Sahiwal District: Wikis

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Sahiwal District
—  District  —
Location of Sahiwal in Punjab.
Country  Pakistan
Province Punjab
Capital Sahiwal
Established
Government
 - District Nazim Rai Hassan Nawaz
 - District Naib Nazim
Population (1998)
 - Total 1,843,194
Time zone PST (UTC+5)
District Council
Website www.sahiwal.gov.pk

Contents

History

Sahiwal Division (Urdu: ضلع ساہیوال) is a Division of Pakistan in the Punjab (Pakistan). As of 1998, it had a population of 1,843,194 people, 16.27% of which were located in urban areas[1]. The city of Sahiwal is the capital of this division. The other districts which are in the Sahiwal Division are: District Okara, District Chichawatni, District Renala Kurd and District Pakpattan. The City and Division was known as Montgomery founded in 1865 by Sir Robert Montgomery, then Lieutenant-Governor of Punjab. It took its current name in 1966. Montgomery name was changed to Sahiwal.

Location

Scenic Jungle in Division Sahiwal

Sahiwal Division is located in the southeast of Punjab, from Multan Division it lies between 30-40 north latitude and 73-06 longitude. It is 500 ft (150 m) above sea level. It forms a parallelogram lying NE-SW along the River Ravi. It is 100 km from east to west and 45 km from the northwestern boundary of the Division of Sahiwal, Division Faisalabad, District Toba Tek Singh. The dry River Khushak Bias separates it from the District Pakpattan. Okara District is east of the division. District Khanewal and District Vehari form boundaries with the division, and on the southern side is District Pakpattan, where there is a shrine of the Sufi Hazrat Baba Fareed Shaker Gunj.

Administration

Sahiwal Division consists of 531 villages in two subdivisions. It is situated on the main bypass, 3 kilometers from the main city. Sahiwal Division has an area of 3201 km². Sahiwal Division contains subtowns like Qadirabad, Yousafwala, Iqbalnagar, Kassowal, Noorshah, Harappa and Ghaziabad. There are transport connections via Highway Services and Pakistan Railways to all over Pakistan.

Agriculture

Agriculture is important to the local economy, particularly the growing of cotton and grain exported all over Pakistan and around the world. Cattles and sheep are also for which the Division is famous for Water Buffalo milk all over the world. One of the ancient civilization on archaeological evidence dated 3000 to 5000 B.C. 15 miles (24 km) southwest from downtown in suburb of Harapa which was the northern city of Indus Valley Civilization[2].

Harappa

Harrapa is a large village in the Sahiwal Division of Punjab, 15 miles (24 km) southwest of the district capital. Archaeologists think that in ancient times Harappa was the urban centre in the upper Indus region, much like Mohenjo-daro dominated the lower Indus Valley and Ganweriwala might have been the urban centre for what is now Rajasthan. The site at Harappa was first excavated by Sir Alexander Cunningham in 1872-73, two decades after Brick Robbers carried off the visible remains of the city. He found an Indus Seal of an unknown origin.

The first extensive excavations at Harappa were started by Rai Bahadur Daya Ram Sahni in 1920. His excavations at Mohenjo-daro called attention to the Indus Valley civilization as the earliest urban culture in the Indian Sub-Continent. His work was followed later in the decade by that of Madho Sarup Vats, also of the Archaeological Survey of India. Excavations continued in the 1930s, and later in 1946, Sir Mortimer Wheeler excavated the fortification walls and found the first pre-Indus Valley civilization (Kot Dijian) deposits. After Independence in 1947, Harappa was excavated by Mohammed Rafique Mughal of the Archaeological Survey Department of Pakistan in 1966. In 1986, the first systematic, multi-disciplinary excavations of an Indus Valley city were begun by the Harappa Archaeological Project (HARP), under the direction of George F. Dales and Jonathan Mark Kenoyer. The main features of the plan, the citadel on the west and the mounds of the ‘lower city’ towards the east and southeast have already been indicated. To the north, a hollowed belt containing green crops marks an old bed of the River Ravi, which today flows six miles (10 km) further north between the citadel and the riverbed, Mound F contains much of the town planning; to the south of the citadel lie the outlying hills, the Harappan cemetery and the post Harappan cemetery. To the southeast, sporadic digging has been carried out in Area G, but the ragged Mound E and its surroundings unexplored. Most of the site remains unexcavated. The earliest deposits on the site go back to 5300 B.C. and the area seems to have been continuously inhabitated ever since.

