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Coordinates: 49°13′05″N 2°25′22″E / 49.2180555556°N 2.42277777778°E / 49.2180555556; 2.42277777778

Commune of Saint-Leu-d'Esserent

Location
Saint-Leu-d'Esserent is located in France
Saint-Leu-d'Esserent
Administration
Country France
Region Picardie
Department Oise
Arrondissement Senlis
Canton Montataire
Intercommunality Pierre-Sud-Oise
Mayor Alain Blanchard
(2001–2008)
Statistics
Elevation 25–137 m (82–450 ft)
(avg. 29 m/95 ft)
Land area1 13.08 km2 (5.05 sq mi)
Population2 4,869  (2006)
 - Density 372 /km2 (960 /sq mi)
Miscellaneous
INSEE/Postal code 60584/ 60340
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
2 Population sans doubles comptes: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Saint-Leu-d'Esserent is a commune in northern France situated on the banks of the river Oise. "Saint Leu" is notable for 3,000 square metres (32,000 sq ft) of mushroom caves under the Thiverny plateau.[1]

History

During World War II, the caves were one of three major underground V-1 flying bomb storage depots. In addition to the caves, the facility included blockhouses, bunkers, flak emplacements and railway links. Allied intelligence firmly identified late in June 1944 that Saint-Leu-d'Esserent and Nucourt were V-1 storage depots.[2] On 27 June 1944, Saint-Leu-d'Esserent was initially bombed by the US Army Air Force,[3][4] then on July 4/5 1944 by two RAF forces (the first unsuccessfully used Tallboy bombs in an attempt to collapse the limestone roof of the caves).[2][5] Finally on 7 July 1944, an evening RAF raid successfully blocked the tunnels.[6]

The "storage dump at Thiverny"[7] was bombed in 1944 on May 5,[8] July 11,[9] July 12,[10][11] and July 19.[12][13][14][15]

References

  1. ^ Couderchon, Philippe. "The quarries of Saint Leu Esserent". http://www.campingcampix.com/welcome_eng.htm.  
  2. ^ a b Collier, Basil (1976) [1964]. The Battle of the V-Weapons, 1944-1945. Yorkshire: The Emfield Press. pp. 68,82,84. ISBN 0 7057 0070 4.  
  3. ^ "8th Air Force 1944 Chronicles". http://www.airwarweb.net/usaaf/8af_1944-06.php. Retrieved 2007-05-25.  
  4. ^ Taylor, Graham. "Leopold". Leopold. http://pagesperso-orange.fr/redtarget/Leopold%20base.htm. Retrieved 2007-05-16.  
  5. ^ Irving, David (1964). The Mare's Nest. London: William Kimber and Co. pp. 168,220,245,246.  
  6. ^ Richards, Denis (1994) [1964]. The Hardest Victory - RAF Bomber Command in the Second World War. p. 241. http://www.islandnet.com/~kpolsson/ww2hist/ww21944jul.htm.  
  7. ^ "tbd". tbd. http://www.raf.mod.uk/bombercommand/jul44.html. Retrieved tbd.  
  8. ^ "tbd". tbd. http://members.optusnet.com.au/dacoutts/Thirty_missions_John_Coutts.htm. Retrieved tbd.  
  9. ^ "tbd". tbd. http://www.airforce.ca/wwii/ALPHA-FU.html. Retrieved tbd.  
  10. ^ "July 1944". Bomber Command 60th Anniversary. RAF. http://www.raf.mod.uk/bombercommand/jul44.html.  
  11. ^ "tbd". tbd. http://www.airforce.ca/wwii/ALPHA-RO.1.html. Retrieved tbd.  
  12. ^ "tbd". tbd. http://www.467463raafsquadrons.com/Pdat467/reynoldsdj.htm. Retrieved tbd.  
  13. ^ "tbd". tbd. http://www.467463raafsquadrons.com/Pdat463/roemj.htm. Retrieved tbd.  
  14. ^ "tbd". tbd. http://home.clara.net/heureka/lincolnshire/k-for-kitty-ops.htm. Retrieved tbd.  
  15. ^ "tbd". tbd. http://www.214squadron.org.uk/Personnel_W.htm. Retrieved tbd.  
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