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Samuel Carter Hall from a print dated 1847

Samuel Carter Hall (9 May 1800 - 11 March 1889) was an Irish-born Victorian journalist who is best known for his editorship of The Art Journal and for his much-satirised personality.

Contents

Early years

Hall was born at the Geneva Barracks in Waterford. His father was Robert Hall (1753 - 10 January 1836, Chelsea), an army officer and, while in Ireland, engaged in working copper mines which ruined him. His mother supported the family of 12 children with her own business in Cork, Ireland. He married Ann Kent (b. 1765, Ottery St. Mary, Devonshire) at Topsham, 6 April 1790. Ann Hall supported the family, including 12 children, by running a business in Cork, Ireland. Hall was the fourth son.[1]

In 1821, he left Ireland and went to London. He entered law studies at the Inner Temple in 1824, but never practiced, though he was finally called to the bar in 1841. Instead, he became a reporter and edior, including:[1]

  • Reporter, Parliamentary (1823)
  • Reporter, Representative (1823)
  • Editor, 'Literary Observer'
  • Art reviews/criticism, the British Press (same period)
  • Reporter, New Times (1825)
  • Founder/editor, The Amulet, a Christian and Literary Remembrancer, (annually, 1826-1837)
  • Editor, Spirit and Manners of the Age(1826)
  • Editor, Morning Journal (1829-30)
  • Sub-editor/Editor New Monthly Magazine (1830-1836)'s Juvenile Library
  • Author, "History of France", Colburn
  • Writer, Watchman, Wesleyan Methodist newspaper, (1835)
  • Start-up, The Town, conservative whig journal, (1836)
  • Sub-editor, John Bull (1837)
  • General Manager, Britannia (1839)

Art magazine years

S C Hall photographed in 1874

In 1839, Hodgson & Graves, print publishers, employed Hall to edit their new publication, Art Union Monthly Journal. Not long after, Hall purchased a chief share of the periodical. By 1843, he started giving an expensive, unprofitable novelty, sculpture engravings. In 1848, with Hall still unable to turn a profit, the London publisher George Virtue purchased into the Art Union Monthly Journal, retaining Hall as editor. Virtue renamed the periodical The Art Journal in 1849.

In 1851, Hall engraved 150 pictures from the private collection of the Queen and Prince Albert, and the engravings were featured in the journal's Great Exhibition edition. Though this edition was quite popular, the journal remained unprofitable, forcing Hall to sell his share of The Art Journal to Virtue, but staying on as editor.[1][2]

As editor, Hall exposed the profits that custom-houses were earning by importing Old Masters, and showed how paintings are manufactured in England. While Art Journal became notable for its honest portrayal of fine arts, the consequence of Hall's actions was the almost unsaleability of old masters such as a Raphael or a Titian.[1] His intention was to support modern British art by promoting young artists and attacking the market for unreliable old masters. The early issues of the Journal strongly supported the artists of The Clique and attacked the Pre-Raphaelites. Hall remained deeply unsympathetic to Pre-Raphaeliism, publishing several attacks upon the movement. Hall resigned the editorship in 1880, and was granted a Civil List pension for his long and valuable services to literature and art.

Personal life

His wife, Anna Maria Fielding (1800-1881), became well known (publishing as "Mrs S.C. Hall"), for her numerous articles, novels, sketches of Irish life, and plays. Two of the last, The Groves of Blarney and The French Refugee, were produced in London with success. She also wrote a number of children's books, and was practically interested in various London charities, several of which she helped to found.

Hall's notoriously sanctimonious personality was often satirised, and he is regularly cited as the model for the character of Pecksniff in Charles Dickens's novel Martin Chuzzlewit.[3] As Julian Hawthorne wrote,

Hall was a genuine comedy figure. Such oily and voluble sanctimoniousness needed no modification to be fitted to appear before the footlights in satirical drama. He might be called an ingenuous hypocrite, an artless humbug, a veracious liar, so obviously were the traits indicated innate and organic in him rather than acquired. Dickens, after all, missed some of the finer shades of the character; there can be little doubt that Hall was in his own private contemplation as shining an object of moral perfection as he portrayed himself before others. His perversity was of the spirit, not of the letter, and thus escaped his own recognition. His indecency and falsehood were in his soul, but not in his consciousness; so that he paraded them at the very moment that he was claiming for himself all that was their opposite.[4]

References

  1. ^ a b c d Stephen, Leslie (1890). Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder, & Co. p. 88. OCLC 2763972. http://books.google.com/books?id=6yYJAAAAIAAJ&pg=PA88&lpg=PA88&dq=hodgson+graves+%22the+art+union%22&source=web&ots=mNVRPgT707&sig=hUZFEYuBXp_SzW53mkVmjhGlirI&hl=en#PPA88,M1. Retrieved 2008-03-05. 
  2. ^ "Original Drawings by W.H. Bartlett". http://www.lib.uoguelph.ca/resources/archival_&_special_collections/collection_update/18/introduction4.htm. Retrieved 2008-03-05. 
  3. ^ "W.J. Linton, Memoirs". fasthosts.com. http://domain1041943.sites.fasthosts.com/linton/c_memories_2.htm. 
  4. ^ Hawthorne, J.. Hawthorne and his Circle. gutenberg.org. http://www.gutenberg.org/dirs/etext04/hcirc10.txt,. 

Bibliography

  • The Book of British Ballads (1842)
  • The Gallery of Modern Sculpture (1849-54)
  • The royal gallery of art, ancient and modern: engravings from the private collections of Her Majesty the Queen and His Royal Highness Prince Albert, and the art heir-looms of the crown, at Windsor Castle, Buckingham Palace, and Osborne, (Editor) [1854?].
  • Memoirs of Great Men and Women... from Personal Acquaintance (1871)
  • The Trial of Sir Jasper: A Temperance Tale in Verse (1873)
  • An Old Story: A Temperance Tale in Verse (1875)
  • A Memoir of Thomas Moore (1879)
  • Rhymes in Council; Aphorisms Versified (1881)
  • Retrospect of a Long Life, from 1815 to 1883 (1883)

External links


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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

SAMUEL CARTER HALL (1800-1889), English journalist, was born at Waterford on the 9th of May 1800, the son of an army officer. In 1821 he went to London, and in 1823 became a parliamentary reporter. From 1826 to 1837 he was editor of a great number and variety of public prints, and in 1839 he founded and edited The Art Journal. His exposure of the trade in bogus "Old Masters" earned for this publication a considerable reputation. Hall resigned the editorship in 1880, and was granted a Civil List pension "for his long and valuable services to literature and art." He died in London on the 16th of March 1889. His wife, Anna Maria Fielding (1800-1881), became well known as Mrs S. C. Hall, for her numerous novels, sketches of Irish life, and plays. Two of the last, The Groves of Blarney and The French Refugee, were produced in London with success. She also wrote a number of children's books, and was practically interested in various London charities, several of which she helped to found.


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