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Saison (river): Wikis


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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Origin Licq-Athérey
Mouth Gave d'Oloron
43°24′8″N 0°58′27″W / 43.40222°N 0.97417°W / 43.40222; -0.97417 (Gave d'Oloron-Saison)Coordinates: 43°24′8″N 0°58′27″W / 43.40222°N 0.97417°W / 43.40222; -0.97417 (Gave d'Oloron-Saison)
Basin countries France
Length 72 km
Source elevation 288 m
Basin area 627 km²

The Saison[1] or Uhaitz Handia[2], is a left tributary of the Gave d'Oloron, in the French Basque Country (Pyrénées-Atlantiques), in the Southwest of France.

It is also known as the Gave de Mauléon.



The river is formed in Licq-Athérey from the confluence of the Gave de Sainte-Engrâce (from the Pierre-Saint-Martin Cave) and the Gave de Larrau (from the Pic d'Orhy).

It flows north and joins the Gave d'Oloron in Autevielle-Saint-Martin-Bideren, downstream from Sauveterre-de-Béarn.

Départements and towns


The vernacular name Uhaitz handia (or simply Uhaitza) is based on the common word uhaitz meaning 'torrential river' in Euskara. It corresponds to the French word gave. -a is the article and handi means 'big'.

The enigmatic gascon name Saison could be due to an attraction by the word season of the former name Gaison, itself derived from the variant ugaitz of uhaitz.

Tributaries are also interesting from a linguistic point of vue, with two specific stems:

  • *Apʰanize: name of tributaries from Montory (Apʰanize) and from Haux (Apʰanixe)[3].
  • *Apʰahura: leading to the following names: Apʰaura (from Aroue and from Arrast[4], Apʰura (from Alçay), Apʰuhura (from Aussurucq).

The stem gezal, a derivate of basque gazi 'salty', applied to 'still water', is alo represented.

Main tributaries


  1. ^ Gaison on the 18th century map by Cassini; Sazon in 1548.
  2. ^ Uhaits handia on the map of Cassini
  3. ^ x [ʃ] is a softened allomorph of the phoneme z (laminal [s] as the French ss).
  4. ^ also graphied Apʰanire following Paul Raymond, Dictionnaire topographique du département des Basses-Pyrénées, 1863.
  5. ^ Aphanize, Aphanice
  6. ^ L'Apaure, la Phaure…
  7. ^ La Phaure, Lafaure…




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