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Collectivity of Saint Barthélemy
Collectivité de Saint-Barthélemy
Flag Coat of arms
AnthemLa Marseillaise
(and largest city)
Official language(s) French
Ethnic groups  European, Mulatto, West African, Mestizo (French-East Asia)[1]
 -  President of France Nicolas Sarkozy
 -  Prefect Dominique Lacroix
 -  President of the Territorial Council Bruno Magras
 -  Deputy Victorin Lurel
 -  Senator Michel Magras
Overseas Collectivity of France 
 -  French colony 1648 
 -  Sold to Sweden 1 July 1784 
 -  Sold to France 16 March 1878 
 -  as separate Overseas Collectivity 22 February 2007 
 -  Total 21 km2 (not ranked)
8.1 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) negligible
 -  July 2009 estimate 7,448[1] (226th)
 -  Jan. 2007 census 8,450[2] 
 -  Density 354.7/km2 (26th)
919.5/sq mi
HDI (2003) n/a (unranked) (n/a)
Currency Euro () (EUR)
Time zone AST (UTC-4)
Internet TLD .bl assigned but not in use, .fr and .gp in use
Calling code 590

Saint Barthélemy (French: Saint-Barthélemy, French pronunciation: [sɛ̃baʁteləmi]; Swedish: Sankt Barthelemy), officially the Collectivity of Saint Barthélemy (French: Collectivité de Saint-Barthélemy), is an overseas collectivity of France. Often abbreviated to Saint-Barth in French, or St. Barts in English, the collectivity is one of the four territories among the Leeward Islands in the Caribbean that comprise the French West Indies, along with Guadeloupe, Martinique and St. Martin.

St. Barts has an area of 21 km² and a population of 8,398 (census 2006). Its capital is Gustavia, which is also its main harbor. It is the only Caribbean island to have historically been a Swedish colony for any significant length of time (Guadeloupe only having been one briefly, at the end of the Napoleonic Wars). Symbolism from the Swedish national arms, the three crowns, still appears in the island's coat of arms. The language, cuisine and culture are distinctly French.



The official currency of Saint Barthélemy is the euro.

INSEE estimated that the total GDP of Saint Barthélemy amounted to 179 million euros in 1999 (US$191 million at 1999 exchanges rates; US$255 million at Oct. 2007 exchange rates).[3] In that same year the GDP per capita of St. Barts was 26,000 euros (US$27,700 at 1999 exchanges rates; US$37,000 at Oct. 2007 exchange rates), which was 10% higher than the average GDP per capita of metropolitan France in 1999.[3] Tourism explains in a large measure the very high standard of living[citation needed] on the island.



St. Barts has long been considered a playground of the rich and famous and is known for its beautiful pristine beaches, gourmet dining in chic bistros and high-end designers.

St. Barts has about 25 hotels, most of them with 15 rooms or fewer. The largest has 58 rooms. Hotels are classified in the traditional French manner 3 Star, 4 Star and 4 Star Luxe.

Most of the rooms allocated to tourism on St Barts are found in private villas. There are approximately 400 privately owned villas available for rent on the island.


Saint Barthélemy was first claimed by France, in 1648. It was given to Sweden in 1784 (in exchange for trade rights in Gothenburg), which sold it back to France in 1878.

Slavery was practiced in St. Barts under the "Ordinance concerning the Police of Slaves and free Coloured People"[4] of 1787. The last legally owned slaves in the Swedish colony of St. Barts were bought free by the state on 9 October 1847.[5] The Swedish period left its mark in the names of many of the streets and the town Gustavia (in honor of King Gustav III), and the presence of Sweden's national arms, the Tre Kronor in the island's coat of arms.


Saint Barthelemy-CIA WFB Map.png
Map of Saint-Barthélemy

Gustavia Harbour, St. Barth

Gustavia San Barth 001.jpg
View of Gustavia Harbour

Located approximately 250 km east of Puerto Rico, Saint Barthélemy lies near the islands of Saint Martin, Saba and Anguilla. It is separated from Saint Martin by the Saint-Barthélemy Channel. Some small satellite islets also belong to St. Barts:

  • Île Chevreau (Île Bonhomme)
  • Île Frégate
  • Île Toc Vers
  • Île Tortue
  • Gros Îlets (Îlots Syndare)

Gustavia, which is the main town of the island, was named after King Gustav III of Sweden, and remains as a reflection of the Swedish period.

