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Salat times refers to times when Muslims perform prayers (salat). The term is primarily used for the five daily prayers plus the Friday prayer. According to Muslim beliefs, the salat times were taught by Allah through Gabriel to Muhammad.

Prayer times are standard for Muslims in the world, especially the fard prayer times. It used by the condition of Sun and geography. There are varying opinions regarding the exact salat times, the schools of Islamic thought differing in minor details. All schools agree that any given prayer cannot be performed before its stipulated time.

Contents

Five daily prayers

The five daily prayers are obligatory (fard) and they are performed at times determined essentially by the position of the Sun in the sky. Hence, salat times vary at different locations on the Earth.

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Fajr (dawn)

The Fajr prayer starts with the rise of "white light" (fajar sadiq) in the east, and lasts until sunrise.

Dhuhr (midday)

The Dhuhr prayer starts after the sun passes its zenith, and lasts until Asr.

Asr (afternoon)

The Asr prayer starts when the shadow of an object is the same length as the object itself (or, according to Hanafi fiqh, twice its length) and lasts till sunset. Asr can be split into two sections; the preferred time is before the sun starts to turn orange, while the time of necessity (dharoori waqt) is from when the sun turns orange until sunset.

Maghrib (sunset)

The Maghrib prayer begins when the sun sets, and lasts till the red light has left the sky in the west.

Isha'a (night)

The Isha'a prayer starts when the red light is gone from the western sky, and lasts until the rise of the "white light" (fajar sadiq) in the east. The preferred time for Isha'a is before midnight, meaning halfway between sunset and sunrise.

Friday prayer

The Friday prayer replaces the dhuhr prayer performed on the other six days of the week. The precise time for this congregational prayer varies with the mosque, but in all cases it must be performed after the dhuhr and before the asr times. If one is unable to join the congregation, then they must pray the dhuhr prayer instead. This salat is compulsory to be done with ja'maat for men. Women perform dhuhr, not jumm'ah

Other salat

Eid prayers

Eid-ul-Adhaa and Eid-ul-Fitr

Taraweeh

Salat during Ramadhan, performed at night after Isha (night) prayer. Usually performed in congregation.

Janaaza

Salat at a funeral

References


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