Saarbrücken: Wikis

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Saarbrücken
SB-Rathaus.jpg
Coat of arms of Saarbrücken
Saarbrücken is located in Germany
Saarbrücken
Coordinates 49°14′0″N 7°0′0″E / 49.233333°N 7°E / 49.233333; 7
Administration
Country Germany
State Saarland
District Saarbrücken
City subdivisions 20
Mayor Charlotte Britz (SPD)
Basic statistics
Area 167.07 km2 (64.51 sq mi)
Elevation 230.1 m  (755 ft)
Population 180,515  (31 December 2006)
 - Density 1,080 /km2 (2,798 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate SB
Postal codes 66001–66133
Area codes 0681, 06893, 06897, 06898, 06805
Website www.saarbruecken.de
Location of the town of Saarbrücken within Saarbrücken district
Map
Grafschaft Saarbrücken (de)
Comté de Sarrebruck (fr)
Grofschaft Saarbrécken (lb)
County of Saarbrücken
State of the Holy Roman Empire
Bishopric of Metz
ca 1120–1797
Capital Saarbrücken
Language(s) Rhine Franconian; see language of the Saarland
Government Principality
Historical era Middle Ages
 - Joined Holy Roman Empire 925
 - Established ca 1120 the 12th century
 - To Nassau-Weilburg 1353
 - Occupied by France 1793
 - Annexed by France 1797
 - Passed to Prussian
    Grd Dchy Lwr Rhine
 
June 9, 1815

Saarbrücken (German pronunciation: [zaːɐ̯ˈbʁʏkən]; French: Sarrebruck, IPA: [saʁbʁyk]) is the capital of the state of Saarland in Germany. The city sits at the heart of a metropolitan area that bounds westwards to Dillingen and northeastwards to Neunkirchen, in which most of the people of the Saarland live.

Saarbrücken used to be the industrial and transport centre of a great coal basin. Production included iron and steel, sugar, beer, pottery, optical instruments, machinery, and construction materials. However, over the past decades the industrial importance of Saarland has declined, as the mining industry has become unprofitable.

Saarbrücken is a smallish city with approximately 190,000 inhabitants and hence a pleasant size. Picturesque rural attractions and places of historic interest offering the perfect destination for a hike or a daytrip are in the close vicinity and even within the town itself. The cultural palette attracts visitors from far and wide. Saarbrücken has experienced a diverse past in its over 1,000-year history. In 999 Emperor Otto III gave the royal seat “Sarabrucca” to the bishops of Metz as a gift. This is the first documented evidence of the town now known as Saarbrücken. The 18th century buildings designed by the architect Friedrich Joachim Stengel were erected during the heyday of the Baroque period. His constructions moulded the face of the town and set the scene for its consequent architectural development. The Saarland has often been forcibly put under French control during the last 200 years. Since 1957 the region has been an integral part of the Federal Republic of Germany, but some sources claim to see a common passion for all things French in the local culture, supposedly reflected by the local hospitality and predilection for food and drink. However, one can find these characteristics all over Germany as well. The proximity to France is reflected in the influences on the region’s cuisine. Visitors exploring the town on the river Saar will be lead past the mediaeval castle and will soon discover works of the great baroque architect Friedrich Joachim Stengel at every turn. He shaped the look and feel of the town like no other. The three prettiest squares in Saarbrücken are the Schlossplatz, Ludwigsplatz and the St. Johanner Market Square. They act as focal points in Stengel’s urban concept. The bourgeois buildings from the Gründerzeit, the so-called “Founding Epoch” in Germany, form a contrast to the baroque castle. The Neo-Gothic Rathaus St. Johann, Saarbrücken’s town hall, was designed by the architect Georg von Hauberisser and boasts an impressive 50-metre high tower.

Historic landmarks in the city include the stone bridge across the Saar (1546), the Gothic church of St Arnual, the 18th century Saarbrücker Schloss (castle) and the old part of the town, the St. Johanner Markt. In 1815 Saarbrücken came under Prussian control, and for two periods in the 20th century (1919–35 and 1945–57) it became part of the Saar territory under French administration. For this reason, coupled with its proximity to the French border, it retains a certain French influence.

