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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Salix herbacea
Plant in Iceland
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Salicaceae
Genus: Salix
Species: S. herbacea
Binomial name
Salix herbacea

Salix herbacea (Dwarf Willow, Least Willow or Snowbed Willow) is a species of tiny creeping willow (family Salicaceae).

Leaves and seed capsules

It is adapted to survive in harsh Arctic and sub-Arctic environments, and has a wide distribution on both sides of the North Atlantic, in Arctic northwest Asia, northern Europe, Greenland, and eastern Canada, and further south on high mountains, south to the Pyrenees, the Alps and the Rila in Europe, and the northern Appalachian Mountains in the eastern United States. It grows in tundra and rocky moorland, usually at over 1,500 m altitude in the south of its range but down to sea level in the Arctic.[1][2][3]

It is one of the smallest woody plants in the world. It typically grows to only 1-6 cm in height and has round, shiny green leaves 1-2 cm long and broad. Like the rest of the willows, Dwarf Willow is dioecious, with male and female catkins on separate plants. As a result the plant's appearance varies; the female catkins are red-coloured, while the male catkins are yellow-coloured.[1][2]


  1. ^ a b Meikle, R. D. (1984). Willows and Poplars of Great Britain and Ireland. BSBI Handbook No. 4. ISBN 0-901158-07-0.
  2. ^ a b Salicaceae of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago: Salix herbacea
  3. ^ Germplasm Resources Information Network: Salix herbacea


Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Salix herbacea


Classification System: APG II (down to family level)

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiospermae
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Malpighiales
Familia: Salicaceae
Genus: Salix
Subgenus: S. subg. Chamaetia
Sectio: S. sect. Retusae
Species: Salix herbacea


Salix herbacea L.


  • Species Plantarum 2:1018. 1753
  • USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information

Network - (GRIN) [Data from 07-Oct-06]. 406546

Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Salix herbacea on Wikimedia Commons.

Vernacular name

Русский: Ива травянистая
Türkçe: Bodur söğüt

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