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Saddam Hussein Abd al-Majid al-Tikriti
صدام حسين عبد المجيد التكريتي


In office
16 July 1979 – 9 April 2003
Prime Minister Himself (twice)
Sa'dun Hammadi
Mohammed Amza Zubeidi
Ahmad Husayn Khudayir as-Samarrai
Preceded by Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr
Succeeded by Deposed; Coalition Provisional Authority

57th & 61st Prime Minister of Iraq
11th & 15th Prime Minister of the Republic of Iraq
In office
16 July 1979 – 23 March 1991
29 May 1994 – 9 April 2003
President Himself
Preceded by Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr
Ahmad Husayn Khudayir as-Samarrai
Succeeded by Sa'dun Hammadi
Deposed; Ayad Allawi

Born 28 April 1937(1937-04-28)
Al-Awja, Iraq
Died 30 December 2006 (aged 69)
Kadhimiya, Baghdad, Iraq
Political party Baath Party
Spouse(s) Sajida Talfah
Children Uday, Qusay, 3 others
Religion Sunni Muslim
.Saddam Hussein Abd al-Majid al-Tikriti (Arabic: صدام حسين عبد المجيد التكريتي Ṣaddām Ḥusayn ʿAbd al-Majīd al-Tikrītī[1]; 28 April 1937[2] – 30 December 2006)[3] was the President of Iraq from 16 July 1979 until 9 April 2003.[4][5] A leading member of the revolutionary Ba'ath Party, which espoused secular pan-Arabism, economic modernization, and Arab socialism, Saddam played a key role in the 1968 coup that brought the party to long-term power.^ December 30, 2006 12:30 pm .

^ December 31, 2006 at 10:16 AM .
  • Obsidian Wings: Saddam Hussein Is Dead 20 September 2009 19:50 UTC obsidianwings.blogs.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Saddam Hussein abd al-Majid, politician, born April 28 1937; died December 30 2006.
  • Obituary: Saddam Hussein | World news | guardian.co.uk 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.guardian.co.uk [Source type: News]

.As vice president under the ailing General Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr, and at a time when many groups were considered capable of overthrowing the government, Saddam created security forces through which he tightly controlled conflict between the government and the armed forces.^ There was a conflict between all these departments that Saddam controlled so tightly and the armed forces -- because the armed forces is the one organization capable of overthrowing government.
  • frontline: the survival of saddam: secrets of his life and leadership: interview with said k. aburish 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1976, Saddam rose to the position of general in the Iraqi armed forces.
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr .
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In the early 1970s, Saddam spearheaded Iraq's nationalization of the Western-owned Iraq Petroleum Company, which had long held a monopoly on the country's oil.^ In the early 1970s, Saddam spearheaded Iraq's nationalization of the Western-owned Iraq Petroleum Company, which had long held a monopoly on the country's oil.
  • Saddam Hussein Memorial Hall - Moonlightchest.com 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC memorial.moonlightchest.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the early 1970s, Saddam spearheaded Iraq's nationalization of the Western-owned Iraq Petroleum Company , which had long held a monopoly on the country's oil.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I'm not from Iraq, I'm from a country that had the same practice as Saddam.
  • Saddam Hussein Execution - NWCN Blog 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC blogs.nwcn.com [Source type: Original source]

.Through the 1970s, Saddam cemented his authority over the apparatuses of government as Iraq's economy grew at a rapid pace.^ In the 1970s, Saddam cemented his authority over the apparatuses of government as Iraq's economy grew at a rapid pace throughout the decade.
  • Saddam Hussein Memorial Hall - Moonlightchest.com 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC memorial.moonlightchest.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Through the 1970s, Saddam cemented his authority over the apparati of government as Iraq's economy grew at a rapid pace.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Saddam's organizational prowess was credited with Iraq's rapid pace of development in the 1970s; development went forward at such a fevered pitch that two million persons from other Arab countries and Yugoslavia worked in Iraq to meet the growing demand for labor.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Peoples Forum: Better Off Dead! The End Of Saddam Hussein 12 -29 - 06 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thepalmbeachtimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[6]
.As president, Saddam maintained power during the Iran–Iraq War of 1980 through 1988, and throughout the Persian Gulf War of 1991. During these conflicts, Saddam suppressed several movements, particularly Shi'a and Kurdish movements seeking to overthrow the government or gain independence, respectively.^ Saddam Hussein from power in Iraq and ...
  • http://www.apfn.org/apfn/Saddam_Hussein.htm 11 September 2009 10:010 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ September 1980: War starts between Iraq and Iran.
  • Peoples Forum: Better Off Dead! The End Of Saddam Hussein 12 -29 - 06 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thepalmbeachtimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ October 10, 2002 Iran-Iraq War, 1980-1988.
  • The Strata-Sphere » The Hanging Of Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC strata-sphere.com [Source type: Original source]

.Whereas some Arabs venerated him for his aggressive stance against foreign intervention and for his support for the Palestinians,[7] other Arabs and Western leaders vilified him as the force behind both a deadly attack on northern Iraq in 1988 and, two years later, an invasion of Kuwait to the south.^ Whereas some Arabs venerated him for his aggressive stance against foreign intervention and for his support for the Palestinians , [7] other Arabs and Western leaders vilified him as the force behind both a deadly attack on northern Iraq in 1988 and, two years later, an invasion of Kuwait to the south.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Mubarak tells Cheney that he opposes any foreign intervention against Iraq.

^ After secondary school, Saddam studied at Iraq's School of Law for three years, prior to dropping out in 1957, at the age of twenty, to join the revolutionary pan-Arab Ba'ath Party, of which his uncle was a supporter.
  • Saddam Hussein Memorial Hall - Moonlightchest.com 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC memorial.moonlightchest.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.By 2003, the administration of U.S. President George W. Bush perceived that Saddam remained sufficiently relevant and dangerous to be overthrown.^ By 2003, the administration of U.S. President George W. Bush in place following the elections of 2000 had convinced the public that Saddam remained sufficiently relevant and dangerous to be overthrown.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It seems primarily designed so that President George Bush does not have to admit defeat or take hard choices about talking to Iran and Syria.
  • Patrick Cockburn: The Martyrdom of Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.counterpunch.org [Source type: General]

^ Glaspie said these words 8 days before an American invasion & Gulf War when Saddam was betrayed by the Bush administration.
  • Saddam Hussein: A Dictator Created Then Destroyed By America | World | AlterNet 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: General]

.In March of that year, the U.S. and its allies invaded Iraq, eventually deposing Saddam.^ Saddam was deposed by the U.S. and its allies during the 2003 invasion of Iraq.
  • Saddam Hussein Memorial Hall - Moonlightchest.com 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC memorial.moonlightchest.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In March of that year, the U.S. and its allies invaded Iraq, eventually deposing Saddam.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I've never met Saddam and couldn't have pointed to Iraq on a map until four years ago.

.Captured by U.S. forces on 13 December 2003, Saddam was brought to trial under the Iraqi interim government set up by U.S.-led forces.^ December 2003: US officials announce the capture of Saddam.
  • Peoples Forum: Better Off Dead! The End Of Saddam Hussein 12 -29 - 06 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thepalmbeachtimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Saddam Hussein's government collapsed as a result of the 2003 invasion of Iraq led by the United States, and he was captured by American forces on December 13, 2003.
  • Peoples Forum: Better Off Dead! The End Of Saddam Hussein 12 -29 - 06 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thepalmbeachtimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Captured by U.S. forces on December 13, 2003, Saddam was brought to trial under the Iraqi interim government set up by U.S.-led forces.
  • Saddam Hussein Memorial Hall - Moonlightchest.com 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC memorial.moonlightchest.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.On 5 November 2006, he was convicted of charges related to the 1982 killing of 148 Iraqi Shi'ites convicted of planning an assassination attempt against him, and was sentenced to death by hanging.^ On November 5 2006, he was convicted of charges related to the executions of 148 Iraqi Shi'ites suspected of planning an assassination attempt against him, and was sentenced to death by hanging.
  • Saddam Hussein Memorial Hall - Moonlightchest.com 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC memorial.moonlightchest.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 2006 the Iraqi High Tribunal sentenced him to death for crimes against humanity.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He was sentenced to death by hanging.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Saddam was executed on 30 December 2006.[8] By the time of his death, Saddam had become a prolific author.^ December 30, 2006 12:30 pm .

^ Saddam Hussein is prepared for execution for crimes against humanity on December 30, 2006.
  • Saddam Hussein Execution (full video) | SPIKE 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.spike.com [Source type: General]

^ December 30, 2006 5:29 pm .

[9][10][11][12] .Among his works are multiple novels dealing with themes of romance, politics, and war.^ Among his work are multiple novels dealing with themes of romance , politics , and war .
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[13][14][15][16]

Contents

Youth

.Saddam Hussein Abd al-Majid al-Tikriti was born in the town of Al-Awja, 13 km (8 mi) from the Iraqi town of Tikrit, to a family of shepherds from the al-Begat tribal group.^ Saddam Hussein al-Tikriti was born in 1937 to a peasant family in a village near Tikrit , a town on the Tigris River north of Baghdad.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein .
  • http://www.apfn.org/apfn/Saddam_Hussein.htm 11 September 2009 10:010 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Saddam Hussein has no family name.
  • Why is Saddam Hussein often called just "Saddam"? - Straight Dope Message Board 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC boards.straightdope.com [Source type: General]

.His mother, Subha Tulfah al-Mussallat, named her newborn son Saddam, which in Arabic means "One who confronts"; he is always referred to by this personal name, which may be followed by the patronymic and other elements.^ His mother, Subha Tulfah al-Mussallat, named her newborn son Saddam, which in Arabic means "One who confronts."
  • Saddam Hussein Memorial Hall - Moonlightchest.com 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC memorial.moonlightchest.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Saddam , is his personal name, means the stubborn one or he who confronts in Arabic (in Iraq also a term for a car's bumper).
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Saddam translates to 'One Who Confronts'.
  • Saddam Hussein killer file 11 September 2009 10:010 UTC www.moreorless.au.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.He never knew his father, Hussein 'Abid al-Majid, who disappeared six months before Saddam was born.^ Saddam Hussein never accounted for his ...
  • http://www.apfn.org/apfn/Saddam_Hussein.htm 11 September 2009 10:010 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Saddam Hussein never knew Saddam Hussein's father, Hussein 'Abd al-Majid, who died or disappeared 6 months before Saddam was born.
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Full name Saddam Hussein al-Majid al-Tikriti.
  • Saddam Hussein killer file 11 September 2009 10:010 UTC www.moreorless.au.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Shortly afterward, Saddam's 13-year-old brother died of cancer.^ Shortly afterward, Saddam's 13-year-old brother died of cancer, leaving his mother severely depressed in the final months of the pregnancy.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Peoples Forum: Better Off Dead! The End Of Saddam Hussein 12 -29 - 06 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thepalmbeachtimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Shortly afterward, Saddam's 13-year-old brother died of cancer .
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Shortly afterward, Saddam's thirteen-year-old brother died of cancer, leaving Saddam Hussein's mother severely depressed in the final months of the pregnancy.
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The infant Saddam was sent to the family of his maternal uncle Khairallah Talfah until he was three.^ Sajida is the daughter of Khairallah Talfah, Saddam's uncle and mentor.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Peoples Forum: Better Off Dead! The End Of Saddam Hussein 12 -29 - 06 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thepalmbeachtimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The infant Saddam was sent to the family of Saddam Hussein's maternal uncle, Khairallah Talfah, until Saddam Hussein was three.
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The infant Saddam was sent to the family of his maternal uncle, Khairallah Talfah, until he was three.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Peoples Forum: Better Off Dead! The End Of Saddam Hussein 12 -29 - 06 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thepalmbeachtimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein Memorial Hall - Moonlightchest.com 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC memorial.moonlightchest.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[17]
.His mother remarried, and Saddam gained three half-brothers through this marriage.^ His mother remarried, and Saddam gained three half-brothers through this marriage.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Peoples Forum: Better Off Dead! The End Of Saddam Hussein 12 -29 - 06 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thepalmbeachtimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein Memorial Hall - Moonlightchest.com 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC memorial.moonlightchest.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ According to AsiaNews.it, Iraqi television initially said Saddam's half-brothers Barzan Ibrahim and Awad Hamed al-Bandar were hanged too.
  • Saddam Hussein is Dead | MetaFilter 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: General]

^ Saddam's half brother, Barzan Ibrahim, and Awad Hamed al-Bandar, head of Iraq's Revolutionary Court in 1982, were convicted of similar charges as well.
  • Saddam Hussein Memorial Hall - Moonlightchest.com 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC memorial.moonlightchest.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.His stepfather, Ibrahim al-Hassan, treated Saddam harshly after his return.^ Saddam Hussein's stepfather, Ibrahim al-Hassan, treated Saddam harshly after Saddam Hussein's return.
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ His stepfather, Ibrahim al-Hassan, treated Saddam harshly after his return.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Peoples Forum: Better Off Dead! The End Of Saddam Hussein 12 -29 - 06 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thepalmbeachtimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein Memorial Hall - Moonlightchest.com 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC memorial.moonlightchest.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ According to AsiaNews.it, Iraqi television initially said Saddam's half-brothers Barzan Ibrahim and Awad Hamed al-Bandar were hanged too.
  • Saddam Hussein is Dead | MetaFilter 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: General]

.At around 10 Saddam fled the family and returned to live in Baghdad with his uncle Kharaillah Tulfah.^ At about the age of ten, Saddam fled the family and returned to live in Baghdad with Saddam Hussein's uncle, Kharaillah Tulfah.
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ At around ten, Saddam fled the family and returned to live in Baghdad with his uncle, Kharaillah Tulfah.
  • Saddam Hussein Memorial Hall - Moonlightchest.com 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC memorial.moonlightchest.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ At about the age of 10, Saddam fled the family and returned to live in Baghdad with his uncle, Kharaillah Tulfah.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Peoples Forum: Better Off Dead! The End Of Saddam Hussein 12 -29 - 06 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thepalmbeachtimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Tulfah, the father of Saddam's future wife, was a devout Sunni Muslim and a veteran from the 1941 Anglo-Iraqi War between Iraqi nationalists and the United Kingdom, which remained a major colonial power in the region.^ Tulfah, the father of Saddam's future wife, was a devout Sunni Muslim.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Peoples Forum: Better Off Dead! The End Of Saddam Hussein 12 -29 - 06 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thepalmbeachtimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Tulfah, the father of Saddam's future wife, was a devout Sunni Muslim and a veteran from the 1941 Anglo-Iraqi War between Iraqi nationalists and the United Kingdom , which remained a major colonial power in the region.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Tulfah, the father of Saddam's future wife, was a devout Sunni Muslim and a veteran from the Iraqi-British war of 1941.
  • Saddam Hussein Memorial Hall - Moonlightchest.com 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC memorial.moonlightchest.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[18] .Later in his life relatives from his native Tikrit became some of his closest advisors and supporters.^ Later in his life, relatives from his native Tikrit would become some of his closest advisors and supporters.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Peoples Forum: Better Off Dead! The End Of Saddam Hussein 12 -29 - 06 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thepalmbeachtimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein Memorial Hall - Moonlightchest.com 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC memorial.moonlightchest.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Later in Saddam Hussein's life, relatives from Saddam Hussein's native Tikrit would become some of Saddam Hussein's closest advisors and supporters.
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Later in his life relatives from his native Tikrit became some of his closest advisors and supporters.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Under the guidance of his uncle he attended a nationalistic high school in Baghdad.^ Under the guidance of his uncle, he attended a nationalistic secondary school in Baghdad.
  • Peoples Forum: Better Off Dead! The End Of Saddam Hussein 12 -29 - 06 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thepalmbeachtimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein Memorial Hall - Moonlightchest.com 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC memorial.moonlightchest.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Under the guidance of his uncle he attended a nationalistic high school in Baghdad.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Under the guidance of Saddam Hussein's uncle, Saddam Hussein attended a nationalistic secondary school in Baghdad.
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.After secondary school Saddam studied at an Iraqi law school for three years, dropping out in 1957 at the age of 20 to join the revolutionary pan-Arab Ba'ath Party, of which his uncle was a supporter.^ After secondary school, Saddam studied at Iraq's School of Law for three years, prior to dropping out in 1957, at the age of twenty, to join the revolutionary pan-Arab Ba'ath Party, of which his uncle was a supporter.
  • Saddam Hussein Memorial Hall - Moonlightchest.com 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC memorial.moonlightchest.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1957, at age 20, Saddam joined the revolutionary pan-Arab Ba'ath Party, of which Saddam Hussein's uncle was a supporter.
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Saddam Hussein after the successful 1963 Ba'ath party coup .
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.During this time, Saddam apparently supported himself as a secondary school teacher.^ During this time, Saddam apparently supported himself as a secondary school teacher.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein Memorial Hall - Moonlightchest.com 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC memorial.moonlightchest.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After secondary school, Saddam studied at Iraq's School of Law for three years, prior to dropping out in 1957, at the age of twenty, to join the revolutionary pan-Arab Ba'ath Party, of which his uncle was a supporter.
  • Saddam Hussein Memorial Hall - Moonlightchest.com 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC memorial.moonlightchest.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For those of you who managed to get out of Iraq, it is the education you gained during President Saddam's time that was your passport.
  • An Arab Woman Blues. Reflections in a sealed bottle...: To Saddam Hussein. 11 September 2009 10:010 UTC arabwomanblues.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

[19]
Saddam Hussein and the Ba'ath Party student cell, Cairo, in the period 1959-63.
.Revolutionary sentiment was characteristic of the era in Iraq and throughout the Middle East.^ Revolutionary sentiment was characteristic of the era in Iraq and throughout the Middle East.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Peoples Forum: Better Off Dead! The End Of Saddam Hussein 12 -29 - 06 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thepalmbeachtimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein Memorial Hall - Moonlightchest.com 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC memorial.moonlightchest.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Revolutionary sentiment was characteristic of the era in Iraq and throughout the Middle East .
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The rise of Nasser foreshadowed a wave of revolutions throughout the Middle East in the 1950s and 1960s, which would see the collapse of the monarchies of Iraq, Egypt, and Libya.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Peoples Forum: Better Off Dead! The End Of Saddam Hussein 12 -29 - 06 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thepalmbeachtimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein Memorial Hall - Moonlightchest.com 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC memorial.moonlightchest.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In Iraq progressives and socialists assailed traditional political elites (colonial era bureaucrats and landowners, wealthy merchants and tribal chiefs, monarchists).^ In Iraq progressives and socialists assailed traditional political elites (colonial era bureaucrats and landowners, wealthy merchants and tribal chiefs, monarchists).
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The stranglehold of the old elites (the conservative monarchists, established families, and merchants) was breaking down in Iraq.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Peoples Forum: Better Off Dead! The End Of Saddam Hussein 12 -29 - 06 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thepalmbeachtimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein Memorial Hall - Moonlightchest.com 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC memorial.moonlightchest.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Long before Saddam, Iraq had been split along social, ethnic, religious, and economic fault lines: Sunni versus Shi'ite , Arab versus Kurd , tribal chief versus urban merchant, nomad versus peasant.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[20] .Moreover, the pan-Arab nationalism of Gamal Abdel Nasser in Egypt profoundly influenced young Ba'athists like Saddam.^ Moreover, the pan-Arab nationalism of Gamal Abdel Nasser in Egypt would profoundly influence the young Ba'athist, even up until his death.
  • Saddam Hussein Memorial Hall - Moonlightchest.com 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC memorial.moonlightchest.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Moreover, the pan-Arab nationalism of Gamal Abdel Nasser in Egypt profoundly influenced young Ba'athists like Saddam.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Moreover, the populist pan-Arab nationalism of Gamal Abdel Nasser in Egypt would profoundly influence the young Ba'athist, even up to the present day.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Peoples Forum: Better Off Dead! The End Of Saddam Hussein 12 -29 - 06 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thepalmbeachtimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The rise of Nasser foreshadowed a wave of revolutions throughout the Middle East in the 1950s and 1960s, with the collapse of the monarchies of Iraq, Egypt, and Libya.^ Revolutionary sentiment was characteristic of the era in Iraq and throughout the Middle East .
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The rise of Nasser foreshadowed a wave of revolutions throughout the Middle East in the 1950s and 1960s, which would see the collapse of the monarchies of Iraq, Egypt, and Libya.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Peoples Forum: Better Off Dead! The End Of Saddam Hussein 12 -29 - 06 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thepalmbeachtimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein Memorial Hall - Moonlightchest.com 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC memorial.moonlightchest.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Revolutionary sentiment was characteristic of the era in Iraq and throughout the Middle East.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Peoples Forum: Better Off Dead! The End Of Saddam Hussein 12 -29 - 06 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thepalmbeachtimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein Memorial Hall - Moonlightchest.com 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC memorial.moonlightchest.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Nasser inspired nationalists throughout the Middle East by fighting the British and the French during the Suez Crisis of 1956, modernizing Egypt, and uniting the Arab world politically.^ That the Arabs have done it, the Arabs have joined the modern world.
  • frontline: the survival of saddam: secrets of his life and leadership: interview with said k. aburish 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Nasser inspired nationalists throughout the Middle East by fighting the British and the French during the Suez Crisis of 1956 , modernizing Egypt, and uniting the Arab world politically.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Nasser challenged the British and French, nationalized the Suez Canal, and strove to modernize Egypt and unite the Arab world politically.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Peoples Forum: Better Off Dead! The End Of Saddam Hussein 12 -29 - 06 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thepalmbeachtimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein Memorial Hall - Moonlightchest.com 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC memorial.moonlightchest.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[21]
.In 1958, a year after Saddam had joined the Ba'ath party, army officers led by General Abd al-Karim Qasim overthrew Faisal II of Iraq.^ Rise to Power Army officers with ties to the Ba'ath Party overthrew Qassim in a coup in 1963.
  • Saddam Hussein Memorial Hall - Moonlightchest.com 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC memorial.moonlightchest.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Army officers with ties to the Ba'ath Party overthrew Qassim in a coup in 1963.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Peoples Forum: Better Off Dead! The End Of Saddam Hussein 12 -29 - 06 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thepalmbeachtimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Saddam Hussein after the successful 1963 Ba'ath party coup .
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Ba'athists opposed the new government, and in 1959 Saddam was involved in the unsuccessful United States-backed plot to assassinate Abdul Karim Qassim.^ The Ba'athists opposed the new government, and in 1959 Saddam was involved in the unsuccessful United States -backed plot to assassinate Abdul Karim Qassim .
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Ba'athists opposed the new government, and in 1959, Saddam was involved in the attempted United States-backed plot to assassinate Qassim.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Peoples Forum: Better Off Dead! The End Of Saddam Hussein 12 -29 - 06 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thepalmbeachtimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein Memorial Hall - Moonlightchest.com 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC memorial.moonlightchest.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Ba'athists opposed the new government, and in 1959, Saddam was involved in the attempted United States-backed plot to assassinate Prime Minister Qassim.
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[22]

Rise to power

Saddam Hussein after the successful 1963 Ba'ath party coup
Saddam Hussein in Cairo after fleeing there following the failed assassination attempt against Qassim
.Army officers with ties to the Ba'ath Party overthrew Qassim in a coup in 1963. Ba'athist leaders were appointed to the cabinet and Abdul Salam Arif became president.^ Rise to Power Army officers with ties to the Ba'ath Party overthrew Qassim in a coup in 1963.
  • Saddam Hussein Memorial Hall - Moonlightchest.com 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC memorial.moonlightchest.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ba'athist leaders were appointed to the cabinet and Abdul Salam Arif became president.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Peoples Forum: Better Off Dead! The End Of Saddam Hussein 12 -29 - 06 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thepalmbeachtimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein Memorial Hall - Moonlightchest.com 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC memorial.moonlightchest.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Army officers with ties to the Ba'ath Party overthrew Qassim in a coup in 1963.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Peoples Forum: Better Off Dead! The End Of Saddam Hussein 12 -29 - 06 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thepalmbeachtimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Arif dismissed and arrested the Ba'athist leaders later that year.^ Arif dismissed and arrested the Ba'athist leaders later that year.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Peoples Forum: Better Off Dead! The End Of Saddam Hussein 12 -29 - 06 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thepalmbeachtimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein Memorial Hall - Moonlightchest.com 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC memorial.moonlightchest.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ba'athist leaders were appointed to the cabinet and Abdul Salam Arif became president.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Peoples Forum: Better Off Dead! The End Of Saddam Hussein 12 -29 - 06 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thepalmbeachtimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein Memorial Hall - Moonlightchest.com 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC memorial.moonlightchest.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Saddam returned to Iraq, but was imprisoned in 1964. Just prior to his imprisonment and until 1968, Saddam held the position of Ba'ath party secretary.^ Positions that Saddam Hussein has held: .

^ Government positions held by Saddam Hussein .
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In this they were joined by the Ba'ath Party.
  • frontline: the survival of saddam: secrets of his life and leadership: interview with said k. aburish 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: Original source]

[23] .He escaped from prison in 1967 and quickly became a leading member of the party.^ Saddam Hussein escaped prison in 1967 and quickly became a leading member of the party.
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He escaped prison in 1967 and quickly became a leading member of the party.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Peoples Forum: Better Off Dead! The End Of Saddam Hussein 12 -29 - 06 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thepalmbeachtimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein Memorial Hall - Moonlightchest.com 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC memorial.moonlightchest.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He escaped from prison in 1967 and quickly became a leading member of the party.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 1968, Saddam participated in a bloodless coup led by Ahmad Hassan al-Bakr that overthrew Abdul Rahman Arif.^ Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr .
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Preceded by: Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr .
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1968, Saddam participated in a bloodless coup led by Ahmad Hassan al-Bakr that overthrew Abdul Rahman Arif.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Peoples Forum: Better Off Dead! The End Of Saddam Hussein 12 -29 - 06 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thepalmbeachtimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein Memorial Hall - Moonlightchest.com 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC memorial.moonlightchest.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Al-Bakr was named president and Saddam was named his deputy, and deputy chairman of the Baathist Revolutionary Command Council.^ Bakr was named president and Saddam was named his deputy, and Deputy Chairman of the Revolutionary Command Council.
  • Saddam Hussein Memorial Hall - Moonlightchest.com 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC memorial.moonlightchest.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ President al-Bakr continued to patronize Saddam, making him deputy-chairman of the decision-making Revolutionary Command Council.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Bakr was named president and Saddam was named his deputy.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.According to biographers, Saddam never forgot the tensions within the first Ba'athist government, which formed the basis for his measures to promote Ba'ath party unity as well as his resolve to maintain power and programs to ensure social stability.^ According to biographers, Saddam never forgot the tensions within the first Ba'athist government, which formed the basis for his measures to promote Ba'ath party unity as well as his resolve to maintain power and programs to ensure social stability.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein Memorial Hall - Moonlightchest.com 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC memorial.moonlightchest.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Saddam Hussein slowly began to consolidate Saddam Hussein's power over Iraq's government and the Ba'ath party.
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Saddam Hussein after the successful 1963 Ba'ath party coup .
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Saddam Hussein in the past was seen by U.S. intelligence services as a bulwark of anti-communism in the 1960s and 1970s.^ Saddam Hussein in the past was seen by U.S. intelligence services as a bulwark of anti-communism in the 1960s and 1970s.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ WASHINGTON: US forces may now be searching high and low for Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein but in the past he was seen by US intelligence as a bulwark of anti-communism, reports UPI. American intelligence operatives used him as their instrument for more than 40 years, according to former US intelligence officials and diplomats.