The oldest settlement still remaining is the village of Lorient (or L'Orient), although scattered in every cemetery on the island can be found Swedish grave markers. Lorient's sister village on the French mainland is the city of Lorient on the southern coast of Brittany. The population is spread among a number of quartiers, roughly corresponding to settlements. Besides the capital Gustavia, there are:

  1. Anse des Cayes
  2. Grand Fond
  3. Grand Cul-de-Sac
  4. Petit Cul-de-Sac
  5. Quartier de Colombier
  6. Quartier de la Grande Saline
  7. Quartier de la petite Saline
  8. Quartier de Public
  9. Quartier de Toiny
  10. Quartier des Flamands et Merlette
  11. Quartier du Corossol
  12. Quartier du Marigot
  13. Quartier du Roy
  14. Quartier de Vitet
  15. Quartier de Devé
  16. Quartier de Lurin
  17. Quartier de Gouverneur
  18. Quartier Lorient (oldest settlement)
  19. Quartier Saint-Jean


Of the 21 beaches on the small island, several are considered especially inviting. On the southern side of the island, Saline is a pristine beach with no development. On the western edge of the island is Colombier beach, which is only reachable by boat or a hike. St. Jean, Flamands and Grand-Cul-de-Sac beaches are also popular and attractive beaches which have hotels and other establishments on them. Shell Beach is popular for families with kids as it has little surf.

St. Barts has a tidal difference of only 8–15 cm. The beaches vary according to ocean currents — the weather travels onto the island following the sun from the East. One of the main surfing beaches (Toiny) is known for its riptide, while Grand Fond is one of the island's only non-swimming beaches. Although tourism doesn't allude to it, there are a small variety of warm water sharks in the Caribbean. So, swimming at dusk and dawn or in murky waters is not recommended. Otherwise, scuba and snorkeling are a great way to see the nurse sharks, lobsters, conch and green sea turtles that abound in the waters surrounding St. Barts.

The beach of Grand Cul-de-Sac is the easiest beach in the Caribbean for learning sailing, windsurfing and kitesurfing as it has a reef which closes off the entire bay. The current that passes outside the reef here also carries the migrating whales and dolphins.


According to the January 2007 census, the population of St. Barts is 8,450 inhabitants,[2] with a population density of 402 inh. per km² in 2007, white people in a large majority. Most of the population are French-speaking descendants of the first settlers.

Many of the full time residents are French citizens who work at the various establishments on the island. French is the primary language spoken, the natives' languages (patois and creole) are still surviving, but many residents also speak English, particularly at hotels and restaurants. The French patois is spoken in the leeward portion of the island and is closely related to Quebec French whereas a French Creole related to Antillean Creole is spoken in the windward portion. Both varieties of language are spoken exclusively by a white population of European descent.[6]

Historical population
1766 1785 1812 1885 1961 1967 1974 1982 1990 1999 2007
327 950 5,482 2,600 2,176 2,351 2,491 3,059 5,038 6,852 8,450
Official figures from French and Swedish censuses.

Politics and government

Saint Barthélemy

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In green (with red legend) are the former constituent parts of the Guadeloupe region/department among the Leeward Islands, including Saint Barthélemy, prior to February 2007.

