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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Salix purpurea
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Salicaceae
Genus: Salix
Species: S. purpurea
Binomial name
Salix purpurea

Salix purpurea (Purple Willow or Purple Osier) is a species of willow native to most of Europe and western Asia north to the British Isles, Poland, and the Baltic States.[1][2][3]


It is a deciduous shrub growing to 1-3 m (rarely to 5 m) tall, with purple-brown to yellow-brown shoots, turning pale grey on old stems. The leaves are 2-8 cm (rarely to 12 cm) long and 0.3-1 cm (rarely 2 cm) wide; they are dark green above, glaucous green below, and unusually for a willow, are often arranged in opposite pairs rather than alternate. The flowers are small catkins 1.5-4.5 cm long, produced in early spring; they are often purple or red in colour, whence the name of the species (other willows mostly have whitish, yellow or green catkins).[2][3]

It is replaced further east in Asia by the closely related species Salix sinopurpurea (syn. S. purpurea var. longipetiolatea).[4]

As with several other willows, the shoots, called withies, are often used in basketry.[3]


  1. ^ Flora Europaea: Salix purpurea
  2. ^ a b Meikle, R. D. (1984). Willows and Poplars of Great Britain and Ireland. BSBI Handbook No. 4. ISBN 0-901158-07-0.
  3. ^ a b c Rushforth, K. (1999). Trees of Britain and Europe. Collins ISBN 0-00-220013-9.
  4. ^ Flora of China: Salix sinopurpurea


Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Salix purpurea


Classification System: APG II (down to family level)

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiospermae
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Malpighiales
Familia: Salicaceae
Genus: Salix
Subgenus: S. subg. Caprisalix
Sectio: S. sect. Purpurea
Species: Salix purpurea
Varieties: S. p. var. lambertiana


Salix purpurea L.


  • Species Plantarum 2:1017. 1753
  • USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Data from 07-Oct-06]. 32752

Vernacular names

Dansk: Purpur-Pil
Deutsch: Purpur-Weide
Eesti: Punapaju
English: Purple Willow
Français: Osier pourpre
Nederlands: Bittere wilg
Polski: Wierzba purpurowa
Svenska: Rödvide
Türkçe: Erguvani söğüt
Українська: Верба пурпурова
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Salix purpurea on Wikimedia Commons.


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