^ I have seen the photographs of the Kurds who will killed by Saddam Hussein.
  • Fitzgerald: The execution of Saddam Hussein - Jihad Watch 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.jihadwatch.org [Source type: Original source]

[24] .Although Saddam was al-Bakr's deputy, he was a strong behind-the-scenes party politician.^ Although Saddam was al-Bakr's deputy, he was a strong behind-the-scenes party politician whose strengths were in organizing concealed opposition activity.
  • Saddam Hussein Memorial Hall - Moonlightchest.com 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC memorial.moonlightchest.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Bakr was named president and Saddam was named his deputy.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Peoples Forum: Better Off Dead! The End Of Saddam Hussein 12 -29 - 06 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thepalmbeachtimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As the weak, elderly al-Bakr became unable to execute his duties, Saddam took on an increasingly prominent role as the face of the government both internally and externally.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Peoples Forum: Better Off Dead! The End Of Saddam Hussein 12 -29 - 06 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thepalmbeachtimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein Memorial Hall - Moonlightchest.com 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC memorial.moonlightchest.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Al-Bakr was the older and more prestigious of the two, but by 1969 Saddam Hussein clearly had become the moving force behind the party.^ Although Saddam was al-Bakr's deputy, he was a strong behind-the-scenes party politician.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Saddam Hussein had al Qaeda ties."
  • http://www.apfn.org/apfn/Saddam_Hussein.htm 11 September 2009 10:010 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Al-Bakr was the older and more prestigious of the two, but by 1969 Saddam Hussein clearly had become the moving force behind the party.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Modernization program

Promoting women's literacy and education in the 1970s
.In the late 1960s and early 1970s, as vice chairman of the Revolutionary Command Council, formally the al-Bakr's second-in-command, Saddam built a reputation as a progressive, effective politician.^ In the late 1960s and early 1970s, as vice chairman of the Revolutionary Command Council, formally the al-Bakr's second-in-command, Saddam built a reputation as a progressive, effective politician.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Al-Bakr was named president and Saddam was named his deputy, and deputy chairman of the Baathist Revolutionary Command Council .
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Bakr was named president and Saddam was named his deputy, and Deputy Chairman of the Revolutionary Command Council.
  • Saddam Hussein Memorial Hall - Moonlightchest.com 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC memorial.moonlightchest.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[25] .At this time, Saddam moved up the ranks in the new government by aiding attempts to strengthen and unify the Ba'ath party and taking a leading role in addressing the country's major domestic problems and expanding the party's following.^ At this time, Saddam moved up the ranks in the new government by aiding attempts to strengthen and unify the Ba'ath party and taking a leading role in addressing the country's major domestic problems and expanding the party's following.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Saddam moved up the ranks in the new government by aiding attempts to strengthen and unify the Ba'ath party and taking a leading role in addressing the country's major domestic problems and expanding the party's following.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Peoples Forum: Better Off Dead! The End Of Saddam Hussein 12 -29 - 06 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thepalmbeachtimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ So the Ba'ath saw an opportunity in this and they thought the time has come for them to take over the country again.
  • frontline: the survival of saddam: secrets of his life and leadership: interview with said k. aburish 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: Original source]

.After the Baathists took power in 1968, Saddam focused on attaining stability in a nation riddled with profound tensions.^ Saddam consolidated power in a nation riddled with profound tensions.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Peoples Forum: Better Off Dead! The End Of Saddam Hussein 12 -29 - 06 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thepalmbeachtimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After the Baathists took power in 1968, Saddam focused on attaining stability in a nation riddled with profound tensions.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Qasim was killed, and Saddam returned to Iraq with other exiled Iraqis, although he played only a minor role in the Baʿth government that took power.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Long before Saddam, Iraq had been split along social, ethnic, religious, and economic fault lines: Sunni versus Shi'ite, Arab versus Kurd, tribal chief versus urban merchant, nomad versus peasant.^ Long before Saddam, Iraq had been split along social, ethnic, religious, and economic fault lines: Sunni versus Shi'ite , Arab versus Kurd , tribal chief versus urban merchant, nomad versus peasant.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Long before Saddam, Iraq had been split along social, ethnic, religious, and economic fault lines: Sunni versus Shi'ite, Arab versus Kurd, tribal chief versus urban merchant, nomad versus peasant.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Iraqi society is divided along lines of language, religion and ethnicity; Saddam's government rested on the support of the 20 percent minority of largely working class , peasant, and lower middle class Sunnis, continuing a pattern that dates back at least to the British colonial authority's reliance on them as administrators.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[26] .Stable rule in a country rife with factionalism required both massive repression and the improvement of living standards.^ Stable rule in a country rife with factionalism required the improvement of living standards.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If I lived under sadams rule I would want a nother country to help liberate us.
  • Saddam Hussein Execution - NWCN Blog 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC blogs.nwcn.com [Source type: Original source]

[26]
.Saddam actively fostered the modernization of the Iraqi economy along with the creation of a strong security apparatus to prevent coups within the power structure and insurrections apart from it.^ Saddam actively fostered the modernization of the Iraqi economy along with the creation of a strong security apparatus to prevent coups within the power structure and insurrections apart from it.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Peoples Forum: Better Off Dead! The End Of Saddam Hussein 12 -29 - 06 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thepalmbeachtimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Or the Iraqis might have heard from Saddam and others about the CIA’s participation in the coup of 1963 that first brought the Baath Party to power, the CIA providing it with lists of hundreds of suspected communists and leftists to be picked up, tortured and disposed of.
  • Barry Lando: The Trial of Saddam Hussein We Never Saw - Truthdig 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.truthdig.com [Source type: Original source]

^ On 17 July Saddam accuses neighbouring Kuwait of overproducing oil to force the price down and further damage the war-crippled Iraqi economy.
  • Saddam Hussein killer file 11 September 2009 10:010 UTC www.moreorless.au.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Ever concerned with broadening his base of support among the diverse elements of Iraqi society and mobilizing mass support, he closely followed the administration of state welfare and development programs.^ Ever concerned with broadening Saddam Hussein's base of support among the diverse elements of Iraqi society and mobilizing mass support, Saddam Hussein closely followed the administration of state welfare and development programs.
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ever concerned with broadening his base of support among the diverse elements of Iraqi society and mobilizing mass support, he closely followed the administration of state welfare and development programs.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Peoples Forum: Better Off Dead! The End Of Saddam Hussein 12 -29 - 06 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thepalmbeachtimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the end, the over-manned and under-equipped Iraqi army proved unable to compete on the battlefield with the highly mobile coalition land forces and their overpowering air support.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein Memorial Hall - Moonlightchest.com 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC memorial.moonlightchest.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.At the center of this strategy was Iraq's oil.^ At the center of this strategy was Iraq's oil.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Peoples Forum: Better Off Dead! The End Of Saddam Hussein 12 -29 - 06 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thepalmbeachtimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ My suspicions center around how much more complex the many nation's dealings were with Iraq and the UN over the oil-for-food.
  • Fitzgerald: The execution of Saddam Hussein - Jihad Watch 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.jihadwatch.org [Source type: Original source]

.On 1 June 1972, Saddam oversaw the seizure of international oil interests, which, at the time, dominated the country's oil sector.^ On 1 June 1972, Saddam oversaw the seizure of international oil interests, which, at the time, dominated the country's oil sector.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On June 1, 1972, Saddam oversaw the seizure of international oil interests, which, at the time, had a monopoly on the country's oil.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Peoples Forum: Better Off Dead! The End Of Saddam Hussein 12 -29 - 06 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thepalmbeachtimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On June 1, 1972, Saddam Hussein oversaw the seizure of international oil interests, which, at the time, had a monopoly on the country's oil.
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A year later, world oil prices rose dramatically as a result of the 1973 energy crisis, and skyrocketing revenues enabled Saddam to expand his agenda.^ A year later, world oil prices rose dramatically as a result of the 1973 energy crisis, and skyrocketing revenues enabled Saddam to expand Saddam Hussein's agenda.
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A year later, world oil prices rose dramatically as a result of the 1973 energy crisis, and skyrocketing revenues enabled Saddam to expand his agenda.
  • Peoples Forum: Better Off Dead! The End Of Saddam Hussein 12 -29 - 06 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thepalmbeachtimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A year later, world oil prices rose dramatically as a result of the 1973 energy crisis , and skyrocketing revenues enabled Saddam to expand his agenda.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Within just a few years, Iraq was providing social services that were unprecedented among Middle Eastern countries.^ Within just a few years, Iraq was providing social services that were unprecedented among Middle Eastern countries.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Peoples Forum: Better Off Dead! The End Of Saddam Hussein 12 -29 - 06 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thepalmbeachtimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Jumping forward a few years to 1967 and the Arab-Israeli conflict, we've heard that the Soviets then looked to Baghdad in terms of gaining influence in the Middle East.
  • frontline: the survival of saddam: secrets of his life and leadership: interview with said k. aburish 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The U.S. restored formal relations with Iraq in November 1984, but the U.S. had begun, several years earlier, to provide it with intelligence and military support (in secret and contrary to this country's official neutrality) in accordance with policy directives from President Ronald Reagan.
  • Shaking Hands with Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.gwu.edu [Source type: Reference]
  • Saddam Hussein is Dead | MetaFilter 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: General]

.Saddam established and controlled the "National Campaign for the Eradication of Illiteracy" and the campaign for "Compulsory Free Education in Iraq," and largely under his auspices, the government established universal free schooling up to the highest education levels; hundreds of thousands learned to read in the years following the initiation of the program.^ Saddam established and controlled the "National Campaign for the Eradication of Illiteracy" and the campaign for "Compulsory Free Education in Iraq," and largely under his auspices, the government established universal free schooling up to the highest education levels; hundreds of thousands learned to read in the years following the initiation of the program.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Peoples Forum: Better Off Dead! The End Of Saddam Hussein 12 -29 - 06 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thepalmbeachtimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some follow up reading: .
  • Barry Lando: The Trial of Saddam Hussein We Never Saw - Truthdig 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.truthdig.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Saddam established and controlled the "National Campaign for the Eradication of Illiteracy" and the campaign for "Compulsory Free Education in Iraq," and largely under Saddam Hussein's auspices, the government established universal free schooling up to the highest education levels; hundreds of thousands learned to read in the years following the initiation of the program.
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The government also supported families of soldiers, granted free hospitalization to everyone, and gave subsidies to farmers.^ The government also supported families of soldiers, granted free hospitalization to everyone, and gave subsidies to farmers.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Peoples Forum: Better Off Dead! The End Of Saddam Hussein 12 -29 - 06 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thepalmbeachtimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Kurds and everyone who supported the free elections will be hideously murdered.
  • HorsesAss.Org » Blog Archive » Saddam Hussein hanged 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC horsesass.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Saddam's support base of Tikriti tribesmen, family members, and other supporters was divided after the war, and in the following years, contributing to the government's increasingly repressive and arbitrary nature.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Iraq created one of the most modernized public-health systems in the Middle East, earning Saddam an award from the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).^ Iraq created one of the most modernized public-health systems in the Middle East, earning Saddam an award from the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Peoples Forum: Better Off Dead! The End Of Saddam Hussein 12 -29 - 06 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thepalmbeachtimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hundreds of thousands of Iraqis learn to read, an achievement that earns Saddam an award from the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO).
  • Saddam Hussein killer file 11 September 2009 10:010 UTC www.moreorless.au.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Donald Rumsfeld , at the time Ronald Reagan 's special envoy to the Middle East , meeting Saddam Hussein on December 19-20 1983.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[27][28]
.To diversify the largely oil-based Iraqi economy, Saddam implemented a national infrastructure campaign that made great progress in building roads, promoting mining, and developing other industries.^ To diversify the largely oil-based economy, Saddam implemented a national infrastructure campaign that made great progress in building roads, promoting mining, and developing other industries.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Peoples Forum: Better Off Dead! The End Of Saddam Hussein 12 -29 - 06 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thepalmbeachtimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ To diversify the largely oil-based economy of Iraq, Saddam implemented a national infrastructure campaign that made great progress in building roads, promoting mining, and developing other industries.
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ To diversify the largely oil-based Iraqi economy , Saddam implemented a national infrastructure campaign that made great progress in building roads, promoting mining , and developing other industries.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The campaign revolutionized Iraq's energy industries.^ The campaign revolutionized Iraq's energy industries.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Peoples Forum: Better Off Dead! The End Of Saddam Hussein 12 -29 - 06 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thepalmbeachtimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Electricity was brought to nearly every city in Iraq, and many outlying areas.^ Electricity was brought to nearly every city in Iraq, and many outlying areas.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Peoples Forum: Better Off Dead! The End Of Saddam Hussein 12 -29 - 06 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thepalmbeachtimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Before the 1970s, most of Iraq's people lived in the countryside, where Saddam himself was born and raised, and roughly two-thirds were peasants.^ Before the 1970s, most of Iraq's people lived in the countryside, where Saddam himself was born and raised, and roughly two-thirds were peasants.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Peoples Forum: Better Off Dead! The End Of Saddam Hussein 12 -29 - 06 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thepalmbeachtimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He supervised modernization of Iraq's countryside, where most Iraqis lived.
  • Saddam Hussein and War in 1991 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.fsmitha.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Saddam's organizational prowess was credited with Iraq's rapid pace of development in the 1970s; development went forward at such a fevered pitch that two million people from other Arab countries and even Yugoslavia worked in Iraq to meet the growing demand for labor.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This number would decrease quickly during the 1970s as the country invested much of its oil profits into industrial expansion.^ Oil profits were invested in industrialization.
  • Saddam Hussein and War in 1991 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.fsmitha.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But this number would decrease quickly during the 1970s as the country invested much of its oil profits into industrial expansion.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Peoples Forum: Better Off Dead! The End Of Saddam Hussein 12 -29 - 06 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thepalmbeachtimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We were also aware that this policy which led to the collapse of the oil price would cause damage in the end to the economies of these two countries themselves.
  • La délusion réussie : encourager Saddam Hussein à envahir le Koweit. 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC deonto-famille.org [Source type: Original source]

.Nevertheless, Saddam focused on fostering loyalty to the Ba'athist government in the rural areas.^ Nevertheless, Saddam focused intensely on fostering loyalty to the Ba'athist government in the rural areas.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Peoples Forum: Better Off Dead! The End Of Saddam Hussein 12 -29 - 06 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thepalmbeachtimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Saddam was associated with his Ba'athist Party's economic and welfare programs, and his appeal among Iraqis increased.
  • Saddam Hussein and War in 1991 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.fsmitha.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Saddam Hussein slowly began to consolidate Saddam Hussein's power over Iraq's government and the Ba'ath party.
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.After nationalizing foreign oil interests, Saddam supervised the modernization of the countryside, mechanizing agriculture on a large scale, and distributing land to peasant farmers.^ After nationalizing foreign oil interests, Saddam supervised the modernization of the countryside, mechanizing agriculture on a large scale, and distributing land to peasant farmers.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Peoples Forum: Better Off Dead! The End Of Saddam Hussein 12 -29 - 06 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thepalmbeachtimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He mechanizing agriculture and distributed land to farmers.
  • Saddam Hussein and War in 1991 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.fsmitha.com [Source type: Original source]

^ To diversify the largely oil-based economy, Saddam implemented a national infrastructure campaign that made great progress in building roads, promoting mining, and developing other industries.
  • Peoples Forum: Better Off Dead! The End Of Saddam Hussein 12 -29 - 06 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thepalmbeachtimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[19] .The Ba'athists established farm cooperatives, in which profits were distributed according to the labors of the individual and the unskilled were trained.^ The Ba'athists established farm cooperatives, in which profits were distributed according to the labors of the individual and the unskilled were trained.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Peoples Forum: Better Off Dead! The End Of Saddam Hussein 12 -29 - 06 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thepalmbeachtimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Farm cooperatives were established, with profits distributed according to individual work.
  • Saddam Hussein and War in 1991 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.fsmitha.com [Source type: Original source]

.The government also doubled expenditures for agricultural development in 1974–1975. Moreover, agrarian reform in Iraq improved the living standard of the peasantry and increased production.^ With the increase in production and Saddam's reforms the living standard of rural people increased.
  • Saddam Hussein and War in 1991 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.fsmitha.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Moreover, agrarian reform in Iraq improved the living standard of the peasantry and increased production.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The government also doubled expenditures for agricultural development in 19741975.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Saddam became personally associated with Ba'athist welfare and economic development programs in the eyes of many Iraqis, widening his appeal both within his traditional base and among new sectors of the population.^ Saddam was associated with his Ba'athist Party's economic and welfare programs, and his appeal among Iraqis increased.
  • Saddam Hussein and War in 1991 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.fsmitha.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Saddam became personally associated with Ba'athist welfare and economic development programs in the eyes of many Iraqis, widening his appeal both within his traditional base and among new sectors of the population.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Peoples Forum: Better Off Dead! The End Of Saddam Hussein 12 -29 - 06 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thepalmbeachtimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Saddam became personally associated with Ba'athist welfare and economic development programs in the eyes of many Iraqis, widening Saddam Hussein's appeal both within Saddam Hussein's traditional base and among new sectors of the population.
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.These programs were part of a combination of "carrot and stick" tactics to enhance support in the working class, the peasantry, and within the party and the government bureaucracy.^ These programs were part of a combination of " carrot and stick " tactics to enhance support in the working class, the peasantry, and within the party and the government bureaucracy.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These programs were part of a combination of "carrot and stick" tactics to enhance support in the working class, the peasantry, and within the party and the government bureaucracy.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Peoples Forum: Better Off Dead! The End Of Saddam Hussein 12 -29 - 06 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thepalmbeachtimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Within two years after the uprising (by 1993) Uday had taken over part of the work that used to be done by the Ministry of Culture and Information.

.Saddam's organizational prowess was credited with Iraq's rapid pace of development in the 1970s; development went forward at such a fevered pitch that two million people from other Arab countries and even Yugoslavia worked in Iraq to meet the growing demand for labor.^ Not even for other people's countries.
  • Saddam Hussein’s last words « raincoaster 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC raincoaster.com [Source type: General]
  • would you watch Saddam Hussein die? « raincoaster 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC raincoaster.com [Source type: General]

^ Saddam's organizational prowess was credited with Iraq's rapid pace of development in the 1970s; development went forward at such a fevered pitch that two million people from other Arab countries and even Yugoslavia worked in Iraq to meet the growing demand for labor.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Saddam's organizational prowess was credited with Iraq's rapid pace of development in the 1970s; development went forward at such a fevered pitch that two million persons from other Arab countries and Yugoslavia worked in Iraq to meet the growing demand for labor.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Peoples Forum: Better Off Dead! The End Of Saddam Hussein 12 -29 - 06 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thepalmbeachtimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Succession

.In 1976, Saddam rose to the position of general in the Iraqi armed forces, and rapidly became the strongman of the government.^ Saddam Hussein rapidly became the strongman of the government.
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1976, Saddam rose to the position of general in the Iraqi armed forces.
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Succession In 1976, Saddam rose to the position of general in the Iraqi armed forces, and rapidly became the strongman of the government.
  • Saddam Hussein Memorial Hall - Moonlightchest.com 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC memorial.moonlightchest.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.As the ailing, elderly al-Bakr became unable to execute his duties, Saddam took on an increasingly prominent role as the face of the government both internally and externally.^ As the weak, elderly al-Bakr became unable to execute his duties, Saddam took on an increasingly prominent role as the face of the government both internally and externally.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Peoples Forum: Better Off Dead! The End Of Saddam Hussein 12 -29 - 06 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thepalmbeachtimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein Memorial Hall - Moonlightchest.com 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC memorial.moonlightchest.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As Iraq's weak and elderly President Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr became increasingly unable to execute Saddam Hussein's duties, Saddam took on an increasingly prominent role as the face of the government both internally and externally.
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As the ailing, elderly al-Bakr became unable to execute his duties, Saddam took on an increasingly prominent role as the face of the government both internally and externally.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.He soon became the architect of Iraq's foreign policy and represented the nation in all diplomatic situations.^ Saddam Hussein soon became the architect of Iraq's foreign policy and represented the nation in all diplomatic situations.
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He soon became the architect of Iraq's foreign policy and represented the nation in all diplomatic situations.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Peoples Forum: Better Off Dead! The End Of Saddam Hussein 12 -29 - 06 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thepalmbeachtimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein Memorial Hall - Moonlightchest.com 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC memorial.moonlightchest.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1972 Iraq nationalized the foreign-owned oil company IBC , the first Middle Eastern government to do so.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.He was the de facto leader of Iraq some years before he formally came to power in 1979. He slowly began to consolidate his power over Iraq's government and the Ba'ath party.^ He was the de facto ruler of Iraq some years before he formally came to power in 1979.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Peoples Forum: Better Off Dead! The End Of Saddam Hussein 12 -29 - 06 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thepalmbeachtimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein Memorial Hall - Moonlightchest.com 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC memorial.moonlightchest.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He was the de facto leader of Iraq some years before he formally came to power in 1979.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Saddam Hussein slowly began to consolidate Saddam Hussein's power over Iraq's government and the Ba'ath party.
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Relationships with fellow party members were carefully cultivated, and Saddam soon accumulated a powerful circle of support within the party.^ Relationships with fellow party members were carefully cultivated, and Saddam soon accumulated a powerful circle of support within the party.
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  • Peoples Forum: Better Off Dead! The End Of Saddam Hussein 12 -29 - 06 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thepalmbeachtimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Saddam as a young member of the Baath Party .
  • Peoples Forum: Better Off Dead! The End Of Saddam Hussein 12 -29 - 06 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thepalmbeachtimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Relationships with fellow party members were carefully cultivated, and Saddam soon gained a powerful circle of support within the party.
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 1979 al-Bakr started to make treaties with Syria, also under Ba'athist leadership, that would lead to unification between the two countries.^ In 1979 President al-Bakr started to make treaties with Syria, also under Ba'athist leadership, that would lead to unification between the two countries.
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1979 al-Bakr started to make treaties with Syria, also under Ba'athist leadership, that would lead to unification between the two countries.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Peoples Forum: Better Off Dead! The End Of Saddam Hussein 12 -29 - 06 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thepalmbeachtimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1979 al-Bakr started to make treaties with Syria , also under Ba'athist leadership, that would lead to unification between the two countries.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Syrian President Hafez al-Assad would become deputy leader in a union, and this would drive Saddam to obscurity.^ Syrian President Hafez al-Assad would become deputy leader in a union, and this would drive Saddam to obscurity.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Peoples Forum: Better Off Dead! The End Of Saddam Hussein 12 -29 - 06 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thepalmbeachtimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein Memorial Hall - Moonlightchest.com 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC memorial.moonlightchest.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ahmad Hasan al-Bakr became president of the republic; Saddam became vice president of the Revolutionary Command Council after some maneuvers to eliminate competitors for the position.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Soon after becoming deputy to the president, Saddam demanded and received the rank of four-star general despite his lack of military training.
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  • Peoples Forum: Better Off Dead! The End Of Saddam Hussein 12 -29 - 06 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thepalmbeachtimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Saddam acted to secure his grip on power.^ Saddam acted to secure his grip on power.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Peoples Forum: Better Off Dead! The End Of Saddam Hussein 12 -29 - 06 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thepalmbeachtimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein Memorial Hall - Moonlightchest.com 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC memorial.moonlightchest.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Saddam is appointed as acting deputy chairman of the Revolutionary Command Council (the government's most powerful decision-making body).
  • Saddam Hussein killer file 11 September 2009 10:010 UTC www.moreorless.au.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Saddam, the Vice President and de-facto ruler of Iraq, acted to secure Saddam Hussein's grip on power.
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.He forced the ailing al-Bakr to resign on 16 July 1979, and formally assumed the presidency.^ On 16 July 1979, al-Bakr was forced to resign and Saddam was elected president of the Iraqi republic.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He forced the ailing al-Bakr to resign on July 16, 1979, and formally assumed the presidency.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Peoples Forum: Better Off Dead! The End Of Saddam Hussein 12 -29 - 06 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thepalmbeachtimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein Memorial Hall - Moonlightchest.com 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC memorial.moonlightchest.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Saddam Hussein forced the ailing al-Bakr to resign on July 16, 1979, and formally assumed the presidency.
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Shortly afterwards, he convened an assembly of Ba'ath party leaders on 22 July 1979. During the assembly, which he ordered videotaped (see [29]), Saddam claimed to have found a fifth column within the Ba'ath Party and directed Muhyi Abdel-Hussein to read out a confession and the names of 68 alleged co-conspirators.^ During the assembly, which he ordered videotaped (see [30] ), Saddam claimed to have found a fifth column within the Ba'ath Party and directed Muhyi Abdel-Hussein to read out a confession and the names of 68 alleged co-conspirators.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 2001, he was named Deputy of Ba'ath Party's Military Bureau.

^ Saddam Hussein after the successful 1963 Ba'ath party coup .
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.These members were labelled "disloyal" and were removed from the room one by one and taken into custody.^ These members were labelled "disloyal" and were removed from the room one by one and taken into custody.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These members were labeled "disloyal" and were removed from the room one by one and taken into custody.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Peoples Forum: Better Off Dead! The End Of Saddam Hussein 12 -29 - 06 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thepalmbeachtimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein Memorial Hall - Moonlightchest.com 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC memorial.moonlightchest.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Prior to the U.S. invasion, Iraq had been divided into three pieces, with Hussein only in partial control of one of the pieces and removed from control of the other two.
  • CNN Political Ticker: All politics, all the time Blog Archive - Thompson: Saddam Hussein ‘clearly’ had WMD « - Blogs from CNN.com 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC politicalticker.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

.After the list was read, Saddam congratulated those still seated in the room for their past and future loyalty.^ After the list was read, Saddam congratulated those still seated in the room for their past and future loyalty.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Peoples Forum: Better Off Dead! The End Of Saddam Hussein 12 -29 - 06 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thepalmbeachtimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein Memorial Hall - Moonlightchest.com 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC memorial.moonlightchest.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The fact is that many of those complicit in Saddam’s crimes—some of the world’s most prominent leaders and businessmen, past and present—are missing from the dock.
  • Barry Lando: The Trial of Saddam Hussein We Never Saw - Truthdig 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.truthdig.com [Source type: Original source]

^ And you say all those people Saddam tortured and killed were included in the polls and they all wish Saddam were still there to torture them again and kill them again.
  • The Strata-Sphere » The Hanging Of Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC strata-sphere.com [Source type: Original source]

.The 68 people arrested at the meeting were subsequently tried together and found guilty of treason.^ The 68 people arrested at the meeting were subsequently put on trial, and 22 were sentenced to execution for treason.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Peoples Forum: Better Off Dead! The End Of Saddam Hussein 12 -29 - 06 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thepalmbeachtimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein Memorial Hall - Moonlightchest.com 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC memorial.moonlightchest.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They tried him, found him guilty, and punished him.
  • HorsesAss.Org » Blog Archive » Saddam Hussein hanged 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC horsesass.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Others in the Baath Party are arrested and tried for treason.
  • Saddam Hussein killer file 11 September 2009 10:010 UTC www.moreorless.au.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.22 were sentenced to execution.^ The 68 people arrested at the meeting were subsequently put on trial, and 22 were sentenced to execution for treason.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Peoples Forum: Better Off Dead! The End Of Saddam Hussein 12 -29 - 06 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thepalmbeachtimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein Memorial Hall - Moonlightchest.com 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC memorial.moonlightchest.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Other high-ranking members of the party formed the firing squad.^ Other high-ranking members of the party formed the firing squad.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And then their colleagues — ministers and party leaders — were ordered to make up the firing squads.
  • The Strata-Sphere » The Hanging Of Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC strata-sphere.com [Source type: Original source]

^ By 1 August 1979, hundreds of high-ranking Ba'ath party members had been executed.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.By 1 August 1979, hundreds of high-ranking Ba'ath party members had been executed.^ Virtual War Rooms and the 9/11 attack on America the preferred weapons suppliers to Saddam Hussein and the Iraq/Syrian Ba'ath Party, the EADS-Nortel ...
  • http://www.apfn.org/apfn/Saddam_Hussein.htm 11 September 2009 10:010 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ During the assembly, which he ordered videotaped, Saddam claimed to have found spies and conspirators within the Ba'ath Party and read out the names of 68 members that he alleged to be such fifth columnists.
  • Saddam Hussein Memorial Hall - Moonlightchest.com 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC memorial.moonlightchest.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As the Ba'ath Party's paramilitary, the People's Army acted as a counterweight against any coup attempts by the regular armed forces.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Peoples Forum: Better Off Dead! The End Of Saddam Hussein 12 -29 - 06 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thepalmbeachtimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[30][31]

Secular leadership

.To the consternation of Islamic conservatives, Saddam's government gave women added freedoms and offered them high-level government and industry jobs.^ To the consternation of Islamic conservatives, Saddam Hussein's government gave women added freedoms and offered them high-level government and industry jobs.
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ To the consternation of Islamic conservatives, his government gave women added freedoms and offered them high-level government and industry jobs.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Peoples Forum: Better Off Dead! The End Of Saddam Hussein 12 -29 - 06 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thepalmbeachtimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Even Saddam’s quick execution was designed to get rid of him before he could implicate officials high up in the American government complicit in his crimes.
  • Barry Lando: The Trial of Saddam Hussein We Never Saw - Truthdig 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.truthdig.com [Source type: Original source]

.Saddam also created a Western-style legal system, making Iraq the only country in the Persian Gulf region not ruled according to traditional Islamic law (Sharia).^ Saddam also created a Western-style legal system, making Iraq the only country in the Persian Gulf region not ruled according to traditional Islamic law ( Sharia ).
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Saddam also created a Western-style legal system, making Iraq the only country in the Persian Gulf region not ruled according to traditional Islamic law (Sharia).
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Peoples Forum: Better Off Dead! The End Of Saddam Hussein 12 -29 - 06 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thepalmbeachtimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Saddam Hussein Events Leading to the Second Persian Gulf War in Iraq This paper examines the series of events which led from the tragedy of September 11, 2001, to the initiation on March 20, 2003, of the Second Persian Gulf War between the the U.S.-led coalition forces and Saddam Hussein's Iraq.
  • Saddam Hussein - Associated Content - Topic - associatedcontent.com 11 September 2009 10:010 UTC www.associatedcontent.com [Source type: General]

.Saddam abolished the Sharia courts, except for personal injury claims.^ Saddam abolished the Sharia law courts, except for personal injury claims.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Peoples Forum: Better Off Dead! The End Of Saddam Hussein 12 -29 - 06 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thepalmbeachtimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On December 21, 2005 , Saddam Hussein claimed in court that Americans had tortured him during his detainment "everywhere on [his] body" and that he had bruises as proof.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On December 21, 2005, Saddam Hussein claimed in court that Americans had tortured Saddam Hussein during Saddam Hussein's detainment "everywhere on Saddam Hussein's body" and that Saddam Hussein had bruises as proof.
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Domestic conflict impeded Saddam's modernizing projects.^ Domestic conflict impeded Saddam's modernizing projects.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Peoples Forum: Better Off Dead! The End Of Saddam Hussein 12 -29 - 06 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thepalmbeachtimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Iraqi society is divided along lines of language, religion and ethnicity; Saddam's government rested on the support of the 20 percent minority of largely working class, peasant, and lower middle class Sunnis, continuing a pattern that dates back at least to the British colonial authority's reliance on them as administrators.^ Iraqi society is divided along lines of language, religion and ethnicity; Saddam's government rested on the support of the 20% minority of largely working-class, peasant, and lower middle class Sunni Muslims, continuing a pattern that dates back at least to the British mandate authority's reliance on them as administrators.
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Iraqi society is divided along lines of language, religion and ethnicity; Saddam's government rested on the support of the 20% minority of largely working class, peasant, and lower middle class Sunnis, continuing a pattern that dates back at least to the British mandate authority's reliance on them as administrators.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Peoples Forum: Better Off Dead! The End Of Saddam Hussein 12 -29 - 06 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thepalmbeachtimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Saddam Hussein made use of Auchi : Auchi's fortune largely grew through his Iraq government connection, much of it sub rosa .
  • Obama's Mansion, Saddam's Money :: Daniel Pipes 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.danielpipes.org [Source type: General]

.The Shi'a majority were long a source of opposition to the government's secular policies, and the Ba'ath Party was increasingly concerned about potential Shi'a Islamist influence following the Iranian Revolution of 1979. The Kurds of northern Iraq (who are Sunni but not Arabs) were also permanently hostile to the Ba'athist party's pan-Arabism.^ The Shi'a majority were long a source of opposition to the government due to its secular policies, and the Ba'ath Party was increasingly concerned about potential Sh'ia Islamist influence following the Iranian Revolution of 1979.
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In contested Kirkuk, it is largely Kurds against Sunni, not Shi'a, Arabs.
  • Fitzgerald: The execution of Saddam Hussein - Jihad Watch 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.jihadwatch.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Kurds of northern Iraq (who are Sunni but not Arabs) were also permanently hostile to the Ba'athist party's pan-Arabism.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.To maintain power Saddam tended either to provide them with benefits so as to co-opt them into the regime, or to take repressive measures against them.^ To maintain power Saddam tended either to provide them with benefits so as to co-opt them into the regime, or to take repressive measures against them.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ To maintain his regime Saddam tended either to provide them with benefits so as to co-opt them into the regime, or to take repressive measures against them.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Peoples Forum: Better Off Dead! The End Of Saddam Hussein 12 -29 - 06 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thepalmbeachtimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ To maintain Saddam Hussein's regime Saddam Hussein tended either to provide them with benefits so as to co-opt them into the regime, or to take repressive measures against them.
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The major instruments for accomplishing this control were the paramilitary and police organizations.^ The major instruments for accomplishing this control were the paramilitary and police organizations.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Peoples Forum: Better Off Dead! The End Of Saddam Hussein 12 -29 - 06 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thepalmbeachtimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Beginning in 1974, Taha Yassin Ramadan, a close associate of Saddam, commanded the People's Army, which was responsible for internal security.^ Beginning in 1974, Taha Yassin Ramadan, a close associate of Saddam, commanded the People's Army, which was responsible for internal security.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Peoples Forum: Better Off Dead! The End Of Saddam Hussein 12 -29 - 06 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thepalmbeachtimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Saddam Hussein, Vice President Taha Ramadan, and Vice President Izzet Douri and senior intelligence officials all attended the conference.
  • Saddam Hussein and Bin Laden: 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.probush.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The raids and arrests of people known to be close to the former President drove Saddam Hussein deeper underground.
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.As the Ba'ath Party's paramilitary, the People's Army acted as a counterweight against any coup attempts by the regular armed forces.^ As the Ba'ath Party's paramilitary, the People's Army acted as a counterweight against any coup attempts by the regular armed forces.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Peoples Forum: Better Off Dead! The End Of Saddam Hussein 12 -29 - 06 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thepalmbeachtimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Army officers with ties to the Ba'ath Party overthrew Qassim in a coup in 1963.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Peoples Forum: Better Off Dead! The End Of Saddam Hussein 12 -29 - 06 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thepalmbeachtimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We did announce also, at that meeting, that we will join the Iraqi resistance with millions of our armed men fighting against US forces if it executes H.E. Saddam Hussein.

