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Salam Fayyad
سلام فياض


Incumbent
Assumed office 
15 June 2007*
President Mahmoud Abbas
Preceded by Ismail Haniyeh

Born 1952
Deir al-Ghusun, West Bank
Political party Third Way
Alma mater Saint Edward's University
University of Texas at Austin
*Ismail Haniyeh was dismissed by Abbas on 14 June 2007 and appointed Fayyad is his stead. Fayyad only governs in the Fatah-controlled West Bank.

Salam Fayyad (Arabic: سلام فياض‎; b. 1952 Deir al-Ghusun) is a Palestinian politician and the current Prime Minister of the Palestinian National Authority after being reappointed on 19 May 2009. His first appointment, on 15 June 2007, was justified by President Mahmoud Abbas on the basis of "national emergency", has not been confirmed by the Palestinian Legislative Council, the Palestinian Authority's parliament.[1][2] Fayyad has also been the finance minister from 17 March 2007 and previously held the post from June 2002 to November 2006.

Fayyad is an internationally respected economist and politician.[3][4] Salam Fayyad received his MBA from St. Edward's University in 1980.[5] Fayyad has a PhD in economics from the University of Texas at Austin, where he was a student of William Barnett and did early research on the American Divisia Monetary Aggregates, which he continued on the staff of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis. Fayyad began his career teaching economics at Yarmouk University in Jordan, before joining the World Bank from 1987–1995. He subsequently became the International Monetary Fund representative to the Palestinian National Authority until 2001. Following this Fayyad served as the regional manager of the Arab Bank in the West Bank and Gaza until he accepted an offer to become Yasser Arafat's finance minister.

Upon resigning as finance minister, Fayyad ran as founder and leader of the new Third Way party in the legislative elections of 2006 alongside Hanan Ashrawi and Yasser Abd Rabbo[6]. Fayyad and Ashrawi won their seats.

He is seen as pro-Western and was predicted to be offered prime minister by both Fatah and by the winner of the elections: the List of Change and Reform. Fayyad was credited for the U.S. Congress' deposit of $200 million to the Palestinian Authority in 2009.[7] In response to the offer, Fayyad presented several conditions to becoming prime minister, including that Hamas would recognise Israel, which Hamas declined.

On 17 March 2007, Fayyad was again appointed finance minister, this time within the Fatah-Hamas coalition government.[8] On 15 June 2007, following the Hamas takeover of the Gaza Strip, Fayyad was appointed prime minister of a new "independent" government (without any Fatah or Hamas members) which is supported by the Fatah, Israel and the West.

This appointment has been challenged as illegal, because while the Palestinian Basic Law permits the president to dismiss a sitting prime minister, the appointment of a replacement requires the approval of the Legislative Council. The law provides that after removal of the prime minister (in this case, Ismail Haniyeh), the outgoing prime minister heads a caretaker government. The current Legislative Council, in which Hamas holds a majority of seats, has not approved the appointments of Fayyad or the balance of his new government. Fayyad's appointment was never placed before, or approved by it.[9]. Haniyeh continues to operate as prime minister in Gaza, and is recognized by a large number of Palestinians as the legitimate acting prime minister. Anis al-Qasem, a constitutional lawyer who drafted the Basic Law, is among those who publicly declared the appointment of Fayyad to be illegal.[10].

On 17 October 2008, while visiting the University of Texas in Austin, he received the Distinguished Alumni Award before the Texas-Missouri football game, presented by the Ex-Students' Association of the University of Texas.

On 7 March 2009, Salam Fayyad submitted his resignation to President Mahmoud Abbas.[11]

On 19 May 2009, Fayyad was reappointed to the post of Prime Minister.[12]

Fayyad is married to Bashaer Kalouti, and together they have three children.

Government Basic Policy Guidelines

On August 23, 2009, Fayyad came out with a detailed working plan for the 13th Government of the Palestinian Authority for establishing the fundamental infrastructures of a Palestinian State, called "Palestine — Ending the Occupation, Establishing the State", in which he detailed a two years working plan for building the infrastructures and institutions of the future Palestinian State, that includes, among others, building Government offices, a stock market, and an airport, developing the existing infrastructures, Separation of powers, Free market etc., with the purpose of establishing a "de facto Palestinian State", based on the premise that the peace talks with Israel were faltering [13] [14].

References

  1. ^ "Abbas suspends articles from Basic Law". Kuwait News Agency. 2007-06-17. http://www.kuna.net.kw/NewsAgenciesPublicSite/ArticleDetails.aspx?id=1755378&Language=en. 
  2. ^ Kershner, Isabel; Ian Fisher, Nada Bakri, Warren Hoge, Taghreed El-Khodary (2007-06-17). "Abbas Swears in Emergency Government". New York Times. 
  3. ^ EU backs new Palestinian government Sacramento Bee, 18 June 2007
  4. ^ Profile: Salam Fayyad. BBC News, 17 June 2007
  5. ^ 1980 MBA Graduate of St. Edward's University
  6. ^ Palestinian third way rises
  7. ^ Peraino, Kevin. "Palestine's New Perspective." Newsweek. 14 Sept. 2009: 43-47.
  8. ^ [1]
  9. ^ Whose Coup Exactly?, The Electronic Intifada, 18 June 2007
  10. ^ Opinion of lawyer who drafted Palestinian law, Reuters, 8 July 2007. Accessed 7 August 2007
  11. ^ Palestinian PM Fayyad steps down BBC NEWS 7 March 2009, accessed 7 March 2009
  12. ^ Palestinians Reappoint Prime Minister Who Had Quit New York Times 19 May 2009, accessed 20 May 2009
  13. ^ Ali Waked, תוכנית פיאד: פלסטין דמוקרטית וקפיטליסטית, Yediot Ahronot, August 25 2009
  14. ^ Avi Yisasharof, ראש הממשלה הפלסטיני, סלאם פיאד: מדינה דה-פקטו בתוך שנתיים, August 25, 2009

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
Ismail Haniyeh
Prime Minister of the Palestinian National Authority
Disputed

2007–present
Succeeded by
Incumbent
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Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

Dr. Salam Fayyad (Arabic: سلام فياض; b. 1952) is a Palestinian politician, who, on June 15, 2007, was appointed the Prime Minister of the Palestinian National Authority.

Sourced

  • It's the responsibility of men of religion to ... present religion as a way of tolerance, not as a cover for bloodshed.

External links

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