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City of San Gabriel
—  City  —

Seal
Location of San Gabriel in Los Angeles County, California
Coordinates: 34°5′39″N 118°5′54″W / 34.09417°N 118.09833°W / 34.09417; -118.09833
Country United States
State California
County Los Angeles
Incorporated (city) 1913-04-24[1]
Government
 - Mayor Harry Baldwin[2]
Area
 - Total 4.13 sq mi (10.69 km2)
 - Land 4.13 sq mi (10.69 km2)
 - Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)  0.00%
Elevation 420 ft (128 m)
Population (2000)[3]
 - Total 39,804
 Density 9,639.3/sq mi (3,721.8/km2)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 - Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP Code 91775, 91776, 91778[4]
Area code(s) 626[5]
FIPS code 06-67042
GNIS feature ID 1656614
Website http://www.sangabrielcity.com/

San Gabriel is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. The population was 39,804 at the 2000 census. It is named after the Mission San Gabriel Arcángel, one of the original Spanish missions in California.

Contents

History

Prior to the arrival of the Spanish to Alta California, the area that now comprises San Gabriel was inhabited by the Tongva ethnic group, which came to be called the Gabrieleno by the Spanish.

Spanish colonial history of the City of San Gabriel dates back to 1771 with the founding of the Mission San Gabriel Arcángel, a California State historical landmark. The founding of the mission establishes San Gabriel as the birthplace of the modern Los Angeles region. The Mission San Gabriel Arcángel, "Pride of the California Missions," founded by Father Junipero Serra, is the fourth of twenty-one California Missions, and has long been a center for culture and art.

The Mission San Gabriel Arcángel served a central role in Spanish colonial society, with many of the area's first Mexican settlers being baptized at the mission, including Pio Pico, who was baptised at the mission in 1801 and became governor of California in 1845.

By 1852, after American occupation, San Gabriel became one of the first townships in the County of Los Angeles. When the 1860 census was taken, there were only 586 persons listed. The city was incorporated as a general law city on April 24, 1913. At the time, the city's population was 1,500.

Geography

San Gabriel is located at 34°5′39″N 118°5′54″W / 34.09417°N 118.09833°W / 34.09417; -118.09833 (34.094176, -118.098449).[6]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 10.7 km² (4.1 mi²), all land.

The city is bordered on the north by San Marino, on the east by Temple City and Rosemead, to the south by Rosemead and to the west by Alhambra.

Demographics

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 39,804 people, 12,587 households, and 9,566 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,721.2/km² (9,639.3/mi²). There were 12,909 housing units at an average density of 1,206.8/km² (3,126.2/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 33.40% White, 1.06% African American, 0.83% Native American, 48.91% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 12.36% from other races, and 3.34% from two or more races. Those identifying as Hispanic or Latino (of any race) were 30.71% of the population.

There were 12,587 households out of which 35.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.1% were married couples living together, 15.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.0% were non-families. 18.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.10 and the average family size was 3.52.

In the city the population was spread out with 23.5% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 33.3% from 25 to 44, 21.1% from 45 to 64, and 13.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 92.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $55,807, and the median income for a family was $59,262. Males had a median income of $31,642 versus $29,302 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,807. About 12.5% of families and 15.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.4% of those under age 18 and 11.5% of those age 65 or over.

Government and infrastructure

In the state legislature San Gabriel is located in the 21st Senate District, represented by Democrat Jack Scott, and in the 49th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Mike Eng. Federally, San Gabriel is located in California's 29th congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of D +12[8] and is represented by Democrat Adam Schiff.

In 1989, Vice-Mayor Frank Blaszcak lost his City Council seat by nine votes after a free-for-all campaign that included allegations of drug dealing and mooning residents at a City Council meeting.[9][10] Blaszcak ultimately hired renown attorney Melvin Belli and sued eleven well-known city developers and real estate brokers and cleared his name.[citation needed]

The Los Angeles County Department of Health Services operates the Monrovia Health Center in Monrovia, serving San Gabriel.[11]

Education

Scholastically, San Gabriel is served by the San Gabriel Unified School District. The southern portions of San Gabriel, however, are served by Garvey School District. Alhambra Unified School District operates San Gabriel High School, which serves residents from San Gabriel, Alhambra, and Rosemead.

San Gabriel has two public high schools (Gabrielino High School and San Gabriel High School) run by SGUSD and AUSD respectively. Jefferson Middle School is operated by SGUSD, along with five elementary schools - Coolidge Elementary, McKinley Elementary, Roosevelt Elementary, Washington Elementary, Wilson Elementary. Two other elementary schools within the city limits -Dewey Elementary, and Marshall Elementary - are operated by the Garvey School District.

In addition, there are several private schools in the city of San Gabriel including San Gabriel Mission High School. Other schools, some of which are combined primary and secondary schools include Little Flower Montessori School, San Gabriel Christian School, San Gabriel Mission Elementary and San Gabriel Seventh-day Adventist Academy.

Famous natives and notable residents

External links

References

  1. ^ "Incorporation Dates of California Cities" (DOC). http://www.cacities.org/resource_files/20457.IncorpDateLO.doc. Retrieved 2007-01-18. 
  2. ^ "City of San Gabriel - City Council". http://www.sangabrielcity.com/cityhall/electcitycouncil.shtml. Retrieved 2007-01-18. 
  3. ^ "San Gabriel city, California - Fact Sheet - American FactFinder". http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/ACSSAFFFacts?_event=Search&geo_id=&_geoContext=&_street=&_county=&_cityTown=San%20Gabriel%20city&_state=04000US06&_zip=&_lang=en&_sse=on&pctxt=fph&pgsl=010. Retrieved 2007-01-18. 
  4. ^ "USPS - ZIP Code Lookup - Find a ZIP+ 4 Code By City Results". http://zip4.usps.com/zip4/zcl_1_results.jsp?visited=1&pagenumber=0&state=ca&city=San%20Gabriel. Retrieved 2007-01-18. 
  5. ^ "Number Administration System - NPA and City/Town Search Results". http://www.nanpa.com/nas/public/npa_city_query_step2.do?method=displayData&cityToNpaModel.stateAbbr=CA&cityToNpaModel.city=San%20Gabriel. Retrieved 2007-01-18. 
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  8. ^ "Will Gerrymandered Districts Stem the Wave of Voter Unrest?". Campaign Legal Center Blog. http://www.clcblog.org/blog_item-85.html. Retrieved 2008-02-10. 
  9. ^ Newton, Edmund (1989-05-25). "Controversial Council Member Loses Seat by 9 Votes in San Gabriel". Los Angeles Times. http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=2003943&sid=1&Fmt=2&clientId=1564&RQT=309&VName=PQD. Retrieved 2007-12-04. 
  10. ^ Martinez, Al (1989-03-30). "Quarter Moon in San Gabe". Los Angeles Times. http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=2003943&sid=1&Fmt=2&clientId=1564&RQT=309&VName=PQD. Retrieved 2007-12-04. 
  11. ^ "Monrovia Health Center." Los Angeles County Department of Health Services. Retrieved on March 27, 2010.
  12. ^ Nelson, Valerie J. (2007-11-16). "Masakazu Yoshizawa, 57; Japanese flute player featured in many films". Los Angeles Times. http://www.latimes.com/news/printedition/california/la-me-yoshizawa16nov16,1,1642268.story?coll=la-headlines-pe-california. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 








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