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Salina, Kansas
—  City  —
A water tower bearing the city's name on the south-east side of Salina.
Location of Salina, Kansas
Coordinates: 38°49′27″N 97°36′26″W / 38.82417°N 97.60722°W / 38.82417; -97.60722
Country United States
State Kansas
County Saline
Founded 1858
Incorporated 1870
Government
 - Type Commission-manager
 - City manager Jason Gage
 - Mayor M. Luci Larson
Area
 - Total 22.8 sq mi (59.0 km2)
 - Land 22.7 sq mi (58.9 km2)
 - Water 0.0 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation 1,224 ft (373 m)
Population (2006)
 - Total 46,140
 Density 2,033/sq mi (783.4/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 67401-67402
Area code(s) 785
FIPS code 20-62700[1]
GNIS feature ID 0476808[2]
Website http://ci.salina.ks.us

Salina (pronounced /səˈlaɪnə/) is a city in and the county seat of Saline County, Kansas, United States.[3] First settled in 1856 along the Saline and Smoky Hill Rivers and founded by William A. Phillips in 1858, Salina is situated at the intersection of Interstate Highways I-70 and I-135 in central Kansas. The population was 45,679 at the 2000 census, and it was estimated to be 46,140 in the year 2006.[4]

Salina is the principal city of the Salina Micropolitan Statistical Area, which includes all of Saline and Ottawa counties.[5]

Contents

History

In 1860 Salina, the westernmost post on the Smoky Hill Trail, began to establish itself as a staging post for prospectors traveling to Pikes Peak, as well as a trading post between local native tribes, and Fort Leavenworth. After the Civil War, Phillips, then a colonel, used his influence to extend the Union Pacific Railroad to Salina in 1867. Starting in 1872, Salina began transporting meat shipped in refrigerated cars down the rails. During the 1870s, wheat became the dominant crop in Salina and a steam-powered flour mill was built. At the same time Dr. E. R. Switzer, of Salina, introduced alfalfa to Kansas farmers.

During World War II, Smoky Hill Army Airfield, located southwest of Salina, was one of several notable B-29 training bases. The exponential growth of the 1950s of Salina was related largely to the re-opening of the base, later renamed Schilling Air Force Base, subsequently closed in 1965 by the Department of Defense. As Schilling AFB, it was home to the Strategic Air Command's 40th and 310th Bomb Wings of the 802nd Air Division between 1952 and 1960, flying B-47 Stratojets and KC-97 Stratotankers; to the 310th Strategic Aerospace Wing between 1960 and 1962; and between 1962 and 1965, to the 22nd Strategic Aerospace Division, controlling the 310th SAW and the Atlas ICBM missile silos of the 550th Strategic Missile Squadron.

On February 28, 2005, the city was home to the "Last Great Aviation Record" when Steve Fossett took off from the Salina Airport in the Virgin Atlantic GlobalFlyer, to attempt the first solo, non-stop, non-refueled aerial circumnavigation of the globe by airplane. Fossett completed the record-breaking flight on March 3, 2005 when he landed back in Salina after 67 hours, 1 minute and 10 seconds, at an average speed of 342.2 mph (550.7 km/h). Support for the venture was provided by the Kansas State Aviation Research (KStAR) Lab.

Geography

Salina is located at 38°49′27″N 97°36′26″W / 38.82417°N 97.60722°W / 38.82417; -97.60722 (38.824267, -97.607205) at an elevation of 1,224 feet (373 m).[2][6] Salina lies in the Smoky Hills region of the Great Plains approximately 4 miles (6 km) west-southwest of the confluence of the Saline and Smoky Hill Rivers. The Smoky Hill River runs north then northeast through the eastern part of the city; the Saline River flows southeast immediately north of the city. Mulberry Creek, a tributary of the Saline, flows northeast through the far northern part of the city.

Salina is located in north-central Kansas at the intersection of Interstate 70 and Interstate 135. It is approximately 81 miles (131 km) north of Wichita and 164 miles (265 km) west of Kansas City.[7] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 22.8 square miles (59.0 km²), of which, 22.7 square miles (58.9 km²) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (0.18%) is water.