.In addition to the People's Army, the Department of General Intelligence (Mukhabarat) was the most notorious arm of the state security system, feared for its use of torture and assassination.^ In addition to the People's Army, the Department of General Intelligence (Mukhabarat) was the most notorious arm of the state security system, feared for its use of torture and assassination.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The best PR we could have, is a Dictator behind jail, admitting a decade or generation later that his actions were wrong (without using torture a la Gitmo).
  • Newsvine - Saddam Hussein Executed for War Crimes 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.newsvine.com [Source type: General]

^ As the Ba'ath Party's paramilitary, the People's Army acted as a counterweight against any coup attempts by the regular armed forces.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It was commanded by Barzan Ibrahim al-Tikriti, Saddam's younger half-brother.^ It was commanded by Barzan Ibrahim al-Tikriti, Saddam's younger half-brother.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It was commanded by Barzan Ibrahim al-Tikriti , Saddam's younger half-brother .
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He was a chief defense attorney for Saddam Hussein and his brother Barzan Ibrahim al-Tikriti.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Since 1982, foreign observers believed that this department operated both at home and abroad in their mission to seek out and eliminate Saddam's perceived opponents.^ Since 1982, foreign observers believed that this department operated both at home and abroad in their mission to seek out and eliminate Saddam's perceived opponents.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Since 1982, foreign observers believed that this department operated both at home and abroad in their mission to seek out and eliminate perceived opponents of Saddam Hussein.
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "I haven't believed a word of CNN reporting since Peter Arnett and his Operation Tailwind fiasco."
  • Saddam Hussein Offered Osama Bin Laden Asylum (Wizbang) 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC wizbangblog.com [Source type: General]

[32]
.Saddam justified Iraqi nationalism by claiming a unique role of Iraq in the history of the Arab world.^ Saddam justified Iraqi nationalism by claiming a unique role of Iraq in the history of the Arab world.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hundreds of thousands of Iraqis learn to read, an achievement that earns Saddam an award from the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO).
  • Saddam Hussein killer file 11 September 2009 10:010 UTC www.moreorless.au.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Saddam Hussein also promoted Iraq's pre-Islamic role as the ancient cradle of civilization Mesopotamia, alluding to such historical figures as Nebuchadrezzar II and Hammurabi.
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.As president, Saddam made frequent references to the Abbasid period, when Baghdad was the political, cultural, and economic capital of the Arab world.^ As president, Saddam made frequent references to the Abbasid period, when Baghdad was the political, cultural, and economic capital of the Arab world.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Only a Serb can truly feel the depth of the cultural and political and economic damage that he did" .
  • The end of tyrants 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC markhumphrys.com [Source type: Original source]

^ We do know America has made enemies of the entire Arab world by its aid to Israel… .
  • The Strata-Sphere » The Hanging Of Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC strata-sphere.com [Source type: Original source]

.He also promoted Iraq's pre-Islamic role as Mesopotamia, the ancient cradle of civilization, alluding to such historical figures as Nebuchadnezzar II and Hammurabi.^ He also promoted Iraq's pre-Islamic role as Mesopotamia, the ancient cradle of civilization, alluding to such historical figures as Nebuchadrezzar II and Hammurabi.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He also promoted Iraq's pre-Islamic role as Mesopotamia , the ancient cradle of civilization , alluding to such historical figures as Nebuchadnezzar II and Hammurabi .
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Saddam Hussein also promoted Iraq's pre-Islamic role as the ancient cradle of civilization Mesopotamia, alluding to such historical figures as Nebuchadrezzar II and Hammurabi.
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.He devoted resources to archaeological explorations.^ Saddam Hussein devoted resources to archaeological explorations.
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He devoted resources to archaeological explorations.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In effect, Saddam sought to combine pan-Arabism and Iraqi nationalism, by promoting the vision of an Arab world united and led by Iraq.^ Saddam justified Iraqi nationalism by claiming a unique role of Iraq in the history of the Arab world.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In effect, Saddam sought to combine pan-Arabism and Iraqi nationalism, by promoting the vision of an Arab world united and led by Iraq.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However, in a private meeting with Salah Omar Al-Ali, Iraq's permanent ambassador to the United Nations, Saddam Hussein revealed that Saddam Hussein intended to invade and occupy a large part of Iran within months.
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.As a sign of his consolidation of power, Saddam's personality cult pervaded Iraqi society.^ As a sign of his consolidation of power, Saddam's personality cult pervaded Iraqi society.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As a sign of Saddam Hussein's consolidation of power, Saddam's personality cult pervaded Iraqi society.
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Saddam's personality cult reflected his efforts to appeal to the various elements in Iraqi society.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Thousands of portraits, posters, statues and murals were erected in his honor all over Iraq.^ Thousands of portraits, posters, statues and murals were erected in Saddam Hussein's honor all over Iraq.
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Thousands of portraits, posters, statues and murals were erected in his honor all over Iraq.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Tens of thousands of Iraqis all over Iraq demonstrating and celebrating the capture of the tyrant.
  • The end of tyrants 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC markhumphrys.com [Source type: Original source]

.His face could be seen on the sides of office buildings, schools, airports, and shops, as well as on Iraqi currency.^ His face could be seen on the sides of office buildings, schools, airports, and shops, as well as on Iraqi currency.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Saddam Hussein's face could be seen on the sides of office buildings, schools, airports, and shops, as well as on Iraqi currency.
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Saddam's personality cult reflected his efforts to appeal to the various elements in Iraqi society.^ Saddam's personality cult reflected Saddam Hussein's efforts to appeal to the various elements in Iraqi society.
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As a sign of his consolidation of power, Saddam's personality cult pervaded Iraqi society.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As a sign of Saddam Hussein's consolidation of power, Saddam's personality cult pervaded Iraqi society.
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.He appeared in the costumes of the Bedouin, the traditional clothes of the Iraqi peasant (which he essentially wore during his childhood), and even Kurdish clothing, but also appeared in Western suits, projecting the image of an urbane and modern leader.^ He appeared in the costumes of the Bedouin, the traditional clothes of the Iraqi peasant (which he essentially wore during his childhood), and even Kurdish clothing, but also appeared in Western suits, projecting the image of an urbane and modern leader.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Saddam Hussein appeared in the costumes of the Bedouin, the traditional clothes of the Iraqi peasant (which Saddam Hussein essentially wore during Saddam Hussein's childhood), and even Kurdish clothing, but also appeared in Western suits, projecting the image of an urbane and modern leader.
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It appears that in seeking to punish Iraq, the Congress was influenced by another incident that occurred five months earlier in another Iraqi-Kurdish city, Halabjah.
  • Saddam Hussein: A Dictator Created Then Destroyed By America | World | AlterNet 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: General]

.Sometimes he would also be portrayed as a devout Muslim, wearing full headdress and robe, praying toward Mecca.^ Sometimes Saddam Hussein would also be portrayed as a devout Muslim, wearing full headdress and robe, praying toward Mecca.
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sometimes he would also be portrayed as a devout Muslim, wearing full headdress and robe, praying toward Mecca .
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sometimes he would also be portrayed as a devout Muslim, wearing full headdress and robe, praying toward Mecca.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Foreign affairs

Donald Rumsfeld, at the time Ronald Reagan's special envoy to the Middle East, meeting Saddam Hussein on 19-20 December 1983. During the 1980s, the United States maintained cordial relations with Saddam as a bulwark against Iran.
.In foreign affairs, Saddam sought to have Iraq play a leading role in the Middle East.^ In foreign affairs, Saddam sought to have Iraq play a leading role in the Middle East.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Peoples Forum: Better Off Dead! The End Of Saddam Hussein 12 -29 - 06 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thepalmbeachtimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Saddam Hussein Foreign affairs .
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The rise of Nasser foreshadowed a wave of revolutions throughout the Middle East in the 1950s and 1960s, which would see the collapse of the monarchies of Iraq, Egypt, and Libya.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Peoples Forum: Better Off Dead! The End Of Saddam Hussein 12 -29 - 06 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thepalmbeachtimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Iraq signed an aid pact with the Soviet Union in 1972, and arms were sent along with several thousand advisers.^ Iraq signed an aid pact with the Soviet Union in 1972, and arms were sent along with several thousand advisers.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1972, an important treaty of friendship was signed between Iraq and the Soviet Union.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Iraq successfully gained some military and financial aid, as well as diplomatic and moral support, from the Soviet Union, China, France, and the United States, which together feared the prospects of the expansion of revolutionary Iran's influence in the region.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

However, the 1978 crackdown on Iraqi Communists and a shift of trade toward the West strained Iraqi relations with the Soviet Union; Iraq then took on a more Western orientation until the Persian Gulf War in 1991.[33]
.After the oil crisis of 1973, France had changed to a more pro-Arab policy and was accordingly rewarded by Saddam with closer ties.^ After the oil crisis of 1973, France had changed to a more pro-Arab policy and was accordingly rewarded by Saddam with closer ties.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A year later, world oil prices rose dramatically as a result of the 1973 energy crisis, and skyrocketing revenues enabled Saddam to expand Saddam Hussein's agenda.
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Although this had continued for years, Saddam now needed oil money to stem a looming economic crisis.
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.He made a state visit to France in 1976, cementing close ties with some French business and ruling political circles.^ He made a state visit to France in 1976, cementing close ties with some French business and ruling political circles.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He made a state visit to France in 1976, cementing close ties with some French business and conservative political circles.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Peoples Forum: Better Off Dead! The End Of Saddam Hussein 12 -29 - 06 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thepalmbeachtimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Despite Baath attempts to institutionalize its rule, real power remained in the hands of a narrowly based elite, united by close family and tribal ties.

.In 1975 Saddam negotiated an accord with Iran that contained Iraqi concessions on border disputes.^ In 1975 Saddam negotiated an accord with Iran that contained Iraqi concessions on border disputes.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1975 he negotiated an accord with Iran that contained Iraqi concessions on border disputes.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1975 Saddam Hussein negotiated an accord with Iran that contained Iraqi concessions on border disputes.
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In return, Iran agreed to stop supporting opposition Kurds in Iraq.^ In return, Iran agreed to stop supporting opposition Kurds in Iraq.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Iraq continues to meddle in the affairs of Lebanon as a method of seeking revenge against Syria for refusing to support Iraq in its war with Iran.

^ The United States will provide covert military support to both Iran (see November 3, 1986 ) and Iraq (see 1981-1988 ) during the war.

.Saddam led Arab opposition to the Camp David Accords between Egypt and Israel (1979).^ Saddam led Arab opposition to the Camp David Accords between Egypt and Israel (1979).
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Saddam led Arab opposition to the 1979 Camp David Accords between Egypt and Israel.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Iraq took a hard stand against Israel, attempting to isolate Egypt after the 1978 Camp David Accords.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Saddam initiated Iraq's nuclear enrichment project in the 1980s, with French assistance.^ Saddam initiated Iraq's nuclear enrichment project in the 1980s, with French assistance.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1956, Saddam moved to Baghdad, where he was impressed by the nationalism that swept Iraq in the wake of Egypt's nationalization of the Suez Canal and the British-French-Israeli attack on Egypt.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Whatever Glapsie did or did not say in her interview with Saddam, the Iraqis assumed that the United States had invested too much in building relations with Iraq over the 1980s to sacrifice them for Kuwait.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The first Iraqi nuclear reactor was named by the French Osirak.^ The first Iraqi nuclear reactor was named by the French Osirak .
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The first Iraqi nuclear reactor was named by the French "Osirak", a portmanteau formed from "Osiris", the name of the French experimental reactor that served as template and "Irak", the French spelling of "Iraq".
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Osirak is a French-made nuclear reactor, which is near completion but lacks any nuclear fuel, thereby raising no danger of any radioactive link.

.Osirak was destroyed on 7 June 1981[34] by an Israeli air strike (Operation Opera).^ Osirak was destroyed on 7 June 1981 [35] by an Israeli air strike ( Operation Opera ).
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Osirak was destroyed by an Israeli air strike (Operation Opera), because Israel suspected it was going to start producing weapons-grade nuclear material.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One of the many air strikes launched against Iraqi targets during Operation Desert Storm.

.Nearly from its founding as a modern state in 1920, Iraq has had to deal with Kurdish separatists in the northern part of the country.^ He does not control the northern part of his country.

^ Nearly from its founding as a modern state in 1920, Iraq has had to deal with Kurdish separatists in the northern part of the country.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Minorities were given cultural rights, generally modeled on the Yugoslav experiment in this field, and the Kurdish area of northern Iraq was given some self-rule in 1974.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.(Humphreys, 120) Saddam did negotiate an agreement in 1970 with separatist Kurdish leaders, giving them autonomy, but the agreement broke down.^ Saddam did negotiate an agreement in 1970 with separatist Kurdish leaders, giving them autonomy, but the agreement broke down.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ (Humphreys, 120) Saddam did negotiate an agreement in 1970 with separatist Kurdish leaders, giving them autonomy, but the agreement broke down.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Kuwaitis genuinely felt they had a chance to reach an agreement, but were bound and determine not to give up territory or completely forgive the war debt Saddam owed them.
  • La délusion réussie : encourager Saddam Hussein à envahir le Koweit. 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC deonto-famille.org [Source type: Original source]

.The result was brutal fighting between the government and Kurdish groups and even Iraqi bombing of Kurdish villages in Iran, which caused Iraqi relations with Iran to deteriorate.^ The result was brutal fighting between the government and Kurdish groups and even Iraqi bombing of Kurdish villages in Iran, which caused Iraqi relations with Iran to deteriorate.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I’d like to see the result of how many Iraqi’s have truly been polled even one time.
  • The Strata-Sphere » The Hanging Of Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC strata-sphere.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Since the international coalition did not attempt to topple Saddam and even refrained from supporting Iraqi uprisings, his regime continued, brutally suppressing Kurds and Shiites.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.However, after Saddam had negotiated the 1975 treaty with Iran, the Shah withdrew support for the Kurds, who suffered a total defeat.^ After Saddam had negotiated the 1975 treaty with Iran, Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi withdrew support for the Kurds, who suffered a total defeat.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ At first, those who suffered from Saddam's cruelty will welcome his execution.
  • Saddam Hussein: A Dictator Created Then Destroyed By America | World | AlterNet 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: General]

^ Saddam Hussein replaced former chief judge Rizgar Amin, also a Kurd, who resigned after complaining of government interference.
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Iran–Iraq War

Saddam Hussein greeting Carlos Cardoen, a Chilean businessman who provided the regime with cluster bombs in the 1980s.
.In 1979 Iran's Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi was overthrown by the Islamic Revolution, thus giving way to an Islamic republic led by the Ayatollah Khomeini.^ Also in 1979, the Iranian Revolution established a Shiʿite Islamic republic.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1979 Iran's Shah, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, was overthrown in the Islamic Revolution, thus giving way to an Islamic republic led by Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1979 Iran's Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi was overthrown by the Islamic Revolution , thus giving way to an Islamic republic led by the Ayatollah Khomeini .
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The influence of revolutionary Shi'ite Islam grew apace in the region, particularly in countries with large Shi'ite populations, especially Iraq.^ The influence of revolutionary Shi'ite Islam grew apace in the region, particularly in countries with large Shi'ite populations, especially Iraq.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Iraq successfully gained some military and financial aid, as well as diplomatic and moral support, from the Soviet Union, China, France, and the United States, which together feared the prospects of the expansion of revolutionary Iran's influence in the region.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Saddam feared that radical Islamic ideashostile to his secular rulewere rapidly spreading inside his country among the majority Shi'ite population.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Saddam feared that radical Islamic ideas—hostile to his secular rule—were rapidly spreading inside his country among the majority Shi'ite population.^ Saddam feared that radical Islamic ideashostile to his secular rulewere rapidly spreading inside his country among the majority Shi'ite population.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Saddam feared that radical Islamic ideas — hostile to his secular rule — were rapidly spreading in southern Iraq among the majority Shi'ite population.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Saddam feared that radical Islamic ideas hostile to Saddam Hussein's secular rule were rapidly spreading in southern Iraq among the majority Shi'ite population.
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.There had also been bitter enmity between Saddam and Khomeini since the 1970s.^ There had also been bitter enmity between Saddam and Khomeini since the 1970s.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Since there is no reference back to the previous section and no new reference to a source that indicates a direct reference to Saddam Hussien.
  • Saddam Hussein Offered Osama Bin Laden Asylum (Wizbang) 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC wizbangblog.com [Source type: General]

^ However, when Khomeini began to urge the Shi'ites there to overthrow Saddam and under pressure from the Shah, who had agreed to a rapprochement between Iraq and Iran in 1975, Saddam agreed to expel Khomeini in 1978 to France.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Khomeini, having been exiled from Iran in 1964, took up residence in Iraq, at the Shi'ite holy city of An Najaf.^ Khomeini, having been exiled from Iran in 1964, took up residence in Iraq, at the Shi'ite holy city of An Najaf .
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Khomeini, having been exiled from Iran in 1964, took up residence in Iraq, at the Shi'ite holy city of An Najaf.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Qasim was killed, and Saddam returned to Iraq with other exiled Iraqis, although he played only a minor role in the Baʿth government that took power.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.There he involved himself with Iraqi Shi'ites and developed a strong, worldwide religious and political following against the Iranian Government, whom Saddam tolerated.^ There he involved himself with Iraqi Shi'ites and developed a strong, worldwide religious and political following against the Iranian Government, whom Saddam tolerated.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There Saddam Hussein involved himself with Iraqi Shi'ites and developed a strong, worldwide religious and political following.
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There he involved himself with Iraqi Shi'ites and developed a strong, worldwide religious and political following.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.However, when Khomeini began to urge the Shi'ites there to overthrow Saddam and under pressure from the Shah, who had agreed to a rapprochement between Iraq and Iran in 1975, Saddam agreed to expel Khomeini in 1978 to France.^ However, when Khomeini began to urge the Shi'ites there to overthrow Saddam and under pressure from the Shah, who had agreed to a rapprochement between Iraq and Iran in 1975, Saddam agreed to expel Khomeini in 1978 to France.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Under pressure from the Shah, who had agreed to a rapprochement between Iraq and Iran in 1975, Saddam agreed to expel Khomeini in 1978.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There had also been bitter enmity between Saddam and Khomeini since the 1970s.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.However this turned out to be an imminent failure and a political catalyst, for Khomeini had access to more media connections and also collaborated with a much larger Iranian community under his support whom he used to his advantage.^ The US supports those whom it can use.
  • Patterico's Pontifications » Saddam Hussein Executed 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC patterico.com [Source type: General]

^ However this turned out to be an imminent failure and a political catalyst, for Khomeini had access to more media connections and also collaborated with a much larger Iranian community under his support whom he used to his advantage.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Saddam Hussein made use of Auchi : Auchi's fortune largely grew through his Iraq government connection, much of it sub rosa .
  • Obama's Mansion, Saddam's Money :: Daniel Pipes 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.danielpipes.org [Source type: General]

.After Khomeini gained power, skirmishes between Iraq and revolutionary Iran occurred for ten months over the sovereignty of the disputed Shatt al-Arab waterway, which divides the two countries.^ Shatt al-Arab waterway.

^ After Khomeini gained power, skirmishes between Iraq and revolutionary Iran occurred for ten months over the sovereignty of the disputed Arvandrud/Shatt al-Arab waterway, which divides the two countries.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After Khomeini gained power, skirmishes between Iraq and revolutionary Iran occurred for ten months over the sovereignty of the disputed Shatt al-Arab waterway, which divides the two countries.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.During this period, Saddam Hussein publicly maintained that it was in Iraq's interest not to engage with Iran, and that it was in the interests of both nations to maintain peaceful relations.^ Saddam Hussein Executed Saddam Hussein has been executed by hanging in Iraq.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: News]

^ During this period, Saddam Hussein continually maintained that it was in Iraq's interest not to engage with Iran, and that it was in the interests of both nations to maintain peaceful relations.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ During this period, Saddam Hussein publicly maintained that it was in Iraq's interest not to engage with Iran, and that it was in the interests of both nations to maintain peaceful relations.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.However, in a private meeting with Salah Omar Al-Ali, Iraq's permanent ambassador to the United Nations, he revealed that he intended to invade and occupy a large part of Iran within months.^ However, in a private meeting with Salah Omar Al-Ali, Iraq's permanent ambassador to the United Nations, he revealed that he intended to invade and occupy a large part of Iran within months.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However, in a private meeting with Salah Omar Al-Ali, Iraq's permanent ambassador to the United Nations, Saddam Hussein revealed that Saddam Hussein intended to invade and occupy a large part of Iran within months.
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However, in a private meeting with Salah Omar Al-Ali , Iraq's permanent ambassador to the United Nations , he revealed that he intended to invade and occupy a large part of Iran within months.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Iraq invaded Iran, first attacking Mehrabad Airport of Tehran and then entering the oil-rich Iranian land of Khuzestan, which also has a sizable Arab minority, on 22 September 1980 and declared it a new province of Iraq.^ Iraq invaded Iran by attacking Mehrabad Airport of Tehran and entering the oil-rich Iranian land of Khuzestan, which also has a sizeable Arab minority, on September 22, 1980 and declared it a new province of Iraq.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Iraq and Iran declare a cease fire.
  • The Strata-Sphere » The Hanging Of Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC strata-sphere.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Iraq invaded Iran, first attacking Mehrabad Airport of Tehran and then entering the oil-rich Iranian land of Khuzestan , which also has a sizable Arab minority, on 22 September 1980 and declared it a new province of Iraq.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.With the support of the Arab states, the United States, the Soviet Union, and Europe, and heavily financed by the Arab states of the Persian Gulf, Saddam Hussein had become "the defender of the Arab world" against a revolutionary Iran.^ See also: Saddam Hussein - United States relations .
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ With the support of the Arab states, the United States, the Soviet Union, and Europe, and heavily financed by the Arab states of the Persian Gulf, Saddam Hussein had become "the defender of the Arab world" against a revolutionary Iran.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Saddam's proposal further split the Arab world, pitting U.S. and Western-supported Arab states against the Palestinians.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Consequently, many viewed Iraq as "an agent of the civilized world".[35] The blatant disregard of international law and violations of international borders were ignored.^ Consequently, many viewed Iraq as "an agent of the civilized world".
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The blatant disregard of international law and violations of international borders were ignored.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is expected by many throughout the world, particularly in Iraq itself that Saddam Hussein will face death by hanging.
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Instead Iraq received economic and military support from its allies, who conveniently overlooked Saddam's use of chemical warfare against the Kurds and the Iranians and Iraq's efforts to develop nuclear weapons.^ Instead Iraq received economic and military support from its allies, who conveniently overlooked Saddam's use of chemical warfare against the Kurds and the Iranians and Iraq's efforts to develop nuclear weapons.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Also, remember the chemical weapons Saddam used against Iran.
  • CNN Political Ticker: All politics, all the time Blog Archive - Thompson: Saddam Hussein ‘clearly’ had WMD « - Blogs from CNN.com 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC politicalticker.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Cyanide was used extensively against the Iranians.
  • The Strata-Sphere » The Hanging Of Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC strata-sphere.com [Source type: Original source]

[35]
.In the first days of the war, there was heavy ground fighting around strategic ports as Iraq launched an attack on Khuzestan.^ The Gulf War saw Iraqs first try at terrorist attacks.
  • Saddam Hussein and Bin Laden: 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.probush.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the first days of the war, there was heavy ground fighting around strategic ports as Iraq launched an attack on Khuzestan.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On 20 March, the first air attacks on Baghdad began, followed by U.S. and British troops entering Iraq from Kuwait.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.After making some initial gains, Iraq's troops began to suffer losses from human wave attacks by Iran.^ After making some initial gains, Iraq's troops began to suffer losses from human wave attacks by Iran.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Iraq successfully gained some military and financial aid, as well as diplomatic and moral support, from the Soviet Union, China, France, and the United States, which together feared the prospects of the expansion of revolutionary Iran's influence in the region.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Casey believes that if Iraq escalates its air attacks on Iran, Iran will need more and more arms from the US, and that will force it to conclude the stalled arms-for-hostages deal on favorable terms.

.By 1982, Iraq was on the defensive and looking for ways to end the war.^ By 1982, Iraq was on the defensive and looking for ways to end the war.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The end of the war with Iran served to deepen latent tensions between Iraq and its wealthy neighbor Kuwait .
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As soon as the war with Iran ended, Iraq announced its determination to crush the Kurdish insurrection.
  • Saddam Hussein: A Dictator Created Then Destroyed By America | World | AlterNet 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: General]

.At this point, Saddam asked his ministers for candid advice.^ At this point, Saddam asked his ministers for candid advice.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ At this point, Saddam asked Saddam Hussein's ministers for candid advice.
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Asked if Saddam were dead, the official in the Iraqi prime minister’s office said, “Yes, the body of Saddam Hussein is in front of me.” .

.Health Minister Dr Riyadh Ibrahim suggested that Saddam temporarily step down to promote peace negotiations.^ Health Minister Riyadh Ibrahim suggested that Saddam temporarily step down to promote peace negotiations.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Health Minister Dr Riyadh Ibrahim suggested that Saddam temporarily step down to promote peace negotiations.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Dr Ibrahim was arrested a few days after he started his new life as a sacked Minister.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Initially, Saddam Hussein appeared to take in this opinion as part of his cabinet democracy.^ Cop Show Saddam Hussein's Promise was Fulfilled In 1999 Saddam Husein said, in the summer of 2001 we will take over the airports of the United States and attack America.
  • Saddam Hussein - Associated Content - Topic - associatedcontent.com 11 September 2009 10:010 UTC www.associatedcontent.com [Source type: General]

^ At some point in time the forces of good will take — will handle Saddam Hussein; I’m confident of that.
  • Think Progress » Bush On Saddam: ‘That Motherf*cker Tried To Take Out My Dad’ 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ Saddam Hussein was a strong opinionated leader who held his own even amidst international pressures.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: News]

.A few weeks later, Dr Ibrahim was sacked when held responsible for a fatal incident in an Iraqi hospital where a patient died from intravenous administration of the wrong concentration of Potassium supplement.^ A few weeks later, Dr Ibrahim was sacked when held responsible for a fatal incident in an Iraqi hospital where a patient died from intravenous administration of the wrong concentration of Potassium supplement.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Dr Ibrahim was arrested a few days after he started his new life as a sacked Minister.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A few weeks later, he was charged by the Iraqi Special Tribunal with crimes committed against residents of Dujail in 1982, following a failed assassination attempt against him.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Dr Ibrahim was arrested a few days after he started his new life as a sacked Minister.^ Dr Ibrahim was arrested a few days after he started his new life as a sacked Minister.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A few weeks later, Dr Ibrahim was sacked when held responsible for a fatal incident in an Iraqi hospital where a patient died from intravenous administration of the wrong concentration of Potassium supplement.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ You said that I had started - and indeed, I started with the news of the day.
  • http://www.ratherbiased.com/hussein_saddam.htm 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.ratherbiased.com [Source type: Original source]

.He was known to have publicly declared before that arrest that he was "glad that he got away alive."^ He was known to have publicly declared before that arrest that he was "glad that he got away alive."
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Pieces of Ibrahim’s dismembered body were delivered to his wife the next day.^ Pieces of Ibrahims dismembered body were delivered to his wife the next day.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ibrahim's chopped up body was delivered to Saddam Hussein's wife the next day.
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ibrahim’s chopped up body was delivered to his wife the next day.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[36]
.Iraq quickly found itself bogged down in one of the longest and most destructive wars of attrition of the twentieth century.^ I understand that Saddam was one of the most murderous dictators of the twentieth century.
  • The Strata-Sphere » The Hanging Of Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC strata-sphere.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Iraq quickly found itself bogged down in one of the longest and most destructive wars of attrition of the twentieth century.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ European History Our War in Iraq is Justified Despite what the left and most members of the media believe, our actions in Iraq are justified and required to ensure America's security.

