Salzburg (state): Wikis

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Salzburg
—  State of Austria  —

Flag

Coat of arms
Country  Austria
Capital Salzburg
Government
 - Governor Gabi Burgstaller (SPÖ)
Area
 - Total 7,154 km2 (2,762.2 sq mi)
Population
 - Total 529,085
 - Density 74/km2 (191.5/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code AT-5
NUTS Region AT3
Votes in Bundesrat 4 (of 62)
Website www.land-sbg.gv.at
Districts of Salzburg.

Salzburg is a state or Land of Austria with an area of 7,154 km2, located adjacent to the German border. With 529,085 inhabitants it is one of the country's smaller states in terms of population. The capital city is also named Salzburg.

Contents

Geographic location

The Salzburger Land (the Austrian state of Salzburg) — with its primary river, the Salzach — lies between Upper Austria, Styria, Carinthia, Tyrol and Bavaria (Germany).

Running through the south are the main ranges of the Central Alps (incl. the Hohe Tauern mountains) with numerous 3,000m peaks. The Dachstein Massif and the Berchtesgaden Alps border the Salzburger Lajnd to the east and north.

History

Salt has played an important role in the region's development; Salzburg means "salt castle".

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Salzburg as an independent country

Independence from Bavaria was secured in the late 14th century. The Archbishopric of Salzburg was an independent prince-bishopric within the Holy Roman Empire until German Mediatisation in 1813.

Electorate of Salzburg

The territory was secularized and, as the Electorate of Salzburg, given as compensation to Ferdinand III, former Grand Duke of Tuscany, the brother of Emperor Francis II.

The end of the independence

Following the Austrian defeat at Austerlitz in 1805, Salzburg was annexed by Austria as compensation for the loss of Tyrol to the Kingdom of Bavaria, and Ferdinand was transferred to the Grand Duchy of Würzburg.

Bavarian Salzburg

After Austria's defeat in 1809, the province was handed over to Bavaria in 1810.

The country divided between Bavaria and Austria

In 1816, following the defeat of Napoleon and the provision of adequate compensation to Bavaria at the Congress of Vienna, it was returned to Austria with the exception of the north-western 'Rupertigau' which remained Bavarian. The Salzburger Land was administered as the department of Salzach from Linz, the capital of Upper Austria. In 1849 the Duchy of Salzburg was established as a crownland of the Austrian Empire and, after 1866, Austria-Hungary.

World War I

In World War I Salzburg participated like the other parts of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. 49,000 salzburgers were called in arms, and 6,000 died.[1]

German Republic of Austria and The Republic of Austria

In 1918 after World War I, the Duchy of Salzburg was dissolved and replaced with the state of Salzburg, first part of German Austria, (however in November's Plebiscite a 99% of Salzburgers voted in favor of the union with Germany) and then the First Republic of Austria which was mandated by the Allied powers.

Salzburg in Germany

After the plebiscite of 1938, Salzburg and all the territory of Austria decided to belong to the German Reich.

American control

After the defeat of Germany in 1945, the Allies occuped the territory of Austria, being recognised as an independent territory under their rule. Salzburgerland was occupied and ruled by the USA.

Salzburg as an Austrian State

In 1955 Austria was declared independent of the Allies and Salzburg was one of the States of the Republik Österreich.

Politics

Salzburgerland has its own constitution since 1999, and the government is formed through a Majority system. The election are every five years.

The last results, in March 2009 (compared to 2004) were:

  • Social Democrats (SPÖ): 15 seats (-2)
  • People's Party (ÖVP): 14 seats
  • Freedom Party (FPÖ): 5 seats (+2)
  • The Greens (Grüne): 2 seats

Simon Illner (ÖVP) is the President of the Salzburger Parliament and Gabi Burgstaller (SPÖ) is the president of the Salzburgerland.

Areas of the State President

  • Markets policy matters
  • the directorate of regional offices (Landesamtsdirektion)
  • the cabinet – including powers for dealing with catastrophes
  • the fire brigades
  • science
  • innovation and research
  • education and schools
  • subjects specifically related to women
  • European affairs.[2]

The government

Deputy-President Wilfried Haslauer (ÖVP)

  • Economy and tourism
  • management research
  • transport
  • building industry
  • municipality administration
  • museums
  • special cultural projects.

