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Sacramento County, California
Seal of Sacramento County, California
Map of California highlighting Sacramento County
Location in the state of California
Map of the U.S. highlighting California
California's location in the U.S.
Seat Sacramento
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

995 sq mi (2,577 km²)
966 sq mi (2,502 km²)
30 sq mi (78 km²), 3.00%
Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

1,223,499
1,267/sq mi (489/km²)
Founded 1850
Website www.saccounty.net

Sacramento County is a county in California. Its county seat is Sacramento, which is also the state capital. As of 2008, the population of this county was estimated to be 1,394,154.[1]

The Sacramento metropolitan area consists of four counties with Sacramento County being the largest. The County covers about 994 square miles (2,570 km2) in the middle of the California Central Valley, a large agricultural region. Sacramento County extends from the low delta lands between the Sacramento River and San Joaquin River north to about ten miles (16 km) beyond the State Capitol and east to the foothills of the Sierra Nevada Mountains. The southmost portion of Sacramento County has direct access to San Francisco Bay.

Contents

History

Sacramento County was one of the original counties of California, which were created in 1850 at the time of statehood.

The county was named after the Sacramento River, which forms its western border. The river was named by Spanish cavalry officer Gabriel Moraga for the Santisimo Sacramento (Most Holy Sacrament), referring to the Catholic Eucharist.

Alexander Hamilton Willard, a member of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, is buried in the old Franklin Cemetery.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 995 square miles (2,578 km²), of which, 966 square miles (2,501 km²) of it is land and 30 square miles (77 km²) of it (3.00%) is water. Most of the county is at an elevation close to sea level, with some areas below sea level. Hills along the eastern boundary rise to several hundred feet. Major watercourses in the county include the American River, Sacramento River and Dry Creek, a tributary of the Sacramento River.

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Cities and towns

Sacramento
Pocket-Greenhaven
Elk Grove
Folsom Lake is shared by Sacramento, Placer and El Dorado County

Incorporated places

Unincorporated census-designated places

Adjacent counties

National protected area

Transportation infrastructure

Major highways

Public transportation

Sacramento Regional Transit (RT) provides bus and light rail service in Sacramento and nearby communities. Sacramento hosts 37.4 miles (60.2km) of light rail. The cities of Elk Grove, Folsom and Galt also operate their own bus lines. In addition, the transit agencies of the adjacent counties have routes operating into downtown Sacramento, or connecting with the light rail system.

Greyhound and Amtrak both serve Sacramento. The port of Sacramento ships 870,000 short tons (790,000 metric tons) of cargo annually.

Airports

Sacramento International Airport is a major, full-service airport with passenger flights. It is owned by the County of Sacramento. The County also owns Sacramento Mather Airport in Rancho Cordova and Sacramento Executive Airport, both of which are general aviation airports. There are also privately owned public use airports located in Elk Grove and Rio Linda.

Government and politics

Presidential Election Results
Year DEM GOP
2008 58.6% 316,506 39.6% 213,583
2004 49.6% 236,657 49.3% 235,539
2000 49.3% 212,792 45.3% 195,619
1996 49.8% 203,019 40.8% 166,049
1992 43.6% 197,540 35.4% 160,366
1988 47.7%188,557 51.0% 201,832
1984 43.1%159,128 55.6% 204,922
1980 40.4% 130,031 47.7% 153,721
1976 52.3% 144,203 44.6% 123,110
1972 47.6% 137,287 49.0% 141,218
1968 50.9% 118,769 41.7% 97,177
1964 65.7% 149,668 34.2% 77,871
1960 56.3% 109,695 43.3% 84,252

Sacramento County is governed by an elected five-member Sacramento County Board of Supervisors[2] according to the Sacramento County Charter and the Sacramento County Code. The county is administered by the County Executive[3] appointed by the Board, and an elected Assessor, District Attorney, Sheriff, and Board of Education.[4][5]

Sacramento County is politically competitive in presidential elections, though marginally Democratic. Candidates from the Democratic Party have carried the county in the past five presidential elections, but have won a majority of the county's votes only once during that time (in 2008). The city of Sacramento is strongly Democratic, while rural areas are strongly Republican; suburban areas are more divided. This pattern is also present in congressional and state legislative elections. The last Republican presidential candidate to win a majority in the county was George H.W. Bush in 1988.

In the House of Representatives, all of California's 5th congressional district, part of the 3rd district, as well as small portions of the 4th and 10th districts, are in the county. The 3rd and 4th districts are represented by Republicans Dan Lungren and Tom McClintock, respectively, while the 5th and 10th are represented by Democrats Doris Matsui and John Garamendi, respectively.

In the State Assembly, all of the 9th district and parts of the 4th, 5th, 10th, and 15th districts are in the county. The 9th, represented by Dave Jones, the 10th by Alyson Huber, and the 15th by Joan Buchanan are represented by Democrats, the other two districts are represented by Republicans: the 4th by Ted Gaines and the 5th by Roger Niello.