.During the war, Iraq used chemical weapons against Iranian forces fighting on the southern front and Kurdish separatists who were attempting to open up a northern front in Iraq with the help of Iran.^ Who provided Chemical Weapons to Saddam?
  • Saddam Hussein: A Dictator Created Then Destroyed By America | World | AlterNet 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: General]

^ Saddam Hussein ordered the use of chemical weapons against Iranian forces in the 1980-88 Iran-Iraq war, and against Iraq's Kurdish population in 1988.

^ And during the war with Iran - Iran used water to fight us.
  • http://www.ratherbiased.com/hussein_saddam.htm 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.ratherbiased.com [Source type: Original source]

.These chemical weapons were developed by Iraq from materials and technology supplied primarily by West German companies.^ These chemical weapons were developed by Iraq from materials and technology supplied primarily by West German companies.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The US supplied the materials and technology for these weapons of mass destruction to Iraq at a time when it was know that Saddam was using this technology to kill his Kurdish citizens.
  • The Strata-Sphere » The Hanging Of Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC strata-sphere.com [Source type: Original source]

^ U.S. fears regarding his development of weapons of mass destruction led to Western sanctions against Iraq.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[37]
.Saddam reached out to other Arab governments for cash and political support during the war, particularly after Iraq's oil industry severely suffered at the hands of the Iranian navy in the Persian Gulf.^ Saddam Hussein Persian Gulf War aftermath .
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Saddam reached out to other Arab governments for cash and political support during the war, particularly after Iraq's oil industry severely suffered at the hands of the Iranian navy in the Persian Gulf .
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Persian Gulf War aftermath .
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Iraq successfully gained some military and financial aid, as well as diplomatic and moral support, from the Soviet Union, China, France, and the United States, which together feared the prospects of the expansion of revolutionary Iran's influence in the region.^ Iraq successfully gained some military and financial aid, as well as diplomatic and moral support, from the Soviet Union, China, France, and the United States, which together feared the prospects of the expansion of revolutionary Iran's influence in the region.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The position of Iraq and he will - the position of the United States.
  • http://www.ratherbiased.com/hussein_saddam.htm 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.ratherbiased.com [Source type: Original source]

^ What did Iraq threaten the United States with?
  • http://www.ratherbiased.com/hussein_saddam.htm 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.ratherbiased.com [Source type: Original source]

.The Iranians, demanding that the international community should force Iraq to pay war reparations to Iran, refused any suggestions for a cease-fire.^ The Iranians, demanding that the international community should force Iraq to pay war reparations to Iran, refused any suggestions for a cease-fire.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Iranians, claiming that the international community should force Iraq to pay war reparations to Iran, refused any suggestions for a cease-fire.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The beginning of the Iraq-Iran war.
  • The Strata-Sphere » The Hanging Of Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC strata-sphere.com [Source type: Original source]

Despite several calls for a ceasefire by the United Nations Security Council, hostilities continued until 20 August 1988.
.On 16 March 1988, the Kurdish town of Halabja was attacked with a mix of mustard gas and nerve agents, killing 5,000 civilians, and maiming, disfiguring, or seriously debilitating 10,000 more.^ Halabja poison gas attack).
  • The end of tyrants 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC markhumphrys.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Halabja Poison gas attack).
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Nerve gas and blister agents such as mustard gas are used.
  • The Strata-Sphere » The Hanging Of Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC strata-sphere.com [Source type: Original source]

.(see Halabja poison gas attack)[38] The attack occurred in conjunction with the 1988 al-Anfal campaign designed to reassert central control of the mostly Kurdish population of areas of northern Iraq and defeat the Kurdish peshmerga rebel forces.^ Halabja poison gas attack).
  • The end of tyrants 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC markhumphrys.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Halabja Poison gas attack).
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Halabja poison gas attack ) [15] .
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The United States now maintains that Saddam ordered the attack to terrorize the Kurdish population in northern Iraq,[38] but Saddam's regime claimed at the time that Iran was responsible for the attack[39] and US analysts supported the claim until several years later.^ What did Iraq threaten the United States with?
  • http://www.ratherbiased.com/hussein_saddam.htm 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.ratherbiased.com [Source type: Original source]

^ With those attacks, the terrorists and their supporters declared war on the United States.
  • Did President Bush Link Saddam Hussein to 9/11? 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.floppingaces.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The position of Iraq and he will - the position of the United States.
  • http://www.ratherbiased.com/hussein_saddam.htm 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.ratherbiased.com [Source type: Original source]

.The bloody eight-year war ended in a stalemate.^ The bloody eight-year war ended in a stalemate.
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He noted the tens of thousands who died in the bloody eight-year war with Iran.
  • Family: Saddam Hussein to be buried in Sunni stronghold of Ramadi - Haaretz - Israel News 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.haaretz.com [Source type: News]

.There were hundreds of thousands of casualties with estimates of up to one million dead.^ There were hundreds of thousands of casualties with estimates of up to one million dead.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There were hundreds of thousands of casualties, perhaps upwards of 1.7 million died on both sides.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One, one hundred, one thousand, one million?
  • The end of tyrants 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC markhumphrys.com [Source type: Original source]

.Neither side had achieved what they had originally desired and at the borders were left nearly unchanged.^ Neither side had achieved what they had originally desired and at the borders were left nearly unchanged.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The southern, oil rich and prosperous Khuzestan and Basra area (the main focus of the war, and the primary source of their economies) were almost completely destroyed and were left at the pre 1979 border, while Iran managed to make some small gains on its borders in the Northern Kurdish area.^ The southern, oil rich and prosperous Khuzestan and Basra area (the main focus of the war, and the primary source of their economies) were almost completely destroyed and were left at the pre 1979 border, while Iran managed to make some small gains on its borders in the Northern Kurdish area.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ (Iraq signed over partial control of the Shatt al-Arab to Iran in 1975, but reclaimed the waterway in 1979 after the fall of Iran’s Shah Reza Pahlavi; Iraq also has hopes to conquer the oil-rich Iranian province of Khuzestan.

^ Iraq invaded Iran by attacking Mehrabad Airport of Tehran and entering the oil-rich Iranian land of Khuzestan, which also has a sizeable Arab minority, on September 22, 1980 and declared it a new province of Iraq.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Both economies, previously healthy and expanding, were left in ruins.^ Both economies, previously healthy and expanding, were left in ruins.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Borrowing money from the U.S. was making Iraq dependent on outside loans, embarrassing a leader who had sought to define Arab nationalism.^ Borrowing money from the U.S. was making Iraq dependent on outside loans, embarrassing a leader who had sought to define Arab nationalism.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hussein was exiled to Egypt, where he became enamored of President Gamal abd-al-Nasser, who espoused Arab nationalism.

^ European nations sold Iraq the equipment to make poison gas.
  • The Strata-Sphere » The Hanging Of Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC strata-sphere.com [Source type: Original source]

.Saddam also borrowed a tremendous amount of money from other Arab states during the 1980s to fight Iran, mainly to prevent the expansion of Shiite radicalism.^ Saddam also borrowed a tremendous amount of money from other Arab states during the 1980s to fight Iran, mainly to prevent the expansion of Shiite radicalism.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Saddam borrowed a tremendous amount of money from other Arab states during the 1980s to fight Iran and was stuck with a war debt of roughly $75 billion.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In April 2003, Saddam's whereabouts remained in question during the weeks following the fall of Baghdad and the conclusion of the major fighting of the war.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.However, this had proven to completely backfire both on Iraq and on the part of the Arab states, for Khomeini was praised as a hero for managing to defend Iran and maintain the war with little foreign support against the heavily backed Iraq, and only managed to boost Islamic radicalism in the Arab states.^ However, this had proven to completely backfire both on Iraq and on the part of the Arab states, for Khomeini was praised as a hero for managing to defend Iran and maintain the war with little foreign support against the heavily backed Iraq, and only managed to boost Islamic radicalism in the Arab states.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The beginning of the Iraq-Iran war.
  • The Strata-Sphere » The Hanging Of Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC strata-sphere.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Among terrorist-supporting states with records of pursuing chemical, biological, and nuclear weapons, only Iraq had been subjected to prolonged, multinational diplomatic pressure, yet Saddam remained defiant and securely in power- and hostile to the United States.
  • Did President Bush Link Saddam Hussein to 9/11? 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.floppingaces.net [Source type: Original source]

.Faced with rebuilding Iraq's infrastructure, Saddam desperately sought out cash once again, this time for postwar reconstruction.^ Faced with rebuilding Iraq's infrastructure, Saddam desperately sought out cash once again, this time for postwar reconstruction.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He was there to neutralize Powell, to implement the hard-line neocon[servative] vision.” The Time article concludes, “Enthusiasm is building inside the administration to take down [Iraq’s] Saddam [Hussein] once and for all,” a policy to which Powell is opposed.

^ Bronwen Maddox of the (Rupert Murdoch) Times : The rapid confirmation of the death sentence against Saddam Hussein is a long step backwards for Iraq.
  • Obsidian Wings: Saddam Hussein Is Dead 20 September 2009 19:50 UTC obsidianwings.blogs.com [Source type: Original source]

Tensions with Kuwait

.The end of the war with Iran served to deepen latent tensions between Iraq and its wealthy neighbor Kuwait.^ The end of the war with Iran served to deepen latent tensions between Iraq and its wealthy neighbor Kuwait .
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The end of the war with Iran served to deepen latent tensions between Iraq and its wealthy neighbor Kuwait.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The beginning of the Iraq-Iran war.
  • The Strata-Sphere » The Hanging Of Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC strata-sphere.com [Source type: Original source]

.Saddam urged the Kuwaitis to forgive the Iraqi debt accumulated in the war, some $30 billion, but they refused.^ Saddam urged the Kuwaitis to forgive the Iraqi debt accumulated in the war, some $30 billion, but they refused.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Saddam urged the Kuwaitis to forgive the Iraqi debt accumulated in the war, some $30 billion, but the Kuwaitis refused, claiming that Saddam was responsible to pay off his debts for the war he started.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And Kurdish rebels were convinced to hand over some 18 tons of documents that they had seized during the brief post-war uprising from Iraqi police stations.
  • Newsvine - Saddam Hussein Executed for War Crimes 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.newsvine.com [Source type: General]

[40]
.Saddam pushed oil-exporting countries to raise oil prices by cutting back production; Kuwait refused, however.^ Also to raise money for postwar reconstruction, Saddam pushed oil-exporting countries to raise oil prices by cutting back oil production.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Saddam pushed oil-exporting countries to raise oil prices by cutting back production; Kuwait refused, however.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Kuwait refused to cut production.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In addition to refusing the request, Kuwait spearheaded the opposition in OPEC to the cuts that Saddam had requested.^ In addition to refusing the request, Kuwait spearheaded the opposition in OPEC to the cuts that Saddam had requested.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Kuwait refused to cut production.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Saddam pushed oil-exporting countries to raise oil prices by cutting back production; Kuwait refused, however.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Kuwait was pumping large amounts of oil, and thus keeping prices low, when Iraq needed to sell high-priced oil from its wells to pay off a huge debt.^ Kuwait was pumping large amounts of oil, and thus keeping prices low, when Iraq needed to sell high-priced oil from its wells to pay off a huge debt.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Limited amounts of income from the United Nations started flowing into Iraq through the UN Oil-for-Food Programme.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On 9 December 1996 the United Nations allowed Saddam's government to begin selling limited amounts of oil for food and medicine.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Saddam had always argued that Kuwait was historically an integral part of Iraq, and that Kuwait had only come into being through the maneuverings of British imperialism; this echoed a belief that Iraqi nationalists had voiced for the past 50 years.^ For at least half a century, Iraqi nationalists were espousing emphatically the belief that Kuwait was historically an integral part of Iraq, and that Kuwait had only come into being through the maneuverings of British imperialism.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ K dead in Iraq, and that's in only three years.
  • Newsvine - Saddam Hussein Executed for War Crimes 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.newsvine.com [Source type: General]

^ K dead in Iraq , and that's in only three years.
  • Newsvine - Saddam Hussein Executed for War Crimes 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.newsvine.com [Source type: General]

.This belief was one of the few articles of faith uniting the political scene in a nation rife with sharp social, ethnic, religious, and ideological divides.^ One of the few articles of faith uniting the political scene in a nation rife with sharp social, ethnic, religious, and socioeconomic divides was the belief that Kuwait had no right to even exist in the first place.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This belief was one of the few articles of faith uniting the political scene in a nation rife with sharp social, ethnic, religious, and ideological divides.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In other news, the US is one of the few Western countries that still doesn't have national healthcare.
  • Saddam Hussein is Dead | MetaFilter 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: General]

[40]
.The extent of Kuwaiti oil reserves also intensified tensions in the region.^ The colossal extent of Kuwaiti oil reserves also intensified tensions in the region.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.kipaddotta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The extent of Kuwaiti oil reserves also intensified tensions in the region.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The oil reserves of Kuwait (with a population of 2 million next to Iraq's 25) were roughly equal to those of Iraq.^ The oil reserves of Kuwait (with a population of 2 million next to Iraq's 25) were roughly equal to those of Iraq.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Around July 25, 1990: US Manipulation of Iraq-Kuwait Conflict?

^ The UN sanctions placed upon Iraq when it invaded Kuwait were not lifted, blocking Iraqi oil exports.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Taken together, Iraq and Kuwait sat on top of some 20 percent of the world's known oil reserves; as an article of comparison, Saudi Arabia holds 25 percent.^ Taken together, Iraq and Kuwait sat on top of some 20% of the world's known oil reserves; Saudi Arabia, by comparison, holds 25%.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We are constantly reminded that Iraq has perhaps the world’s largest reserves of oil.
  • Barry Lando: The Trial of Saddam Hussein We Never Saw - Truthdig 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.truthdig.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Taken together, Iraq and Kuwait sat on top of some 20 percent of the world's known oil reserves; as an article of comparison, Saudi Arabia holds 25 percent.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[40]
.Saddam complained to the U.S. State Department that the Kuwaiti monarchy had slant drilled oil out of wells that Iraq considered to be within its disputed border with Kuwait.^ Saddam complained to the U.S. State Department that the Kuwaiti monarchy had slant drilled oil out of wells that Iraq considered to be within its disputed border with Kuwait.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Kuwaiti monarchy further angered Saddam by allegedly slant drilling oil out of wells that Iraq considered to be within its disputed border with Kuwait.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Given that at the time Iraq was not regarded as a pariah state, Saddam was able to complain about the alleged slant drilling to the U.S. State Department.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Saddam still had an experienced and well-equipped army, which he used to influence regional affairs.^ Saddam still had an experienced and well-equipped army, which he used to influence regional affairs.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Saddam 'used Oil Revenues to Buy Influence at Un' Claims that French and Russian figures received payments provide Bush and Blair with crumbs of comfort.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: News]

^ Saddam got rid of them and then used the same trickery he had used for years to make his neighbors (as well as his own countrymen) think he still had them.
  • CNN Political Ticker: All politics, all the time Blog Archive - Thompson: Saddam Hussein ‘clearly’ had WMD « - Blogs from CNN.com 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC politicalticker.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

.He later ordered troops to the Iraq–Kuwait border.^ He later ordered troops to the IraqKuwait border.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On 20 March, the first air attacks on Baghdad began, followed by U.S. and British troops entering Iraq from Kuwait.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A Daily Telegraph article later claims that Iraq leader Saddam Hussein puts his troops on their highest military alert since the Gulf War.

U.S. Ambassador to Iraq April Catherine Glaspie meets Saddam for an emergency meeting.
.As Iraq-Kuwait relations rapidly deteriorated, Saddam was receiving conflicting information about how the U.S. would respond to the prospects of an invasion.^ As Iraq-Kuwait relations rapidly deteriorated, Saddam was receiving conflicting information about how the U.S. would respond to the prospects of an invasion.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They returned to Iraq when they received assurances that Saddam would pardon them.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Bush in which he explains how he would have lied about Iraq.

.For one, Washington had been taking measures to cultivate a constructive relationship with Iraq for roughly a decade.^ For one, Washington had been taking measures to cultivate a constructive relationship with Iraq for roughly a decade.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And we spent time looking at that relationship between Iraq, on the one hand, and the al-Qaeda organization on the other.
  • Did President Bush Link Saddam Hussein to 9/11? 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.floppingaces.net [Source type: Original source]

^ "'I just followed orders,'" he said.-- The Washington Post, April 22, 2003 ------ "Iraq became one of the few nations that legally sanctioned the use of torture in pre-trial investigations, and as a punitive measure.

.The Reagan administration gave Saddam roughly $40 billion in aid in the 1980s to fight Iran, nearly all of it on credit.^ The Reagan administration gave Saddam roughly $40 billion in aid in the 1980s to fight Iran, nearly all of it on credit.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Saddam also borrowed a tremendous amount of money from other Arab states during the 1980s to fight Iran, mainly to prevent the expansion of Shiite radicalism.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ US President Ronald Reagan sends a secret message to Saddam Hussein recommending that he order his military to intensify its air attacks against Iran.

.The U.S. also gave Saddam billions of dollars to keep him from forming a strong alliance with the Soviets.^ The U.S. also gave Saddam billions of dollars to keep him from forming a strong alliance with the Soviets .
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The U.S. also sent billions of dollars to Saddam to keep him from forming a strong alliance with the Soviets.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Both West and East, of course, had supplied Saddam with billions of dollars worth of weapons—of all kinds.
  • Barry Lando: The Trial of Saddam Hussein We Never Saw - Truthdig 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.truthdig.com [Source type: Original source]

[41] Saddam's Iraq became "the third-largest recipient of US assistance".[42]
.U.S. ambassador to Iraq April Glaspie met with Saddam in an emergency meeting on 25 July, where the Iraqi leader stated his intention to give negotiations only..^ U.S. ambassador to Iraq April Glaspie met with Saddam in an emergency meeting on July 25, 1990, where the Iraqi leader stated his intention to continue talks.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ U.S. ambassador to Iraq April Glaspie met with Saddam in an emergency meeting on July 25, where the Iraqi leader stated his intention to continue talks.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Uday Hussein (28 June 1964 - 22 July 2003), was Saddam's oldest son, who ran the Iraqi Football Association , Fedayeen Saddam , and several media corporations in Iraq including Iraqi TV and the newspaper Babel .
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

one more brief chance
before forcing .Iraq's claims on Kuwait.^ Iraq had longstanding claims to Kuwait, which went back to the days of the Ottoman Empire, but Kuwait's independence had been recognized by Iraq's Baʿthist regime, which had come to power in 1963.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[43] .U.S. officials attempted to maintain a conciliatory line with Iraq, indicating that while George H. W. Bush and James Baker did not want force used, they would not take any position on the Iraq–Kuwait boundary dispute and did not want to become involved.^ It would be business as usual if they did.
  • The Strata-Sphere » The Hanging Of Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC strata-sphere.com [Source type: Original source]

^ U.S. officials attempted to maintain a conciliatory line with Iraq, indicating that while George H. W. Bush and James Baker did not want force used, they would not take any position on the Iraq-Kuwait boundary dispute and did not want to become involved.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ U.S. officials attempted to maintain a conciliatory line with Iraq, indicating that while George H. W. Bush and James Baker did not want force used, they would not take any position on the IraqKuwait boundary dispute and did not want to become involved.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[44] .Whatever Glapsie did or did not say in her interview with Saddam, the Iraqis assumed that the United States had invested too much in building relations with Iraq over the 1980s to sacrifice them for Kuwait.^ The United States had called for Saddam's overthrow but did not aid the rebellion.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Whatever Glapsie did or did not say in her interview with Saddam, the Iraqis assumed that the United States had invested too much in building relations with Iraq over the 1980s to sacrifice them for Kuwait.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ What did Iraq threaten the United States with?
  • http://www.ratherbiased.com/hussein_saddam.htm 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.ratherbiased.com [Source type: Original source]

[45] .Later, Iraq and Kuwait met for a final negotiation session, which failed.^ Later, Iraq and Kuwait met for a final negotiation session, which failed.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Later, Iraq and Kuwait then met for a final negotiation session, which failed.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He later ordered troops to the Iraq-Kuwait border.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Saddam then sent his troops into Kuwait.^ Saddam then sent his troops into Kuwait.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It substantiated that she was in no position to threaten Saddam, nor that if Kuwait was invaded would we bring the B52s over and bomb Iraq back into the Stone Age.

.As tensions between Washington and Saddam began to escalate, the Soviet Union, under Mikhail Gorbachev, strengthened its military relationship with the Iraqi leader, providing him military advisers, arms and aid.^ As tensions between Washington and Saddam began to escalate, the Soviet Union , under Mikhail Gorbachev , strengthened its military relationship with the Iraqi leader, providing him military advisors, arms and aid.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Cooperation between the United States and the Soviet Union made possible the passage of resolutions in the United Nations Security Council giving Iraq a deadline to leave Kuwait and approving the use of force if Saddam did not comply with the timetable.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Iraq successfully gained some military and financial aid, as well as diplomatic and moral support, from the Soviet Union, China, France, and the United States, which together feared the prospects of the expansion of revolutionary Iran's influence in the region.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[46]

Gulf War

Saddam Hussein with the flag of Iraq he implemented during the Gulf War
.On 2 August 1990, Saddam invaded and annexed Kuwait, thus sparking an international crisis.^ Then, on 2 August 1990, he invaded and conquered the emirate.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On August 2, 1990, Saddam invaded and annexed the oil-rich emirate of Kuwait.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ August, 1990 Iraq invades Kuwait.
  • The Strata-Sphere » The Hanging Of Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC strata-sphere.com [Source type: Original source]

.Just two years after the 1988 Iraq and Iran truce, "Saddam Hussein did what his Gulf patrons had earlier paid him to prevent."^ Saddam Hussein Executed Saddam Hussein has been executed by hanging in Iraq.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: News]

^ Just two years after the 1988 Iraq and Iran truce, "Saddam Hussein did what his Gulf patrons had earlier paid him to prevent."
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Saddam Hussein with the flag of Iraq he implemented during the Gulf War .
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Having removed the threat of Iranian fundamentalism he "overran Kuwait and confronted his Gulf neighbors in the name of Arab nationalism and Islam."^ Having removed the threat of Iranian fundamentalism he "overran Kuwait and confronted his Gulf neighbors in the name of Arab nationalism and Islam."
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Saddam saw his war with Iran as having spared Kuwait from the imminent threat of Iranian domination.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the days preceding the Iraq invasion of Kuwait (see August 2, 1990 ), the two nations’ Arab neighbors urge the US to use caution and moderation in trying to head off the invasion.

[35]
The U.S. had provided assistance to Saddam Hussein in the war with Iran, but with Iraq's seizure of the oil-rich emirate of Kuwait in August 1990 the United States led a United Nations coalition that drove Iraq's troops from Kuwait in February 1991. The ability for Saddam Hussein to pursue such military aggression was from a "military machine paid for in large part by the tens of billions of dollars Kuwait and the Gulf states had poured into Iraq and the weapons and technology provided by the Soviet Union, Germany, and France."[35]
.U.S. President George H. W. Bush responded cautiously for the first several days.^ Dow Troop Surge in Iraq: President Bush's First Reckless Decision of 2007 Bush will announce a plan to send 9,000 or more soldiers to Iraq.
  • Saddam Hussein - Associated Content - Topic - associatedcontent.com 11 September 2009 10:010 UTC www.associatedcontent.com [Source type: General]

^ In a State of the Union address delivered after the 11 September attacks, President George W. Bush labeled Iraq a member of the "axis of evil" and called for "regime change."
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Shiites were answering the repeated calls by the first President Bush for a popular revolt.
  • Barry Lando: The Trial of Saddam Hussein We Never Saw - Truthdig 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.truthdig.com [Source type: Original source]

.On one hand, Kuwait, prior to this point, had been a virulent enemy of Israel and was the Persian Gulf monarchy that had had the most friendly relations with the Soviets.^ On the one hand, Kuwait, prior to this point, had been a virulent enemy of Israel and was on friendly terms with the Soviets.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On one hand, Kuwait, prior to this point, had been a virulent enemy of Israel and was the Persian Gulf monarchy that had had the most friendly relations with the Soviets.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In early 1991, a U.S.-led coalition army liberated Kuwait in the six-week Persian Gulf War .
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[47] .On the other hand, Washington foreign policymakers, along with Middle East experts, military critics, and firms heavily invested in the region, were extremely concerned with stability in this region.^ On the other hand, Washington foreign policymakers, along with Middle East experts, military critics, and firms heavily invested in the region, were extremely concerned with stability in this region.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And maybe this will give hope and courage to those who wish for freedom…such as the Iranians (not so)underground these days…and many others in the Middle East and in N.K. .
  • The Strata-Sphere » The Hanging Of Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC strata-sphere.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Apart from a few members of the alternative press and the excellent Washington Report on Middle East Affairs (not indexed by Lexis), this commission might as well not have existed as far as most of the US media is concerned—and therefore, the American public… .
  • Barry Lando: The Trial of Saddam Hussein We Never Saw - Truthdig 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.truthdig.com [Source type: Original source]

[48] .The invasion immediately triggered fears that the world's price of oil, and therefore control of the world economy, was at stake.^ U.S. interests were heavily invested in the region, [12] and the invasion triggered fears that the price of oil, and therefore the world economy, was at stake.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A year later, world oil prices rose dramatically as a result of the 1973 energy crisis, and skyrocketing revenues enabled Saddam to expand his agenda.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ U.S. officials feared that Iraq would retaliate against oil-rich Saudi Arabia, a close ally of Washington since the 1940s, for the Saudis' opposition to the invasion of Kuwait.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Britain profited heavily from billions of dollars of Kuwaiti investments and bank deposits.^ Britain profited heavily from billions of dollars of Kuwaiti investments and bank deposits.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Britain had a close historical relationship with Kuwait, dating back to British colonialism in the region, and also benefited from billions of dollars in Kuwaiti investment.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Bush was perhaps swayed while meeting with British prime minister Margaret Thatcher, who happened to be in the U.S. at the time.^ Bush was perhaps swayed while meeting with British prime minister Margaret Thatcher , who happened to be in the U.S. at the time.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Keg Republican Senators Go Wobbly About the War in Iraq Back before the beginning of the Gulf War, when Saddam Hussein had just invaded Kuwait, then British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher told then President George H. W. Bush in a phone conversation that, "this is no time to go wobbly."
  • Saddam Hussein - Associated Content - Topic - associatedcontent.com 11 September 2009 10:010 UTC www.associatedcontent.com [Source type: General]

^ X Close While the Iraq War Inquiry failed to hold the former prime minister's feet to the fire, the British public will not let him off as easy-making Blair a stranger in his own land, perhaps for the rest of his life.

[49]
.Co-operation between the United States and the Soviet Union made possible the passage of resolutions in the United Nations Security Council giving Iraq a deadline to leave Kuwait and approving the use of force if Saddam did not comply with the timetable.^ The position of Iraq and he will - the position of the United States.
  • http://www.ratherbiased.com/hussein_saddam.htm 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.ratherbiased.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Co-operation between the United States and the Soviet Union made possible the passage of resolutions in the United Nations Security Council giving Iraq a deadline to leave Kuwait and approving the use of force if Saddam did not comply with the timetable.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ What did Iraq threaten the United States with?
  • http://www.ratherbiased.com/hussein_saddam.htm 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.ratherbiased.com [Source type: Original source]

.U.S. officials feared Iraqi retaliation against oil-rich Saudi Arabia, since the 1940s a close ally of Washington, for the Saudis' opposition to the invasion of Kuwait.^ U.S. officials feared Iraqi retaliation against oil-rich Saudi Arabia , since the 1940s a close ally of Washington, for the Saudis' opposition to the invasion of Kuwait.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He even declares his intention to rebuild the oil pipeline from Kirkuk to Haifa, which has been inoperative since the 1940s.

^ The latter invasion provoked a military response from the United Nations , led by the United States, which drove Iraqi forces from Kuwait in 1991.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Accordingly, the U.S. and a group of allies, including countries as diverse as Egypt, Syria and Czechoslovakia, deployed a massive amount of troops along the Saudi border with Kuwait and Iraq in order to encircle the Iraqi army, the largest in the Middle East.^ Accordingly, the U.S. and a group of allies, including countries as diverse as Egypt , Syria and Czechoslovakia , deployed massive amounts of troops along the Saudi border with Kuwait and Iraq in order to encircle the Iraqi army, the largest in the Middle East.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He later ordered troops to the IraqKuwait border.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Who knows what really was going on there, but the fact that not one country in the Middle East is loudly crying foul over Israeli knocking out the Syrain air defenses and bombing a mystery location along the Iraq/Iran/Syria border is very interesting.
  • CNN Political Ticker: All politics, all the time Blog Archive - Thompson: Saddam Hussein ‘clearly’ had WMD « - Blogs from CNN.com 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC politicalticker.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

.During the period of negotiations and threats following the invasion, Saddam focused renewed attention on the Palestinian problem by promising to withdraw his forces from Kuwait if Israel would relinquish the occupied territories in the West Bank, the Golan Heights, and the Gaza Strip.^ During the period of negotiations and threats following the invasion, Saddam focused renewed attention on the Palestinian problem by promising to withdraw his forces from Kuwait if Israel would relinquish the occupied territories in the West Bank , the Golan Heights , and the Gaza Strip .
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A ground force comprised largely of U.S. and British armoured and infantry divisions ejected Saddam's army from Kuwait in February 1991 and occupied the southern portion of Iraq as far as the Euphrates .
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The latter invasion provoked a military response from the United Nations , led by the United States, which drove Iraqi forces from Kuwait in 1991.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Saddam's proposal further split the Arab world, pitting U.S.- and Western-supported Arab states against the Palestinians.^ Saddam's proposal further split the Arab world, pitting U.S.- and Western-supported Arab states against the Palestinians.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Whereas some Arabs venerated him for his aggressive stance against foreign intervention and for his support for the Palestinians , [7] other Arabs and Western leaders vilified him as the force behind both a deadly attack on northern Iraq in 1988 and, two years later, an invasion of Kuwait to the south.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Now Arab Television (ATV) has given the world 'Benn meets Saddam' and is being touted as the next al-Jazeera.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: News]

.The allies ultimately rejected any linkage between the Kuwait crisis and Palestinian issues.^ The allies ultimately rejected any linkage between the Kuwait crisis and Palestinian issues.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Saddam ignored the Security Council deadline.^ Saddam ignored the Security Council deadline.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Entity Tags: George Shultz , Saddam Hussein , United Nations Security Council .