Deputy-President David Brenner (SPÖ)

  • Administration of finance and capital
  • the arts
  • sport

Other members of the government

  • Sepp Eisl (ÖVP): agriculture and forestry, hunting and fishing, conservation, water management and river regulation, energy, staff management and administrative reform.
  • Walter Blachfellner (SPÖ): housing, water protection, consumer protection, trade, environment protection, regional development planning.
  • Doraja Erbele (ÖVP): young people, family, children, senior citizens, national parks, municipal development, cultural heritage, integration, popular culture.
  • Erika Schare (SPÖ): social affairs, homes and institutions run by Land Salzburg as well as health including the hospitals and clinics under the jurisdiction of Land Salzburg. [3]

European results

In the most recent elections for the European Parliament, in June 2009, these were the results from the state of Salzburg:

Party Average
Austrian People's Party (ÖVP)   32.06%
Hans-Peter Martin's List 21.08%
Social Democratic Party of Austria (SPÖ)   19.09%
Freedom Party of Austria (FPÖ)   12.08%
Austrian Greens (Die Grüne)   10.12%
Alliance for the Future of Austria (BZÖ)   4.37%
Young Liberals (JuLis)   0.64%
Communist Party of Austria (KPÖ)   0.56%

Architecture

The Salzburg Cathedral was the first Baroque building in the German-speaking artistic world. Two other important buildings initiated by the Salzburg archbishops were Hohenwerfen Castle and Hohensalzburg Fortress. The first Archbishop of Salzburg was Arno of Salzburg (785-821), in whose honor the world-famous hiking circuit — the Arnoweg — is named.

The predominant stylistic elements of Salzburg architecture have their origins in the Baroque and the Rococo periods.

Salzburg's historic "Old Town" was named by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.

Language

Austrian German is the local written language, and it can be heard, especially in the cities. Austro-Bavarian is also spoken, especially in the rural areas and the common language of the Land Salzburg.

Visitors' attractions

Sports

Ski resorts

Flachau, Wagrain, St. Johann, Zell am See, Obertauern, Bad Gastein, Rauris, Lofer

Assorted Statistics

  • Tourist Regions: 21
  • Resort Towns: 115
  • Guest Beds: 192,000
  • Lakes: 185
  • Biggest lake: Wolfgangsee
  • Longest river: Salzach
  • Highest mountain: Großvenediger — elevation 3,666 metres (12,030 ft)
  • Hiking paths: 7,200 kilometres (4,500 mi)
  • Hill farms: 1,800 — 550 of them serving refreshments
  • National parks: 1
  • Marked cycle paths: 2,000 kilometres (1,200 mi)
  • Mountainbike trails (including cross-border routes): 3,000 kilometres (1,900 mi)
  • Golf courses: 13
  • Ski slopes: 1,700 kilometres (1,100 mi)
  • Cross-country ski trails: 2,220 kilometres (1,380 mi)
  • Night slopes: 14
  • Winter hiking paths: 2,500 kilometres (1,600 mi)

Administrative divisions

Districts

Salzburg comprises five districts, known as Bezirke or vernacularly Gaue:

The city of Salzburg is its own administrative district.

Cities and Towns (listed alphabetically)

A

B

D

E

  • Eben im Pongau
  • Ebenau
  • Elixhausen
  • Elsbethen
  • Eugendorf

F

  • Faistenau
  • Filzmoos
  • Flachau
  • Forstau
  • Fusch an der Großglocknerstraße
  • Fuschl am See

G

  • Goldegg
  • Golling an der Salzach
  • Göming
  • Göriach
  • Großarl
  • Großgmain
  • Grödig

H

  • Hallein
  • Hallwang
  • Henndorf am Wallersee
  • Hintersee
  • Hof bei Salzburg
  • Hollersbach
  • Hüttau
  • Hüttschlag

K

  • Kaprun
  • Kleinarl
  • Koppl
  • Köstendorf
  • Krimml
  • Krispl
  • Kuchl

L

  • Lamprechtshausen
  • Lend im Pinzgau
  • Leogang
  • Lessach
  • Lofer

M

  • Maishofen
  • Maria Alm (am Steinernen Meer)
  • Mariapfarr
  • Mattsee
  • Mauterndorf
  • Mittersill
  • Muhr
  • Mühlbach am Hochkönig

N

  • Neukirchen am Großvenediger
  • Neumarkt am Wallersee
  • Niedernsill
  • Nußdorf am Haunsberg

O

P

  • Pfarrwerfen
  • Piesendorf
  • Plainfeld
  • Puch bei Hallein

R

  • Radstadt
  • Ramingstein
  • Rauris
  • Rußbach am Paß Gschütt

S

  • Saalbach-Hinterglemm
  • Saalfelden
  • Salzburg
  • Sankt Andrä im Lungau
  • Sankt Georgen bei Salzburg
  • Sankt Gilgen
  • Sankt Johann im Pongau
  • Sankt Koloman
  • Sankt Margarethen im Lungau
  • Sankt Martin am Tennengebirge
  • Sankt Martin bei Lofer
  • Sankt Michael im Lungau
  • Sankt Veit im Pongau
  • Scheffau am Tennengebirge
  • Schleedorf
  • Schwarzach im Pongau
  • Seeham
  • Seekirchen
  • Straßwalchen
  • Strobl
  • Stuhlfelden