Until 2007, administratively, the whole island of Saint Barthélemy was a French commune (commune de Saint-Barthélemy) part of Guadeloupe, which is an overseas région and overseas département of France, and therefore part of the European Union. In 2003, the population voted in favour of secession from Guadeloupe in order to form a separate overseas collectivity (COM) of France.[7] On 7 February 2007[8], the French Parliament passed a bill granting COM status to both St. Barts and neighbouring St. Martin. The new status took effect on 22 February 2007, when the law was published in the Journal Officiel.[9] St. Barts remains part of the European Union.[10]

e • d Summary of the 2007 Saint Barthélemy Territorial Council election results
Parties Votes % Seats
Saint Barth First!/UMP (Saint-Barth d’abord!, Bruno Magras) 2,399 72.23 16
All United for Saint Barthélemy (Tous unis pour St-Barthélemy, Karine Miot-Richard) 330 9.94 1
Action Balance and Transparence (Action Equilibre et Transparence, Maxime Desouches) 330 9.94 1
Together for Saint Barthélemy (Ensemble pour St-Barthélemy, Benoît Chauvin) 262 7.89 1
Total 3,321 100.0 19
Source: RFO


St. Barts has a small airport known as Gustaf III Airport (IATA: SBHICAO: TFFJ) that is served by small regional commercial aircraft and charters. Most visiting aircraft carry fewer than twenty passengers, such as the Twin Otter, a common sight around St. Barts and throughout the northern West Indies. The short airstrip is at the base of a gentle slope ending directly on the beach at St Jean. The arrival descent is over the hilltop traffic circle and departing planes fly right over the heads of sunbathers on St. Jean Beach (although small signs advise sunbathers not to lie directly at the end of the runway). Due to the close proximity of arriving and departing planes, either location is ideal for viewing by aircraft enthusiasts. The nearest commercial jet airport is on the neighboring island of St. Martin: Princess Juliana International Airport (IATA: SXMICAO: TNCM).

Ferries to and from St. Martin are the only other real option (although the passage from St. Martin to St. Barts is often rough), unless one is arriving by private charter boats/yachts.


The island's coat of arms reflect its multinational history, containing the Swedish Three Crowns, along with the Maltese cross, the Fleur-de-lis, the mural crown, two pelicans, and the island's supposed Amerindian name Ouanalao.


The junior national French surf champion from Lorient, was named recently in the winner of 2006.

See also Rugby union in Saint Barthélemy.


The tropical location and natural beauty of St. Barts makes it a prime location for modeling photo shoots, particularly for swimwear publications such as the Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Edition, which featured the island in its 1991 edition. St. Barts was also the location of Brande Roderick's 2001 Playmate of the Year pictorial for Playboy, and Victoria's Secret.

See also


  1. ^ a b World factbook Saint Barthelemy
  2. ^ a b (French) INSEE. "Résultats de l'enquête de recensement pour les communes de moins de 10 000 habitants enquêtées en 2004, en 2005, en 2006 ou en 2007". Retrieved 16 January 2008. 
  3. ^ a b (French) INSEE, CEROM. "Estimation du PIB de Saint-Barthélemy et de Saint-Martin" (PDF). 
  4. ^ Ordinance concerning the Police of Slaves and free Coloured People. Source: 'Comité de Liaison et d'Application des Sources Historiques', Saint-Barthélemy. URL :; Francine M. Mayer, and Carolyn E. Fick, "Before and After Emancipation: Slaves and Free Coloreds of Saint-Barthelemy (French West Indies) in The 19th Century." Scandinavian Journal of History 1993 18 (4): 251-273.
  5. ^ « 9 octobre » (1847) Source: 'Comité de Liaison et d'Application des Sources Historiques', Saint-Barthélemy. URL : (In French).
  6. ^ WITTMANN, Henri. "Grammaire comparée des variétés coloniales du français populaire de Paris du 17e siècle et origines du français québécois." Le français des Amériques, ed. Robert Fournier & Henri Wittmann, 281-334. Trois-Rivières: Presses universitaires de Trois-Rivières, 1995[1]; CALVET, Louis-Jean et Robert Chaudenson. Saint-Barthélemy: une énigme linguistique, Paris, CIRELFA, Agence de la Francophonie, 1998, 165 p.
  7. ^ "French Caribbean voters reject change". Caribbean Net News. 9 December 2003. Retrieved 9 February 2007. "However voters on the two tiny French dependencies of Saint Barthélemy and Saint Martin, which have been administratively attached to Guadeloupe, approved the referendum and are set to acquire the new status of "overseas collectivity"." 
  8. ^ Magras, Bruno (16 February 2007). "Letter of Information from the Mayor to the residents and non-residents, to the French and to the foreigners, of Saint Barthélemy" (PDF). St. Barth Weekly. p. 2. Retrieved 18 February 2007. "On 7 February of this year, the French Parliament adopted the law granting Saint Barthélemy the Statute of an Overseas Collectivity." 
  9. ^ Détail d'un texte
  10. ^ "Treaty of Lisbon, Article 2, points 287 and 293". Retrieved 31 January 2008. 