.Backed by the Security Council, a U.S.-led coalition launched round-the-clock missile and aerial attacks on Iraq, beginning 16 January 1991. Israel, though subjected to attack by Iraqi missiles, refrained from retaliating in order not to provoke Arab states into leaving the coalition.^ The Security Council did not back intervention.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Israel, though subjected to attack by Iraqi missiles, refrained from retaliating in order not to provoke Arab states into leaving the coalition.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Backed by the Security Council, a U.S.-led coalition launched round-the-clock missile and aerial attacks on Iraq, beginning 16 January 1991.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A ground force comprised largely of U.S. and British armoured and infantry divisions ejected Saddam's army from Kuwait in February 1991 and occupied the southern portion of Iraq as far as the Euphrates.^ A ground force comprised largely of U.S. and British armoured and infantry divisions ejected Saddam's army from Kuwait in February 1991 and occupied the southern portion of Iraq as far as the Euphrates .
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Saddam ordered a retreat from Kuwait when coalition forces entered southern Iraq.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Saddam had always argued that Kuwait was historically an integral part of Iraq, and that Kuwait had only come into being through the maneuverings of British imperialism; this echoed a belief that Iraqi nationalists had voiced for the past 50 years.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

On 6 March 1991, Bush announced:
.What is at stake is more than one small country, it is a big idea — a new world order, where diverse nations are drawn together in common cause to achieve the universal aspirations of mankind: peace and security, freedom, and the rule of law.^ What is at stake is more than one small country, it is a big idea a new world order , where diverse nations are drawn together in common cause to achieve the universal aspirations of mankind: peace and security, freedom, and the rule of law.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In other news, the US is one of the few Western countries that still doesn't have national healthcare.
  • Saddam Hussein is Dead | MetaFilter 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: General]

^ You're the one making a silly assertion, ( "plenty more brutal and more deserving of our energy than he was" ) and then when caught you just continue to look silly.
  • Newsvine - Saddam Hussein Executed for War Crimes 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.newsvine.com [Source type: General]

.In the end, the over-manned and under-equipped Iraqi army proved unable to compete on the battlefield with the highly mobile coalition land forces and their overpowering air support.^ In the end, the over-manned and under-equipped Iraqi army proved unable to compete on the battlefield with the highly mobile coalition land forces and their overpowering air support.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I understand that millions of Iraqis who have suffered under this man will feel differently to me, and I am glad that they are now free of this scourge upon their nation.
  • The Strata-Sphere » The Hanging Of Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC strata-sphere.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Iraqi Air Force begins using chemical agents against Kurdish resistance forces in northern Iraq.
  • The Strata-Sphere » The Hanging Of Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC strata-sphere.com [Source type: Original source]

.Some 175,000 Iraqis were taken prisoner and casualties were estimated at over 85,000. As part of the cease-fire agreement, Iraq agreed to scrap all poison gas and germ weapons and allow UN observers to inspect the sites.^ As part of the cease-fire agreement, Iraq agreed to scrap all poison gas and germ weapons and allow UN observers to inspect the sites.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some 175,000 Iraqis were taken prisoner and casualties were estimated at over 85,000.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Iraq and Iran declare a cease fire.
  • The Strata-Sphere » The Hanging Of Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC strata-sphere.com [Source type: Original source]

.UN trade sanctions would remain in effect until Iraq complied with all terms.^ UN trade sanctions would remain in effect until Iraq complied with all terms.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We would have been forced to occupy Baghdad and, in effect, rule Iraq… there was no viable ‘exit strategy’ we could see, violating another of our principles.

^ On May 1, Iraq warned of dire consequences if UN inspectors did not leave, and sanctions were not lifted.
  • Saddam Hussein and Bin Laden: 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.probush.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Saddam publicly claimed victory at the end of the war.^ Saddam publicly claimed victory at the end of the war.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A Daily Telegraph article later claims that Iraq leader Saddam Hussein puts his troops on their highest military alert since the Gulf War.

^ Saddam Risks War Over Arms Dossier Bush and Blair are sceptical of Iraqi weapons claim as US hunts for arms breach.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: News]

Postwar period

.Iraq's ethnic and religious divisions, together with the brutality of the conflict that this had engendered, laid the groundwork for postwar rebellions.^ Iraq's ethnic and religious divisions, together with the brutality of the conflict that this had engendered, laid the groundwork for postwar rebellions.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hundreds of delegates from 50 ethnic, religious and political groups met over the weekend for talks on an Iraq without Saddam Hussein...
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: News]

.In the aftermath of the fighting, social and ethnic unrest among Shi'ite Muslims, Kurds, and dissident military units threatened the stability of Saddam's government.^ In the aftermath of the fighting, social and ethnic unrest among Shi'ite Muslims, Kurds, and dissident military units threatened the stability of Saddam's government.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Innocents The Execution of Saddam Hussein Abd Al-Majid Al-Tikriti Saddam iron fist rule chilled his relations with the United States Government.

^ The Ba'athists opposed the new government, and in 1959 Saddam was involved in the unsuccessful United States -backed plot to assassinate Abdul Karim Qassim .
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Uprisings erupted in the Kurdish north and Shi'a southern and central parts of Iraq, but were ruthlessly repressed.^ Uprisings erupted in the Kurdish north and Shi'a southern and central parts of Iraq, but were ruthlessly repressed.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Directed the 1991 bloody suppression of Kurdish and Shi'a insurgencies in northern and southern Iraq with at least 30,000 to 60,000 killed.

^ Nearly from its founding as a modern state in 1920, Iraq has had to deal with Kurdish separatists in the northern part of the country.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The United States, which had urged Iraqis to rise up against Saddam, did nothing to assist the rebellions.^ What did Iraq threaten the United States with?
  • http://www.ratherbiased.com/hussein_saddam.htm 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.ratherbiased.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The United States had called for Saddam's overthrow but did not aid the rebellion.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The United States, which had urged Iraqis to rise up against Saddam, did nothing to assist the rebellions.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Iranians, who had earlier called for the overthrow of Saddam, were in no state to even intervene on behalf of the rebellions due to the disastrous state of its economy and military.^ The Iranians, who had earlier called for the overthrow of Saddam, were in no state to even intervene on behalf of the rebellions due to the disastrous state of its economy and military and another conflict was the last thing Iran needed at the time.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The United States had called for Saddam's overthrow but did not aid the rebellion.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Saddam Hussein was a strong opinionated leader who held his own even amidst international pressures.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: News]

.Turkey opposed any prospect of Kurdish independence, and the Saudis and other conservative Arab states feared an Iran-style Shi'ite revolution.^ And I will tell you why the other Arab states would not aid these people.
  • The Strata-Sphere » The Hanging Of Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC strata-sphere.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He and hundreds of others buried here were Shi'ite Muslims, Saddam's religious enemy.

^ US Secretary of State George Shultz downplays the charges against Iraq, arguing that interviews with Kurdish refugees in Turkey and “other sources” do not conclusively support the allegations being made against Saddam Hussein’s government.

.Saddam, having survived the immediate crisis in the wake of defeat, was left firmly in control of Iraq, although the country never recovered either economically or militarily from the Gulf War.^ Saddam, having survived the immediate crisis in the wake of defeat, was left firmly in control of Iraq, although the country never recovered either economically or militarily from the Gulf War.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Saddam Hussein with the flag of Iraq he implemented during the Gulf War .
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Qasim was killed, and Saddam returned to Iraq with other exiled Iraqis, although he played only a minor role in the Baʿth government that took power.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Saddam routinely cited his survival as "proof" that Iraq had in fact won the war against the U.S. This message earned Saddam a great deal of popularity in many sectors of the Arab world.^ Will Bush go to war against Saddam?
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: News]

^ Saddam routinely cited his survival as "proof" that Iraq had in fact won the war against the U.S. This message earned Saddam a great deal of popularity in many sectors of the Arab world.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Should we go to war against Saddam?
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: News]

.John Esposito, however, claims that "Arabs and Muslims were pulled in two directions.^ John Esposito, however, claims that "Arabs and Muslims were pulled in two directions.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Reply to Barbara: That is not true, however, Arab or Muslim name does not matter [163 words] .
  • Obama's Mansion, Saddam's Money :: Daniel Pipes 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.danielpipes.org [Source type: General]

.That they rallied not so much to Saddam Hussein as to the bipolar nature of the confrontation (the West versus the Arab Muslim world) and the issues that Saddam proclaimed: Arab unity, self-sufficiency, and social justice."^ That they rallied not so much to Saddam Hussein as to the bipolar nature of the confrontation (the West versus the Arab Muslim world) and the issues that Saddam proclaimed: Arab unity, self-sufficiency, and social justice."
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ X Close On the sixth anniversary of the capture of Saddam Hussein, Dr. Mark Green, on scene at the "spider hole," recalls an historic confrontation.

^ Saddam Hussein made use of Auchi : Auchi's fortune largely grew through his Iraq government connection, much of it sub rosa .
  • Obama's Mansion, Saddam's Money :: Daniel Pipes 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.danielpipes.org [Source type: General]

.As a result, Saddam Hussein appealed to many people for the same reasons that attracted more and more followers to Islamic revivalism and also for the same reasons that fueled anti-Western feelings.^ 'These people were against Saddam Hussein.

^ As a result, Saddam Hussein appealed to many people for the same reasons that attracted more and more followers to Islamic revivalism and also for the same reasons that fueled anti-Western feelings.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A shift was, therefore, clearly visible among many Islamic movements in the post war period "from an initial Islamic ideological rejection of Saddam Hussein, the secular persecutor of Islamic movements, and his invasion of Kuwait to a more populist Arab nationalist , anti-imperialist support for Saddam (or more precisely those issues he represented or championed) and the condemnation of foreign intervention and occupation."
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

."As one U.S. Muslim observer noted: People forgot about Saddam's record and concentrated on America...Saddam Hussein might be wrong, but it is not America who should correct him."^ "As one U.S. Muslim observer noted: People forgot about Saddam's record and concentrated on America...Saddam Hussein might be wrong, but it is not America who should correct him."
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ 'These people were against Saddam Hussein.

^ Saddam Hussein greeting Carlos Cardoen , a Chilean businessman who provided the regime with cluster bombs in the 80s .
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

A shift was, therefore, clearly visible among many Islamic movements in the post war period "from an initial Islamic ideological rejection of Saddam Hussein, the secular persecutor of Islamic movements, and his invasion of Kuwait to a more populist Arab nationalist, anti-imperialist support for Saddam (or more precisely those issues he represented or championed) and the condemnation of foreign intervention and occupation."[35]
.Saddam, therefore, increasingly portrayed himself as a devout Muslim, in an effort to co-opt the conservative religious segments of society.^ Saddam, therefore, increasingly portrayed himself as a devout Muslim , in an effort to co-opt the conservative religious segments of society.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sometimes he would also be portrayed as a devout Muslim, wearing full headdress and robe, praying toward Mecca .
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ To maintain power Saddam tended either to provide them with benefits so as to co-opt them into the regime, or to take repressive measures against them.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Some elements of Sharia law were re-introduced, and the ritual phrase "Allahu Akbar" ("God is great"), in Saddam's handwriting, was added to the national flag.^ Some elements of Sharia law were re-introduced, and the ritual phrase " Allahu Akbar " ("God is great"), in Saddam's handwriting, was added to the national flag.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ God help this great nation!
  • CNN Political Ticker: All politics, all the time Blog Archive - Thompson: Saddam Hussein ‘clearly’ had WMD « - Blogs from CNN.com 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC politicalticker.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I pledge Allegiance to the flag of the United States of America and to the Republic for which it stands, one nation under God, indivisible, with Liberty and Justice for all.
  • Saddam Hussein and Bin Laden: 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.probush.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Relations between the United States and Iraq remained tense following the Gulf War.^ The position of Iraq and he will - the position of the United States.
  • http://www.ratherbiased.com/hussein_saddam.htm 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.ratherbiased.com [Source type: Original source]

^ What did Iraq threaten the United States with?
  • http://www.ratherbiased.com/hussein_saddam.htm 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.ratherbiased.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Relations between the United States and Iraq remained tense following the Gulf War.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The U.S. launched a missile attack aimed at Iraq's intelligence headquarters in Baghdad 26 June 1993, citing evidence of repeated Iraqi violations of the "no fly zones" imposed after the Gulf War and for incursions into Kuwait.^ The Gulf War saw Iraqs first try at terrorist attacks.
  • Saddam Hussein and Bin Laden: 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.probush.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The U.S. launched a missile attack aimed at Iraq's intelligence headquarters in Baghdad 26 June 1993, citing evidence of repeated Iraqi violations of the "no fly zones" imposed after the Gulf War and for incursions into Kuwait.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Bush GAVE Saddam the go-ahead to invade Kuwait through his ambassador, by saying we had no position on how the two settled their dispute over Kuwait’s slant-drilling into Iraqi fields.
  • Think Progress » Bush On Saddam: ‘That Motherf*cker Tried To Take Out My Dad’ 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

.The UN sanctions placed upon Iraq when it invaded Kuwait were not lifted, blocking Iraqi oil exports.^ The UN sanctions placed upon Iraq when it invaded Kuwait were not lifted, blocking Iraqi oil exports.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On 2 August 1990, Iraq invaded Kuwait.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The UN Security Council repeatedly convened to debate several resolutions asking Iraq to withdraw and restore Kuwait's legitimate government.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This caused immense hardship in Iraq and virtually destroyed the Iraqi economy and state infrastructure.^ This caused immense hardship in Iraq and virtually destroyed the Iraqi economy and state infrastructure.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Whatever Glapsie did or did not say in her interview with Saddam, the Iraqis assumed that the United States had invested too much in building relations with Iraq over the 1980s to sacrifice them for Kuwait.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Outraged by US and British airstrikes on Iraq, the Iraqi trade minister issued this warning in the state media: When the United States is helping terrorist activities against Iraq, then this will enhance terrorist activities against the United States.
  • Saddam Hussein and Bin Laden: 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.probush.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Only smuggling across the Syrian border, and humanitarian aid ameliorated the humanitarian crisis.^ Only smuggling across the Syrian border, and humanitarian aid ameliorated the humanitarian crisis.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[50] .On 9 December 1996 the United Nations allowed Saddam's government to begin selling limited amounts of oil for food and medicine.^ On 9 December 1996 the United Nations allowed Saddam's government to begin selling limited amounts of oil for food and medicine.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1972 Iraq nationalized the foreign-owned oil company IBC , the first Middle Eastern government to do so.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Britain sets new tests for Saddam The British government last night circulated a new compromise at the United Nations setting out a dozen disarmament tests that the Iraqi president, Saddam Hussein, would have to pass to avoid war.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: News]

.Limited amounts of income from the United Nations started flowing into Iraq through the UN Oil for Food program.^ Limited amounts of income from the United Nations started flowing into Iraq through the UN Oil for Food program .
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1972 Iraq nationalized the foreign-owned oil company IBC , the first Middle Eastern government to do so.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ UN weapons inspector Scott Ritter attempts to leak a confidential United Nations Special Commission (UNSCOM) report on Iraq’s production of VX nerve agent to the American press (see June 10, 1998 ).

U.S. officials continued to accuse Saddam of violating the terms of the Gulf War's cease fire, by developing weapons of mass destruction and other banned weaponry, and violating the UN-imposed sanctions and "no-fly zones." Isolated military strikes by U.S. and British forces continued on Iraq sporadically, the largest being Operation Desert Fox in 1998. Western charges of Iraqi resistance to UN access to suspected weapons were the pretext for crises between 1997 and 1998, culminating in intensive U.S. and British missile strikes on Iraq, 16-19 December 1998. After two years of intermittent activity, U.S. and British warplanes struck harder at sites near Baghdad in February 2001.
.Saddam's support base of Tikriti tribesmen, family members, and other supporters was divided after the war, and in the following years, contributing to the government's increasingly repressive and arbitrary nature.^ Saddam's support base of Tikriti tribesmen, family members, and other supporters was divided after the war, and in the following years, contributing to the government's increasingly repressive and arbitrary nature.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Many had family members who were executed by Saddam and his government.
  • Saddam Hussein is Dead | MetaFilter 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: General]

^ For those interested in the Saddam Regime's support of AQ, Sunni and Shiia Islamofascists, and other see this post.
  • Saddam Hussein Offered Osama Bin Laden Asylum (Wizbang) 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC wizbangblog.com [Source type: General]

.Domestic repression inside Iraq grew worse, and Saddam's sons, Uday and Qusay Hussein, became increasingly powerful and carried out a private reign of terror.^ He increasingly turned over power to Saddam Husayn.

^ Saddam Hussein Executed Saddam Hussein has been executed by hanging in Iraq.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: News]

^ Domestic repression inside Iraq grew worse, and Saddam's sons, Uday and Qusay Hussein , became increasingly powerful and carried out a private reign of terror.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Iraqi co-operation with UN weapons inspection teams was intermittent throughout the 1990s.^ US Split on Need for Last Chance for Saddam As international lobbying intensifies, will Bush risk asking for a tough new UN resolution on weapons inspections?
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: News]

^ When the weapons inspection teams were kicked out of the country, then let back in, Iraq still had not produced the necessary verification that he had destroyed his munitions.
  • CNN Political Ticker: All politics, all the time Blog Archive - Thompson: Saddam Hussein ‘clearly’ had WMD « - Blogs from CNN.com 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC politicalticker.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ December 16-19, 1998: ’Operation Desert Fox’ Hammers Iraqi Targets in Retaliation for Iraq’s Refusal to Cooperate with UN Inspectors .

2003 invasion of Iraq

.
Satellite channels broadcasting the besieged Iraqi leader among cheering crowds as U.S.-led troops push toward the capital city.
^ Satellite channels broadcasting the besieged Iraqi leader among cheering crowds as U.S.-led troops push toward the capital city.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Despite some resistance, U.S. troops pushed north toward Baghdad and occupied it on 9 April.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Special Forces in Baghdad as Saddam's army crumbles Iraqi troops pull back to capital for final showdown Thousands surrender in battle for key city US holds secret talks with enemy generals.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: News]

[51]
4 April 2003.
.The U.S. continued to view Saddam as a bellicose tyrant who was a threat to the stability of the region.^ The U.S. continued to view Saddam as a bellicose tyrant who was a threat to the stability of the region.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But there were other reasons, too, that were less personal — like Bush really believed that Saddam was becoming an unmanageable mess and threat to America’s interests in the region!
  • Think Progress » Bush On Saddam: ‘That Motherf*cker Tried To Take Out My Dad’ 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ Iran is arming the Afghan mujaheddin, the Islamist resistance fighters viewed as a threat by Saddam Hussein.

.During the 1990s, President Bill Clinton maintained sanctions and ordered air strikes in the "Iraqi no-fly zones" (Operation Desert Fox), in the hope that Saddam would be overthrown by political enemies inside Iraq.^ During the 1990s, President Bill Clinton maintained sanctions and ordered air strikes in the "Iraqi no-fly zones" ( Operation Desert Fox ), in the hope that Saddam would be overthrown by political enemies inside Iraq.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One of the many air strikes launched against Iraqi targets during Operation Desert Storm.

^ The Iraqi military's withdrawal from the region in October 1991 after the imposition of a no-fly zone made it feasible for the first time in years for outsiders to reach the area.
  • Newsvine - Saddam Hussein Executed for War Crimes 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.newsvine.com [Source type: General]

.The domestic political equation changed in the U.S. after the September 11, 2001 attacks; in his January 2002 state of the union address to Congress, President George W. Bush spoke of an "axis of evil" consisting of Iran, North Korea, and Iraq.^ In a State of the Union address delivered after the 11 September attacks, President George W. Bush labeled Iraq a member of the "axis of evil" and called for "regime change."
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The world changed on September 11, 2001.
  • Saddam Hussein and Bin Laden: 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.probush.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The domestic political equation changed in the U.S. after the September 11, 2001 attacks ; in his January 2002 state of the union address to Congress, President George W. Bush spoke of an " axis of evil " consisting of Iran , North Korea , and Iraq .
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Moreover, Bush announced that he would possibly take action to topple the Iraqi government, because of the alleged threat of its "weapons of mass destruction." Bush claimed, "The Iraqi regime has plotted to develop anthrax, and nerve gas, and nuclear weapons for over a decade... .Iraq continues to flaunt its hostility toward America and to support terror."^ Iraq continues to flaunt its hostility toward America and to support terror."
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And why should America generate hostility - the hostility of the world -- towards the United States?
  • http://www.ratherbiased.com/hussein_saddam.htm 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.ratherbiased.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Iraq continues to meddle in the affairs of Lebanon as a method of seeking revenge against Syria for refusing to support Iraq in its war with Iran.

[52][53] .Saddam Hussein claimed that he falsely led the world to believe Iraq possessed nuclear weapons in order to appear strong against Iran.^ Also, remember the chemical weapons Saddam used against Iran.
  • CNN Political Ticker: All politics, all the time Blog Archive - Thompson: Saddam Hussein ‘clearly’ had WMD « - Blogs from CNN.com 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC politicalticker.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Israel claims it fears Iraq is building a nuclear weapon with which to strike it.

^ 'These people were against Saddam Hussein.

[54]
.With war looming on 24 February 2003, Saddam Hussein talked with CBS News reporter Dan Rather for more than three hours, his first interview with a U.S. reporter in over a decade.^ SADDAM HUSSEIN : The news are with you.
  • http://www.ratherbiased.com/hussein_saddam.htm 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.ratherbiased.com [Source type: Original source]

^ New York Post, February 2, 2003.
  • Saddam Hussein and Bin Laden: 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.probush.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ With war looming on 24 February 2003, Saddam Hussein talked with CBS News reporter Dan Rather for more than three hours, his first interview with a U.S. reporter in over a decade.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[55] .CBS aired the taped interview later that week.^ CBS aired the taped interview later that week.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Iraqi government and military collapsed within three weeks of the beginning of the U.S.-led 2003 invasion of Iraq on 20 March.^ Main article: 2003 invasion of Iraq .
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Iraqi government and military collapsed within three weeks of the beginning of the U.S.-led 2003 invasion of Iraq on 20 March.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Qasim was killed, and Saddam returned to Iraq with other exiled Iraqis, although he played only a minor role in the Baʿth government that took power.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The United States made at least two attempts to kill Saddam with targeted air strikes, but both failed to hit their target, killing civilians instead.^ The United States made at least two attempts to kill Saddam with targeted air strikes, but both failed to hit their target, killing civilians instead.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The remaining units are targets for later air strikes.

^ The Ba'athists opposed the new government, and in 1959 Saddam was involved in the unsuccessful United States -backed plot to assassinate Abdul Karim Qassim .
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.By the beginning of April, U.S.-led forces occupied much of Iraq.^ By the beginning of April, U.S.-led forces occupied much of Iraq.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He led Iraq in its long, indecisive war with Iran beginning in 1980.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In April, the Ansar forces in Iraq attempted to kill the prime minister in eastern Kurdistan.
  • Saddam Hussein and Bin Laden: 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.probush.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The resistance of the much-weakened Iraqi Army either crumbled or shifted to guerrilla tactics, and it appeared that Saddam had lost control of Iraq.^ The resistance of the much-weakened Iraqi Army either crumbled or shifted to guerrilla tactics, and it appeared that Saddam had lost control of Iraq.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We are as much in control of Iraq as Saddam was during his reign… .
  • Patterico's Pontifications » Saddam Hussein Executed 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC patterico.com [Source type: General]

^ Qasim was killed, and Saddam returned to Iraq with other exiled Iraqis, although he played only a minor role in the Baʿth government that took power.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.He was last seen in a video which purported to show him in the Baghdad suburbs surrounded by supporters.^ He was last seen in a video which purported to show him in the Baghdad suburbs surrounded by supporters.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Saddam Quizzed on Massacre Tribunal releases video of former Iraqi leader as US poll shows declining support for war.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: News]

.When Baghdad fell to U.S-led forces on 9 April, Saddam was nowhere to be found.^ When Baghdad fell to U.S-led forces on 9 April Saddam was nowhere to be found.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Saddam vow to repel Mongol hordes of US The Iraqi president, Saddam Hussein, yesterday compared US-led forces being massed for a possible invasion of Iraq to the Mongol hordes and vowed that they will be slaughtered on the perimeter of Baghdad.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: News]

^ In April 2003, Saddam's whereabouts remained in question during the weeks following the fall of Baghdad and the conclusion of the major fighting of the war.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Incarceration and trial

Capture and incarceration

Saddam shortly after capture by American forces, and after being shaved to confirm his identity
.In April 2003, Saddam's whereabouts remained in question during the weeks following the fall of Baghdad and the conclusion of the major fighting of the war.^ In April 2003, Saddam's whereabouts remained in question during the weeks following the fall of Baghdad and the conclusion of the major fighting of the war.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Blindfolded with their hands tied, they had been herded into trenches and shot - executed in March and April 1991 during the failed uprising that followed the first Gulf war.

^ Tulfah, the father of Saddam's future wife, was a devout Sunni Muslim and a veteran from the 1941 Anglo-Iraqi War between Iraqi nationalists and the United Kingdom , which remained a major colonial power in the region.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Various sightings of Saddam were reported in the weeks following the war but none was authenticated.^ Various sightings of Saddam were reported in the weeks following the war but none was authenticated.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In April 2003, Saddam's whereabouts remained in question during the weeks following the fall of Baghdad and the conclusion of the major fighting of the war.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Saddam's support base of Tikriti tribesmen, family members, and other supporters was divided after the war, and in the following years, contributing to the government's increasingly repressive and arbitrary nature.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.At various times Saddam released audio tapes promoting popular resistance to the U.S.-led occupation.^ At various times Saddam released audio tapes promoting popular resistance to the U.S.-led occupation.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In effect, Saddam sought to combine pan-Arabism and Iraqi nationalism, by promoting the vision of an Arab world united and led by Iraq.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Saddam was placed at the top of the U.S. list of "most-wanted Iraqis." In July 2003, his sons Uday and Qusay and 14-year-old grandson Mustapha were killed in a three-hour[56] gunfight with U.S. forces.
.On 14 December 2003, U.S. administrator in Iraq L. Paul Bremer announced that Saddam Hussein had been captured at a farmhouse in ad-Dawr near Tikrit.^ Saddam Hussein Executed Saddam Hussein has been executed by hanging in Iraq.
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: News]

^ On 14 December 2003, U.S. administrator in Iraq L. Paul Bremer announced that Saddam Hussein had been captured at a farmhouse in ad-Dawr near Tikrit.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On 13th December 2003 a force of 600 American soldiers captured Saddam Hussein in a raid on an isolated farm near Tikrit...
  • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: News]

[57] .Bremer presented video footage of Saddam in custody.^ Bremer presented video footage of Saddam in custody.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Description: GrandTheftVideo.com...Grand Theft Video (GTV) presents the full Saddam Hussein Execution video!
  • Saddam Hussein Execution (full video) | SPIKE 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.spike.com [Source type: General]

^ Posted: December 31, 2006 Description: GrandTheftVideo.com...Grand Theft Video (GTV) presents the full Saddam...
  • Saddam Hussein Execution (full video) | SPIKE 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.spike.com [Source type: General]

.Saddam was shown with a full beard and hair longer than his familiar appearance.^ Saddam was shown with a full beard and hair longer than his familiar appearance.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.He was described by U.S. officials as being in good health.^ He was described by U.S. officials as being in good health.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Bremer reported plans to put Saddam on trial, but claimed that the details of such a trial had not yet been determined.^ Bremer reported plans to put Saddam on trial, but claimed that the details of such a trial had not yet been determined.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A Daily Telegraph article later claims that Iraq leader Saddam Hussein puts his troops on their highest military alert since the Gulf War.

^ The report said the judiciary lacked the expertise for such a complex trial and urged the government to let experienced international jurists take part directly in future trials.
  • Newsvine - Saddam Hussein Executed for War Crimes 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.newsvine.com [Source type: General]

.Iraqis and Americans who spoke with Saddam after his capture generally reported that he remained self-assured, describing himself as a "firm but just leader."^ Iraqis and Americans who spoke with Saddam after his capture generally reported that he remained self-assured, describing himself as a "firm but just leader."
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One of the analysts will later tell a reporter that the footage was clear: the Iraqi tanks were in full retreat and posed no threat to American forces.