In modern German Saarbrücken literally means Saar bridges, and indeed there are about a dozen bridges across the Saar river. However the name actually predates any bridge at this spot by at least 500 years. The historical name of the town is actually Sarabrucca, derived from the Old High German word Brucca, which became Brocken in High German (rock or boulder in English).[1]

Contents

History

The brief history of Saarbrücken is outlined as below. The state capital of the Saarland region reaches a major milestone in its long and somewhat chequered history as it celebrates a very special anniversary this year.

The state capital of the Saarland region reaches a major milestone in its long and somewhat chequered history as it celebrates a very special anniversary this year. In 1909 the baroque town of Saarbrücken merged with the market town of St. Johann and the industrial town of Malstatt/Burbach to create the city of Saarbrücken. But the history of Saarbrücken goes back much further. First the Celts, then the Romans settled in the area. A pagan mithraic temple was discovered at the foot of the Halberg Mountain and now remains preserved as a ruin. A Celtic hillfort was unearthed on top of the Sonnenberg Hill. On the River Saar, to the east of the present-day town, lay the crossroads of two main trade routes: one running between Metz and Worms, the other between Trier and Strasbourg. In the third century a flourishing Roman settlement (vicus) used to stand on this site and a bridge protected by a fort once crossed the Saar River. The existence of Saarbrücken was first documented in 999 under the name “Castellum Sarabrucca”.

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Roman Empire

The Saar area was incorporated into the Roman Empire in the 1st century BC, and later came under the control of the Franks. In 925 it became part of the Holy Roman Empire, but a strong French influence continued.

Middle Ages to 18th century

From 1381 to 1793 the counts of Nassau-Saarbrücken were the main local rulers. Often a prize contended for by its stronger neighbours, the area came under French domination in the 16th century and was incorporated into France in the 1680s. France was forced to relinquish the Saar in 1697, but from 1793 to 1815 regained control of the region.

19th century

After 1815 much of the area was part of the Prussian Rhine Province. During the 19th century the coal and iron resources of the region were developed. At the start of the Franco-Prussian War the area was the first target of the French invasion force, and was occupied between August 2 and August 4, 1870, during this war.

20th century

Under the Treaty of Versailles (1919) the Saar coal-mines were made the exclusive property of France for a period of 15 years as compensation for the destruction of French mines during the First World War. The treaty also provided for a plebiscite, at the end of the 15-year period, to determine the territory's future status, and in 1935 more than 90% of the electorate voted for reunification with Germany, while only 0.8% voted for unification with France. The remainder felt that they wanted to rejoin Germany however, not while the Nazis were in power. This 'status quo' group voted for maintenance of the League of Nations administration. The Saar subsequently rejoined Germany.

World War II

Heavily bombed in World War II and made part of the French Zone of Occupation in 1945, the area was made a separate zone in 1946. In 1947, France created the nominally–politically-independent Saar protectorate and merged it economically with France in order to exploit the area's vast coal reserves. Political pressure on France by West Germany and others, as well as the 1955 rejection by the Saarlanders of the compromise solution of Europeanisation of the area, led to the January 1, 1957 political reunion with the Federal Republic of Germany. Economic reintegration would however take many additional years.

Infrastructure

The city is served by the Saarbrücken Airport (SCN) and starting in June 2007 ICE high speed train services along the LGV Est line provide high speed connections to Paris from Saarbrücken Hauptbahnhof. Uniquely, Saarbrücken's "Saarbahn" (modelled on the Karlsruhe model light rail) crosses the French–German border, connecting to the French city of Sarreguemines

Saarbrücken is also the home of the main campus of Saarland University (Universität des Saarlandes). Co-located with the University are several research centres including:

as well as well as the Botanischer Garten der Universität des Saarlandes (a botanical garden), and the Korea Institute of Science and Technology Europe Research Society.

Geography

Climate

Saarbrücken
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
54
 
3
-1
 
 
42
 
4
-1
 
 
38
 
9
-2
 
 
38
 
13
4
 
 
46
 
18
8
 
 
49
 
21
11
 
 
50
 
23
13
 
 
40
 
23
13
 
 
39
 
19
10
 
 
52
 
14
7
 
 
59
 
7
2
 
 
61
 
4
0
average max. and min. temperatures in °C
precipitation totals in mm
source: worldweather.org 2007-12-01

Region

Some of the closest big cities are Trier, Luxembourg, Nancy, Metz, Kaiserslautern, Karlsruhe and Mannheim. Saarbrücken is also connected by the city's public transport network to the town of Sarreguemines in France, allowing easy crossing of the border between one country and the other. It is also connected to the satellite town of Völklingen, where the old steel works were the first industrial monument to be declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1994 — the Völklinger Hütte.

