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Sagunt - Sagunto
—  Municipality  —
Sagunt

Flag

Coat of arms
Sagunt - Sagunto is located in Spain
Sagunt - Sagunto
Location in Spain
Coordinates: 39°40′35″N 0°16′24″W / 39.67639°N 0.27333°W / 39.67639; -0.27333Coordinates: 39°40′35″N 0°16′24″W / 39.67639°N 0.27333°W / 39.67639; -0.27333
Country  Spain
Autonomous community  Valencian Community
Province Valencia
Comarca Camp de Morvedre
Judicial district Sagunto
Founded 219 BC
Government
 - Alcalde Alfredo Castelló Sáez (2007) (PP)
Area
 - Total 132 km2 (51 sq mi)
Elevation 49 m (161 ft)
Population (2008)
 - Total 65,821
 - Density 498.6/km2 (1,291.5/sq mi)
 - Demonym Saguntino/a, murviedrés
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 46500, 46520, 46529
Official language(s) Valencian
Website Official website
View of the city of Sagunto and the Roman theatre, from the castle.

Sagunt (Spanish Sagunto; Latin Saguntum), formerly Morvedre (Spanish: Murviedro), is an ancient city in Eastern Spain, in the modern fertile district of Camp de Morvedre in the province of Valencia. It is located in a hilly site, c. 30 km north of Valencia, close to the Costa del Azahar on the Mediterranean Sea.

Contents

History

During the 5th century BC, the Celtiberians built a walled settlement on the hill overseeing the plain; a stretch of cyclopean limestone slabs from the former temple of Diana survives, close to the modern church of Santa Maria, but the settlement site is still older. The city traded with Greek and Phoenician coastal colonies, and under their influence, minted its own coins. During this period the city was known as Arse (Ripollès i Alegre 2002). By 219 BC Saguntum was a large and commercially prosperous town, which sided with the local Greek colonists and Rome against Carthage, and drew Hannibal's first assault, his siege of Saguntum, the opening move of the Second Punic War. After a harsh resistance of several months, related by the Roman historian Livy, Saguntum was captured in 219 by the armies of Hannibal.

Hispania was not meekly pacified and Romanized, as the Iberian career of Quintus Sertorius makes clear. Saguntum minted coins under his protection, and continued to house a mint when, as Roman Saguntum, it was rebuilt and flourished with the rank of municipium. This later prosperity lasted most of the empire through, and is attested by inscriptions and ruins (notably a theater, demolished by Napoleon's marshal Louis Gabriel Suchet, who also destroyed the Roman tower of Hercules). With the Arian Visigothic kings, Saguntum received its Catholic patron saint, a bishop named Sacerdos, "the priest", who died peacefully of natural causes about AD 560.

In the early eighth century the Muslim Arabs came and the city became part of the Caliphate of Cordoba and at that time the city reached an era of splendor, with baths, palaces, mosques and schools open for its cosmopolitan population. Then, the town was known as Morvedre (Morviedro in Spanish), a word derived from Latin muri veteres "ancient walls." However, as Valencia grew, Saguntum declined.


In 1098 the city was conquered by El Cid but the Muslims recovered it shortly. The city had been under the Muslim Arab rule for over five hundred years when Jaime I of Aragon conquered it in 1238.

Saguntum was badly damaged in warfare, but has retained many Valencian Gothic structures. In the late nineteenth century a steel-making industry grew up that supports the modern city, which extends in the coastal plain below the citadel hill.

Main sights

The Castle of Sagunto.
  • The remains of the Citadel (Castell), may be seen on top of the hill. It preserves much of its picturesque walled ramparts, of Roman and Moorish origin.
  • A Roman theater, partly restored in late twentieth century. It is found on the northern slope of the citadel hill. It was the first official National Monument declared in Spain (1896).
  • The Gothic Esglèsia de Santa Maria (St Mary's Church), in the Plaça Major (Main Square).
  • The Palau Municipal (City Palace), or town hall; a beautiful 18th century building with a neoclassical façade.
  • The early Gothic Esglèsia del Salvador (Church of Our Savior).
  • The narrow streets of the Juderia (Old Jewish Quarter), on the hillside on the way up to the citadel.

The famed composer Don Joaquín Rodrigo, who composed Concierto de Aranjuez, among others, was born in Sagunt.