^ If you think it matters what Americans say about Saddam, you're probably one of the "best and brightest" who think that a troop surge is a good idea.
  • Saddam Hussein is Dead | MetaFilter 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: General]

.According to U.S. military sources, following his capture by U.S. forces on 13 December Saddam was transported to a U.S. base near Tikrit, and later taken to the U.S. base near Baghdad.^ According to U.S. military sources, following his capture by U.S. forces on 13 December Saddam was transported to a U.S. base near Tikrit, and later taken to the U.S. base near Baghdad.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ PM on December 31, 2006 [ 1 favorite ] Saddam has risen from the dead , he is seen around Baghdad.
  • Saddam Hussein is Dead | MetaFilter 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: General]

^ On 12 December 1996, Saddam's elder son, Uday, was wounded in an assassination attempt in Baghdad.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The day after his capture he was reportedly visited by longtime opponents such as Ahmed Chalabi.^ The day after his capture he was reportedly visited by longtime opponents such as Ahmed Chalabi .
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.British tabloid newspaper The Sun posted a picture of Saddam wearing white briefs on the front cover of a newspaper.^ British tabloid newspaper The Sun posted a picture of Saddam wearing white briefs on the front cover of a newspaper.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A picture of Saddam Hussein with a noose around his neck on the front page of CNN.com.
  • Saddam Hussein is Dead | MetaFilter 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: General]

.Other photographs inside the paper show Saddam washing his trousers, shuffling, and sleeping.^ Other photographs inside the paper show Saddam washing his trousers, shuffling, and sleeping.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In my opinion, not saying that my opinion is worse or better than any other, showing it only serves to encourage it and Saddam would have wanted that.
  • Saddam Hussein’s last words « raincoaster 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC raincoaster.com [Source type: General]

^ The execution was videotaped on a mobile phone , showing Saddam being taunted before his hanging, and he and his captors insulting each other.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The United States Government stated that it considers the release of the pictures a violation of the Geneva Convention, and that it would investigate the photographs.^ The United States Government stated that it considers the release of the pictures a violation of the Geneva Convention , and that it would investigate the photographs.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Ba'athists opposed the new government, and in 1959 Saddam was involved in the unsuccessful United States -backed plot to assassinate Abdul Karim Qassim .
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The United States wants to "have you killed" when you've outlived your use and it would make for good press.
  • Saddam Hussein is Dead | MetaFilter 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: General]

[58][59] .During this period Hussein was interrogated by FBI agent George Piro.^ During this period Hussein was interrogated by FBI agent George Piro , revealing among other things that Saddam had not expected a U.S. invasion of Iraq.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Razak, then 21 years old, had been swept up during one of Saddam Hussein's periodic crackdowns on deserters from the Army.

^ During this period, Saddam Hussein publicly maintained that it was in Iraq's interest not to engage with Iran, and that it was in the interests of both nations to maintain peaceful relations.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[60]
.The guards at the Baghdad detention facility called their prisoner "Vic," and let him plant a little garden near his cell.^ The guards at the Baghdad detention facility called their prisoner "Vic," and let him plant a little garden near his cell.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The nickname and the garden are among the details about the former Iraqi leader that emerged during a 27 March 2008 tour of prison of the Baghdad cell where Saddam slept, bathed, and kept a journal in the final days before his execution.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He was flogged until his back was bloody, forcing him to sleep on his stomach in the tiny cell in Al-Radwaniya prison in which he was jailed.

.The nickname and the garden are among the details about the former Iraqi leader that emerged during a 27 March 2008 tour of prison of the Baghdad cell where Saddam slept, bathed, and kept a journal in the final days before his execution.^ The nickname and the garden are among the details about the former Iraqi leader that emerged during a 27 March 2008 tour of prison of the Baghdad cell where Saddam slept, bathed, and kept a journal in the final days before his execution.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Saddam's final moments and execution .
  • Saddam Hussein Execution (full video) | SPIKE 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.spike.com [Source type: General]

^ In addition to PR, it's an actual Iraqi law -- prisoners can't be executed during said holiday.
  • Saddam Hussein is Dead | MetaFilter 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: General]

[61]

Trial

Saddam speaking at a pre-trial hearing.
.On 30 June 2004, Saddam Hussein, held in custody by U.S. forces at the U.S. base "Camp Cropper," along with 11 other senior Baathist leaders, were handed over legally (though not physically) to the interim Iraqi government to stand trial for crimes against humanity and other offences.^ Saddam Hussein is prepared for execution for crimes against humanity on December 30, 2006.
  • Saddam Hussein Execution (full video) | SPIKE 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.spike.com [Source type: General]

^ Main article: Trial of Saddam Hussein .
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ 'These people were against Saddam Hussein.

.A few weeks later, he was charged by the Iraqi Special Tribunal with crimes committed against residents of Dujail in 1982, following a failed assassination attempt against him.^ In 2006 the Iraqi High Tribunal sentenced him to death for crimes against humanity.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Following participation in a failed attempt to assassinate Iraqi Pres.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A few weeks later, he was charged by the Iraqi Special Tribunal with crimes committed against residents of Dujail in 1982, following a failed assassination attempt against him.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Specific charges included the murder of 148 people, torture of women and children and the illegal arrest of 399 others.^ Are the parents of the children he tortured also included?
  • The Strata-Sphere » The Hanging Of Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC strata-sphere.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Are the people he tortured included?
  • The Strata-Sphere » The Hanging Of Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC strata-sphere.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Iraqi forces have arrested not only people suspected of armed attacks against them but men, women and children found with opposition literature, the Kuwaiti flag or photographs of the Amir of Kuwait,” Amnesty International said.

[62][63] Among the many challenges of the trial were:
.
  • Saddam and his lawyers’ contesting the court's authority and maintaining that he was still the President of Iraq.^ Saddam and his lawyers contesting the court's authority and maintaining that he was still the President of Iraq.
    • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ If Saddam was still in control of Iraq wouldn't it be nice???
    • CNN Political Ticker: All politics, all the time Blog Archive - Thompson: Saddam Hussein ‘clearly’ had WMD « - Blogs from CNN.com 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC politicalticker.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ During the 1990s, President Bill Clinton maintained sanctions and ordered air strikes in the "Iraqi no-fly zones" ( Operation Desert Fox ), in the hope that Saddam would be overthrown by political enemies inside Iraq.
    • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    [64]
  • The assassinations and attempts on the lives of several of Saddam's lawyers.
  • Midway through the trial, the chief presiding judge was replaced.
.On 5 November 2006, Saddam Hussein was found guilty of crimes against humanity and sentenced to death by hanging.^ Hanging of saddam Hussein .
  • Family: Saddam Hussein to be buried in Sunni stronghold of Ramadi - Haaretz - Israel News 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.haaretz.com [Source type: News]

^ 'These people were against Saddam Hussein.

^ After Saddam's death sentence was handed down last month, Louise Arbour, the UN high commissioner for human rights, urged Iraq to ensure a fair appeals process and to refrain from executing Saddam even if the sentence is upheld.
  • Family: Saddam Hussein to be buried in Sunni stronghold of Ramadi - Haaretz - Israel News 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.haaretz.com [Source type: News]

.Saddam's half brother, Barzan Ibrahim, and Awad Hamed al-Bandar, head of Iraq's Revolutionary Court in 1982, were convicted of similar charges.^ Saddam's half brother, Barzan Ibrahim , and Awad Hamed al-Bandar , head of Iraq's Revolutionary Court in 1982, were convicted of similar charges.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ According to AsiaNews.it, Iraqi television initially said Saddam's half-brothers Barzan Ibrahim and Awad Hamed al-Bandar were hanged too.
  • Saddam Hussein is Dead | MetaFilter 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: General]

^ It was commanded by Barzan Ibrahim al-Tikriti , Saddam's younger half-brother .
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The verdict and sentencing were both appealed but subsequently affirmed by Iraq's Supreme Court of Appeals.^ The verdict and sentencing were both appealed but subsequently affirmed by Iraq's Supreme Court of Appeals.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "An Iraqi court sentenced him to 20 years for 'insulting' Saddam, who was then Iraq's president.

[65] .On 30 December 2006, Saddam was hanged.^ AM on December 30, 2006 What a world we live in.
  • Saddam Hussein is Dead | MetaFilter 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: General]

^ On December 30, 2006, Saddam was hanged .
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Saddam was executed on 30 December 2006.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[8]

Execution

.Saddam was hanged on the first day of Eid ul-Adha, 30 December 2006, despite his wish to be shot (which he felt would be more dignified).^ AM on December 30, 2006 What a world we live in.
  • Saddam Hussein is Dead | MetaFilter 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: General]

^ On December 30, 2006, Saddam was hanged .
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Saddam was executed on 30 December 2006.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[66] .The execution was carried out at Camp Justice, an Iraqi army base in Kadhimiya, a neighborhood of northeast Baghdad.^ The execution was carried out at Camp Justice , an Iraqi army base in Kadhimiya , a neighborhood of northeast Baghdad.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Iraqis trained the Muslims at a camp in Baghdad.
  • Saddam Hussein and Bin Laden: 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.probush.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Saddam was executed at a former military intelligence headquarters in Baghdad's Shiite neighborhood of Kazimiyah, said Sami al-Askari, a prominent Shi'ite politician close to Iraqi Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki.
  • Family: Saddam Hussein to be buried in Sunni stronghold of Ramadi - Haaretz - Israel News 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.haaretz.com [Source type: News]

.The execution was videotaped on a mobile phone and he and his captors could be heard insulting each other.^ The execution was videotaped on a mobile phone , showing Saddam being taunted before his hanging, and he and his captors insulting each other.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ 'If a Baath member heard you, you could be executed.'"-- Los Angeles Times, April 11, 2003 ------ "...

.The video was leaked to electronic media and posted on the Internet within hours, becoming the subject of global controversy.^ The video was leaked to electronic media and posted on the Internet within hours, becoming the subject of global controversy.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[67] .It was later claimed by the head guard at the tomb where his body remains that Saddam's body was stabbed six times after the execution.^ It was later claimed by the head guard at the tomb where his body remains that Saddam's body was stabbed six times after the execution.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A Daily Telegraph article later claims that Iraq leader Saddam Hussein puts his troops on their highest military alert since the Gulf War.

^ I don’t hate easily.” Six days later at a fundraiser in Texas, Bush said, “There’s no doubt he [Saddam] can’t stand us.
  • Think Progress » Bush On Saddam: ‘That Motherf*cker Tried To Take Out My Dad’ 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

[68]
.Not long before the execution, Saddam's lawyers released his last letter.^ Not long before the execution, Saddam's lawyers released his last letter.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ulga was released last fall during Saddam's surprise general amnesty.

^ The execution was videotaped on a mobile phone , showing Saddam being taunted before his hanging, and he and his captors insulting each other.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The following includes several excerpts:
To the great nation, to the people of our country, and humanity,
.Many of you have known the writer of this letter to be faithful, honest, caring for others, wise, of sound judgment, just, decisive, careful with the wealth of the people and the state ...^ Many of you have known the writer of this letter to be faithful, honest, caring for others, wise, of sound judgment, just, decisive, careful with the wealth of the people and the state ...
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And I will tell you why the other Arab states would not aid these people.
  • The Strata-Sphere » The Hanging Of Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC strata-sphere.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Dear faithful people, I say goodbye to you, but I will be with the merciful God who helps those who take refuge in him and who will never disappoint any faithful, honest believer ...
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

and that his heart is big enough to embrace all without discrimination.
.You have known your brother and leader very well and he never bowed to the despots and, in accordance with the wishes of those who loved him, remained a sword and a banner.^ This is how you want your brother, son or leader to be ...
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ You have known your brother and leader very well and he never bowed to the despots and, in accordance with the wishes of those who loved him, remained a sword and a banner.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Well, I never really liked him.
  • Saddam Hussein is Dead | MetaFilter 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: General]

.This is how you want your brother, son or leader to be ...^ This is how you want your brother, son or leader to be ...
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ You have known your brother and leader very well and he never bowed to the despots and, in accordance with the wishes of those who loved him, remained a sword and a banner.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ You can judge how sly he is: He wants everybody to think its the Iranians behind the attack.
  • Saddam Hussein and Bin Laden: 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.probush.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

and those who will lead you (in the future) should have the same qualifications.
.Here, I offer my soul to God as a sacrifice, and if He wants, He will send it to heaven with the martyrs, or, He will postpone that ...^ Here, I offer my soul to God as a sacrifice, and if He wants, He will send it to heaven with the martyrs, or, He will postpone that ...
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

so let us be patient and depend on .Him against the unjust nations.^ Him against the unjust nations.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Remember that God has enabled you to become an example of love, forgiveness and brotherly coexistence ...^ Remember that God has enabled you to become an example of love, forgiveness and brotherly coexistence ...
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.I call on you not to hate because hate does not leave a space for a person to be fair and it makes you blind and closes all doors of thinking and keeps away one from balanced thinking and making the right choice.^ I call on you not to hate because hate does not leave a space for a person to be fair and it makes you blind and closes all doors of thinking and keeps away one from balanced thinking and making the right choice.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ October 1st, 2007 8:27 pm ET and name calling makes you sound like??
  • CNN Political Ticker: All politics, all the time Blog Archive - Thompson: Saddam Hussein ‘clearly’ had WMD « - Blogs from CNN.com 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC politicalticker.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It's fun seeing you all run away from Scrapiron's pre-2001 quotes like vampires from garlic.
  • Saddam Hussein Offered Osama Bin Laden Asylum (Wizbang) 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC wizbangblog.com [Source type: General]

.I also call on you not to hate the peoples of the other countries that attacked us and differentiate between the decision-makers and peoples.^ I also call on you not to hate the peoples of the other countries that attacked us and differentiate between the decision-makers and peoples.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In other news, the US is one of the few Western countries that still doesn't have national healthcare.
  • Saddam Hussein is Dead | MetaFilter 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: General]

^ This is the entire and exclusive Agreement between you and us regarding use of the Site and it cannot be modified, except as specifically described below in Section 2.
  • Saddam Hussein Execution (full video) | SPIKE 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.spike.com [Source type: General]

.Anyone who repents - whether in Iraq or abroad - you must forgive him.^ Anyone who repents - whether in Iraq or abroad - you must forgive him.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Anyone who knows a lick of Arabic can clearly hear him saying the Shahadat, or Muslim testimony of faith.
  • Saddam Hussein is Dead | MetaFilter 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: General]

^ "An Iraqi court sentenced him to 20 years for 'insulting' Saddam, who was then Iraq's president.

.You should know that among the aggressors, there are people who support your struggle against the invaders, and some of them volunteered for the legal defence of prisoners, including Saddam Hussein ...^ "Oh, God, you know what Saddam has done!
  • Family: Saddam Hussein to be buried in Sunni stronghold of Ramadi - Haaretz - Israel News 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.haaretz.com [Source type: News]

^ You should know that among the aggressors, there are people who support your struggle against the invaders, and some of them volunteered for the legal defence of prisoners, including Saddam Hussein ...
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Saddam Hussein greeting Carlos Cardoen , a Chilean businessman who provided the regime with cluster bombs in the 80s .
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

some of these people wept profusely when they said goodbye to me.
.Dear faithful people, I say goodbye to you, but I will be with the merciful God who helps those who take refuge in him and who will never disappoint any faithful, honest believer ...^ So you say there were never WMDs.
  • CNN Political Ticker: All politics, all the time Blog Archive - Thompson: Saddam Hussein ‘clearly’ had WMD « - Blogs from CNN.com 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC politicalticker.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Anyone who knows a lick of Arabic can clearly hear him saying the Shahadat, or Muslim testimony of faith.
  • Saddam Hussein is Dead | MetaFilter 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: General]

^ Bush, on the other hand, is a sick, twisted SOB. And those who continue to support him are little better.
  • Think Progress » Bush On Saddam: ‘That Motherf*cker Tried To Take Out My Dad’ 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

God is Great ... God is great ... .Long live our nation ...^ Long live our nation ...
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Finally, our long national nightmare is over.
  • Saddam Hussein is Dead | MetaFilter 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: General]

^ PM on December 29, 2006 [ 24 favorites ] * posted by Jimbob at 7:48 PM on December 29, 2006 At last, our long national nightmare is finally able to get going properly.
  • Saddam Hussein is Dead | MetaFilter 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: General]

.Long live our great struggling people ...^ Long live our nation ...
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Long live the people!
  • The Strata-Sphere » The Hanging Of Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC strata-sphere.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Long live our great struggling people ...
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Long live Iraq, long live Iraq ...^ Long live Iraq, long live Iraq ...
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Long live Palestine ...^ Long live Palestine ...
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Long live jihad and the mujahedeen (the insurgency).^ Long live jihad and the mujahedeen (the insurgency).
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Saddam Hussein President and Commander in Chief of the Iraqi Mujahed Armed Forces
Additional clarification note:
.I have written this letter because the lawyers told me that the so-called criminal court — established and named by the invaders — will allow the so-called defendants the chance for a last word.^ I have written this letter because the lawyers told me that the so-called criminal court established and named by the invaders will allow the so-called defendants the chance for a last word.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But that court and its chief judge did not give us the chance to say a word, and issued its verdict without explanation and read out the sentence dictated by the invaders without presenting the evidence.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Not long before the execution, Saddam's lawyers released his last letter.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.But that court and its chief judge did not give us the chance to say a word, and issued its verdict without explanation and read out the sentence — dictated by the invaders — without presenting the evidence.^ But that court and its chief judge did not give us the chance to say a word, and issued its verdict without explanation and read out the sentence dictated by the invaders without presenting the evidence.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I left the word "efforts" out of a sentence.
  • Obsidian Wings: Saddam Hussein Is Dead 20 September 2009 19:50 UTC obsidianwings.blogs.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He comes right out and says he wants us to lose in Iraq.
  • The Strata-Sphere » The Hanging Of Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC strata-sphere.com [Source type: Original source]

.I wanted the people to know this.^ I wanted the people to know this.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[69]
 
— Letter by Saddam Hussein
.A second unofficial video, apparently showing Saddam's body on a trolley, emerged several days later.^ A second unofficial video, apparently showing Saddam's body on a trolley, emerged several days later.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I don’t hate easily.” Six days later at a fundraiser in Texas, Bush said, “There’s no doubt he [Saddam] can’t stand us.
  • Think Progress » Bush On Saddam: ‘That Motherf*cker Tried To Take Out My Dad’ 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ It was later claimed by the head guard at the tomb where his body remains that Saddam's body was stabbed six times after the execution.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It sparked speculation that the execution was carried out incorrectly as Saddam Hussein had a gaping hole in his neck.^ Main article: Execution of Saddam Hussein .
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Tags: saddam hussein hanging execution .
  • Full Saddam Hussein Hanging - ClipStop.com - Share & Upload your Videos with the World! 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.clipstop.com [Source type: General]

^ It sparked speculation that the execution was carried out incorrectly as Saddam Hussein had a gaping hole in his neck.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[70]
Saddam was buried at his birthplace of Al-Awja in Tikrit, Iraq, 3 km (2 mi) from his sons Uday and Qusay Hussein, on 31 December 2006.[71]

Marriage and family relationships

Saddam Hussein's family (clockwise from top L), son-in-law Saddam Kamel and daughter Rana, son Qusay and daughter-in-law Sahar, daughter Raghad and son-in-law Hussein Kamal, son Uday, daughter Hala, Saddam Hussein and his first wife Sajda Talfah, pose in this undated photo from the private archive of an official photographer for the regime
.While Saddam has no official marital history he is believed to have been married to at least four women, two of whom have been confirmed as his wives, and had five children.^ While Saddam has no official marital history he is believed to have been married to at least four women, two of whom have been confirmed as his wives, and has had five children.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ She was married to Saddam Kamel and has had four children from this marriage.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Saddam married his cousin Sajida Khayr Allah Tulfa and had five children.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.
  • Saddam married his first wife and cousin Sajida Talfah in 1963 in an arranged marriage.^ (In 1963 Saddam married Talfah's daughter Sajida.
    • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Saddam married his first wife and cousin Sajida Talfah in 1963 in an arranged marriage.
    • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ She has been described as a first cousin, not unusual for Mideast marriages of that era.

    .Sajida is the daughter of Khairallah Talfah, Saddam's uncle and mentor.^ (In 1963 Saddam married Talfah's daughter Sajida.
    • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Sajida is the daughter of Khairallah Talfah, Saddam's uncle and mentor.
    • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The infant Saddam was sent to the family of his maternal uncle Khairallah Talfah until he was three.
    • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Their marriage was arranged for Hussein at age five when Sajida was seven; however, the two never met until their wedding.^ Their marriage was arranged for Hussein at age five when Sajida was seven; however, the two never met until their wedding.
    • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ She married Hussein Kamel and has five children from this marriage.
    • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ (Saddam remained married to Sajida, despite at least two other known marriages.

    .They were married in Egypt during his exile.^ They were married in Egypt during his exile.
    • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    The couple had five children.
    .
  • Uday Hussein (28 June 1964 - 22 July 2003), was Saddam's oldest son, who ran the Iraqi Football Association, Fedayeen Saddam, and several media corporations in Iraq including Iraqi TV and the newspaper Babel.^ Uday Hussein (28 June 1964 - 22 July 2003), was Saddam's oldest son, who ran the Iraqi Football Association , Fedayeen Saddam , and several media corporations in Iraq including Iraqi TV and the newspaper Babel .
    • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Saddam Hussein greeting Carlos Cardoen , a Chilean businessman who provided the regime with cluster bombs in the 80s .
    • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Saddam Hussein Abd al-Majid al-Tikriti ( Arabic : صدام حسين عبد المجيد التكريتي Ṣaddām Ḥusayn ʿAbd al-Majīd al-Tikrītī [1] ; 28 April 1937 [2] 30 December 2006) [3] was the President of Iraq from 16 July 1979 until 9 April 2003.
    • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Uday, while Saddam's favorite son and raised to succeed him, eventually fell out of favour with his father due to his erratic behavior; he was responsible for many car crashes and rapes around Baghdad, constant feuds with other members his family, and killing his father's favorite valet and food taster Kamel Hana Gegeo at a party in Egypt honoring Egyptian first lady Suzanne Mubarak.^ Uday, while Saddam's favorite son and raised to succeed him, eventually fell out of favour with his father due to his erratic behavior; he was responsible for many car crashes and rapes around Baghdad, constant feuds with other members his family, and killing his father's favorite valet and food taster Kamel Hana Gegeo at a party in Egypt honoring Egyptian first lady Suzanne Mubarak .
    • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Many had family members who were executed by Saddam and his government.
    • Saddam Hussein is Dead | MetaFilter 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Saddam Hussein's family (clockwise from top L), son-in-law Saddam Kamel and daughter Rana, son Qusay and daughter-in-law Sahar, daughter Raghad and son-in-law Hussein Kamal, son Uday, daughter Hala, Saddam Hussein and his first wife Sajda Talfah, pose in this undated photo from the private archive of an official photographer for the regime .
    • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .He was widely known for his paranoia and his obsession with torturing people who disappointed him in any way, which included tardy girlfriends, friends who disagreed with him and, most notoriously, Iraqi athletes who performed poorly.^ He was widely known for his paranoia and his obsession with torturing people who disappointed him in any way, which included tardy girlfriends, friends who disagreed with him and, most notoriously, Iraqi athletes who performed poorly.
    • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Saddam and his cronies (including his sadistic sons) took the lives of thousands, if not millions of Iraqis (Kurds, Shiites and Sunnis) who dared to speak out against him and his regime.
    • Patterico's Pontifications » Saddam Hussein Executed 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC patterico.com [Source type: General]

    ^ On Tuesday, an Iraqi appeals court upheld Saddam's death sentence for the killing of 148 people who were detained after an attempt to assassinate him in the northern Iraqi city of Dujail in 1982.
    • Family: Saddam Hussein to be buried in Sunni stronghold of Ramadi - Haaretz - Israel News 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.haaretz.com [Source type: News]

    He was briefly married to Izzat Ibrahim ad-Douri's daughter but later divorced her. .The couple had no children.^ The couple had no children.
    • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .He was killed in a gun battle with US Forces in Mosul.
  • Qusay Hussein (17 May 1966 - 22 July 2003), was Saddam's second — and, after the mid-1990s, his favorite — son.^ His oldest son, Mustapha Hussein , was killed along with Uday and Qusay in Mosul .
    • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Saddam's sons, Uday and Qusay, were buried in the family shrine at Awja after U.S. troops killed them in mid-2003.
    • Family: Saddam Hussein to be buried in Sunni stronghold of Ramadi - Haaretz - Israel News 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.haaretz.com [Source type: News]

    ^ Uday and Qusay were killed in Mosul on July 22 during a firefight with U.S. forces.
    • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Qusay was believed to have been Saddam's later intended successor as he was less erratic than his older brother and kept a low profile.^ Qusay was believed to have been Saddam's later intended successor as he was less erratic than his older brother and kept a low profile.
    • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ But there were other reasons, too, that were less personal — like Bush really believed that Saddam was becoming an unmanageable mess and threat to America’s interests in the region!
    • Think Progress » Bush On Saddam: ‘That Motherf*cker Tried To Take Out My Dad’ 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

    ^ PM on December 29, 2006 Wow, James Brown, Gerald Ford, and now Saddam, all in less than a week.
    • Saddam Hussein is Dead | MetaFilter 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: General]

    .He was second in command of the military (behind his father) and ran the elite Iraqi Republican Guard and the SSO.^ He was second in command of the military (behind his father) and ran the elite Iraqi Republican Guard and the SSO .
    • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ In official Iraqi news reports, Qusay Saddam Hussein was identified as the Supervisor of Republican Guard.

    ^ In 1966 he became a member of the Iraqi branch's regional command and played a major role in reorganizing the Ba'th Party in preparation for a second attempt at power.
    • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .He was believed to have ordered the army to kill thousands of rebelling Marsh Arabs and frequently ordered airstrikes on Kurdish and Shi'ite settlements.^ He was believed to have ordered the army to kill thousands of rebelling Marsh Arabs and frequently ordered airstrikes on Kurdish and Shi'ite settlements.
    • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Directed the 1991 bloody suppression of Kurdish and Shi'a insurgencies in northern and southern Iraq with at least 30,000 to 60,000 killed.

    ^ Hussein's forces then killed tens of thousands of Iraq's Kurdish minority, which had rebelled or supported Iran during the war.
    • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .He was also believed to have assisted Ali Hassan al-Majid in the 1988 Halabja and Dujail chemical attacks.^ He was also believed to have assisted Ali Hassan al-Majid in the 1988 Halabja and Dujail chemical attacks.
    • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Halabja poison gas attack ) [39] The attack occurred in conjunction with the 1988 al-Anfal campaign designed to reassert central control of the mostly Kurdish population of areas of northern Iraq and defeat the Kurdish peshmerga rebel forces.
    • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ According to Kubba, 'Chemical Ali' Hassan al-Majid, Saddam's half brother and the tyrant of southern Iraq, stopped and inquired, 'No IDs?

    .He was married once and had three children.^ He was married once and had three children.
    • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    His oldest son, Mustapha Hussein, was killed along with Uday and Qusay in Mosul.
    .
  • Raghad Hussein (2 September 1968) is Saddam's oldest daughter.^ Raghad Hussein (2 September 1968) is Saddam's oldest daughter.
    • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ In August 1995, Rana and her husband Hussein Kamel al-Majid and Raghad and her husband, Saddam Kamel al-Majid , defected to Jordan , taking their children with them.
    • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Bush administration neoconservatives begin blaming Saddam Hussein for the 9/11 attacks (see September 16, 2001 ).

    .After the war, Raghad fled to Amman, Jordan where she received sanctuary from the royal family.^ After the war, Raghad fled to Amman , Jordan where she received sanctuary from the royal family.
    • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ In August 2003, Saddam's daughters Raghad and Rana received sanctuary in Amman , Jordan , where they are currently staying with their nine children.
    • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .She is currently wanted by the Iraqi Government for allegedly financing and supporting the insurgency and the now banned Iraqi Ba'ath Party.^ She is currently wanted by the Iraqi Government for allegedly financing and supporting the insurgency and the now banned Iraqi Ba'ath Party.
    • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ As the Ba'ath Party's paramilitary, the People's Army acted as a counterweight against any coup attempts by the regular armed forces.
    • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ At this time, Saddam moved up the ranks in the new government by aiding attempts to strengthen and unify the Ba'ath party and taking a leading role in addressing the country's major domestic problems and expanding the party's following.
    • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    [72][73] .The Jordanian royal family refused to hand her over.^ The Jordanian royal family refused to hand her over.
    • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .She married Hussein Kamel and has five children from this marriage.
  • Rana Hussein (c.^ She married Hussein Kamel and has five children from this marriage.
    • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ She was married to Saddam Kamel and has had four children from this marriage.
    • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ In August 1995, Rana and her husband Hussein Kamel al-Majid and Raghad and her husband, Saddam Kamel al-Majid , defected to Jordan , taking their children with them.
    • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .1969), is Saddam's second daughter.^ Saddam's second daughter.
    • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .She like her sister fled to Jordan and has stood up for her father's rights.^ She fled with her children and sisters to Jordan .
    • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ She like her sister fled to Jordan and has stood up for her father's rights.
    • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ 'The right side of some of the men's heads were puffed up like red balloons,' he said.

    .She was married to Saddam Kamel and has had four children from this marriage.
  • Hala Hussein (c.^ She married Hussein Kamel and has five children from this marriage.
    • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ She was married to Saddam Kamel and has had four children from this marriage.
    • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ While Saddam has no official marital history he is believed to have been married to at least four women, two of whom have been confirmed as his wives, and has had five children.
    • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .1972), is Saddam's third and youngest daughter.^ Saddam's third and youngest daughter.
    • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Very little information is known about her.^ Very little information is known about her.
    • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Little was known about Qusay, inside or outside Iraq.

