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Salicin
Salicin.svg
Salicin-from-xtal-1984-3D-balls.png
Systematic name (2R,3S,4S,5R,6S)
-2-(hydroxymethyl)
-6-[2-(hydroxymethyl)
phenoxy]oxane-3,4,5-triol
Other names salicin, D-(−)-Salicin, salicoside, 2-(hydroxymethyl)phenyl
-β-D-glucopyranoside
Identifiers
CAS number 138-52-3 Yes check.svgY
PubChem 439503
RTECS number LZ5901700
InChI
Properties
Molecular formula C13H18O7
Molar mass 286.281
 Yes check.svgY (what is this?)  (verify)
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C, 100 kPa)
Infobox references

Salicin (C13H18O7) is an alcoholic β-glycoside that contains D-glucose. Salicin is an anti-inflammatory agent that is produced from all willow barks.[1]

Salicin is closely related in chemical make-up to aspirin and has a very similar action in the human body although it is considered better than aspirin as it has a higher bioavailability and it does not cause gastric bleeding . When consumed, it is metabolized to salicylic acid. The systematic (IUPAC) name of the molecule is 2-(Hydroxymethyl)phenyl β-D-glucopyranoside. It has the following classifications and chemical properties:

Salicin elicits bitterness like quinine, when consumed.[2]

References

  1. ^ Uchytil, RJ (1991). "Salix drummondiana". Fire Effects Information System,. Online. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory (Producer). http://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/shrub/saldru/all.html. Retrieved 2006-07-19.  
  2. ^ Daniells, S (09/10/2006). "Symrise explores cheaper alternatives in bitter-maskers" (HTML). www.foodnavigator.com. http://www.fooddecisions.com/news/ng.asp?id=71117-symrise-flavour-bitter-masking. Retrieved 2007-12-13.  







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