In the State Senate, all of the 6th district and parts of the 1st and 5th districts are in the county. The 1st district is represented by Republican Dave Cox and the 5th and 6th districts are represented by Democrats, Lois Wolk and Darrell Steinberg, respectively.

As of 2008, approximately 45% of registered voters were Democratic and 31% were registered Republicans; the remaining 23% declined to state their affiliation.[6]

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1900 45,915
1910 67,806 47.7%
1920 91,029 34.2%
1930 141,999 56.0%
1940 170,333 20.0%
1950 277,140 62.7%
1960 502,778 81.4%
1970 631,498 25.6%
1980 783,381 24.1%
1990 1,041,219 32.9%
2000 1,223,499 17.5%
Est. 2006 1,347,799 10.2%

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 1,223,499 people, 453,602 households, and 297,562 families residing in the county. The population density was 1,267 people per square mile (489/km²). There were 474,814 housing units at an average density of 492/sq mi (190/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 64.02% White, 10.56% Black or African American, 1.09% Native American, 13.53% Asian, 0.59% Pacific Islander, 7.48% from other races, and 5.84% from two or more races. 19.31% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 10.2% were of German, 7.0% English, 6.7% Irish and 5.1% American ancestry according to Census 2000. 75.7% spoke English, 10.0% Spanish, 1.5% Hmong, 1.4% Chinese or Mandarin, 1.3% Vietnamese, 1.2% Tagalog and 1.2% Russian as their first language.

There were 453,602 households out of which 33.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.40% were married couples living together, 14.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.40% were non-families. 26.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.24.

In the county the population was spread out with 27.60% under the age of 18, 9.50% from 18 to 24, 31.00% from 25 to 44, 20.90% from 45 to 64, and 11.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 95.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $43,816, and the median income for a family was $50,717. Males had a median income of $39,482 versus $31,569 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,142. About 10.3% of families and 14.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.2% of those under age 18 and 6.6% of those age 65 or over.

See also

References

  1. ^ http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/06/06067.html
  2. ^ California Government Code §25000(a)
  3. ^ Sacramento County Charter §20
  4. ^ Sacramento County Charter §23(e)
  5. ^ Sacramento County Charter §24
  6. ^ http://www.sos.ca.gov/elections/ror/ror-pages/15day-presgen-08/county.pdf
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  

External links

Coordinates: 38°27′N 121°21′W / 38.45°N 121.35°W / 38.45; -121.35


Genealogy

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Sacramento County, California
Seal of Sacramento County, California
Map
File:Map of California highlighting Sacramento County.png
Location in the state of California
Map of the USA highlighting California
California's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded 1850
Seat Sacramento
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

 sq mikm²)
 sq mi ( km²)
 sq mi ( km²), 3.00%
wikipedia:Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

1223499
Website: www.saccounty.net

Sacramento County is a county in the U.S. state of California. The county seat is the city of Sacramento, the state capital. As of 2000 the population was 1,223,499.

Sacramento County covers about 994 square miles in the middle of the Central Valley, California's prime agricultural region. Sacramento County extends from the low delta lands between the Sacramento and San Joaquin Rivers north to about ten miles beyond the State Capitol and east to the foothills of the Sierra Nevada Mountains. The southernmost portion of Sacramento County has direct access to the San Francisco Bay.

Contents

History

Sacramento County was one of the original counties of California, created in 1850 at the time of statehood.

The county was named after the Sacramento River, which forms its western border. The river was named by Spanish cavalry officer Gabriel Moraga for the Santisimo Sacramento (Most Holy Sacrament), referring to the Eucharist.

Alexander Hamilton Willard of the Lewis and Clark Expedition is buried in the old Franklin Cemetery.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,578 km² (995 sq mi). 2,501 km² (966 sq mi) of it is land and 77 km² (30 sq mi) of it (3.00%) is water. Most of the county is at an elevation close to sea level, with some areas below sea level. Hills along the eastern boundary rise to several hundred feet. Major watercourses in the county include the American River, Sacramento River and Dry Creek, a tributary of the Sacramento River.

Cities and towns

Incorporated Places

Unincorporated Census Designated Places

Adjacent Counties

Transportation Infrastructure

Major Highways

Public Transportation

Sacramento Regional Transit (RT) provides bus and light rail service in Sacramento and nearby communities. The cities of Elk Grove, Folsom and Galt also operate their own bus lines. In addition, the transit agencies of the adjacent counties have routes operating into Downtown Sacramento, or connecting with the light rail system.

Greyhound and Amtrak both serve Sacramento.

Airports

Sacramento International Airport is a major, full-service airport with passenger flights. It is owned by the County of Sacramento. The County also owns Sacramento Mather Airport in Rancho Cordova and Sacramento Executive Airport, both of which are general aviation airports. There are also privately owned public use airports located in Elk Grove and Rio Linda.