Sahiwal Dairy Cattle Breed

The Sahiwal Cattle breed is the best dairy breed of zebu or humped cattle (Bos Indicus), followed by the very similar Red Sindhi and Butana breeds[3]. It originated in the dry Punjab region which lies along the Indian-Pakistani Border, and was once kept in large herds by professional herdsmen called "Jaanglees". With the introduction of irrigation to the region their numbers dripped, and farmers used them as draft and dairy animals. The Division Sahiwal has one of the best dairy breeds in India and Pakistan. It is thick-resistant, heat-tolerant and resistant to parasites, both internal and external. Cows average 2270 kilograms of milk while suckling a calf and much higher milk yields have been recorded. Due to their heat tolerance and high milk production they have been exported to other Asian countries, Africa, Caribbean and around the world. As oxen, they are docile but slow, making them more useful for slow work. Their colour can range from reddish brown to red, with varying amounts of white on the neck, and the underline. In males, the colour darkens towards the extremities, such as the head, legs and tails. Sahiwal breed arrived in Australia via New Guinea in the early 1950s. In Australia, the Sahiwal breed was initially selected as a dual-purpose breed. It played a valuable role in the development of the two Australian tropical dairy breeds, the Australian milking zebu and the Australian Fresian Sahiwal. Sahiwal breeds are now used in Australia for beef production, as crossing high-grade Sahiwal sires with Bos taurus animals produced a carcass of lean quality with desirable fat cover.

The Sahiwal breed is the heaviest milker of all zebu breeds and displays a well-developed udder. It sires small, fast-growing calves and is noted for its hardiness under unfavourable climatic conditions. [4][5][6]

Climate

The climate of Sahiwal Division is extremely hot, reaching 45-50 degrees celsius max in summers, and cold in winter down to 5-10 degree celsius. The soil of the division is very fertile. The average rainfall is about 2000 mm.

Major industries

It is famous for its cotton ginning & pressing, tanning, textiles, leather products, garments, pharmaceuticals, flour mills, food industry, auto Parts, and printing machinery. Sahiwal is a major multi-crop area of Pakistan, and many pesticide companies do business here. Its main crops are wheat, cotton, sugarcane, maize and rice. Main fruits are citrus, mangoes and guava. Sahiwal is a green and fertile town with 11,522 forested acres.

Sahiwal District Jail

The Sahiwal Division Jail is one of the ancient jails in Punjab. It was depicted in one of the famous Pakistan Television Corporation (PTV Drama) Jangloos. A famous Urdu poet, Faiz Ahmad Faiz, wrote a major part of his poetry while he was in Sahiwal Jail as a political prisoner. A new high security jail is under construction next to the central jail.

Education

Sahiwal has several educational institutes of quality. But unfortunately the literacy rate is still very low: about 30% overall and 51% in the city of Sahiwal. The Divisional Public School (DPS) and St. Mary's Convent High School are the leading schools of the city. Other notable schools are Government High School, Comprehensive High School, Government Pilot Higher Secondary School and Junior Model High School. Government Immamia College, Government Postgraduate College (GPGC) and Government College for Men and Women. Baha-u-Deen Zikria University (BZU) sub-campus is also working there. Virtual University has opened a campus in Sahiwal, and offers distance learning programmes. It is situated near the Government College Sahiwal.

The sub-campus of COMSATS Institute of Information and Technology (CIIT) is under construction at Sahiwal due to the efforts of then Minister of Science and Technology from Sahiwal. The private sector is playing a major role in education system. Renowned schools in this regard are The Educators, The Beaconhouse School System, Bloom Field Hall, The City School and Pre-Forces Cadet School. A new building of The City School is under construction in front of the Comprehensive School of Sahiwal. After completion, it will be the largest private school campus in Sahiwal. Another new school established in 2007 is the Dare-Aqram Model School, Government College Of Technology, Muhammadan Law College Sahiwal is also imparting quality education in the field of law for the people of Sahiwal since 1998 and AL SAHI SPECIAL EDUCATION CENTER is here for disable children.