Climate

Salina has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) with hot, humid summers and cold, dry winters. The average temperature in Salina is 55 °F (13 °C), and the average relative humidity is 64%. Temperatures drop below 32 °F (0 °C) an average of 135 days per year. On average, Salina receives 26.4 inches (670 mm) of precipitation annually and experiences 52 rainy days per year.[8] Snowfall averages 18.4 inches (467 mm) per year.[9] On average, January is the coolest month, July is the warmest month, and May is the wettest month. The hottest temperature recorded in Salina was 113 °F (45 °C) in 1954; the coldest temperature recorded was -24 °F (-31 °C) in 1989. Over the course of a year, temperatures range from an average low of 19 °F (−7 °C) in January to an average high of 93 °F (34 °C) in July.[10]

On September 25, 1973 a tornado measuring F3 passed through the southeast part of town injuring 6 people, destroying 2 houses and the Sundowner East trailer park.[11] On June 11, 2008 another EF3 tornado passed on the south side of the town severely damaging several buildings.[12]

Climate data for Salina, Kansas, USA
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Record high °F (°C) 78
(26)
84
(29)
89
(32)
105
(41)
100
(38)
112
(44)
113
(45)
110
(43)
107
(42)
100
(38)
86
(30)
72
(22)
Average high °F (°C) 39
(3.9)
46
(7.8)
56
(13.3)
67
(19.4)
76
(24.4)
88
(31.1)
93
(33.9)
91
(32.8)
82
(27.8)
70
(21.1)
54
(12.2)
42
(5.6)
Average low °F (°C) 19
(-7.2)
24
(-4.4)
34
(1.1)
43
(6.1)
53
(11.7)
64
(17.8)
69
(20.6)
68
(20)
58
(14.4)
46
(7.8)
33
(0.6)
23
(-5)
Record low °F (°C) -18
(-28)
-19
(-28)
-5
(-21)
13
(-11)
27
(-3)
40
(4)
49
(9)
46
(8)
30
(-1)
14
(-10)
-5
(-21)
-24
(-31)
Precipitation inches (mm) 0.80
(20.3)
1.06
(26.9)
2.62
(66.5)
3.06
(77.7)
5.11
(129.8)
4.15
(105.4)
4.32
(109.7)
3.49
(88.6)
2.50
(63.5)
2.55
(64.8)
1.59
(40.4)
0.94
(23.9)
Snowfall inches (mm) 6.7
(170.2)
4.3
(109.2)
2.4
(61)
0.3
(7.6)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.3
(7.6)
1.3
(33)
3.2
(81.3)
Source: The Weather Channel;[10] National Weather Service[9] 27 Feb 2010

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1870 918
1880 3,111 238.9%
1890 6,149 97.7%
1900 6,074 −1.2%
1910 9,688 59.5%
1920 15,085 55.7%
1930 20,155 33.6%
1940 21,073 4.6%
1950 26,176 24.2%
1960 43,202 65.0%
1970 37,714 −12.7%
1980 41,843 10.9%
1990 42,303 1.1%
2000 45,679 8.0%

As of the U.S. Census in 2000, there were 45,679 people, 18,523 households, and 11,873 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,009.6 people per square mile (775.9/km²). There were 19,599 housing units at an average density of 862.2/sq mi (332.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 87.76% White, 3.57% Black or African American, 0.56% Native American, 1.96% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 3.78% from other races, and 2.32% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.71% of the population.

There were 18,523 households out of which 31.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.8% were married couples living together, 10.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.9% were non-families. 30.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the city the population was spread out with 25.9% under the age of 18, 10.0% from 18 to 24, 28.7% from 25 to 44, 21.1% from 45 to 64, and 14.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 95.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $36,066, and the median income for a family was $45,433. Males had a median income of $31,250 versus $21,944 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,593. About 6.7% of families and 9.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.6% of those under age 18 and 9.2% of those age 65 or over.[1]

Salina's population was estimated to be 46,140 in the year 2006, an increase of 368, or +0.8%, over the previous six years.[4]

Economy

Downtown Salina grain elevators

Agriculture is the predominant industry in Salina, and its grain elevators are visible from miles away. This agrarian emphasis is even reflected in a local Catholic Church, Sacred Heart Cathedral, which is built in white cylindrical shapes intriguingly like grain silos. However, Salina has several other important employers. The city also has a strong manufacturing base. Tony's Pizza, a Schwan Food Company brand, has operations in Salina.[13] Tony's makes consumer retail frozen pizzas as well as food intended for school cafeterias and other institutions.[13] Additionally, Philips Lighting,[14] Exide Battery,[15] Great Plains Manufacturing (farm equipment),[16] and ElDorado National (commercial bus manufacturer)[17] all have a presence in the community.

Government

Since 1921, Salina has had a commission-manager form of government. The city commission consists of five members elected at large, one of whom the commission annually selects to serve as mayor. Commission candidates who receive the most and second most votes are elected for a four-year term; the candidate who receives the third most votes is elected for a two-year term.[18] The commission sets policy and appoints the city manager. The city manager is the city's chief executive, responsible for administering the city government and appointing all city employees.[19]

Education

Colleges and universities

Primary and secondary education

USD 305 Salina Public Schools provides public primary and secondary education with twelve schools in Salina:[20][21]

  • Coronado Elementary School (Grades K-5)
  • Cottonwood Elementary School (K-5)
  • Grace E. Stewart Elementary School (K-5)
  • Heusner Elementary School (K-5)
  • Meadowlark Ridge Elementary School (K-5)
  • Oakdale Elementary School (K-5)

There are four private schools in Salina:[20]

Transportation

The Salina "CityGo" service

Salina is served by one commercial airline at Salina Municipal Airport, but most airtravel is done at larger airports in Wichita, Kansas (ICT) and Kansas City, Missouri (MCI).