Politics

Presidential Election Results
Year DEM GOP Others
2004 49.5% 236,657 49.3% 235,539 1.19% 5,670
2000 45.3% 212,792 49.3% 195,619 5.36% 23,139
1996 49.8% 203,019 40.8% 166,049 9.42% 38,346
1992 43.6% 197,540 35.4% 160,366 21.08% 95,606
1988 51.0% 201,832 47.7% 188,557 1.34% 5,301
1984 43.1% 159,128 55.6% 204,922 1.30% 4,791
1980 40.4% 130,031 47.7% 153,721 11.91% 38,368
1976 52.3% 144,203 44.6% 123,110 3.10% 8,563
1972 47.6% 137,287 49.0% 141,218 3.37% 9,716
1968 50.9% 118,769 41.7% 97,177 7.42% 17,300
1964 65.7% 149,668 34.2% 77,871 0.15% 332
1960 56.3% 109,695 43.3% 84,252 0.42% 809

Sacramento County is a Democratic-leaning county in presidential elections, with the city of Sacramento going heavily for Democrats and the suburbs going heavily for Republicans. This pattern is also present in congressional and state legislature elections. The last Republican presidential candidate to win a majority in the county was Ronald Reagan in 1984.

In the House of Representatives all of California's 5th congressional district and parts of the 3rd district and tiny parts of the 4th and 10th districts are in the county. The 3rd district is represented by Republican Dan Lungren while the 5th and 10th are represented by Democrats Doris Matsui and Ellen Tauscher respectively.

In the State Assembly, all of the 9th district and parts of the 4th, 5th, 10th, and 15th districts are in the county. Except for the 9th, which is represented by Democrat Dave Jones, all the districts are represented by Republicans: the 4th by Ted Gaines, the 5th by Roger Niello, the 10th by Alan Nakanishi, and the 15th by Guy Houston.

In the State Senate, all of the 6th district and parts of the 1st and 5th districts are in the county. The 1st district is represented by Republican Dave Cox and the 5th and 6th districts are represented by Democrats, Michael Machado and Darrell Steinberg respectively.








Demographics

As of the census² of 2000, there were 1,223,499 people, 453,602 households, and 297,562 families residing in the county. The population density was 489/km² (1,267/sq mi). There were 474,814 housing units at an average density of 190/km² (492/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 64.02% White, 9.96% Black or African American, 1.09% Native American, 11.03% Asian, 0.59% Pacific Islander, 7.48% from other races, and 5.84% from two or more races. 16.01% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 75.7% spoke English, 10.0% Spanish, 1.5% Hmong, 1.4% Chinese or Mandarin, 1.3% Vietnamese, 1.2% Tagalog and 1.2% Russian as their first language.

There were 453,602 households out of which 33.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.40% were married couples living together, 14.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.40% were non-families. 26.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.24.

In the county the population was spread out with 27.60% under the age of 18, 9.50% from 18 to 24, 31.00% from 25 to 44, 20.90% from 45 to 64, and 11.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 95.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $43,816, and the median income for a family was $50,717. Males had a median income of $39,482 versus $31,569 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,142. About 10.30% of families and 14.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.20% of those under age 18 and 6.60% of those age 65 or over.

Miscellaneous Information

  • Average annual maximum temperature: 73.6 degrees Fahrenheit (23.1 degrees Celsius)
  • Average annual minimum temperature: 49 °F (9.5 °C)
  • Average rainfall: 19.6 inches (500 mm)
  • Climate is mild winter rainy seasons typically in the 40's and 50's and long dry summer seasons with many hot spells of over 100 for several days in a row, (average temperature does not tell the whole story), with very pleasant dry weather most other times.
  • 20.5 miles (33.0 km) of light rail system (an additional 22.1 miles or 35.6 km is under construction)
  • 3 mainline railroad tracks
  • 10 million passengers annually through Sacramento International airport
  • Port of Sacramento ships 870,000 short tons (790,000 metric tons) of cargo annually
  • 14 Regional Parks Districts
  • 6 million trees
  • 19 major public & private colleges & universities
  • 16 public school districts
  • 15 major art and historical museums
  • 26 public libraries
  • 10 hospitals
  • 69.6% of eligible voters are registered to vote
  • Population density: 1,252/sq mi (483/km²)
  • Leading agricultural crops include: milk, wine grapes, Bartlett pears, field corn, turkeys

See also

External links

Coordinates: 38°27′N 121°21′W / 38.45, -121.35

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Sacramento County, California. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
Facts about Sacramento County, CaliforniaRDF feed
County names Sacramento County, California  +
County of country United States  +
County of subdivision1 California  +
Short name Sacramento County  +

This article uses material from the "Sacramento County, California" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

Simple English

Sacramento County is a county in the U.S. state of California. It is located in the Central Valley, along the Sacramento River. As of 2000, its population was 1,223,499. Its county seat is Sacramento, which is not only the county seat but the state capital.


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