T

  • Tamsweg
  • Taxenbach
  • Thalgau
  • Thomatal
  • Tweng

U

  • Unken
  • Unternberg
  • Untertauern
  • Uttendorf

V

  • Viehhofen

W

  • Wagrain
  • Wald im Pinzgau
  • Wals Siezenheim
  • Weißbach bei Lofer
  • Weißpriach
  • Werfen
  • Werfenweng

Z

See also

External links

References

  1. ^ http://www.salzburg.gv.at/en/en-index/en-geschichtesbg/en-1816.htm
  2. ^ [salzburg.gov.at]
  3. ^ Salzburgerland Government

Coordinates: 47°49′57″N 13°05′10″E / 47.83250°N 13.08610°E / 47.83250; 13.08610


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Salzburg, (German: Salzburg or Salzburgerland) is one of the smaller provinces of Austria. Composing of an area of about 7,100 km², there are only 500,000 people. Most of the area is covered by the Alps, only the northern part is flat. There you can find the largest city and capital of the state Salzburg. The most important forms of income are tourism and agriculture. The Arts are an important part of the Salzburger tradition: home to Mozart, the annual Salzburg Festival, and the mystery play Jedermann (Everyman). Salzburg province also shares much of its rural regional and provincial culture with neighboring Bavaria and Tyrol. This makes it a wonderful place to experience both the high culture of the Mozart era and the true alpine Austrian culture at its purest.

  • Flachgau -- northern part of the state
  • Lungau
  • Pinzgau
  • Pongau
  • Tennengau
The view looking up towards Festung Salzburg
  • Salzburg (city) -- capital of Salzburg and largest city in the area
  • Hallein
  • Bischofshofen
  • St. Johann/Pongau
  • Zell am See
  • Tamsweg
  • Oberndorf bei Salzburg - Famous for being the place the the "Silent Night, Holy Night" carol was first performed.

Talk

Although the national language of Austria is German, in everyday life, most Austrians do not speak standard German, and local dialects are often present. Most Austrian dialects are related to the Bavarian dialect, but quite distinct from the German of the rest of northern and central Germany.

English is widely spoken, and the only area most tourists have linguistic problems with is translating food.

As always, if you make an effort to be courteous and kind, you are more than likely to receive the same courtesy in return.

Get in

Salzburg Mozart Airport, Munich Airport

Get around

Salzburg is serviced by the OEBB or Austrian Federal Rail Service

Do

Take the Cable car (or walk up!) up to the Festung Salzburg (Salzburg Castle) for a guided tour of the castle offering outstanding 360 degree views of the surrounding countryside as far the over the German border.

Numerous Sound of Music tours [1] are also available as are a variety of coach group tours of various regional sights.

The region is famous for its Alpine Lakes, so do be sure to check them out including the Mondsee near Salzburg City made famous by the "Sound of Music".

Eat

Probably the best address to eat original Austrian food at an adequate price is the restaurant "Goldener Stern" in the Getreidegasse, the former home of W. A. Mozart. It´s the only restaurant which is easy to find and where nobody will try to make you waste your money for junk food. The waiters and waitresses are nice and friendly. Here you can enjoy "Salzburger Nockerln" as well as "Topfenstrudel". If you like to eat for dinner or lunch you won´t be disappointed as well. The atmosphere of the restaurant is beautiful. In the middle of it´s garden full of trees and flowers there´s an old Austrian stagecoach where children can play.

Drink

Stigl

  • Spa Hotel Ubergossene Alm (Wellnesshotel Salzburg, Austria), Sonnberg 54, A-5652 Dienten, Salzburg, +43 (0) 6461 230-0 (, fax: +43 (0) 6461 230-62), [2]. 4 star wellnesshotel in Dienten, Salzburg in Austria. The Wellness Hotel Übergossene Alm informs about Wellness & Spa, Skiing in Austria, hiking, cross country skiing, mountain hiking and climbing, mountainbiking, snowboarding as well as romantic holidays, family holidays with child care, excursions in Salzburg. Package deals and special offers are available for online booking.  edit Spa WellnessHotel Ubergossene Alm
  • Hotel Mavida (Balance Hotel & Spa), Kirchenweg 11, 5700 Zell am See, +43 (0) 6542 5410 (, fax: +43 (0) 6542 56760), [3].  edit
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