External links

Historical and botanical information
General information

External links

Coordinates: 17°54′N 62°50′W / 17.9°N 62.833°W / 17.9; -62.833

Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Saint-Barthelemy article)

From Wikitravel

North America : Caribbean : Saint-Barthelemy

Saint-Barthélemy is a French island located in the Caribbean among the Leeward Islands. Its land area is 21.0 km² (8.1 sq. miles). Administratively, the whole island of Saint-Barthélemy is a French Overseas Collectivity, until recently part of Guadeloupe and is part of the European Union.

The island is also known as St Barts, Saint Barths, or Saint Barth.

St Barts has long been considered a playground of the rich and famous and is known for its beautiful pristine beaches, gourmet dining in chic restaurants and high-end designer shopping. There is one small airport that can only accomodate small prop planes from St Martin and San Juan, and the harbor is too small to accomodate cruise ships. The fact that it is hard to get to is part of the island's appeal.

Singer Jimmy Buffett is a frequent visitor on the island, and owns a house there. He also owned a hotel, the Autor de Rocher, which burned down in the early '80s. David Letterman and Steve Martin also own property on the island, as well as the French singing star Johnny Hallyday.

Noteworthy annual events include New Years, Carnival in February, The Bucket in late March (a sailing event featuring the largest sailing yachts in the world), and Bastille Day.

Gustavia Harbour St. Barthelemy
Gustavia Harbour St. Barthelemy


Oddly enough for a Caribbean island, the population is nearly entirely of European ancestry.

Having massacred the native Arawaks in the 17th century, the French population, originating from Normandy and Brittany, is one of the oldest in the Caribbean.

There was a minimal slave population on the island due to the lack of agricultural opportunities as the island is principally cliffs and hills and has no rivers or springs.

There are no official statistics but the "native" St Barths, known simply as "St Barths" make up around 30% of the population and have a distinct culture and manner of speech that distinguishes them from the more recent Metropolitain French arrivals.

The island has changed hands several times over the centuries, belonging to Sweden from the late 18th to late 19th century, after they swapped it for some warehouses with the French.

As part of the Treaty with Sweden, St Barts (currently) pays no taxes.

It is very Gallic in flavour now, and English is widely spoken as the island is frequently visited by the wealthier end of the World's demographic.


The island of St Barts is refreshingly undeveloped. An old French communal law mandates that no building can be taller than a palm tree, so you'll find no high rises, and no massive resorts. In fact most of the rooms allocated to tourism on the island are found in private villas, not hotels.

Villa rentals range from one bedroom to six bedrooms in size. Most are located on hillsides where they can be cooled by the prevailing winds, not on the beaches. The main agencies representing villa rentals on the island are Wimco Villas [1]with 170 exclusive villas, St Barth Properties and Premium Island Vacations [2] who offer strictly luxury villas and hotels.

The hotels on the island are all well rated,and on the small size for the Caribbean. The largest is the Guanahani Hotel with 58 rooms. Other hotels of note are Eden Rock Hotel, Hotel Le Toiny, The Carl Gustaf, Le Sereno Hotel and the Isle de France. Value priced hotels include the Sunset Hotel, Salines Garden and the Christopher Hotel.

  • Le Sereno, Grand Cul de Sac, +59 05 90 28 83 00 / USA +1 888 Le Sereno (, fax: +59 05 90 27 75 47), [3].  edit

Get in

By plane

There are direct flights from the US to Saint Maarten, from New York, Charlotte, Miami and Puerto Rico. Connections from Europe come via Paris and Amsterdam, as well as from London, connecting through Antigua. Access to the island is via Antigua, Guadeloupe or more frequently St. Maarten from the air, or from St. Maarten by boat, but beware - it's a pretty rocky crossing!