    .Her father arranged for her to marry General Kamal Mustafa Abdallah Sultan al-Tikriti in 1998. She fled with her children and sisters to Jordan.^ She like her sister fled to Jordan and has stood up for her father's rights.
    • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Her father arranged for her to marry General Kamal Mustafa Abdallah Sultan al-Tikriti in 1998.
    • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ She fled with her children and sisters to Jordan .
    • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    The couple have two children.
.
  • Saddam married his second wife, Samira Shahbandar,[74] in 1988. She was originally the wife of an Iraqi Airways executive but later became his mistress and then had her divorced from him to become his second wife.^ Saddam married his second wife, Samira Shahbandar , [75] in 1988.
    • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ She was originally the wife of an Iraqi Airways executive but later became his mistress and then had her divorced from him to become his second wife.
    • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ CNN : "Former Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein has been executed, a witness said.
    • Obsidian Wings: Saddam Hussein Is Dead 20 September 2009 19:50 UTC obsidianwings.blogs.com [Source type: Original source]

    .There have been no political issues from this marriage.^ There is no firm evidence for this marriage.
    • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ There were no children from this marriage.
    • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ There have been no political issues from this marriage.
    • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .After the war, Samira fled to Beirut, Lebanon.^ After the war, Samira fled to Beirut , Lebanon .
    • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .She is believed to have mothered Hussein's sixth child Ali, but members of Hussein's family have denied this.
  • Saddam had allegedly married a third wife, Nidal al-Hamdani, the general manager of the Solar Energy Research Center in the Council of Scientific Research.^ Saddam had allegedly married a third wife, Nidal al-Hamdani , the general manager of the Solar Energy Research Center in the Council of Scientific Research.
    • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ She is believed to have mothered Hussein's sixth child Ali , but members of Hussein's family have denied this.
    • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ There's no question that Saddam Hussein had al Qaeda ties."
    • Saddam Hussein Offered Osama Bin Laden Asylum (Wizbang) 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC wizbangblog.com [Source type: General]

    [75] .She bore him no children.^ She bore him no children.
    • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Her current whereabouts are unknown.
  • Wafa el-Mullah al-Howeish is rumoured to have married Saddam as his fourth wife in 2002. There is no firm evidence for this marriage.^ There is no firm evidence for this marriage.
    • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ There's no question that Saddam Hussein had al Qaeda ties."
    • Saddam Hussein Offered Osama Bin Laden Asylum (Wizbang) 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC wizbangblog.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Her current whereabouts are unknown.
    • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Wafa is the daughter of Abdul Tawab el-Mullah Howeish, a former minister of military industry in Iraq and Saddam's last deputy Prime Minister.^ Wafa is the daughter of Abdul Tawab el-Mullah Howeish, a former minister of military industry in Iraq and Saddam's last deputy Prime Minister.
    • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Saddam was executed at a former military intelligence headquarters in Baghdad's Shiite neighborhood of Kazimiyah, said Sami al-Askari, a prominent Shi'ite politician close to Iraqi Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki.
    • Family: Saddam Hussein to be buried in Sunni stronghold of Ramadi - Haaretz - Israel News 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.haaretz.com [Source type: News]

    ^ A Daily Telegraph article later claims that Iraq leader Saddam Hussein puts his troops on their highest military alert since the Gulf War.

    .There were no children from this marriage.^ There is no firm evidence for this marriage.
    • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ There were no children from this marriage.
    • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ There have been no political issues from this marriage.
    • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Her current whereabouts are unknown.
.In August 1995, Raghad and her husband Hussein Kamel al-Majid and Rana and her husband, Saddam Kamel al-Majid, defected to Jordan, taking their children with them.^ In August 1995, Rana and her husband Hussein Kamel al-Majid and Raghad and her husband, Saddam Kamel al-Majid , defected to Jordan , taking their children with them.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Saddam Hussein's family (clockwise from top L), son-in-law Saddam Kamel and daughter Rana, son Qusay and daughter-in-law Sahar, daughter Raghad and son-in-law Hussein Kamal, son Uday, daughter Hala, Saddam Hussein and his first wife Sajda Talfah, pose in this undated photo from the private archive of an official photographer for the regime .
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hussein Kamel, a former head of Iraq's military industries and a key player in the country's non-conventional weapons program, had defected to Jordan in August 1995 with his brother, who had headed Saddam's personal guard.

.They returned to Iraq when they received assurances that Saddam would pardon them.^ They returned to Iraq when they received assurances that Saddam would pardon them.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Saddam returned to Iraq, but was imprisoned in 1964.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He was immediately executed when he returned to Iraq.The French(Chirac)had strong financial ties to Saddam and received millions for allowing the export of the hardware for Osirik reactor and for the smuggling of oil for profit.
  • CNN Political Ticker: All politics, all the time Blog Archive - Thompson: Saddam Hussein ‘clearly’ had WMD « - Blogs from CNN.com 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC politicalticker.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

.Within three days of their return in February 1996, both of the Kamel brothers were attacked and killed in a gunfight with other clan members who considered them traitors.^ Within three days of their return in February 1996, both of the Kamel brothers were attacked and killed in a gunfight with other clan members who considered them traitors.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Both were killed after returning to Iraq the following February.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Qasim was killed, and Saddam returned to Iraq with other exiled Iraqis, although he played only a minor role in the Baʿth government that took power.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Saddam had made it clear that although pardoned, they would lose all status and would not receive any protection.^ If the Americans went home, they wouldn’t be all around shooting at el Sadr’s men, uh, I mean Saddam’s so you would have less chance of being shot, so it would be much better if the Americans left.
  • The Strata-Sphere » The Hanging Of Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC strata-sphere.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But, who provided the chemicals – US! And by the time first inspectors went in after the Gulf war, they destroyed all the WMDs Saddam had.
  • CNN Political Ticker: All politics, all the time Blog Archive - Thompson: Saddam Hussein ‘clearly’ had WMD « - Blogs from CNN.com 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC politicalticker.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ They would also have supplied a longer record of Saddam’s atrocities, part of any value of such a trial.
  • Obsidian Wings: Saddam Hussein Is Dead 20 September 2009 19:50 UTC obsidianwings.blogs.com [Source type: Original source]

.In August 2003, Saddam's daughters Raghad and Rana received sanctuary in Amman, Jordan, where they are currently staying with their nine children.^ In August 2003, Saddam's daughters Raghad and Rana received sanctuary in Amman , Jordan , where they are currently staying with their nine children.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After the war, Raghad fled to Amman , Jordan where she received sanctuary from the royal family.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In August 1995, Rana and her husband Hussein Kamel al-Majid and Raghad and her husband, Saddam Kamel al-Majid , defected to Jordan , taking their children with them.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.That month, they spoke with CNN and the Arab satellite station Al-Arabiya in Amman.^ That month, they spoke with CNN and the Arab satellite station Al-Arabiya in Amman.
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

When asked about her father, Raghad told CNN, "He was a very good father, loving, has a big heart." .Asked if she wanted to give a message to her father, she said: "I love you and I miss you."^ Asked if she wanted to give a message to her father, she said: "I love you and I miss you."
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He advocated a negative income tax in lieu of various other programs, and, IIRC, said that if you want to help poor people just give them money.
  • Obsidian Wings: Saddam Hussein Is Dead 20 September 2009 19:50 UTC obsidianwings.blogs.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Chappell’s Bush first offered regime change as a reason but then asked “you want me to be real about it?
  • Think Progress » Bush On Saddam: ‘That Motherf*cker Tried To Take Out My Dad’ 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

.Her sister Rana also remarked, "He had so many feelings and he was very tender with all of us."^ Her sister Rana also remarked, "He had so many feelings and he was very tender with all of us."
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ 'We all feel very sad,' Shefeq said.

^ Very few trust the news media and there are so many conspiracy theories now on all sides.
  • Many Still Believe That Saddam Hussein Was Behind 9/11, and Now We Have Some Idea Why | Media and Culture | AlterNet 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: General]

[76]

List of government positions held

See also

References

  1. ^ Saddam, pronounced [sˁɑdˈdæːm], is his personal name, and means the stubborn one or he who confronts in Arabic (in Iraq also a term for a car's bumper). Hussein (Sometimes also transliterated as Hussayn or Hussain) is not a surname in the Western sense but a patronymic, his father's given personal name; Abid al-Majid his grandfather's; al-Tikriti means he was born and raised in (or near) Tikrit. He was commonly referred to as Saddam Hussein, or Saddam for short. The observation that referring to the deposed Iraqi president as only Saddam is derogatory or inappropriate may be based on the assumption that Hussein is a family name: thus, the New York Times refers to him as "Mr. Hussein"[1], while Encyclopædia Britannica uses just Saddam [2]. A full discussion can be found [3] (Blair Shewchuk, CBC News Online).
  2. ^ Under his government, this date was his official date of birth. His real date of birth was never recorded, but it is believed to be a date between 1935 and 1939. From Con Coughlin, Saddam The Secret Life Pan Books, 2003 (ISBN 0-330-39310-3).
  3. ^ executed by hanging after being convicted of crimes against humanity following his trial and conviction
  4. ^ Official State Biography of Saddam Hussein
  5. ^ Online NewsHour Update: Coalition Says Iraqi Regime Has Lost Control of Baghdad - 9 April 2003
  6. ^ See PBS Frontline (2003), "The survival of Saddam: secrets of his life and leadership: interview with Saïd K. Aburish" at [4].
  7. ^ BBC News, 16 October 2000 [5]
  8. ^ a b "Saddam Hussein executed in Iraq". BBC News. 2006-12-30. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/6218485.stm.  
  9. ^ Theodolou, Michael. New Iraqi literary king is not-quite anonymous. The Christian Science Monitor: 11 December 2001.
  10. ^ Boncompagni, Hala. Saddam's lawyer plans book on president's 'secrets'. Middle East Online: 23 February 2007.
  11. ^ Santora, Marc and John F. Burns. From Hussein, a florid farewell to the Iraqi people. The New York Times: 4 January 2007.
  12. ^ Barr, Robert. Hussein tends garden, pens poems, official says. The Boston Globe: 27 July 2004.
  13. ^ Hogg, Chris. 'Saddam novel' on sale in Tokyo. BBC News: 18 May 2006.
  14. ^ Cockburn, Andrew and Patrick Cockburn. Saddam Hussein: An American Obsession. London: Verso, 2002, p. xviii.
  15. ^ Blitzer, Wolf, et al. CIA corruption probe; President Bush to give immigration speech Monday night; Iraq: militia challenge. Cable News Network: 12 May 2006. Transcript.
  16. ^ Federal Bureau of Investigation. Interviewing Saddam: FBI agent gets to the truth. United States Department of Justice: 28 January 2008.
  17. ^ Elisabeth Bumiller (2004-05-15). "Was a Tyrant Prefigured by Baby Saddam?". The New York Times. http://hnn.us/roundup/entries/5225.html. Retrieved 2007-01-02.  
  18. ^ Eric Davis, Memories of State: Politics, History, and Collective Identity in Modern Iraq, University of California Press, 2005.
  19. ^ a b Batatu, Hanna (1979). The Old Social Classes & The Revolutionary Movement In Iraq. Princeton University Press. ISBN 0691052417.  
  20. ^ R. Stephen Humphreys, Between Memory and Desire: The Middle East in a Troubled Age, University of California Press, 1999, p. 68.
  21. ^ Humphreys, 68
  22. ^ Saddam Key in Early CIA Plot, NewsMax.com, 11 April 2003
  23. ^ The Old Social Classes and the Revolutionary Movements of Iraq (Princeton 1978)."
  24. ^ Saddam Key in Early CIA Plot
  25. ^ CNN, "Hussein was symbol of autocracy, cruelty in Iraq," 30 December 2003. [6]
  26. ^ a b Humphreys, 78
  27. ^ Saddam Hussein, CBC News, 29 December 2006
  28. ^ Jessica Moore, The Iraq War player profile: Saddam Hussein's Rise to Power, PBS Online Newshour
  29. ^ A Documentary on Saddam Hussein 5, YouTube
  30. ^ Bay Fang. "When Saddam ruled the day." U.S. News and World Report. 11 July 2004.
  31. ^ Edward Mortimer. "The Thief of Baghdad." New York Review of Books. 27 September 1990, citing Fuad Matar. .Saddam Hussein: A Biography.^ Biography: Saddam Hussein .
    • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Wikipedia's biography of Saddam Hussein.
    • Saddam Hussein is Dead | MetaFilter 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Efraim Karsh and Inari Rautsi, Saddam Hussein: A Political Biography , 2003.
    • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Highlight. 1990.
  32. ^ Helen Chapin Metz (ed) Iraq: A Country Study: "Internal Security in the 1980s", Library of Congress Country Studies, 1988
  33. ^ Helen Chapin Metz (ed) Iraq: A Country Study: "The West", Library of Congress Country Studies, 1988
  34. ^ BBC, 1981: Israel bombs Baghdad nuclear reactor, BBC On This Day 7 June 1981 referenced 6 January 2007
  35. ^ a b c d e Esposito, John, 'Political Islam Revolution, Radicalism, or Reform', 'Political Islam and Gulf Security', Lynne Rienner Publishers, ISBN 1-55587-262-X, Page 56-58
  36. ^ Kevin Woods, James Lacey, and Williamson Murray, "Saddam's Delusions: The View From the Inside", Foreign Affairs, May/June 2006.
  37. ^ Dr Khalil Ibrahim Al Isa, Iraqi Scientist Reports on German, Other Help for Iraq Chemical Weapons Program, Al Zaman (London), 1 December 2003.
  38. ^ a b Saddam's Chemical Weapons Campaign: Halabja, 16 March 1988 - Bureau of Public Affairs
  39. ^ Pelletiere, Stephen C. (31 January 2003), "A War Crime or an Act of War?", New York Times, http://www.nytimes.com/2003/01/31/opinion/a-war-crime-or-an-act-of-war.html  
  40. ^ a b c Humphreys, 105
  41. ^ A free-access on-line archive relating to U.S.–Iraq relations in the 1980s is offered by The National Security Archive of the George Washington University. It can be read on line at [7]. The Mount Holyoke International Relations Program also provides a free-access document briefing on U.S.–Iraq relations (1904–present); this can be accessed on line at [8].
  42. ^ Peter W. Galbraith  ; 2006 (31 August 2006). "The true Iraq appeasers - The Boston Globe". http://www.boston.com/news/globe/editorial_opinion/oped/articles/2006/08/31/the_true_iraq_appeasers/. Retrieved 2008-07-16.  
  43. ^ Transcript from Hussein/Glaspie meeting
    Saddam Hussein: As you know, for years now I have made every effort to reach a settlement on our dispute with Kuwait. There is to be a meeting in two days; I am prepared to give negotiations only this one more brief chance. (pause) When we (the Iraqis) meet (with the Kuwaitis) and we see there is hope, then nothing will happen. But if we are unable to find a solution, then it will be natural that Iraq will not accept death.
    U.S. Ambassador Glaspie: What solutions would be acceptable?
    Saddam Hussein: If we could keep the whole of the Shatt al Arab, our strategic goal in our war with Iran, we will make concessions (to the Kuwaitis). But, if we are forced to choose between keeping half of the Shatt and the whole of Iraq (including Kuwait) then we will give up all of the Shatt to defend our claims on Kuwait to keep the whole of Iraq in the shape we wish it to be. (pause) What is the United States' opinion on this?
    U.S. Ambassador Glaspie: I think I understand this. I have lived here for years. I admire your extraordinary efforts to rebuild your country. I know you need funds. We understand that and our opinion is that you should have the opportunity to rebuild your country. But we have no opinion on the Arab-Arab conflicts, like your border disagreement with Kuwait. I was in the American Embassy in Kuwait during the late 60's. The instruction we had during this period was that we should express no opinion on this issue and that the issue is not associated with America. (Secretary of State) James Baker has directed our official spokesmen to emphasize this instruction. We hope you can solve this problem using any suitable methods via Klibi or via President Mubarak. All that we hope is that these issues are solved quickly. With regard to all of this, can I ask you to see how the issue appears to us?. (Saddam smiles)
  44. ^ Greg Palast:"Armed Madhouse" Chapter 2 , Plume.
  45. ^ Humphreys, 106
  46. ^ "Bush to Gorbachev: Choose Between Saddam and the West," by Jay P. Kosminsky and Michael Johns, Heritage Foundation Executive Memorandum #280, 30 August 1990.
  47. ^ Walter LaFeber, Russia, America, and the Cold War, McGraw-Hill, 2002, p. 358.
  48. ^ For a statement asserting the overriding importance of oil to U.S. national security and the U.S. economy, see, e.g., the declassified document, "Responding to Iraqi Aggression in the Gulf," The White House, National Security Directive (NSD 54), top secret, 15 January 1991. This document can be read on line in George Washington University's National Security Archive Electronic Briefing Book No. 21 at [9].
  49. ^ See Margaret Thatcher, The Downing Street Years (1979–1990), 817.
  50. ^ "A Hard Look at Iraq Sanctions". http://www.alternet.org/story/11933. Retrieved 2008-07-16.  
  51. ^ Oliver Moore (2004-04-03). "Hussein does Baghdad walkabout". globeandmail.com. http://www.theglobeandmail.com/servlet/story/RTGAM.20030404.wmain0404_5/BNPrint/International. Retrieved 2007-01-02.  
  52. ^ Bush, George W.. Speech Washington, D.C. (2002-01-29). Retrieved on 2006-12-31.
  53. ^ George W. Bush (2002-01-30). "Full text: State of the Union address". BBC News. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/americas/1790537.stm. Retrieved 2006-12-31.  
  54. ^ http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20090702/ap_on_re_mi_ea/us_saddam_fbi_interviews
  55. ^ "Behind The Scenes With Saddam". CBS News. 2003-02-24. http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2003/02/24/eveningnews/main541817.shtml. Retrieved 2006-12-31.  
  56. ^ Julian Borger and Gary Younge (23 July 2003). "Dead: the sons of Saddam". The Guardian. http://www.guardian.co.uk/Iraq/Story/0,,1004168,00.html. Retrieved 2008-07-16.  
  57. ^ "CNN.com - Saddam 'caught like a rat' in a hole - 15 December 2003". http://www.cnn.com/2003/WORLD/meast/12/14/sprj.irq.saddam.operation/. Retrieved 2008-07-16.  
  58. ^ Saddam underwear photo angers US BBC May 2005
  59. ^ "Pentagon vows to probe Saddam photos". CNN. 2005-05-21. http://www.cnn.com/2005/WORLD/meast/05/20/saddam.photos/. Retrieved 2007-10-22.  
  60. ^ Pelley, Scott (2008-01-27). "Interrogator Shares Saddam's Confessions". CBS News. http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2008/01/24/60minutes/main3749494.shtml. Retrieved 2008-02-08.  
  61. ^ "Tour of prison reveals the last days of Saddam Hussein - CNN.com". http://edition.cnn.com/2008/WORLD/meast/03/27/hussein.journal/index.html. Retrieved 2008-07-16.  
  62. ^ "Judging Dujail". Human Rights Watch. 19 November 2006. http://www.hrw.org/en/node/11112/section/1. Retrieved 14 December 2009.  
    393 members of the pro Iranian Dawa Party (a banned organisation) were arrested as suspects of which 148, including ten children, confessed to taking part in the plot. It is believed more than 40 suspects died during interrogation or while in detention. Those arrested who were found not guilty were either exiled if relatives of the convicted or released and returned to Dujail. Only 96 of the 148 condemned were actually executed, two of the condemned were accidentally released while a third was mistakenly transferred to another prison and survived. The 96 executed included four men mistakenly executed after having been found not guilty and ordered released. The ten children were originally believed to have been among the 96 executed, but they had in fact been imprisoned near the city of Samawah.
  63. ^ "Saddam Formally Charged". Softpedia. 2006-05-15. http://news.softpedia.com/news/Saddam-Formally-Charged-23683.shtml. Retrieved 2007-01-02.  
  64. ^ "Judge Closes Trial During Saddam Testimony". Fox News. 2006-03-15. http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,187923,00.html. Retrieved 2006-12-31.  
  65. ^ Mariam Karouny and Ibon Villelabeitia (2006-12-26). "Iraq court upholds Saddam death sentence". Reuters. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/12/26/AR2006122600297_pf.html. Retrieved 2008-11-12.  
  66. ^ Sky News (5 November 2006). ""I Want a Firing Squad", Web". http://web.archive.org/web/20071011232542/http://news.sky.com/skynews/article/0,,30000-1228824,00.html. Retrieved 2007-03-07.  
  67. ^ Bauder, David (2007-01-02). "Saddam Execution Images Shown on TV, Web". International Business Times. http://web.archive.org/web/20080205073754/http://www.ibtimes.com/articles/20070102/saddam-web-tv.htm. Retrieved 2006-01-02.  
  68. ^ Haynes, Deborah (2008-11-01). "Saddam Hussein’s body was stabbed in the back, says guard". The Times. http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/world/iraq/article5058550.ece. Retrieved 2008-11-01.  
  69. ^ "Saddam's final words". The Daily Telegraph. 2006-12-30. http://www.news.com.au/dailytelegraph/story/0,22049,20990518-5001021,00.html. Retrieved 2008-11-12.  
  70. ^ Qassum Abdul-Zahra (2007-01-09). "New Video of Saddam's Corpse on Internet". Associated Press. http://www.guardian.co.uk/worldlatest/story/0,,-6331584,00.html. Retrieved 2006-01-09.  
  71. ^ "Tribal chief: Saddam buried in native village". Reuters. 2006-12-30. http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/11669236/. Retrieved 2006-12-30.  
  72. ^ http://www.cnn.com/2006/WORLD/meast/07/02/iraq.main/
  73. ^ http://euronews.net/create_html.php?page=detail_info&article=366962&lng=1
  74. ^ Martha Sherrill (25 January 1991). "Bride of Saddam, Matched Since Childhood". The Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/inatl/longterm/iraq/stories/bride012591.htm. Retrieved 2007-01-06.  
  75. ^ Michael Harvey (2 January 2007). "Saddam's billions". The Herald Sun.  
  76. ^ "Saddam's daughters express love for dad". USA Today. 2003-08-01. http://www.usatoday.com/news/world/iraq/2003-08-01-saddams-daughters_x.htm. Retrieved 2006-12-31.  

Further reading

  • Al-Ani, Dr. Abdul-Haq. .The Trial of Saddam Hussein.^ Main article: Trial of Saddam Hussein .
    • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The enablers of some of Saddam Hussein's atrocities were able to silence him with a kangaroo court that ignored a defendant’s right to a fair trial.
    • Obsidian Wings: Saddam Hussein Is Dead 20 September 2009 19:50 UTC obsidianwings.blogs.com [Source type: Original source]

    ISBN 978-0932863584. Clarity Press. 2008.
  • Balaghi, Shiva. .Saddam Hussein: A Biography.^ Biography: Saddam Hussein .
    • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Wikipedia's biography of Saddam Hussein.
    • Saddam Hussein is Dead | MetaFilter 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Efraim Karsh and Inari Rautsi, Saddam Hussein: A Political Biography , 2003.
    • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ISBN 978-0313330773. Greenwich Press. 2008.
  • Coughlin, Con. Saddam: His Rise and Fall. ISBN 978-0060505431. Harper Perennial. 2005.
  • Karsh, Efraim and Inari Rautsi. .Saddam Hussein: A Political Biography.^ CNN Political Ticker: All politics, all the time Blog Archive - Thompson: Saddam Hussein ‘clearly’ had WMD « - Blogs from CNN.com Not from the U.S.?
    • CNN Political Ticker: All politics, all the time Blog Archive - Thompson: Saddam Hussein ‘clearly’ had WMD « - Blogs from CNN.com 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC politicalticker.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Efraim Karsh and Inari Rautsi, Saddam Hussein: A Political Biography , 2003.
    • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Hussein, Saddam ( sdm ' hūsān ' ) , 19372006, Iraqi political leader.
    • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ISBN 978-0802139788. Grove Press. 2002.
  • MacKey, Sandra. .The Reckoning: Iraq and the Legacy of Saddam Hussein.^ A Daily Telegraph article later claims that Iraq leader Saddam Hussein puts his troops on their highest military alert since the Gulf War.

    ^ Bronwen Maddox of the (Rupert Murdoch) Times : The rapid confirmation of the death sentence against Saddam Hussein is a long step backwards for Iraq.
    • Obsidian Wings: Saddam Hussein Is Dead 20 September 2009 19:50 UTC obsidianwings.blogs.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Today, mass grave sites have been identified in Iraq, providing further evidence of Saddam Hussein's atrocities against the Iraqi people.

    ISBN 978-0393324280. W. W. Norton & Company. 2003.
  • Makiya, Kanan. Republic of Fear: The Politics of Modern Iraq (Updated Edition). ISBN 978-0520214392. University of California Press. 1998.
  • Newton, Michael A. and Michael P. Scharf. .Enemy of the State: The Trial and Execution of Saddam Hussein.^ Main article: Trial of Saddam Hussein .
    • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Entity Tags: US Department of State , Joseph C. Wilson , Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries , Saddam Hussein .

    ^ CNN : "Former Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein has been executed, a witness said.
    • Obsidian Wings: Saddam Hussein Is Dead 20 September 2009 19:50 UTC obsidianwings.blogs.com [Source type: Original source]

    ISBN 978-0312385569. St. Martin's Press. 2008.

External links


Political offices
Preceded by
Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr
Prime Minister of Iraq
16 July 1979 – 23 March 1991
Succeeded by
Sa'dun Hammadi
President of Iraq
16 July 1979 – 9 April 2003
Suspended
2003 Invasion of Iraq
Offices abolished and power transferred to CPA and IGC
Positions re-created in mid-2004
Preceded by
Ahmad Husayn Khudayir as-Samarrai
Prime Minister of Iraq
29 May 1994 – 9 April 2003

Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

Saddam Hussein
.Saddām Hussein `Abd al-Majid al-Tikrītī (Hussein also spelled Husayn and Hussain; Arabic: صدام حسين عبدالمجيد التكريتي; (28 April 193730 December 2006) was President of Iraq from 1979 to 2003. After being put on trial for crimes against humanity, he was sentenced to death and executed.^ December 30, 2006 12:30 pm .

^ An Iraqi court sentenced Saddam Hussein to death by hanging for committing crimes against humanity.
  • Saddam Hussein Sentenced to Death, Legal Experts Question Court Proceedings 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.democracynow.org [Source type: News]

^ Baghdad) President of Iraq (1979 2003).
  • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Sourced

.
  • The most important thing about marriage is that the man must not let the woman feel downtrodden simply because she is a woman and he is a man.^ That is the most important thing to remember about Saddam Hussein.
    • frontline: the survival of saddam: secrets of his life and leadership: interview with said k. aburish 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ How are they supposed to understand that one unseen miraculous gift-giving man is a lie and the other miraculous gift-giving man is the most important Person they could ever know?
    • The webeldotnet Vault 23 September 2009 1:53 UTC webel.net [Source type: General]

    ^ I've said some pretty insulting things about Donald Rumsfeld over the last couple of years, but only because I think he's dumb as a rock.

    .
    • Interview with the Al-Mar'a magazine in 1978.
  • The great duel, the mother of all battles has begun.^ Hussein tells his people that “The great duel, the mother of all battles has begun.

    ^ Saddam Hussein declared that the "Mother of All Battles" had begun.
    • Saddam Hussein and War in 1991 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.fsmitha.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ He said his army was eagerly awaiting the coalition's great land offensive to reconquer Kuwait; in "the mother of all battles", Iraq would "water the desert with American blood".
    • Obituary: Saddam Hussein | World news | guardian.co.uk 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.guardian.co.uk [Source type: News]

    .The dawn of victory nears as this great showdown begins!^ The dawn of victory nears as this great showdown begins.” [ NationMaster, 12/23/2007 ] US Embassy Helped Locate Targets for Air Strikes - Deputy Chief of Mission Joseph Wilson, the last American to leave Baghdad (see January 12, 1991 ), and his staff provided critical assistance to the US battle planners in choosing their initial targets.

    .
    • Broadcast on Baghdad state radio, January 17, 1991.
    • Comment on the beginning of Desert Storm.
  • In the name of God, Most Gracious, Most merciful.^ Many foreign policy experts, even Cheney himself, argued persuasively AGAINST marching on Baghdad in 1991.George H.W. Bush double crossed the Shiite’s and Kurds for fear of a pro-Iranian Shiite takeover after Desert Storm.
    • Think Progress » Bush On Saddam: ‘That Motherf*cker Tried To Take Out My Dad’ 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

    ^ Backed by the Security Council, a U.S.-led coalition launched round-the-clock missile and aerial attacks on Iraq, beginning January 16, 1991.
    • Saddam Hussein Memorial Hall - Moonlightchest.com 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC memorial.moonlightchest.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ I believe you know him from Operation Desert Storm.” Downing had been a Special Forces commander during the 1991 Gulf War; Ritter had worked with Downing’s unit in preventing Iraqi missile launches at Israel (see January 17, 1991 ).

    .Invite all to the way of thy Lord with the wisdom and beautiful preaching, and argue with them in ways that are best and most gracious, for the lord knoweth best who have strayed from His path and who receive guidance.^ It is a phony way to argue that nothing can or should be done to oust the predatory psychopath who holds Iraq hostage.” [ Washington Post, 4/9/2001 ; Unger, 2007, pp.

    ^ We all have to bear any burden and pay any price for the revenge of a sociopath who tricked his way to the job of President.
    • Think Progress » Bush On Saddam: ‘That Motherf*cker Tried To Take Out My Dad’ 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

    ^ It's true that Academic Condi got way in over her head with the psychopaths around the world she was sent to talk with and with the psychopaths in the Administration at home who suckered her all the way along.
    • The Crypt: Rice: Overthrow of Saddam Hussein was 'a great strategic achievement' - Politico.com 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.politico.com [Source type: General]

    .
  • In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful.^ Meet the Press, September 16, 2001 .
    • Did President Bush Link Saddam Hussein to 9/11? 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.floppingaces.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Dear faithful people, I say goodbye to you, but I will be with the merciful God who helps those who take refuge in him and who will never disappoint any faithful, honest believer ...
    • Saddam Hussein biography,Saddam Hossein biography,Saddam Hussein,Saddam Hossein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.famousmuslims.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Saddam Hussein Memorial Hall - Moonlightchest.com 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC memorial.moonlightchest.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ It will not end until every terrorist group of global reach has been found, stopped and defeated.” -President Bush in an address to a Joint Session of Congress and the American People, United States Capitol, Washington D.C., September 20, 2001.
    • Did President Bush Link Saddam Hussein to 9/11? 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.floppingaces.net [Source type: Original source]

    .There are those who, on being told: 'Your enemy has mustered a great force against you and so fear them,' they grew more tenacious in their faith and replied: Allah's help is all -sufficient for us.^ Why are you all so against it?
    • HorsesAss.Org » Blog Archive » Saddam Hussein hanged 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC horsesass.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Are they with us or against us??
    • Think Progress » Bush On Saddam: ‘That Motherf*cker Tried To Take Out My Dad’ 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

    ^ What have your relative told you about them?

    .He is the best Protector'. Thus they earned Allah's grace and bounty and no harm befell them.^ Razak says he was innocently on leave at the time, but no matter; he had been seized by some Baath Party members who earned bounties for catching Army deserters.

