Dehlitz – Schkortleben – Kleinkorbetha – GroßkorbethaOebles-SchlechtewitzWengelsdorfBad Dürrenberg – Kröllwitz – Leuna – Trebnitz – Merseburg – Meuschau – Freiimfelde – Schkopau – Korbetha – Hohenweiden – Rockendorf – Holleben – Halle – Kröllwitz – Lettin – Brachwitz – Schiepzig – Salzmünde – Pfützthal – Döblitz – Zaschwitz – WettinKloschwitz – Rumpin – Dobis – Friedeburg – Zickeritz – Rothenburg – Nelben – Gnölbzig – Trebnitz – Alsleben – Poplitz – Großwirschleben – PlötzkauGröna – Neuborna – Bernburg – Dröbel – NienburgWedlitz – Damaschke Plan – Wispitz – Calbe – Trabitz – Groß Rosenburg – Werkleitz

Tributaries

Left (from source to mouth):

Right:

Etymology

The name Saale comes from an Indo-European root *selo 'river', akin to Welsh hêl, heledd 'meadow along a river', Cornish heyl 'estuary', Greek élos 'marsh, meadow', Sanskrit sáras 'lake, pond', Sárasvati 'sacred river', Old Persian Harauvati 'Samrkand river', Avestan Haraxvati 'id'.

See also

References

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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

SAALE, a river of Germany, a tributary of the Elbe, rises between Bayreuth and Hof in the N.E. of Bavaria, springing out of the Fichtelgebirge at an altitude of 2390 ft. It pursues a winding course in a northerly direction, and after passing the manufacturing town of Hof, flows amid well-wooded hills until it reaches the pleasant vale of Saalberg. Here it receives the waters of the Schwarza, in whose romantic valley lies the castle of Schwarzburg, the ancestral seat of the princes of the ruling house of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt. From Saalberg the Saale enters the dreary limestone formation of Thuringia, sweeps beneath the barren, conical hills lying opposite to the university town of Jena, passes the pleasant watering-place of Kosen, washes numerous vine-clad hills and, after receiving at Naumburg the deep and navigable Unstrut, flows past Weissenfels, Merseburg, Halle, Bernburg and Kalbe, and joins the Elbe just above Barby, after traversing a distance of 226 m. It is navigable from Naumburg, too m., with the help of sluices, and is connected with the Elster near Leipzig by a canal. The soil of the lower part of its valley is of exceptional fertility, and produces, amongst other crops, large supplies of sugar beetroot. Among its affluents are the Elster, Regnitz and Orla on the right bank, and the Ilm, Unstrut, Salza, Wipper and Bode on the left. Its upper course is rapid. Its valley, down to Merseburg, is picturesque, and even romantic, because of the many castles which crown the enclosing heights. It is sometimes called the Thuringian or Saxon Saale, to distinguish it from another Saale (70 m. long), a right-bank tributary of the Main, in the Bavarian district of Lower Franconia.

See Hertzberg, Die historische Bedeutung des Saaletals (Halle, 1 8 95) .


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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

Noun

Singular
Saale

Plural
Saales

Saale (plural Saales)

  1. A river in Germany.
  2. used attributively to denote one of the glaciations of northern Europe

Quotations

1993: This applies to the last ice age, the Weichsel glaciation (113 000 to 11 500 years ago), to the Eemian interglacial (133 000 to 114 000 years ago), to the previous ice age, the Saale glaciation, and to the last part of the previous interglacial, the Holstein. — New Scientist 28 August 1993, p.29

Anagrams

  • Anagrams of aaels
  • Alsea

German

Wikipedia-logo.png
German Wikipedia has an article on:
Saale

Wikipedia de

Proper noun

Saale f.

  1. Saale (river in Germany)

Simple English

File:Karte Saale und Mulde.gif
River Saale in Thuringia and Saxony-Anhalt

Saale is the name of two rivers in Germany: Saale in Thuringia and Saxony-Anhalt (German: Sächsische Saale) and the Saale in Northern Bavaria (German: Fränkische Saale). The larger, and better known Sächsische Saale springs out of the Fichtelgebirge at 728 m and joins the Elbe in Saxony-Anhalt. It is 413 km long.


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