Demography

The Sahiwal Division was historically home to various clans of bar nomads. In Sahiwal majority of People are Rajput and Arrian The main ones were the "Rai", "RAO" and [[Chaudhary]] Rajputs, Bhattis, Jatts, Khaggas, Chatthas, Farooqis, Kharals, Zaidis, Johiyas, Kathias, Bhagwans, Hans, Sials, Dhakus, Langrials, Wattus, Dhudhis, Balochs, Mughals and Bodlas. Punjabi Language is the most commonly spoken language in the division. After the start of the building of canals, tribes from East Punjab such as the [Kamboohs],Arains, Dogars, Gujjars and Chatthas also settled in the division. suyahThe most brave nation.They live here since partition.

Politicans and People

Mufti Zia-ul-Hasan: Mufti was one of the known people of Division. Mufti migrated from Ludihana-India to Sahiwal in 1947. He made three schools Nangle Anmbia High School, Mahmoodia High School, Banatul Islam High School in Sahiwal. Mufti sb was President Punjab Tb Association. Mufti-Zia-ul-Hasan was President Sahiwal Muslim League and member of working committee of Pakistan Muslim League. He qualified from Darul-Uloom Deoband and he was student of Mollana Hussain Ahmad Madni RA.

Mufti sb was son of Mufti Mohammed Naeem Ludihanavi. His father Mufti Naeem sb Vice-President Jamiat-a-Ulmai Hind. Mufti Naeem sb was student of sheikh-ul-Hind Mollana Mahmood ul Hasan RA. Famous Ahrar Leader Raees-ul-Ahrar Mollana Habib-ur-Rehman Ludihanavi was cousin/brother of Mufti Zia-ul-Hasan late. Mufti Zia-ul-Hasan was President/Secretary of 32 Associations/Organisations of Pakistan. In his political life, Mufti sb was main controler of Sahiwal District politics. His political group member Mr.Ghulam Mohammad Manika and Mian Abdul Haq became chairman district council sahiwal with best efforts of Mufti sb. At that time Sahiwal district was very big which were also included area Okara and Arif walla. Mufti Zia-ul-Hasan died in 1983.

Chaudhary Nouraiz shakoor Khan: One of the old political families of Sahiwal are the Rajput Chaudhary's. They have been part of local, provincial and national level politics of Sahiwal, Punjab and Pakistan for last 55 years. After partition in 1947, the late Ch.Abdul Shakoor moved from India (Begowal) to Pakistan to settle in one of the District's of Punjab 'Sahiwal'. In 1960's, he became the first Deputy Mayor of Sahiwal and later the Mayor. His friendship with late Zulifqar Ali Bhutto (Twice Prime Minister) made him join Pakistan People's Party in 1968. He contested twice on a PPP MPA ticket in 1972 and 1977; he died in 1983. His son, Chaudhry Nouraiz Shakoor Khan contested all member National Assembly elections from 1985-2008 on the PPP tickets, except 1985 and 2008. In the history of Sahiwal he is the only politician who has been elected thrice, in 1988, 1993 and 2002 as a National Assembly Member. In 2002 Nouraiz formed the Pakistan Peoples Party Parliamentarians Patriots (PPPPP) and became the Senior Vice President of the party. Recently, PPPPP merged with the ruling Pakistan Muslin League (PML) and he is now a Senior Vice President of the ruling PML. He contested the 2008 elections on the PML ticket and lost.

During these tenures Ch. Nouraiz Shakoor as Federal Cabinet Minister, Pakistan rendered dedicated services as Parliamentary Secretary for Communications in 1993-95, as the Federal Minister of State for Communications and Youth Affairs in 1995-97. He then held the office of the Federal Minister for Petroleum and Natural Resources from 2002-04. From 2005-2007, he held the portfolio of Minister of Science and Technology. He is an Advocate and an Agriculturist by profession. He is one of the senior most politicians of Pakistan who has a strong visionary political background. In his life long services as a triumphant political leader Ch. Nouraiz Shakoor held the membership of Standing Committee on Finance Economics Affairs in 1988-90 and 1993-96, Standing Committee on Production 1988-90, Standing Committee on Planning and Development and Parliamentary Kashmir Committee 1993-96. Being on these titles Ch. Nouraiz Shakoor attended many National and International Conferences, Workshops and Seminars as the part and leader of the delegations. He has represented Pakistan on many official tours around the World and has visited regions within U.S.A, Europe and Asia. Married, he is the father of two sons (Late Muhammad Jaffer Shakoor and Muhammad Ali Shakoor) and three daughters. An avid fan of sports, he is President of the Cycling Association Pakistan, President Sahiwal Club and Member Tennis Association, Punjab.

