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Sadri
Spoken in India, Bangladesh
Region Jharkhand and surrounding states
Total speakers ca. 2 million (1997)
Language family Indo-European
Writing system Devanagari
Language codes
ISO 639-1 None
ISO 639-2 bih
ISO 639-3 either:
sck – Sadri
sdr – Oraon Sadri

Sadri is a branch of Prakrit language and is regarded as a sister language of Oriya, Bengali and Angika. It is spoken in the Indian states of Jharkhand, Orissa and the north of West Bengal, and in Bangladesh.

Speakers of Sadri also use Hindi, Oriya, and Bengali. Population includes 1,381,000 Sadani, 574,000 Nagpuri, and 165,683 Oraon (as of 1997). Also spoken by the Chero tribe as first language. Sadri has become a lingua franca of jharkhandi societies. Besides speaking their own mother tongue Oraon, Munda, Kharia communities speak in Sadri with each other in many part of jharkhand, Orissa, Chhattisgarh, North Bengal, Assam, Andaman and Nicobar and other part of India, where Jharkhandi community resides.There are many variation of Sadri. The resident of Biru region (former princely state) in Gumla district of Jharkhand speak it as their first language though they have their own language. Even Oraon, Munda and Kharia of Orissa speak it as their first language.Though, standardization of Sadri is still to be done, a lot of literature have been written in the language. Many Sadri magazien were published in Many parts of India.Gharaiya Guith a monthly Sadri monthly magazine is published from Shillong. Johar Sahiya is being published from Ranchi. Veer Birsa, Aguwa, Nawa Parha, Adivasi Express were published from Dooars and Tarai region of West Bengal. A few feature film have also been produced in Sadri language in Assam, Dooars, Jharkhand and in Orissa. Since 1980 a lot of Sadri songs and video film have been produced.A variation of Sadri is Nagpuri, which is being taught in Ranchi and other university of Jharkhand.Ranchi University Alternate names and/or names of dialects include: Sadani, Sadana, Sadati, Sadari, Sadhan, Sadna, Sadrik, Santri, Siddri, Sradri, Sadhari, Sadan, Nagpuria, Nagpuri, Chota Nagpuri, Dikku Kaji, Gawari, Ganwari, Goari, Gauuari, Jharkhandhi.

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Simple English

Population 166,000 (2000). Region Throughout Rajshahi Division; Sylhet Division, Moulvibazar and Habiganj districts; Khulna Division, Jhenaidah District (Jhenaidah Subdistrict, Moheshpur Subdistrict), Kushtia District (Mirpur Subdistrict), Magura District (Magura Subdistrict). Language maps Bangladesh Bangladesh

Dialects Borail Sadri, Nurpur Sadri, Uchai Sadri, Mokkan Tila Sadri. Dialects may need separate literature. Inherent intelligibility of 7 Sadri varieties on Borail ranges from 70%–93%; of 8 varieties on Nurpur from 78%–94%. Lexical similarity: of 14 Sadri varieties with the Borail Sadri dialect ranges from 88%–97%. Classification Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Eastern zone, Bihari Language use Vigorous but some educated people do not use Oraon with their children. Bangladesh Oraon Foundation has committed to language revitalization. Low proficiency in Bengali [ben]. Language development Literacy rate in L2: 30%. NT: 2003. Writing system Bengali script. Latin script. Comments The Oraon people came from India over 100 years ago. Sometime in the past some Oraon shifted from Kurux [kru], a Dravidian language, to Sadri, which is Indo-Aryan. Some Oraon people still speak Kurux. Agriculturalists. Traditional religion, Hindu.


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