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Salt's Dik-dik
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Bovidae
Genus: Madoqua
Species: M. saltiana
Binomial name
Madoqua saltiana
Desmarest, 1816

Salt's Dik-dik (Madoqua saltiana) is a small antelope found in semi-desert vegetation and arid thornbrush of East Africa.





  • Length: 45–67 cm
  • Tail Length: 3–5 cm
  • Shoulder height: 30–40.5 cm
  • Mass: 2–4 kg

A Salt's Dik-dik's hind legs are longer, and the neck and back are gray. The flanks are usually red. The nose is squared-off. Their spike-like horns are 7.3–9 cm (3–3.5 in) long.


Many scientists treat Swayne's Dik-dik M. s. swaynei, Erlanger's Dik-dik M. s. erlangeri, and M. s. citernii as a full species: Madoqua swaynei, and Red-bellied Dik-dik M. s. phillipsi as Madoqua phillipsi. The Silver Dik-dik M. piacentinii was once thought to be a subspecies of Salt's dik-dik.

  • Salt's Dik-dik Madoqua saltiana saltiana: reddish gray, found in Djibouti, Eritrea, Northeast Ethiopia.
  • Red-bellied Dik-dik Madoqua saltiana phillipsi: reddish gray, flanks are russet orange, found in Somalia and Ethiopia, often classified as a full species.
  • Lawrence's Dik-dik Madoqua saltiana lawrenci: silver gray, flanks are russet, a clear line between colors, fount in Northeast Somalia.
  • Harar Dik-dik Madoqua saltiana hararensis: Gingery to reddish, found in North and Northeast Somalia.
  • Swayne's Dik-dik Madoqua saltiana swaynei: Reddish, gray throat and cheek, found in Somalia, often classified as a full species.
  • Erlanger's Dik-dik Madoqua saltiana erlangeri: Reddish, found in Somalia and Ethiopia.
  • Madoqua saltiana citernii: Reddish, found in Somalia and Ethiopia.


Salt's Dik-dik are shy; they are active at night and dusk to avoid the midday heat. They are crepuscular. Dominant animals flare their crest. Often found in pairs and small groups. Salt's dik-dik mainly eat leaves and shoots of acasia trees. Not much is known about the species' reproduction behavior yet, but we can make a guess.


Found in the evergreen and semi-deciduous bushlands and thickets in the Horn of Africa.


Found in the Horn of Africa and Ethiopia.


  1. ^ Heckel, J.-O., Wilhelmi, F., Kaariye, X.Y., Rayaleh, H.A. & Amir, O.G. (2008). Madoqua saltiana. In: IUCN 2008. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 29 March 2009. Database entry includes a brief justification of why this species is of least concern.

External links


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