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Samuel Jay Crumbine (1862 - July 13, 1954) was a pioneer in public health who campaigned against the common drinking cup, the common towel, and spitting in public in order to prevent the spread of tuberculosis.[1]



He is the inventor of the flyswatter. His invention, most likely from 1905, was an improvement on the earlier "flybat", first produced by Frank H. Rose. He died in New York City in 1954.[2]


  • The Crumbine Award is given in his honor.[3]



  1. ^ Lee, R. Alton (2007). From Snake Oil to Medicine. Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 0275994678.  
  2. ^ "S.J. Crumbine Dies.Physician Who Urged End to Public Drinking Cup.". New York Times. July 13, 1954. Retrieved 2008-12-22. "Dr. Crumbine is given credit for putting the phrase "swat the fly" into the American ..."  
  3. ^ "Crumbine Award". AFDO. Retrieved 2008-12-22. "The Crumbine Award is a prestigious national award given annually to local environmental health jurisdictions who demonstrate excellence and continual improvement in a comprehensive food protection program. The purpose of the award is to encourage improvement and stimulate public interest in foodservice sanitation. The award is named in honor of Dr. Samuel J. Crumbine (1862 - 1954), a sanitarian-physician and public health pioneer who was renowned for his innovative methods of improving public health protection. The Award was established in his honor in 1954 and was first awarded in 1955."  

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