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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Sambucus canadensis
Foliage and fruit
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Dipsacales
Family: Adoxaceae
Genus: Sambucus
Species: S. canadensis
Binomial name
Sambucus canadensis
L.
Polycarpaea corymbosa foliage

Sambucus canadensis (American Elderberry) is a species of elderberry native to a large area of North America east of the Rocky Mountains, and south through eastern Mexico and Central America to Panama. It grows in a variety of conditions including both wet and dry soils, primarily in sunny locations.

Contents

Growth

Flowers in Herbal Garden, in Rangareddy district of Andhra Pradesh, India.

It is a deciduous suckering shrub growing to 3 m or more tall. The leaves are arranged in opposite pairs, pinnate with five to nine leaflets, the leaflets around 10 cm long and 5 cm broad. In summer, it bears large (20-30 cm diameter) corymbs of white flowers above the foliage, the individual flowers 5-6 mm diameter, with five petals.

The fruit is a dark purple to black berry 3-5 mm diameter, produced in drooping clusters in the fall. The berries and flowers are edible, but other parts of the plant are poisonous, containing toxic calcium oxalate crystals.

Characteristics

It is closely related to the European Sambucus nigra, and some authors treat it as conspecific, under the name Sambucus nigra subsp. canadensis.

Uses

Uses for the fruit include: medicinal products, wine, jelly and dye. Research on elderberries is being conducted at the University of Missouri's South West Center in Mount Vernon and at the Missouri State Fruit Experiment Station in Mountain Grove.

Leaves and inner bark can be used as an insecticide and a dye.[1] Stems can be hollowed out and used for spouts, musical instruments, and toys.

References

  1. ^ http://www.pfaf.org/database/plants.php?Sambucus+canadensis
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