International relations

Saarbrücken is twinned with Tbilisi, Georgia

Twin towns — sister cities

Saarbrücken is twinned with:

Famous people

Honorary citizen

  • Willi Graf (January 2, 1918 - October 12, 1943), member of the White Rose resistance group
  • Richard Becker (Politiker) (October 10, 1884 - April 11, 1969), Politician and Businessman

Gallery

References

Notes

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Europe : Central Europe : Germany : Saarland : Saarbrücken

Saarbrücken is in Saarland, Germany. Saarbrucken is the capital city for the Saarland.

Get in

By plane

Saarbrücken Airport [1] (IATA: SCN, ICAO: EDDR) is an international airport and is located 15 km to the city center. Regional bus R10 travels once an hour from the airport to the main railway station and takes 28 minutes. A single ticket costs €2.30.

Frankfurt-Hahn Airport can be reached by a bus leaving from the main railway station [2]. There are buses during the whole day and getting there takes approximately two hours and costs €16.

Zweibrücken Airport can be reached from the main station twice a day by a direct bus #199. It takes 45 minutes. During the day it can also be reached by taking a train to Homburg and from there bus R7. This will take 1.5 hours.

By car

Autobahn A6, near the France border. About 2 hours from Mannheim.

By train

Saarbrücken is served by the German train system. There are direct trains from Frankfurt, as well as to Paris. Frequently travel through the rest of Germany requires one to change trains in Mannheim.

Get around

Saarbrücken has an excellent public transport system [3]. It has city buses and a tram line.

See

Ludwigs Church

Saarbrücken Schloss (Palace)

St Johanner Market

Eat

A Saarlandish specialty is Schwenker. A steak prepared on a special grill where the grilling rack is swung by the cook over a fire. This is often served at festivals and beergartens.

  • Alex, Saarstr. 15, [4].  edit
  • Alex Brasserie, Bahnhofstr. 38, [5].  edit
  • Grand, the Asia Restaurant, Triererstr. 14, [6].  edit
  • Va Piano, Bahnhofstr. 22-24, [7].  edit
  • Brasserie Schlachthof, Straße des 13. Januar 35.  edit
  • Gästehaus Erfort, Mainzerstr. 95, [8].  edit
  • Hashimoto, Cecilienstr. 7.  edit
  • Le Noir, Mainzerstr 26, [9].  edit
  • Rizzo, Fröschengasse 1.  edit
  • Stiefel Bräu, Am Stiefel 2, 0681 - 9 36 45 - 0, [10].  edit
  • Cafe Kostbar, NAUWIESER STR. 19, 0681-374360. Comfortable, casual restaurant with nice outside seating and daily specials  edit

The main town square features many bars and restaurants.

  • Saarbrücken Europa-Jugendherberge, Meerwiesertalweg 31 (bus 101 from Rathaus to Prinzenweiher takes 8 minutes), +49 681 33040, [11]. A youth hostel located between the city and the university. €18.40 per night with breakfast.  edit
  • Domicil Leidinger, Mainzerstraße 10, 0681 93 27 0, [12].  edit
  • Völklingen Ironworks [13] is sittuated just outside Saarbrücken. It was one of the most important Ironworks in the world. It was closed in 1986, Now they are the only intact example, in the whole of western Europe and North America, as such they have been included on the UNESCO World Heritage List. There are museum and Multimedia displays brining the site to life.

Open 10am - 7pm Entrance fee €12 There is a Train station in Völklingen about a three minute walk from the site. It is 10 minutes by train from Saarbrücken Hauptbahnhof.

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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

German

Wikipedia-logo.png
German Wikipedia has an article on:
Saarbrücken

Wikipedia de

Proper noun

Saarbrücken

  1. Saarbrücken, the capital of Saarland

Simple English

Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this name.


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