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San Cristóbal de La Laguna
Map
Tenerife municipio San Cristóbal de la Laguna.svg
Statistics
Country: Spain Spain
Autonomous region: Canary Islands Canary Islands
Province: Santa Cruz de Tenerife
Island: Tenerife
Area: 102.06 km²
some reads 102.69 km²
Population: 137,314 (2004)
Population density: 1,345.42/km²
Elevation: Atlantic Ocean
546 m
980 m (Pico del Inglés)
Length of coastline: 28.24 km
Postal code: E-38200
Location: 28.4667/28°28' N lat.
16.31667/16°19' W long.
Municipal code: E-38023
Car designation: TF
Name of inhabitants: Laguneros
Website: www.aytolalaguna.com
Politics
Mayor: Fernando Clavijo (CC)
2nd term
San Cristóbal de La Laguna*
UNESCO World Heritage Site

La Laguna
State Party  Spain
Type Cultural
Criteria ii, iv
Reference 929
Region** Europe and North America
Inscription history
Inscription 1999  (23rd Session)
* Name as inscribed on World Heritage List.
** Region as classified by UNESCO.
Panorama

San Cristóbal de La Laguna (commonly known as La Laguna) is a city and municipality of the northern part of the island of Tenerife in the Province of Santa Cruz de Tenerife, on the Canary Islands. The city is third-most populous city of the archipelago and second-most populous city of the island. It is suburban area of the city of Santa Cruz de Tenerife. La Laguna historical center was declared World Heritage Site by the UNESCO in 1999. Starting en 2003 the municipality started an ambitious Urban Plan to renew this area, that was carried out by the firm AUC S.L. (Arquitectura Urbanismo y Cooperación). The city was the ancient capital of the Canary Islands.[1] La Laguna is physically with the city of Santa Cruz, as both cities and municipalities, form a single large urban center, which is in the process of consolidating their union with other populations.[2][3][4]

It is home to the University of La Laguna which is home to 30,000 students; these are not included in the population figures for the city. La Laguna is considered to be the cultural capital of Canaries. Also there is in the habit of being calling the "City of the Anticipated ones", for having been the first university city of the archipelago.

Its economy is business-oriented while agriculture dominates the northeastern portion of the city. The urban area dominates the central and the southern parts. Tourism covers the northern coast. The main industry includes some manufacturing. The industrial area is made up of the main subdivisions of Majuelos, Las Torres de Taco, Las Mantecas and Las Chumberas. In this city one finds the legendary house of Catalina Lercaro spectrum, as well as the incorrupt body of Sister Maria de Jesus, and the Christ of La Laguna (Cristo de La Laguna). Another emblematic building of the city is the Cathedral of La Laguna, which is the catholic cathedral of Tenerife and his diocese (Diocese of Tenerife).

Contents

Etymology

At first the place where the town was called "Aguere" by the aboriginal Guanches (the name is still used in the literature). Later he founded the city as "Villa de San Cristóbal de La Gran Laguna" (in memory of a pond or lake that was in place). Later he established the San Cristóbal de La Laguna, and today is known simply as "La Laguna" (the lake).

Coat of arms

The coat of arms was granted by Queen Juana of Castile on 23 March 1510, as arms of the island of Tenerife. The town of La Laguna, being the capital of the island during the first times after the Conquest, adopted this emblem as its own. It features an island with a volcano spitting fire, on waves, between a castle and a lion, and above the Archangel Saint Michael, holding a spear in one hand and a shield in the other. In the border, the inscription Michael Arcangele Veni in Adjutorium Populo Dei Thenerife Me Fecit. These elements symbolize the incorporation of the island of Tenerife to the Crown of Castile and its evangelization under the patronage of Saint Michael.

Subdivisions

  • La Verdellada
  • Viña Nava
  • El Coromoto
  • San Benito
  • El Bronco
  • La Cuesta
  • Taco
  • Tejina
  • Valleguerra
  • Bajamar
  • Punta del Hidalgo
  • Geneto
  • Los Baldios
  • Guamasa
  • El Ortigal
  • Las Mercedes
  • El Batan
  • Las Carboneras
  • San Diego
  • Las Gavias

Climate

Weather data for San Cristóbal de La Laguna
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 16
(61)
17
(63)
18
(64)
18
(64)
20
(68)
22
(72)
24
(75)
26
(79)
25
(77)
22
(72)
20
(68)
17
(63)
20
(68)
Average low °C (°F) 11
(52)
11
(52)
11
(52)
11
(52)
12
(54)
14
(57)
16
(61)
17
(63)
17
(63)
16
(61)
14
(57)
12
(54)
13
(55)
Precipitation cm (inches) 5.12
(2)
4.09
(1.6)
4.47
(1.8)
2.54
(1)
1.22
(0.5)
0.53
(0.2)
0.49
(0.2)
0.42
(0.2)
1.09
(0.4)
3.59
(1.4)
5.55
(2.2)
5.75
(2.3)
34.86
(13.7)
Source: MSN Weather[5]

History

San Cristóbal de La Laguna in 1880

Flag of San Cristóbal de la Laguna.svg The Battle of Aguere was fought here in 1494. The city was founded between 1496 and 1497 by Alonso Fernández de Lugo and was the capital of the island after the conclusion of the conquest of the islands. The coastal area was later raided by pirates. The University of La Laguna was founded in 1701.

A declining population and economy in the 18th century resulted in the moving of the capital to Santa Cruz de Tenerife in 1723. Santa Cruz has since been the capital of the island of Tenerife.

The Tenerife North Airport at Los Rodeos was opened in the 1930s and is today expanding with low cost airlines using it.

It was declared a World Heritage Site on December 2, 1999. Several streets of historical significance have been closed off due to automobile traffic.

Historical population

Year Population Change
March 1, 1991 110,895 -
May 1, 1996 121.769 -
November 1, 2001 128,822 1,262.96/km²
2002 135,004 -
2003 134,004 -
2004 137,314 1,337.17/km²

Folklores

La Laguna is home to some of the best folklore in the Canary Islands, and the most famous folklorists are Los Sabandeños. La Laguna has created 59 folklore groups in and around La Laguna.

Sisters cities

People

<==Gallery of the Historical Center==

See also

North: Atlantic Ocean
West: Atlantic Ocean San Cristóbal de La Laguna East: Santa Cruz de Tenerife
Southwest: Tacoronte South: El Rosario
The municipality surrounds Tegueste

References

External links


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