External links

References

  • Ripollès i Alegre, P.P. (2002). Arse-Saguntum: historia monetaria de la ciudad y su territorio. Fundación Bancaja. ISBN 84-8471-027-0.  
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Sagunto/Sagunt
File:Flag of File:Spain.Sagunt.
Flag Coat of Arms
Location
Coordinates : 39°40′35″N 0°16′24″W / 39.67639°N 0.27333°W / 39.67639; -0.27333
Administration
Country Spain
Autonomous Community Valencian Community
Province Valencia

ComarcaCamp de Morvedre
Geography
Land Area 132.36 km²
Altitude 49 m AMSL
Population
Population62,702 (2006)
Density 474 hab./km² (2006)
General information
Native name Sagunt (Valencian)
Spanish name Sagunto

Time zoneCET (GMT +1)
- summerCEST (GMT +2)

Sagunto (Valencian Sagunt; Latin Saguntum), formerly Murviedro (Valencian: Morvedre), is an ancient city in Eastern Spain, in the modern fertile district of Camp de Morvedre in the province of Valencia. It is located in a hilly site, c. 30 km north of Valencia, close to the Costa del Azahar on the Mediterranean Sea.

Contents

History

During the 5th century BC, the Celtiberians built a walled settlement on the hill overseeing the plain; a stretch of cyclopean limestone slabs from the former temple of Diana survives, close to the modern church of Santa Maria, but the settlement site is still older. The city traded with Greek and Phoenician coastal colonies, and under their influence, minted its own coins. During this period the city was known as Arse (Ripollès i Alegre 2002). By 219 BC Saguntum was a large and commercially prosperous town, which sided with the local Greek colonists and Rome against Carthage, and drew Hannibal's first assault, his siege of Saguntum, the opening move of the Second Punic War. After a harsh resistance of several months, related by the Roman historian Livy, Saguntum was captured in 219 by the armies of Hannibal.

Hispania was not meekly pacified and Romanized, as the Iberian career of Quintus Sertorius makes clear. Saguntum minted coins under his protection, and continued to house a mint when, as Roman Saguntum, it was rebuilt and flourished with the rank of municipium. This later prosperity lasted most of the empire through, and is attested by inscriptions and ruins (notably a theater, demolished by Napoleon's marshal Louis Gabriel Suchet, who also destroyed the Roman tower of Hercules). With the Arian Visigothic kings, Saguntum received its Catholic patron saint, a bishop named Sacerdos, "the priest", who died peacefully of natural causes about AD 560.

In the early eighth century the Muslim Arabs came and the city became part of the Caliphate of Cordoba and at that time the city reached an era of splendor, with baths, palaces, mosques and schools open for its cosmopolitan population. Then, the town was known as Morvedre (Morviedro in Spanish), a word derived from Latin muri veteres "ancient walls." However, as Valencia grew, Saguntum declined.


In 1098 the city was conquered by El Cid but the Muslims recovered it shortly. The city had been under the Muslim Arab rule for over five hundred years when Jaime I of Aragon conquered it in 1238.

Saguntum was badly damaged in warfare, but has retained many Valencian Gothic structures. In the late nineteenth century a steel-making industry grew up that supports the modern city, which extends in the coastal plain below the citadel hill.

Main sights

  • The remains of the Citadel (Castell), may be seen on top of the hill. It preserves much of its picturesque walled ramparts, of Roman and Moorish origin.
  • A Roman theater, partly restored in late twentieth century. It is found on the northern slope of the citadel hill. It was the first official National Monument declared in Spain (1896).
  • The Gothic Esglèsia de Santa Maria (St Mary's Church), in the Plaça Major (Main Square).
  • The Palau Municipal (City Palace), or town hall; a beautiful 18th century building with a neoclassical façade.
  • The early Gothic Esglèsia del Salvador (Church of Our Savior).
  • The narrow streets of the Juderia (Old Jewish Quarter), on the hillside on the way up to the citadel.

The famed composer Don Joaquín Rodrigo, who composed Concierto de Aranjuez, among others, was born in Sagunt.

External links

References

  • Ripollès i Alegre, P.P. (2002). Arse-Saguntum: historia monetaria de la ciudad y su territorio. Fundación Bancaja. ISBN 84-8471-027-0. 

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