    For they had striven to please Allah, whose, bounty is infinite. It is Satan that prompts men to fear his followers. But have no fear of them. .Fear Me, if you are true believers.^ Do you believe tthe 1999 story to be true or not.
    • Saddam Hussein Offered Osama Bin Laden Asylum (Wizbang) 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC wizbangblog.com [Source type: General]

    Do not grieve for those that quickly renounce their faith. They will not harm Allah in the least. He seeks to give them no share in the hereafter. Their punishment shall be terrible indeed. God speaks the truth. .
  • Long live Iraq!^ "Long live Iraq.
    • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Peoples Forum: Better Off Dead! The End Of Saddam Hussein 12 -29 - 06 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thepalmbeachtimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Saddam Hussein Executed Saddam Hussein has been executed by hanging in Iraq.
    • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: News]

    ^ Iraq and Saddam Hussein are the next target.

    .Long live the Iraqi people!^ Long live the people!
    • The Strata-Sphere » The Hanging Of Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC strata-sphere.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Long live the Iraqi people!"
    • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.oobdoo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Long live the Iraqi people!
    • Peoples Forum: Better Off Dead! The End Of Saddam Hussein 12 -29 - 06 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thepalmbeachtimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Down with the traitors! .
  • I call on you not to hate, because hate does not leave space for a person to be fair and it makes you blind and closes all doors of thinking.^ SADDAM HUSSEIN : The news are with you.
    • http://www.ratherbiased.com/hussein_saddam.htm 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.ratherbiased.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Saddam Hussein thinks he talks to God.
    • frontline: the survival of saddam: secrets of his life and leadership: interview with said k. aburish 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Saddam Hussein deserved this sentence.
    • Saddam Hussein’s last words « raincoaster 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC raincoaster.com [Source type: General]

    .
    • Saddam Hussein Farewell Letter (MSNBC online)
    • Statement in a farewell letter written to the Iraqi people, written Nov.^ Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein .
      • http://www.apfn.org/apfn/Saddam_Hussein.htm 11 September 2009 10:010 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ 'These people were against Saddam Hussein.

      ^ Summary Saddam Hussein's repression of the Iraqi people has not stopped.
      • Saddam Hussein's Iraq 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.fas.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      5, 2006, released Dec. .27, 2006
  • la ilaha il-Allah, wa Muhammadu... (There is no god but God and Muhammed [is His prophet])
    • Last words.^ In other words, there was no alternative.
      • Saddam Hussein Execution - NWCN Blog 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC blogs.nwcn.com [Source type: Original source]

      ^ For there is no partiality with God.
      • Saddam Hussein!--- Hurricane Wilma! - Christian-Forum.net 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.christian-forum.net [Source type: Original source]

      ^ Tasering I find repugnant and unforgivable, but execution, particularly a politically-driven execution, carried out in a tawdry and sectarian fashion, is so far beyond that that there are no words.
      • would you watch Saddam Hussein die? « raincoaster 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC raincoaster.com [Source type: General]

      [1]

About Saddam Hussein

.
Saddam Hussein
  • The PR strategy worked; by the fall of 2002, a majority of Americans were convinced that Saddam Hussein possessed weapons of mass destruction, and at least 66 percent believed (falsely) that the Iraqi leader had been personally involved in the 9/11 attacks.^ Saddam is the only living leader in the world with weapons of mass destruction who has used them.

    ^ Saddam Hussein and telling them their work ...
    • http://www.apfn.org/apfn/Saddam_Hussein.htm 11 September 2009 10:010 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Saddam Hussein as a secular leader Saddam's hole .
    • Peoples Forum: Better Off Dead! The End Of Saddam Hussein 12 -29 - 06 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thepalmbeachtimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Support for an invasion of Iraq — and Bush's approval rating — hovered around 60 percent.^ In January 2007, the odds against success in Iraq appeared overwhelming to everyone except George W. Bush and his core political supporters .
    • Saddam Hussein | The Next Right 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thenextright.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ It would appear that Bush is losing support for the Iraq war among members of his own party.

    ^ Fred Thompson blamed inadequate intelligence for not sending a larger U.S. invasion force into Iraq, but said he supported the decision to overthrow Saddam Hussein.
    • CNN Political Ticker: All politics, all the time Blog Archive - Thompson: Saddam Hussein ‘clearly’ had WMD « - Blogs from CNN.com 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC politicalticker.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

    .With an eye on the midterm elections, Republicans stepped up the attacks and pushed for a vote authorizing the use of force against Saddam Hussein.^ Saddam Hussein follow up .
    • Saddam Hussein follow up 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.israelshamir.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ That Saddam Hussein would use them was clear.
    • Saddam Hussein: A Dictator Created Then Destroyed By America | World | AlterNet 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: General]

    ^ 'These people were against Saddam Hussein.

    .And on October 11, 2002, twenty-eight of the Senate's fifty Democrats joined all but one Republican in handing to Bush the power he wanted.^ This successful election moves us one step closer to George W. Bush's vision of a free and democratic Iraq, at peace with it's neighbors, that is an ally in the War on Terror.
    • Saddam Hussein | The Next Right 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.thenextright.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ And to think Defence (sic) is one of the powers the Federalists want to leave in UK hands!!??
    • We discussed toppling Saddam Hussein a year before invasion, mandarin admits - Scotsman.com News 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC news.scotsman.com [Source type: News]

    ^ Clinton has probably gotten a BJ from someone other than Hillery since 01/2001 while Bush's BJ from binnie L has elected Republicans in 2002..2004..
    • Saddam Hussein Offered Osama Bin Laden Asylum (Wizbang) 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC wizbangblog.com [Source type: General]

    • Barack Obama. .Quoted in The Audacity of Hope - Page 293 - by Barack Obama
  • Should Saddam be considered a condottiere, once in the pay of the U.S. government and then rebellious against his former masters?^ Should we go to war against Saddam?
    • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: News]

    ^ The International Action Center (IAC) hold the U.S. government responsible for the decision of the Iraqi High Tribunal" to carry out the death sentence against Iraqi President Saddam Hussein and considers this execution part of the Bush administrations plan to once again escalate the war.
    • Saddam Hussein follow up 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.israelshamir.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Cairo Saddam Hussein Executed Former Iraqi President Saddam Hussein has been executed by hanging for crimes against humanity including the killings of 148 Shias.
    • Saddam Hussein - Associated Content - Topic - associatedcontent.com 11 September 2009 10:010 UTC www.associatedcontent.com [Source type: General]

    .When war constitutes the global order and when the generals become the highest magistrates, we cannot but expect such developments.^ In order to understand these facts in full it is important to explain a significant development in the oil market during the period of the war.
    • La délusion réussie : encourager Saddam Hussein à envahir le Koweit. 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC deonto-famille.org [Source type: Original source]

  • The images of Saddam Hussein endlessly repeated on our screens before the war (Saddam firing a rifle into the air) made him into some kind of Iraqi Charlton Heston — the president not only of Iraq, but also of the Iraqi Rifle Association.^ Iraq and Saddam Hussein are the next target.

    ^ Saddam Hussein weren't built by him.
    • http://www.apfn.org/apfn/Saddam_Hussein.htm 11 September 2009 10:010 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Saddam Hussein from power in Iraq and ...
    • http://www.apfn.org/apfn/Saddam_Hussein.htm 11 September 2009 10:010 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .The true interest of these images, however, is that they remind us how the ideological struggle is fought out not only at the level of arguments but also at the level of images: which image will hegemonize a field, and function as the paradigmatic embodiment of an idea, a regime, a problem.^ However, this business of using his first name only seems to be unique to the U.S.; when I was in England this spring, they used both.
    • Why is Saddam Hussein often called just "Saddam"? - Straight Dope Message Board 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC boards.straightdope.com [Source type: General]

    ^ That may only happen if US soldiers are taken hostage again or they are killed just like what happened in Iran years ago.

    ^ Anyway it’s not for us to start bleating on at the Iraqis telling them how they should or shouldn’t manage their justice system.
    • would you watch Saddam Hussein die? « raincoaster 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC raincoaster.com [Source type: General]

  • Vous êtes mon ami personnel. .Vous êtes assuré de mon estime, de ma considération et de mon affection.
    • Translation: You are my personal friend.^ Those who simply engage in personal attacks on me or my commenters get the snide comments (or get ignored), So far, you and your lot merit only the snide comments.
      • Patterico's Pontifications » Saddam Hussein Executed 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC patterico.com [Source type: General]

      ^ If you want more info on AIDS-specific organizations, you can contact my friend Annie (I copied her on this email) ...
      • The webeldotnet Vault 23 September 2009 1:53 UTC webel.net [Source type: General]

      ^ My friends would create an advisory position for you, and you would in turn advise me.

      .Let me assure you of my esteem, consideration and bond.
    • French president Jacques Chirac in a declaration on September 5, 1974.
    • Source: Aeschimann, Éric & Boltanski, Christophe (2006).^ Layla my condolensences to you and ALL decent Iraqis for the loss of your President Saddam Hussein, May he rest in peace.
      • An Arab Woman Blues. Reflections in a sealed bottle...: To Saddam Hussein. 11 September 2009 10:010 UTC arabwomanblues.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

      ^ My point stands -- if you're too serious to let other people be silly, you're fuckin' silly.
      • Saddam Hussein is Dead | MetaFilter 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: General]

      ^ France had an integral part in setting up the European Union, and French President Jacques Chirac had invested his nation's international prestige in its creation.

      Chirac d'Arabie : Les mirages d'une politique française (in French), Grasset & Fasquelle, pp. .64, ISBN 2246691214.
  • The ideology or at least the rhetoric of Arab Socialism can be understood from Saddam Hussein’s words: 'The complete emancipation of women from the ties which held them back in the past, during the ages of despotism and ignorance, is a basic aim of the Party and the Revolution.^ Saddam Hussein’s last words .
    • Saddam Hussein’s last words « raincoaster 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC raincoaster.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Saddam Hussein’s last words « raincoaster .
    • Saddam Hussein’s last words « raincoaster 28 January 2010 0:47 UTC raincoaster.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Positions that Saddam Hussein has held: .

    Women make up one half of society. Our society will remain backward and in chains unless its women are liberated, enlightened and educated'…(1981). .
    • Al-Ali, N. S.,Iraqi Women, 2007, London:Zedbooks
  • It's not as if anyone is worried that through some horrible miscalculation we could be removing the Iraqi Abraham Lincoln by mistake.^ According to Western diplomatic sources, the envoy - General Ali Hasan al-Majid, known as 'Chemical Ali' to Iraqi Kurds for his role in the...
    • Saddam Hussein 3 February 2010 18:13 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: News]

External links

Wikipedia
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Simple English

File:Saddam Hussein at trial, July
Saddam Hussein during his first appearance before the Supreme Iraqi Criminal Tribunal.

Saddam Hussein Abd al-Majid al-Tikriti[1] (April 28 1937 [2] - December 30 2006[3]), was the President of Iraq, from July 16 1979 to April 9 2003, when he was removed from his position during the War in Iraq led by the United States.

Contents

Saddam as a young man

Saddam Hussein was born in the village of Al-Awja, in the Tikrit in Iraq. He never knew his father, Hussein 'Abd al-Majid, who disappeared five months before Saddam was born. Shortly before Saddam was born, Saddam's twelve-year-old brother died of cancer, leaving his mother very depressed in the final months of the pregnancy. She tried to kill herself near the end of the pregnancy and did not want to care for Saddam when he was born[needs proof]. Saddam was sent to the family of an uncle, Khairallah Tulfah, until he was three.

At ten, Saddam ran away from the family to return to live with his uncle, who was a devout Sunni Muslim, in Baghdad. According to Saddam, in 1957, at the age of 20, Saddam became part of the Ba'ath Party. The Ba'ath party is an Arab group that supports socialism.

Saddam's rise in the Ba'ath party

A year after Saddam had joined the Ba'ath party, army officers led by General Abdul Karim Qassim got rid of Faisal II of Iraq. The Ba'athists opposed the new regime, and in 1959, Saddam was involved in the attempted murder of Prime Minister Qassim. Saddam was shot in the leg, but managed to get away to Syria, later he moved to Egypt. He was sentenced to death. In exile he attended the University of Cairo law school.

Army officers, including some with the Ba'ath party, came to power in Iraq in a military coup in 1963. However, the new regime was kicked out quickly. Saddam returned to Iraq, but was imprisoned in 1964 when an anti-Ba'ath group led by Abdul Rahman Arif took power. He escaped from jail in 1967 and became one of the leading members of the party.

Saddam gains power

In 1976 Saddam was appointed as a general in the Iraqi army. He quickly became the most important person of the regime. He slowly began to gain more power over Iraq's government and the Ba'ath party. As Iraq's weak and old President Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr became more unable to do the duties of his office, Saddam began to become an larger important role as the head of the Iraqi government. He soon became the creator of Iraq's foreign policy and represented the nation in all diplomatic situations.

Iraq-Iran War

In 1979 Iran's Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi was overthrown by the Islamic Revolution,giving way to an Islamic republic led by the Ayatollah Khomeini. The influence of revolutionary Shi'ite Islam grew in the region, particularly in countries with large Shi'ite populations, especially Iraq. Saddam feared that radical Islamic ideas—hostile to his rule— were rapidly spreading inside his country among the most of the Shi'ite people

There had also been bitter rivalry between Saddam and Khomeini since the 1970s. Khomeini, having been exiled from Iran in 1964, took up living in Iraq, at the Shi'ite holy city of An Najaf. There he involved himself with Iraqi Shi'ites and developed a strong, worldwide religious and political following. Under pressure from the Shah, who had agreed to a rapprochement between Iraq and Iran in 1975, Saddam agreed to expel Khomeini in 1978. After the Islamic Revolution, Khomeini maybe regarded toppling Saddam's government as a goal second only to consolidating power in Iran.

After Khomeini gained power, skirmishes between Iraq and revolutionary Iran occurred for ten months over the sovereignty of the disputed Shatt al-Arab waterway, which divides the two countries. Iraq and Iran entered into warfare on September 22, 1980. The pretext for war with Iran was this territorial dispute, but the war was more likely an attempt by Saddam, helped by both the United States and the Soviet Union, to have Iraq form a bulwark against the expansion of radical Iranian-style revolution.

In the first days of the war, there was heavy ground fighting around major ports as Iraq launched an attack on Iran's oil-rich, Arab-populated province of Khuzestan. After making some gains, Iraq's troops began to suffer losses from human-wave attacks by Iran. By 1982 Iraq was looking to end the war.

During the war, Iraq used chemical weapons against Iranian forces and Kurdish separatists. On March 16, 1988 Iraqi troops, on orders from Saddam to stop a Kurdish uprising, attacked the Kurdish town of Halabjah with a mix of poison gas and nerve agents killing 5000 people, mostly women and children.

Saddam reached out to other Arab governments for cash and political help. The Iranians, hoping to bring down Saddam's secular government and start a Shi'ite rebellion in Iraq, refused a cease-fire until 1988.

The bloody eight-year war ended in a tie. There were hundreds of thousands of casualties. Perhaps 1.7 million died on both sides. Both economies, previously healthy and expanding, were left in ruins.

Saddam was also stuck with a debt of roughly $75 billion. Borrowing money from the U.S. was making Iraq into its client state, embarrassing a strongman who had sought to define and dominate Arab nationalism. Saddam also borrowed a large amount of money from other Arab states during the 1980s to fight Iran. Faced with rebuilding Iraq's infrastructure, Saddam desperately sought out cash once again, this time for postwar reconstruction.

Tensions with Kuwait

Saddam was pressuring Kuwait to forgive its share of his debt, some $30 billion. He argued that since the struggle with Iran had been fought for the benefit of the other Persian Gulf Arab states as much as for Iraq that a share of Iraqi debt should be forgiven.

Saddam had pushed oil-exporting countries to raise oil prices and cut back production, but on top of Kuwaiti refusals to do so, Kuwait helped spearhead OPEC's opposition to the production cuts that Saddam had requested. Kuwait was pumping large amounts of oil, and keeping prices low, when Iraq needed to sell high-priced oil from its wells to pay off a huge debt.

Of course, the colossal extent of Kuwaiti oil reserves intensified tensions in the region. The oil reserves of Kuwait (with a population of a mere 2 million next to Iraq's 25) were roughly equal to those of Iraq. Taken together Iraq and Kuwait sat on top of 20 percent of the world's known oil reserves.

The Kuwaiti monarchy further angered Saddam by drilling oil out of Iraqi wells. At the time, Saddam's regime was not know as a pariah state. Saddam complained about the drilling to the U.S. State Department. Although this had gone on for years, Saddam now needed oil money to get rid of a looming economic crisis. Saddam still had an experienced and well-equipped army, which he used to influence regional affairs. He later ordered troops to the Iraq-Kuwait border.

As Iraq-Kuwait relations rapidly grew worse, Saddam was getting conflicting information about how the U.S. would respond to an invasion. Washington had been taking measures to start a good relationship with Iraq for roughly a decade. The Reagan administration gave Saddam roughly $40 billion worth of arms in the 1980s to fight Iran, nearly all of it on credit. The U.S. also sent billions of dollars of food and arms to Saddam to keep him from forming a strong alliance with the Soviets.[4]

The U.S. ambassador to Iraq, April Glaspie, met with Saddam in a meeting on July 25, where the Iraqi leader said he wanted to continue talks. U.S. officials attempted to maintain a conciliatory line with Iraq, indicating that while Bush and Baker did not want force to be used, they would not take any position on the Iraqi-Kuwait dispute and did not want to become involved. Later, Iraq and Kuwait then met for a final negotiation session, which failed. Saddam then sent his troops into Kuwait.

Gulf War

In August 2, 1990, Saddam invaded and Kuwait, thus making an international crisis. The invasion of Kuwait gave Iraq, with its own substantial oil fields, control of 20 percent of the Persian Gulf oil. The U.S. helped Saddam Hussein in the war with Iran, but with Iraq's take over of the oil-rich emirate of Kuwait in August of 1990 the United States led a United Nations attempt that drove Saddam from Kuwait in February 1991.

Cooperation between the United States and the Soviet Union made possible the passage of resolutions in the United Nations Security Council and gave Iraq a deadline to leave Kuwait.

Saddam ignored the Security Council deadline. Helped by the Security Council, a U.S.-led coalition launched missile attacks on Iraq, January 16, 1991. The United States and a group of allies it had hastily rounded up, including Egypt, Syria and Saudi Arabia, made Saddam's army move from Kuwait in January 1991. (see Gulf War).

Israel, though subjected to attack by Iraqi missiles, refrained from retaliating in order not to anger Arab states into leaving the coalition. But Saddam had focused attention on the Palestinian problem by promising to make his forces leave from Kuwait if Israel would leave the occupied territories in the West Bank, the Golan Heights, and the Gaza Strip. Saddam's proposal further split the Arab world, pitting U.S.- and Western-supported Arab states against the Palestinians.

175,000 Iraqis were taken prisoner and the dead were estimated to be 85,000. As part of the cease-fire agreement, Iraq agreed to get rid of all poison gas and germ weapons and allow UN observers to inspect the sites.

After the War

All of the different religions and the violence of the war that this had created, caused after-war rebellions. After the war, fighting between Shi'ite Muslims, Kurds, and dissident military units was bad. This was a problem to Saddam's rule. Saddam acted by stopping all rebellions in their tracks, especially in the North.

The United States did not help the rebellions, although they had wanted Iraqis to rise up against Saddam. Turkey - a friend of the US - was against Kurdish independence, which would have stopped the fighting. This was because the Saudis and old-fashioned Arab states were afraid of a change like what happened in Iran with the Shiites. Saddam survived these problems that happened right after the war. He was then left completely in control of Iraq. The country never recovered from the Gulf War, economically or with the army. Hussein often showed his "proof" that Iraq had won the Gulf War, and the USA had lost. This made Saddam popular in many parts of the Arab world.

Saddam liked to show himself as a strict Muslim. This was to calm down the religious parts of the society. Some parts of the Sharia law were brought back. This included the 2001 law imposing the death penalty for homosexuality (gay people.) The phrase "Allahu Akbar" ("God is great"), in Saddam's handwriting, was added to the Iraq national flag.

1991-2003

Relations between the United States and Iraq remained tense following the Gulf War. The U.S. launched a missile attacked aimed at Iraq's intelligence headquarters in Baghdad June 26, 1993, believing evidence that Iraq had sponsored a plot to kill former President George Bush.

The UN placed a trade embargo on Iraq, blocking Iraqi oil exports. This caused hardship in Iraq and almost destroyed the Iraqi economy and state infrastructure. Only smuggling across the Syrian border, and humanitarian aid kept Iraq from crisis. Later, limited amounts of income from the United Nations oil-for-food program started flowing into Iraq. On December 9, 1996 the United Nations allowed Baghdad to begin selling limited amounts of oil for food and medicine.

U.S. officials continued to accuse Saddam of violating the terms of the Gulf War's cease fire, by developing weapons of mass destruction and other banned weaponry, and violating the UN-imposed sanctions and "no fly zones." Isolated military strikes by U.S. and British forces continued on Iraq, the largest being Operation Desert Fox in 1998. After two years of intermittent activity, U.S. and British warplanes struck harder at sites near Baghdad in February, 2001.

Saddam's base of Tikriti tribesmen, family members, and other supporters was divided after the war, and in the following years, adding to the regime's increasingly repressive and arbitrary nature. Domestic repression inside Iraq grew worse, and Saddam's sons, Uday Hussein and Qusay Hussein, became increasingly powerful and carried out a private reign of terror. They likely had a leading hand when, in August 1995, two of Saddam Hussein's sons-in-law, who held high positions in the Iraqi military, defected to Jordan. Both were killed after returning to Iraq the following February.

2003 invasion of Iraq

See also: 2003 invasion of Iraq

The main reason for the invasion was the claim by the Bush administration that Saddam has WMD. He was seen as a major threat to Western allies such as oil-rich Saudi Arabia and Israel, to Western oil supplies from the Persian Gulf states, and to Middle East stability generally. Bush's successor, U.S. President Bill Clinton (1993-2001), maintained sanctions and made occasional air strikes in the "Iraqi no-fly zones" or other restrictions, in the hope that Saddam would be overthrown by his many political enemies.

The domestic political equation changed in the U.S. after the September 11, 2001 attacks, which added to the influence of the neoconservative faction in the presidential administration and throughout Washington. In his January 2002 state-of-the-union message to Congress, George W. Bush (the son of George H.W. Bush) spoke of an "axis of evil" comprising Iran, North Korea, and Iraq. [5]

As the war was looming on February 24, 2003, Saddam Hussein talked with CBS News anchor Dan Rather for more than three hours—his first interview with a U.S. reporter in over a decade.[6] CBS aired the taped interview later that week.

The Iraqi government and military collapsed in three weeks of the beginning of the U.S.-led 2003 invasion of Iraq on March 20. The United States made at least two attempts to kill Saddam with targeted air strikes, but both failed to hit their target. By the beginning of April Coalition forces had much of Iraq. The resistance of the much-weakened Iraqi Army either crumbled or shifted to guerrilla tactics, and it appeared that Saddam had lost control of Iraq. He was last seen in a video which showed him in the Baghdad suburbs surrounded by supporters. When Baghdad fell to the Coalition on April 9, Saddam was nowhere to be found.

Saddam was also accused by the Bush administration of being part of Al Qaeda. That has never been proven and there is no evidence Saddam ever had any ties. People in the Bush administration, including the Vice President Dick Cheney will forever claim otherwise. Mostly to justify the largely perceived illegal invasion.

Pursuit and capture

Even when Baghdad was taken over, and most of the fighting had stopped, people still did not know where Saddam was. For a few weeks, some people said they saw Saddam, and some videotapes of Saddam talking came out, but still nobody knows if they were true or not.

Although Saddam was placed at the top of the "most-wanted list," he could not be found, even when the other leaders of the Iraqi regime were arrested. His sons and political heirs, Uday and Qusay, were killed in July 2003 in a clash with U.S. forces after a tip from an Iraqi.

[[File:|Saddam Hussein|thumb|right|Hussein after his capture by U.S. military.]]

On December 14, 2003, the Islamic Republic News Agency (IRNA) of Iran first reported that Saddam Hussein had been arrested. These reports were soon confirmed by other members of the Governing Council, by U.S. military sources, and by British Prime Minister Tony Blair. In a press conference in Baghdad, shortly afterwards, the U.S. Civil Administrator in Iraq Paul Bremer officially announced the capture of Saddam by saying, "Ladies and gentlemen, we got him!" He was found at around 8:30 PM Iraqi time on December 13, in an underground "spider hole" at a farmhouse in ad-Dawr near his home town Tikrit, in what was called Operation Red Dawn.

The first photos taken of Saddam after the soldiers found him did not look like the photos taken when he was president of Iraq. He had grown long hair and a long beard. Later on, he cut off his hair and beard. The DNA tests came back and showed that he really was Saddam Hussein. People who talked with him after the soldiers found him said he was healthy, and wanted to talk to people and do what they told him to do. Paul Bremer said that Saddam would have a trial, but that he did not know yet what kind of trial.

The Iraqi Special Tribunal was in charge of Saddam Hussein's trial, and the trials of some people that helped him to be president of Iraq.

In November, 2006, Saddam Hussein was found guilty of 148 murders, and on December 30, 2006, he was put to death. The hanging, recorded by officials of the government, and secretly recorded by a member of the witnesses with a cell phone camera - with sound - showed Saddam being calm, as he was prepared for his final moments. Both witnesses and exectutioners could be heard teasing him as the rope was placed on his head, and he was put on the trap door. He was in the middle of a prayer, when the trap door beneath him opened, and his life ended. Later pictures and live video of Saddam's taunting and execution, of his dead corpse were shown on many internet sites.

Personal

Saddam has been married three times. His first marriage was to his first cousin Sajida Talfah. This union with the eldest daughter of Khairallah Talfah, Saddam's uncle, produced two sons, (Uday Saddam Hussein and Qusay Hussein) and three daughters, Rana, Raghad and Hala. Sajida was put under house arrest in early 1997, along with daughters Raghad and Rana, because of suspicions of their involvement in an attempted assassination on Uday in December 12, 1996. General Adnan Khairallah Tuffah, who was Sajida's brother and Saddam Hussein's boyhood friend, was allegedly executed because of his growing popularity.

Saddam Hussein also married two other women: Samira Shahbandar, whom he married in 1986 after forcing her husband to divorce her (she is said to be his favourite wife), and Nidal al-Hamdani, the general manager of the Solar Energy Research Center in the Council of Scientific Research, whose husband apparently was also persuaded to divorce his wife.

In August 1995, Rana and her husband Hussein Kamel al Majid and Raghad and her husband, Saddam Kamel Majid, defected to Jordan, taking their children with them. They returned to Iraq when they received assurances that Saddam Hussein would pardon them. Within three days of their return in February 1996, both of the Majid brothers were executed.

Saddam's daughter Hala is married to Jamal Mustafa, the deputy head of Iraq's Tribal Affairs Office. Neither has been known to be involved in politics. Another cousin was Ali Hassan al-Majid, also known in the United States as "Chemical Ali," who was accused of ordering the use of poison gas in 1988.

"[7]

Death

Saddam was scheduled to die on Thursday night, December 28, 2006.[8] Because of last minute legal appeals in the American federal court, Saddam's execution came about 40 hours later. Saddam Hussein was hanged on December 30, 2006, at 6:05 AM, Iraqi time. Saddam refused to wear a hood. The execution was performed by the Shiites. He was pronounced dead at 6:10 AM Baghdad time. Baghdad had curfews on those days, policy regulation required people to be off the streets by evening. His motionless body was allowed to dangle on the rope for about 10 minutes. [9] Many Shiites danced around his corpse.[10]

Notes

  1. Hussein is not a surname in the Western sense. "Saddam" (pronounced "Sad-DAHM") is his given personal name; "Hussein" is his father's given personal name; "al-Majid" is his family name, and "al-Tikriti" is a name telling what region he was from. In many Arab countries he is usually called "Saddam Hussein' or "Saddam." However, in Iraq, he was and is usually called his formal presidential title. Some people have argued that calling him only "Saddam" may be rude and academically out of place. It is common for Arab men to add the name of the town or village they are from to their name. This would make his name "Saddam Hussein al-Awja."
  2. Under his government, this date was his official date of birth. His real date of birth was never written down, but it is thought to be between 1935 and 1939. From Con Coughlin, Saddam The Secret Life Pan Books, 2003 (ISBN 0-330-39310-3).
  3. "Hussein executed, Iraqi TV stations report". CNN. http://www.cnn.com/2006/WORLD/meast/12/29/hussein/index.html. Retrieved December 30 2006. 
  4. A free access online archive relating to U.S.-Iraq relations in the 1980s is offered by The National Security Archive of the George Washington University. It can be read online at [1]. The Mount Holyoke International Relations Program also provides a free access document briefing on U.S.-Iraq relations (1904- present); this can be accessed online at [2].
  5. For further details see Globe and Mail Update, "Hussein does Baghdad walkabout" [3] Apr. 4, 2003.
  6. Dan Rather's interview with Saddam Hussein leading up to the U.S.-led 2003 invasion of Iraq on March 20 can be read online (CBSNEWS.com) at [4].
  7. For coverage of the postwar CNN and Al-Arabiya interviews with Saddam's daughters, see [5].
  8. "Seattle Times". http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/nationworld/2003503159_saddam31.html. 
  9. "The Sun". http://www.thesun.co.uk/article/0,,2-2006600608,00.html. 
  10. "Antiwar". http://www.antiwar.com/jamail/?articleid=10278. 

2 See PBS Frontline (2003), "The survival of Saddam: secrets of his life and leadership: interview with Saïd K. Aburish" at [6].
3 From Elisabeth Bumiller's interview of Jerrold M. Post, the founder of the Center for the Analysis of Personality and Political Behavior at the CIA in the New York Times' (May 15, 2004) on the importance of events during Saddam Hussein's youth. It can be read online at [7].
8 The full text of Bush's 2002 State of the Union address can be read online (BBC News) at [8].

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