Greyhound buses to Denver and Kansas City along I-70 stop at a dual gas station/ truck stop at the Ninth Street interstate exit. Roughly seven buses in each direction stop at the city daily. In addition to Greyhoud service, OCCK Transportation operates the NCK Express buslines to surrounding cities for a small fee.

Public Transportation in the city is handled by CityGo, a city-subsidised division of OCCK Inc., headquartered in Salina. The service operates three bus routes as well as paratransit services to the general public.

Media

Print

Salina has one daily newspaper, The Salina Journal.[24]

Radio

AM

Frequency Callsign[25] Format[26] City of License Notes
550 KFRM News/Talk Salina, Kansas Broadcasts from Clay Center, Kansas
910 KINA News/Talk Salina, Kansas -
1150 KSAL News/Talk Salina, Kansas -

FM

Frequency Callsign[27] Format[26] City of License Notes
88.5 KAKA Christian Salina, Kansas AFR
89.5 KHCD Public Salina, Kansas NPR; Satellite of KHCC-FM, Hutchinson, Kansas
91.7 KCVS Christian Salina, Kansas -
92.7 KZUH Sports Minneapolis, Kansas Broadcasts from Salina
93.7 KYEZ Country Salina, Kansas -
95.5 KVOB Adult Hits Lindsborg, Kansas Jack FM; Broadcasts from Salina
96.5 K243BD Contemporary Christian Salina, Kansas Translator of KJRL-FM, Herington, Kansas[28]
99.9 KSKG Country Salina, Kansas -
101.7 KDJM Country Lindsborg, Kansas Broadcasts from Salina
104.9 KSAL-FM Classic Hits Salina, Kansas -
107.1 K296FD Christian Salina, Kansas Translator of KCCV-FM, Olathe, Kansas

Television

Salina is part of the Wichita television market, which covers much of the central and western part of Kansas. Cox Communications is the main cable system serving Salina. The following television stations are licensed to Salina:

Digital Channel Analog Channel Callsign[29] Network City of License Notes
- 15 K15CN TBN Salina, Kansas TBN satellite repeater
17 - KAAS-TV Fox Salina, Kansas Satellite of KSAS-TV, Wichita, Kansas
- 41 KSKV-LP - Salina, Kansas -
47 - KSNL-LD NBC Salina, Kansas Satellite of KSNW, Wichita, Kansas
- 51 K51GC ABC Salina, Kansas Translator of KAKE-TV, Wichita, Kansas

Culture

Religion

Sports

In popular culture

  • The 1980 teen comedy film Up the Academy was filmed entirely in Salina, mostly on the campus of St. John's Military School.[30]
  • Scenes of the 1955 movie Picnic, starring William Holden and Kim Novak, were filmed in Salina (arrival of the train at the beginning of the movie, The Bensons' mansion)
  • Millie Dillmount, the fictional main character in the musical Thoroughly Modern Millie is from Salina. She leaves home for New York City, determined never to return, as depicted in the opening number "Not for the Life of Me".
  • In Alfred Hitchcock's 1958 film Vertigo, the character of Judy Barton, played by Kim Novak, comes from Salina.
  • Bluegrass band The Avett Brothers have a song titled "Salina."
  • In Shawn Colvin's song, "Wichita Skyline" (from the 1996 album A Few Small Repairs), she sings "As far as Salina I can get that good station from LaRue / I'm searching the dial while I'm scanning the sky for a patch of blue / And I watch the black clouds roll in, chasing me back again / Back to the flat fine line, the Wichita skyline." (LaRue is in Texas.)
  • The Cowboy Junkies song, "Townes' Blues" (from the 1992 album Black Eyed Man), describes a trip from Boulder, CO to Houston, TX through Salina, though Canadian lead singer Margo Timmins uses a pronunciation familiar for Salinas, CA rather than that used in Kansas.
  • The invitational supergroup The Book of Knots have a song entitled Salina on their sophomore album Traineater.
  • Salina was destroyed by the Russian villain in Ted Bell's 2008 novel Tsar.