In 2002, his cousin Rana Aftab Ahmed got elected on a PPP ticket as Member Provincial Assembly, Punjab. He also contested in 1997 as MPA on the same PPP ticket but lost. After winning the elections in 2002, he also joined PPPP-Patriots co-founded by Nouraiz. From 2003-2007, he served in the Provincial Cabinet of Punjab as Parliamentary Secretary for Agriculture Marketing and Production. Nouraizs' other cousin, Chaudhary Iftikhar Ahmed holds their family Nazim seat in his village. This Nazim seat has been won by Chaudhary's for last 50 years.

Pir Imran Shah: Pir Imran Shah belongs to Pakistan Muslim League (N). He was elected for the first time as an MNA in 2008 general elections. Imran Shah defeated Ch. Nouraiz Shakoor PML and Anwar -ul Haq Ramay of PPPP.

Rana Tariq Javed: He was elected as MNA as independent candidate for the first time in the in 2002. After winning, he joined Pakistan Muslim League. In 2007, he became Special Advisor to the Prime Minister of Pakistan and got status of Federal Minister. He contested the 2008 elections on the PML ticket and lost to Maher Ghulam Fareed Kathia.

Arshad Khan Lodhi: Arshad Khan Lodhi son of Irshad Hussain Khan Lodhi was born on October 1, 1937; and is a law graduate. A vetern politician, who is a practising lawyer and an agriculturist. He served as Chairman Union Council Harappa during 1968-70; and, as member District Council Sahiwal during 1979-87. He remained Member Provincial Assembly of the Punjab during 1972-77, 1985-88, 1988-90, 1990-93 and 1997-99; and also served as Parliamentary Secretary during 1985-86, Minister for Colonies during 1986-87, Minister for Revenue during 1988-93, Minister for Industries, Mineral Development Department, Transport Department, and Agricutlure during 1997-99. He has returned to Punjab Assembly for the sixth term in General Elections 2002 and is functioning as Minister for Agriculture since January 4, 2003. In 2008 he lost by a big margin to a PPPP Candidate.

Abdus Salam: Abdus Salam (January 29, 1926; Jhang Punjab – November 21, 1996;Oxford, England) was a Pakistani theoretical physicist, Astrophysicist and Nobel laureate in Physics for his work in Electro-Weak Theory. Salam, Sheldon Glashow and Steven Weinberg shared the prize for this discovery. Salam holds the distinction of being the only Pakistani Nobel Laureate, and is the first Muslim Nobel Laureate in science. The validity of the theory was ascertained through experiments carried out at the Super Proton Synchrotron facility at CERN in Geneva, particularly, through the discovery of the W and Z Bosons.

2008 elections

On 18th Feb 2008 General Elections were held Pakistan. In Sahiwal Districts - 11 seats were contested - four for the National Assembly and seven for the Provincial Assembly.

The results were as follows:

  • NA-160:Imran Shah
  • NA-161: Ghulam Farid Kathia defeated Ch.Ashraf and Rana Tariq Javed.
  • NA-162: Ch.Zahid Iqbal defeated Rai Aziz-Ullah.
  • NA-163: Malik Nauman Langrial defeated Beagam Shehnaz Javaid.
  • PP-221:Malik Nadeem Kamran Provincial Minister defeated Zaki Ch and Rana Aftab.

Fateh Shair Colony, Sahiwal

Fateh shair colony is also the oldest colony of Sahiwal whose famous personality were Malik Iqbal Langrial & Rao Mohammad Aslam Khan(Late) living in "Langrial House" & "Rao Mohammad Aslam House". They both are the renowned politician of Sahiwal and as well as Punjab. This colony is located near by Pakistan Television broad casting centre. This colony is well organised and in permoting this colony's standard all credit goes to Rao Mohammad Aslam Khan(Late). Kot Khadim Ali Shah is near by Fateh Shair colony. District Head Quarters Hospital is located near by Fateh Shair Colony.A campus of "Baha-u-Deen Zikria university to be constructed near by DHQ Hospital,vit have a Sub Campus of BZU.

