San Fernando, California: Wikis

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City of San Fernando
—  City  —
Location of San Fernando in Los Angeles County, California
Coordinates: 34°17′14″N 118°26′20″W / 34.28722°N 118.43889°W / 34.28722; -118.43889Coordinates: 34°17′14″N 118°26′20″W / 34.28722°N 118.43889°W / 34.28722; -118.43889
Country United States
State California
County Los Angeles
Incorporated (city) 1911-08-31[1]
Government
 - City Council Mayor Steve Veres
Mayor Pro-Tem Mario Hernandez
Ernesto Hernandez
Brenda Esqueda
Maribel de la Torre[2]
Area
 - Total 2.38 sq mi (6.18 km2)
 - Land 2.38 sq mi (6.18 km2)
 - Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)  0.00%
Elevation 1,070 ft (326 m)
Population (2000)[3]
 - Total 23,564
 Density 9,880.7/sq mi (3,814.9/km2)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 - Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP Code 91340, 91341,91342 91344-91346[4]
Area code(s) 818[5]
FIPS code 06-66140
GNIS feature ID 1652786
Website http://www.ci.san-fernando.ca.us/

San Fernando is a city located in northwestern Los Angeles County, California, United States. The population was 23,564 at the 2000 census. The city was named for the nearby Mission San Fernando Rey de España, and is completely surrounded by the city of Los Angeles, with the districts of Sylmar to the north, Lake View Terrace to the east, Pacoima to the south, and Mission Hills to the west. It is served by the Golden State (Interstate 5), Foothill (Interstate 210), Ronald Reagan (State Route 118), and San Diego (Interstate 405) freeways.

While most of the towns in the surrounding San Fernando Valley agreed to annexation by Los Angeles in the 1910s, eager to tap the bountiful water supply provided by the newly opened Los Angeles Aqueduct, San Fernando's abundant groundwater supplies allowed it to remain a separate city. Even as the San Fernando Valley transformed itself from an agricultural area to a suburban one in the decades after World War II, San Fernando retained its independence.

As with much of the San Fernando Valley east of the San Diego Freeway, the city of San Fernando has seen a significant demographic shift in recent years; declining birth-rates, an aging population of middle-class whites, who once dominated the area in the 1950s, has contributed to the movement into other parts of the San Fernando Valley. There has also been movement into the Santa Clarita and Antelope Valleys to the north. Income levels have declined as a result. Latinos became the majority. Since late 2004, the city has been going through a series of planning development projects, that can be academically identified as gentrification.

Contents

Demographics

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 23,564 people, 5,774 households, and 4,832 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,822.7/km² (9,880.7/mi²). There were 5,932 housing units at an average density of 962.3/km² (2,487.4/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 42.76% White, 0.98% African American, 1.69% Native American, 1.12% Asian, 0.11% Pacific Islander, 49.35% from other races, and 3.98% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 89.28% of the population.

There were 5,774 households out of which 52.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.1% were married couples living together, 16.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 16.3% were non-families. 12.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.07 and the average family size was 4.33.

In the city the population was spread out with 34.4% under the age of 18, 11.4% from 18 to 24, 32.1% from 25 to 44, 15.0% from 45 to 64, and 7.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 27 years. For every 100 females there were 101.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $39,909, and the median income for a family was $40,138. Males had a median income of $26,068 versus $22,599 for females. The per capita income for the city was $11,485. 15.3% of families and 19.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.5% of those under age 18 and 15.6% of those age 65 or over.

Government and infrastructure

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Local government

The City of San Fernando is governed by a City Council. Members of the City Council are elected and serve four year terms. The Mayor is appointed every year, on a rotating basis, by a majority vote of the Council. The Council meets on the first and third Monday of each month at 6:00 pm in the Council Chambers.

Police

Police services in San Fernando is provided by the San Fernando Police Department. The police department has 35 sworn police officers and 25 non-sworn personnel. The department is also augmented by 20 sworn reserve police officers. In times of need, the police department can deploy a total of 55 sworn police officers.

San Fernando Police is a member of the Los Angeles County Disaster Management Area "C". Area "C" consists of the cities of Burbank, Pasadena, Glendale, San Fernando, San Gabriel, Monterey Park, Alhambra and South Pasadena. San Fernando Police has, in the past, requested mutual aid from LAPD during major incidents due to their close proximity (The City of Los Angeles surrounds San Fernando).

Fire

Fire services is provided by the Los Angeles City Fire Department, which serves the community from three nearby fire stations (Station 75, Station 91, and Station 98), all of which are located in the City of Los Angeles.[7]

Fire Station 75 in Mission Hills serves western San Fernando.[8] Fire Station 91 in Sylmar serves northeast San Fernando[9] Fire Station 98 in Pacoima serves southeast San Fernando.[10]

County, state, and federal representation

The Los Angeles County Department of Health Services operates the Pacoima Health Center in Pacoima in Los Angeles, serving the City of San Fernando.[11]

The United States Postal Service operates the San Fernando Post Office.[12]

San Fernando is located in the 20th District of the California State Senate and is represented by Democrat Alex Padilla[citation needed]

San Fernando is located in the 39th District of the California State Assembly and is represented by Democrat Felipe Fuentes.[citation needed]

In the United States House of Representatives, San Fernando is located in California's 28th congressional district and is represented by Democrat Howard Berman.

Education

San Fernando is served by the Los Angeles Unified School District.

San Fernando is served by:

Public libraries

County of Los Angeles Public Library operates the San Fernando Library at 217 North Maclay Avenue.[14]

References

  1. ^ "Incorporation Dates of California Cities". http://www.cacities.org/resource_files/20457.IncorpDateLO.doc. Retrieved 2007-01-18. 
  2. ^ "City of San Fernando: City Government". http://www.ci.san-fernando.ca.us/city_government/city_council/members/index.shtml. Retrieved 2007-01-18. 
  3. ^ "San Fernando city, California - Fact Sheet - American FactFinder". http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/ACSSAFFFacts?_event=Search&geo_id=&_geoContext=&_street=&_county=&_cityTown=San%20Fernando%20city&_state=04000US06&_zip=&_lang=en&_sse=on&pctxt=fph&pgsl=010. Retrieved 2007-01-18. 
  4. ^ "USPS - ZIP Code Lookup - Find a ZIP+ 4 Code By City Results". http://zip4.usps.com/zip4/zcl_1_results.jsp?visited=1&pagenumber=0&state=ca&city=San%20Fernando. Retrieved 2007-01-18. 
  5. ^ "Number Administration System - NPA and City/Town Search Results". http://www.nanpa.com/nas/public/npa_city_query_step2.do?method=displayData&cityToNpaModel.stateAbbr=CA&cityToNpaModel.city=San%20Fernando. Retrieved 2007-01-18. 
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ "Fire Protection Service" City of San Fernando Website Retrieved on March 16, 2009.
  8. ^ "Fire Station 75." Los Angeles Fire Department. Retrieved on March 17, 2010.
  9. ^ "Fire Station 91." Los Angeles Fire Department. Retrieved on March 17, 2010.
  10. ^ "Fire Station 98." Los Angeles Fire Department. Retrieved on March 17, 2010.
  11. ^ "Pacoima Health Center." Los Angeles County Department of Health Services. Retrieved on March 17, 2010.
  12. ^ "Post Office™ Location - SAN FERNANDO MAIN." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on March 17, 2010.
  13. ^ http://www.laschools.org/project-status/one-project?project_number=56.40032 laschools.org
  14. ^ "San Fernando Library." County of Los Angeles Public Library. Retrieved on December 6, 2008.

External links


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