The air connection into St Barts is by small planes ideally adapted to the short runway. The airport is truly one of the most wonderful aviation experiences. Pilots are highly trained and require a special licence to land here, given the maneuvering required.

The transfer through Saint Maarten airport can be somewhat chaotic, and luggage can frequently spend the night there.

  • Premium IV, +011 590 590 290 007, Email: [6], [7] provide a very useful transfer service.

An alternative to Sint Maarten is to fly direct from San Juan, PR. Tradewind Aviation offers daily scheduled flights and private charters.

  • Tradewind Aviation,800.376.7922, Email: [8],[9]
  • Windward Islands [10] - Windward Islands, one of the worlds largest yacht charter companies, can take care of all charter requirements in St Barth, Guadeloupe and St Martin. Operating from its offices in the USA, UK, Germany, France, Spain, Switzerland, Caribbean, Hong Kong, Dubai.

Get around

Rent a small 4x4 Jeep but be careful!! Narrow, steep and windy roads! Fun to drive! Often a small car or jeep will be included in vacation package. Small island and everything is within a half hour drive. It is so beautiful, take your time and your camera!


French is the official language of St. Barthelemy. Many residents, especially those involved in the tourism industry, also speak English.

Creole is widely spoken on the windward side of the island, and a variety of Patois across the leeward side. These languages are sadly dying out in favour of French.

Up until recently Gustavia was English speaking and the creole quarter, La Pointe, remains so.


The Euro is the official currency, although US Dollars are widely accepted.


The hotels, villas, and restaurants are generally not on the "package tour" plans, so deals are scarce - if available at all in High Season.

The Christmas/New Year period is Peak-Season when the Jet and Mega-Yacht set come to the island.

The High Season runs from mid December to mid April, and many Low Season deals are available with significant discounts on hotel and villa accommodation as well as car rentals.

Meals are wonderful, and a number of restaurants will let two people out for under $100.00 for an essentially basic meal (two entrees, a bottle of wine, and a salad or dessert or two.)

Budget hotel accommodation is available, as well as reasonably priced villas and appartments. However the island does specialise in high end tourism, and the island has some of the best hotels in the Caribbean.


Be prepared to spend . . . everything is imported (except fish) and it is reflected in the prices.


Visitors to St Barts, and locals, share information about beaches, restaurants, villas, hotels and activities at ([11]), an online forum launched in October 2002.

St Barts Weddings

To get married on St Barts, one of the couple has to have been resident on the island for a month.

As such the majority of "weddings" held on the island are in fact blessings, carried out either by the Anglican or one of the Catholic Ministers. Blessings for other faiths and secular celebrations can also be organised at a range of locations.

There are a number of wedding planners on the island who can organise the whole event for you.

Premium IV: 011 590 590 290 007 Web:[12] Email:[13]

Destination Management Services: 011 590 590 29 8454 Web:[14] Email:[15]

Stay safe

St Barths is without a doubt the safest island in the Caribbean, and one of the safest places in the world.

There is virtually zero crime, beyond petty theft. You can go anywhere on the island night or day with no fear whatsoever for your personal safety.

However do not leave valuables in your car, and use the safe in your villa or hotel.

There are no pickpockets, muggers, dealers or street traders to hassle you.

The roads are narrow and often steep and winding. Small 4x4 rental jeeps are the vehicle of preference and renting scooters is not advised.


St Barts is very French and very traditional.

As such it is customary to say "Bonjour" on entering a shop or restaurant and "Au revoir" on leaving.

Similarly on passing a stranger in an uncrowded environment.

Men shake hands more frequently than in "Anglo-Saxon" countries, however only on the first encounter of the day. A handshake will be declined if you have already met the man on the first day.

For both men and women meeting women a kiss on each cheek is customary (La bise). Right cheek first. The same once a day rule applies. A man shaking a woman's hand only occurs in formal business situations.

If meeting a group of people one is expected to greet each each and every individual with either a kiss or a shake of the hand as appropriate.

Honking of horns is considered to be highly impolite.

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