The Full Wiki

Salonenque: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Did you know ...


More interesting facts on Salonenque

Include this on your site/blog:

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Salonenque
Colour of the ripe fruit: Green
Also called: Plant de salon, Courniand, Suren, Varagen
Origin: France
Notable regions: Provence
Hazards: Verticillium dahliae, Sooty moulds, Saissetia oleae
Use: Oil and table
Oil content: High
Fertility: Partially self-fertile
Growth form: Erect
Leaf: Elliptic-lanceolate
Weight: Medium/high
Shape: Ovoid
Symmetry: ymmetrical

The Salonenque, carrying the name of Salon-de-Provence, is a cultivar of olives grown primarily in Provence. Though it is used for producing oil, and gives a good yield, it is valued primarily as a table olive. It is produced as a so-called cracked olive, which means that the fruit is cracked to speed up the curing process.

Contents

Extent

The Salonenque is particularly common in Provence, especially in the Bouches-du-Rhône. In the Vallée des Baux it makes up over 60% of planted trees (as of 2004).[1] It is also grown in South Australia, primarily in the area around Adelaide.[2]

Synonyms

The cultivar is also known locally under several other names, including Courgeole, Plant de Salon, Salonen, Sauren, Sauzen, Selounen and Varagen.[2]

Characteristics

It is a cultivar of weak vigour, with an erect growth form.[3] The leaves are short and narrow, with an elliptic-lanceolate form.[4] The olives are of medium-high weight, and of an ovoid quite symmetrical shape.[5] They are rounded both at the apex and the base.[3] The stone has a rugose, or wrinkled surface, with a rounded apex, a pointed base, and a mucro.[3]

For use as table olives, the fruit is harvested relatively early, around 10 September. For oil production the harvest is later, in early November.[6] When fully mature, the colour of the fruit is bright green.[6]

Processing

The primary use of the Salonenque is as a table olive, more specifically as cracked olives (olives that are slit during the curing for the process to go faster).[1] They cured olives are "fresh with a firm, meaty texture and a whiff of aromatic fennel".[7] It is also used for production of oil, and gives a high yield (22–25%).[6] The taste of the oil is sweet and delicate, and quite strong.[6] The olive is freestone – the stone does not cling to the flesh.[5] The Salonenque is used in several officially approved appellations: such as "AOC Vallée des Baux" and "AOC Pays d'Aix".[6]

Agronomy

Salonenque is considered a cultivar of high and constant production, but has a low rooting ability.[5] The Salonenque is partially self-fertile, but it can take advantage of nearby pollinators, among which are the Grossane and the Berruguette.[6]

It has a high level of resistance to the major pests, with the exception of grubs of the olive moth Prays oleae and of the olive fruit fly Bactrocera oleae.[8] It has a good resistance also to cold, and can sustain temperatures down to −15 °C,[6] but it is highly sensitive to wind.[9]

References

  1. ^ a b "Salonenque Olives". Practically Edible. http://www.practicallyedible.com/edible.nsf/encyclopaedia!openframeset&frame=Right&Src=/edible.nsf/pages/salonenqueolives!opendocument. Retrieved 2009-01-17.  
  2. ^ a b "Cultivar name: Salonenque". OLEA Databases. http://www.oleadb.it/scheda.php?name=Salonenque. Retrieved 2009-01-17.  
  3. ^ a b c "Salonenque". International Olive Council. http://www.internationaloliveoil.org/resgen/eng/Francia/PRIMARIA/Salonenque.pdf. Retrieved 2009-01-17.  
  4. ^ "Morphological characters for cultivar Salonenque". OLEA Databases. http://www.oleadb.it/detail.php?name=Salonenque&table=morpho&title=MORPHOLOGICAL%20CHARACTERS. Retrieved 2009-01-17.  
  5. ^ a b c "Salonenque". Santa Cruz Olive Tree Nursery. http://www.santacruzolive.com/varietals.asp?v=Salonenque. Retrieved 2009-01-17.  
  6. ^ a b c d e f g Courboulex, Michel (2002) (in French). Les oliviers. Paris: Éditions Rustica. pp. 39–40. ISBN 2840386356.  
  7. ^ Lebowitz, David (2006-04-28). "Salonenque Olives". David Lebowitz. http://www.davidlebovitz.com/archives/2007/09/salonenque_oliv.html. Retrieved 2007-09-23.  
  8. ^ "Susceptibility to biotic stress for cultivar Salonenque". OLEA Databases. http://www.oleadb.it/detail.php?name=Salonenque&table=bio&title=SUSCEPTIBILITY%20TO%20BIOTIC%20STRESS. Retrieved 2009-01-17.  
  9. ^ "Susceptibility to abiotic stress for cultivar Salonenque". OLEA Databases. http://www.oleadb.it/detail.php?name=Salonenque&table=environ&title=SUSCEPTIBILITY%20TO%20ABIOTIC%20STRESS. Retrieved 2009-01-17.  
Advertisements

Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message