Farid Town, Sahiwal

Farid Town, Sahiwal is a new development that started in the late 1950s. The Government College for boys was built at the "entrance" of this town. The town grew overnight when the well-to-do of the city wanted to enjoy the suburban lifestyle. There is a mosque, surrounded by shops and houses and its Map Planed by Mohammad Rasheed Khan (Late)

Kot Khadim Ali Shah, Sahiwal

Kot Khadim Ali Shah is the oldest colony of Sahiwal. It is located on the main Sahiwal-Faisalabad road. This colony is distributed into eleven streets and each street is long enough even up to 30 blocks each. Kot Khadim Ali Shah has the largest Wood Market named as "Lakkar Mandi Sahiwal" Ch.Sheraz Habib bhagwan jee owns 3 arra(wood cutting factory)in this market . This market is trading timber and furniture woods all over the Pakistan. District Head Quarters Hospital is located in this area. A campus of "Baha-u-Deen Zikria university to be constructed near this colony.But unfortunately this colony is facing very bad condition of severage problems. It have a Sub Campus of BZU.very Beautiful Town. Jinnah Crecket Stadium is also nearby this colony.

Tariq Bin Ziad (TBZ) Colony, Sahiwal

Tariq Bin Ziad colony is one of the beautiful housing schemes in Sahiwal. It is located beside Bilal colony. Faridia Park is also situated there. Mostly Arain (the descendants of Ummayad Arabs from Areeha who entered in the sub-continent in 711 AD with Muhammad Bin Qasim and were known as Areehai which chaged to Arain) families are inhabiting in the colony. the famous school of sahiwal is also here. Its name is Ali Cadet School. Another colony was attached with it which name is Labour Colony Developed by th Punjab Worker Welfare Board. Another small colony is attached with TBZ is Islam Nagar. It is famous for its milk production.It is connected with a small canal and industry of tannery.

Broadcast media

There are various radio and cable networks broadcasting in the city, such as Sun Rise FM 96 Sahiwal radio and cable networks like Voltas Cable Network, GEO Cable Network and Galaxy Cable. The main companies providing dial-up internet facility such are BrainNet and CyberNet. World Call Wireless provides wireless telephones and wireless internet. Wateen Telecom offers landline telephone, cellular phone, HQ television, high-speed internet and WiMax. On every main crossing of Sahiwal, there is a closed circuit TV camera monitoring 24 days a week for security purposes.

Internet

Now Sahiwal is also on Information Super Highway after getting High Speed DSL Internet Facility by Multi net. A lot more development is being done in the field of IT and Telecoms. Sahiwal is also connected with backbone fiber that connects all major cities of Pakistan. All Government Schools in Sahiwal have latest PIV Based Computer Lab from IT and Computer Labs Project Government of Punjab. Roughly one million rupees is spent on each lab. The Government hoped that this project will defiantly improve the IT Education Standard in Sahiwal.

Hospitals

The District Hospital commonly known as the Civil Hospital is the largest hospital of Sahiwal. It has a nursing school and also offers different laboratory courses. Many well known doctors of the city have served their House Jobs here. However adequate medical facilities, especially emergency specialist equipment, are often not available and patients are referred to Lahore (the capital city of the Punjab), which is inconvenient and risky.

Other notable and renowned hospitals include the Christian Hospital, Bhagwan jee Children Hospital, the Mir Wilayat Hussain Zaidi Maternity Hospital and the Sadiq Medical care Hospital at faride town. Shaukat Khanam Lab, Agha Khan Lab, Bhagwan Lab, Shafqat Lab and numerous other private laboratories are functioning in the city. Private clinics of doctors are numerous.

References

  1. ^ Urban Resource Centre - Population Table
  2. ^ Harappa
  3. ^ Synthetic Dairy Breed Proposal
  4. ^ 1-Handbook of Australian Livestock, Australian Meat & Livestock Corporation,1989, 3rd Edition. 2-Genus Bos: Cattle Breeds of the World, 1985, MSO-AGVET (Merck & Co., Inc.), Rahway, N.J. 3-Mason, I.L. 1996. A World Dictionary of Livestock Breeds, Types and Varieties. Fourth Edition. C.A.B International. 273 pp.
  5. ^ Sahiwal Cattle
  6. ^ Research Centre for Conservation of Sahiwal Cattle

Coordinates: 30°35′N 73°20′E / 30.583°N 73.333°E / 30.583; 73.333

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Simple English

Sahiwal District is a district in the Punjab province of Pakistan. The city of Sahiwal is the capital.

  • Sahiwal Tehsil
  • Chichawatni Tehsil

Sahiwal is Situated on GT Road. It is 167 KM distance from Lahore.


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