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Coordinates: 50°11′29″N 2°09′52″E / 50.1913889°N 2.1644°E / 50.1913889; 2.1644

Commune of Saint-Acheul

Location
Paris plan pointer b jms.svg
Map highlighting the commune of
Administration
Country France
Region Blason région fr Picardie.svg Picardie
Department Blason département fr Somme.svg Somme
Arrondissement Amiens
Canton Bernaville
Intercommunality Bernavillois
Mayor Marc Bettefort
(2001–2008)
Statistics
Elevation 37–110 m (120–360 ft)
(avg. 55 m/180 ft)
Land area1 3.04 km2 (1.17 sq mi)
Population2 27  (2006)
 - Density 9 /km2 (23 /sq mi)
Miscellaneous
INSEE/Postal code 80697/ 80370
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
2 Population sans doubles comptes: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Saint-Acheul is a commune in the Somme department in Picardie in northern France.

Contents

Geography

The commune is situated some 23 miles (37 km) north of Amiens, on the junction of the D933 and D99e roads, only a few hundred yards from the border with the Pas-de-Calais

Population

Population history
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006
33 50 45 43 34 22 27
Starting in 1962: Population without duplicates

History

Although a small commune, Saint-Acheul is well known to archaeologists, as it gives its name to the Acheulean industry of stone tool users in Europe, Africa and Asia. The earliest human activity in the area, from the Lower Palaeolithic, was some of the first early prehistoric evidence ever identified. In the middle of the 19th century, flint tools had been found by Dr. Jean-Paul Rigollot [1] Noted French archaeologists Jean Albert Gaudry and Gabriel de Mortillet also investigated the site, the latter coining the term Acheulean for the tools that were discovered. A schoolteacher, one Victor Cormont, discovered a new deposit in a quarry near Saint-Acheul[2].
In the first century AD the Romans settled the area and a monastery was built in St Acheul during the Middle Ages. Saint Ulphia was a hermit here during the 8th century.

Flintstone tools from Saint Acheul

See also

References

  1. ^ Instruments en silex trouvés à Saint-Acheul (1854).
  2. ^ Pierre Pierrard, Histoire du Nord, Hachette 1978 p. 17
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