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The Ava Bridge on the Irwaddy
Sagaing is located in Burma
Location in Burma
Coordinates: 21°52′56″N 95°58′43″E / 21.88222°N 95.97861°E / 21.88222; 95.97861
Country Burma
Admin. division Sagaing Division
 - Mayor
Population (2005)
 - Religions Buddhism

Sagaing (Burmese: စစ်ကိုင်းမြို့; MLCTS: sac kuing: mrui.; population estimate 300,000) is the chief city and capital of Sagaing Division in Myanmar. It is located on the Ayeyarwady River, 20 km to the southwest of Mandalay on the opposite bank of the river.

Sagaing is a religious and monastic center, with numerous Buddhist monasteries. The pagodas and monasteries crowd the numerous hills along the ridge running parallel to the river. The central pagoda, Soon U Ponya Shin Pagoda, is connected by a set of covered staircases that run up the 240m hill.

Founded by King Athinkhaya Saw Yun in 1315, not long after the fall of Bagan, the city served as the capital for 50 years. Sagaing briefly regained the position of royal capital again from 1760-1764.

The British-built 16 span Ava Bridge connects Sagaing with Mandalay. Tourists frequently visit Sagaing as a day trip.

The city is home to the Sagaing Institute of Education and the Sagaing Education College.

Ayeyarwady River from Sagaing Hill, Sagaing



1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

SAGAING, a district and division of Upper Burma, lying to the south and west of Mandalay. The district has an area of 1862 sq. m.; pop. (1901) 282,658, showing an increase of 15% in the decade. It occupies both banks of the Irrawaddy, at its confluence with the river Chindwin. The chief crops are sesamum, millet, rice, peas, wheat and cotton. The total rainfall in 1905 was 34.76 in., taken at Sagaing. In the hot season the maximum shade temperature rises to a little over ioo° F. The lowest readings in the cold season average about 56° F.

Sagaing, the headquarters town, is opposite Ava, a few miles below Mandalay; pop. (190') 9643. It was formerly a capital of Burma. It is the terminus of the railway to Myitkyina. A steam ferry connects with the Rangoon-Mandalay line, and the steamers of the Irrawaddy Flotilla. Company call daily.

The Sagaing division includes the four districts of Upper and Lower Chindwin, Shwebo and Sagaing; area, 29,566 sq. m.; pop. (1901) 1,000,483.

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