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Sampi: Wikis


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Sampi uc lc.svg
Greek alphabet
Αα Alpha Νν Nu
Ββ Beta Ξξ Xi
Γγ Gamma Οο Omicron
Δδ Delta Ππ Pi
Εε Epsilon Ρρ Rho
Ζζ Zeta Σσς Sigma
Ηη Eta Ττ Tau
Θθ Theta Υυ Upsilon
Ιι Iota Φφ Phi
Κκ Kappa Χχ Chi
Λλ Lambda Ψψ Psi
Μμ Mu Ωω Omega
Obsolete letters
Digamma uc lc.svg Digamma Qoppa uc lc.svg Qoppa
San uc lc.svg San Sampi uc lc.svg Sampi
Other characters
Stigma uc lc.svg Stigma Sho uc lc.svg Sho
Heta uc lc.svg Heta

Greek diacritics

Sampi (ϡ) is an obsolete letter of the Greek alphabet and has a numeric value of 900 when used as a mathematical character (see Greek numerals).

Another description formerly used for this archaic letter was disigma (double sigma), because of the phoneme it represented, /ss/ (or /ks/, the latter phoneme eventually being spelled always with xi).

The origin of sampi is uncertain; it may derive from the older letter san, in which case "sampi" would mean san + pi. However, its place at the end of the alphabet, with numerical value 900, suggests that it was a later Greek invention. If so, then "sampi" may mean (hō)s an pei, "as if pi".

Sampi is mostly represented in modern writing by a glyph resembling a π slanted rightwards, and often with a long downstroke. Although the letter is not used at all in Modern Greek words, its usage as the number 900 is still occasionally seen today. In ancient epigraphy, there were other shapes, including one resembling an upright T, as seen on ancient Roman coins. The Unicode standard of modern computer encoding has introduced two sets of codepoints for these two usages, both with an uppercase and lowercase variant: a Π-shaped numeric U+03E0/U+03E1 (Ϡ/ϡ inline), and a T-shaped alphabetic U+0372/U+0373 (Ͳ/ͳ, inline).

Sampi has appeared, albeit rarely, in transcriptions of German ß into the Greek alphabet.

See also

San (letter)

External links


Simple English

Sampi could mean:

  • Sampi, an obsolete letter of Greek alphabet
  • Everlyn Sampi, Australian actress
  • Ashley Sampi, Australian rules footballer


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