Notable natives and residents

Notes

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Template.cfm?Section=Find_a_County&Template=/cffiles/counties/usamap.cfm. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ a b "Population Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division. http://www.census.gov/popest/estimates.php.  Annual estimates of the population to 2006-07-01. Released 2007-06-28. Population change is from 2000-07-01 to 2006-07-01.
  5. ^ "Updates to Statistical Areas; Office of Management and Budget". Executive Office of the President, Office of Management and Budget. November 20, 2008. http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/assets/omb/bulletins/fy2009/09-01.pdf. Retrieved October 28, 2009. 
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ "City Distance Tool". Geobytes. http://www.geobytes.com/citydistancetool.htm. Retrieved 2010-03-13. 
  8. ^ "Historical Weather for Salina, Kansas, United States of America". Weatherbase. http://www.weatherbase.com/weather/weatherall.php3?s=45427&refer=&units=us. Retrieved 2009-12-19. 
  9. ^ a b "NOWData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Weather Service Forecast Office - Wichita, KS. http://www.weather.gov/climate/xmacis.php?wfo=ict. Retrieved 2010-02-27. 
  10. ^ a b "Average weather for Salina, KS". The Weather Channel. http://www.weather.com/weather/wxclimatology/monthly/graph/USKS0523. Retrieved 2010-02-27. 
  11. ^ Barbara Phillips (September 27, 1973). "Tornadoes take heavy Kansas toll". Salina Journal: p. 2. 
  12. ^ Lawson, Rob (2008-06-12). "June 11th, EF-3 Tornado and Extremely Large Hail Slam Central Kansas". Wichita National Weather Service News Archives. National Weather Service Wichita, Kansas. http://www.crh.noaa.gov/ict/scripts/viewstory.php?STORY_NUMBER=2008061206. Retrieved 2010-03-13. 
  13. ^ a b The Schwan Food Company (2007). "Communities of Operation". theschwanfoodcompany.com. The Schwan Food Company. http://www.theschwanfoodcompany.com/about_comm.cfm. Retrieved 2010-03-13. 
  14. ^ Phillips Lighting (2009-06). "An energy saving solution for government facilities...". Phillips Lighting. http://www.search.philips.com/search/jsp/clickout.jsp?clicklocation=1&type=searchhit&text=Salina,%20Kansas&section=lighting&locale=us_en&url=http://www.lighting.philips.com/us_en/browseliterature/download/p-6018.pdf. Retrieved 2010-03-13. 
  15. ^ Exide Technologies. "Exide's Worldwide Facilities". exide.com. Exide Technologies. http://www.exide.com/portal/server.pt/community/locations_community/214. Retrieved 2010-03-17. 
  16. ^ Great Plains Manufacturing. "Great Plains Contact Information". greatplainsmfg.com. Great Plains Manufacturing. http://www.greatplainsmfg.com/contactus/contactus.html. Retrieved 2010-03-17. 
  17. ^ Web Creations and Consulting (2006). "About the Company". enconline.com. ElDorado National. http://www.enconline.com/company.cfm. Retrieved 2010-03-17. 
  18. ^ "City Commission". City of Salina, Kansas. http://www.salina-ks.gov/content/122/default.aspx. Retrieved 2010-02-27. 
  19. ^ "City Government". City of Salina, Kansas. http://www.salina-ks.gov/content/132/default.aspx. Retrieved 2010-02-27. 
  20. ^ a b "Salina, Kansas". City-Data.com. http://www.city-data.com/city/Salina-Kansas.html. Retrieved 2010-02-28. 
  21. ^ "Salina USD 305 School Websites and Handbooks". Salina USD 305. https://www.usd305.com/schoolweb/index.html. Retrieved 2010-02-28. 
  22. ^ "About St. John's Military School". St. John's Military School. http://www.sjms.org/about/. Retrieved 2010-02-28. 
  23. ^ "Welcome". Salina Christian Academy. http://www.salinachristianacademy.org/welcome.asp. Retrieved 2010-02-28. 
  24. ^ "About this Newspaper: The Salina journal". Chronicling America. Library of Congress. http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82015075/. Retrieved 2009-09-13. 
  25. ^ "AMQ AM Radio Database Query". Federal Communications Commission. http://www.fcc.gov/mb/audio/amq.html. Retrieved 2009-09-13. 
  26. ^ a b "Station Information Profile". Arbitron. http://www.arbitron.com/radio_stations/station_information.htm. Retrieved 2009-09-13. 
  27. ^ "FMQ FM Radio Database Query". Federal Communications Commission. http://www.fcc.gov/mb/audio/fmq.html. Retrieved 2009-09-13. 
  28. ^ "KJRL-FM 105.7 MHz". Radio-Locator. Theodric Technologies LLC. http://www.radio-locator.com/cgi-bin/finder?sr=Y&call=KJRL. Retrieved 2009-09-13. 
  29. ^ "TVQ TV Database Query". Federal Communications Commission. http://www.fcc.gov/fcc-bin/audio/tvq.html. Retrieved 2009-09-13. 
  30. ^ Internet Movie Database

External links








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