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Laws regarding same-sex partnerships in Europe      Same-sex marriage      Other type of partnership      Unregistered cohabitation      Issue under political consideration      Unrecognized      Constitution limits marriage to man–woman
  
Legal recognition of
same-sex couples
Same-sex marriage

Belgium
Canada
Netherlands
Norway

South Africa
Spain
Sweden

Performed in some jurisdictions

Mexico: DF*
United States: CT, DC*, IA, MA, NH, VT, Coquille

Recognized, not performed

Israel
United States: CA (conditional), NY

Civil unions and
registered partnerships

Andorra
Austria
Colombia
Czech Republic
Denmark
Ecuador
Finland
France
Germany
Greenland

Hungary
Iceland
Luxembourg
New Caledonia
New Zealand
Slovenia
Switzerland
Wallis and Futuna
United Kingdom
Uruguay

Performed in some jurisdictions

Argentina: BA, RC, RN, VCP
Australia: ACT, TAS, VIC
Mexico: COA
United States: CA, CO, HI, ME, NJ, NV, OR, WA, WI
Venezuela: ME

Recognized, not performed

Isle of Man (UK only)

Unregistered co-habitation

Argentina
Australia
Brazil

Croatia
Israel
Portugal

In some regions

United States: MD, RI

Status in other jurisdictions

Albania
Aruba
Bolivia
Bulgaria
Burundi
Cambodia
Chile
China (PRC)
ROC (Taiwan)
Congo (DRC)
Costa Rica
Cuba
Dominican Republic
El Salvador
Estonia
European Union
Faroe Islands
Greece
Honduras
India
Ireland
Italy
Jamaica
Japan
Jersey

Kosovo
Latvia
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Malta
Moldova
Montenegro
Nepal
Netherlands Antilles
Nigeria
Panama
Paraguay
Philippines
Poland
Romania
Russia
Serbia
Slovakia
Singapore
South Korea
Uganda
Ukraine
Venezuela
Vietnam

United States: AL, AS, AZ, DE, FL, GU, IL, LA, ME, MI, MN, MT, NM, NC, OH, PA, PR, RI, SC, UT, WV, WY, Native Americans

Notes

*DC (subject to Congressional review) and Mexico City same-sex marriage laws are effective from 1 March and 4 March 2010, respectively.

See also

Same-sex marriage
Same-sex marriage legislation
Timeline of same-sex marriage
Civil union
Domestic partnership
Registered partnership
Civil partnership
Listings by country

LGBT portal

Debate has occurred throughout the European Union over a proposal which would require each member to legally recognize each other's same-sex marriages as well as any member's civil unions and registered partnerships. Debate on this issue has continued for some time, and has recently revived.[1][2]

Of the 27 member states in the European Union, four legally recognize same-sex marriage, namely Belgium, the Netherlands, Spain, and Sweden. An additional eleven have a form of civil union, registered partnership or unregistered cohabitation. An assortment of cities in Italy have also created forms of registered civil unions, though included benefits are slim to none, making the unions a largely symbolic provision. In comparison, Bulgaria, Latvia, Lithuania, and Poland constitutionally define marriage as being between a man and a woman.

Contents

Current situation

Status EU member state Year of implementation
Same-sex marriage (4 states) Belgium Belgium 2003
Netherlands Netherlands 2001
Spain Spain 2005
Sweden Sweden 2009
Civil unions and
registered partnerships
(11 states)
Austria Austria 2010
Czech Republic Czech Republic 2006
Denmark Denmark 1989
Finland Finland 2002
France France 1999
Germany Germany 2001
Hungary Hungary 2009
Luxembourg Luxembourg 2004
Portugal Portugal 2001
Slovenia Slovenia 2006
United Kingdom United Kingdom 2005
No recognition
(12 states)
Bulgaria Bulgaria
Cyprus Cyprus
Estonia Estonia
Greece Greece
Republic of Ireland Ireland
Italy Italy
Latvia Latvia
Lithuania Lithuania
Malta Malta
Poland Poland
Romania Romania
Slovakia Slovakia

Future legislation

At the moment, three countries (Luxembourg, Portugal and Slovenia) have confirmed their intent to vote on same-sex marriage bills.[3][4][5] A same-sex marriage bill was re-introduced in Portugal after September 2009 after the ruling Socialist Party won the national election[6], it was approved by the party on the 17th of December 2009. On January 8, 2010, after a debate, which included the intervention of the Prime Minister, the Portuguese Parliament passed the bill establishing same-sex marriage[7]. The bill will now has to be promulgated by the Portuguese President Aníbal Cavaco Silva. In Slovenia, the government recently approved the bill and sent it to Parliament to vote on the matter.[8][9][10] There have also been discussions of Denmark legalizing same-sex marriage, though due to the current party in power, such legislation is not likely this year.

While debates in the nations of Italy and Poland have been far from unknown, national legislation of same-sex unions in any form is very unlikely in the near future due to more conservative views on the debate throughout the nations, mainly due to religious reasons, such as the heavy influence of the Catholic Church in many EU nations.

Public opinion

Public support from EU members is the greatest in the Netherlands (82%), Sweden (71%), Denmark, (69%), Spain (66%), Belgium (65%), Luxembourg (58%), Germany (52%) and the Czech Republic (52%).[11] However, other polls have also placed Germany and France between 54% to 65%[12], the UK at 61%.[13] In comparison, support tends to be the lowest from former-Communist states, such as Latvia, Lithuania and Poland. The average percentage of support for same-sex marriage in the European Union is 44%, which had descended from a previous percentage of 53%, due to more socially-conservative nations joining the EU.[11]

References

  1. ^ 365gay.com
  2. ^ gayrights.change.org
  3. ^ "Un «paquet famille» [A "family pack"]" (in French). Le Jeudi. 26 November 2009. http://le-jeudi.editpress.lu/Hebdo/2059.html.  
  4. ^ Botelho, Leonet; José Oliveira, Maria (10 December 2009). "PS quer discutir casamento gay antes do Orçamento [PS wants to discuss gay marriage before the budget]" (in Portuguese). Público. http://www.publico.clix.pt/Pol%C3%ADtica/ps-quer-discutir-casamento-gay-antes-do-orcamento_1413384.  
  5. ^ Vravnik, Vesna. "Družinski zakonik bo predvidoma sprejet maja 2010 [Family Code to be adopted May 2010]" (in Slovene). Vest. http://www.vest.si/2009/12/11/druzinski-zakonik-bo-predvidoma-sprejet-maja-2010/.  
  6. ^ SSM legislation Portugal
  7. ^ http://www.portugal.gov.pt/pt/GC18/Noticias/Pages/20091217_Not_CM.aspx
  8. ^ Family Law Bill Ready for Parliament
  9. ^ Family Code is ready for consideration by the National Assembly
  10. ^ Family Code goes in Parliament
  11. ^ a b EU Public Opinion: SSM
  12. ^ "Couples homosexuels: Les Français sont pour l'adoption [Gay Couples: The French are for adoption]" (in French). Le Journal du Dimanche. 27 June 2008. http://www.lejdd.fr/Societe/Actualite/Couples-homosexuels-Les-Francais-sont-pour-l-adoption-90821/.  
  13. ^ Church 'out of touch' as public supports equal rights for homosexuals, The Times, 27 June 2009







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