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Jesuit Missions of the Guaranis: San Ignacio Mini, Santa Ana, Nuestra Señora de Loreto and Santa Maria la Mayor (Argentina), Ruins of Sao Miguel das Missoes (Brazil)*
UNESCO World Heritage Site

Remains of the entrance to the church.
State Party  Argentina and  Brazil
Type Cultural
Criteria iv
Reference 275-291
Region** Latin America and the Caribbean
Inscription history
Inscription 1983  (7th Session)
Extensions 1984
* Name as inscribed on World Heritage List.
** Region as classified by UNESCO.

San Ignacio Miní was one of the many missions founded in 1632 by the Jesuits in the Americas during the Spanish colonial period near present-day San Ignacio valley, some 60km south of Posadas, Misiones Province, Argentina.

The original mission was erected near the year 1610 by priests José Cataldino and Simón Maceta in the region called Guayrá by the natives and La Pinería by the Spanish conquistadores in present Paraná State, Brazil. Because of the constant attacks of the Portuguese Bandeirantes, the mission first moved in 1632, and didn't settle in its current location until 1696, and was called San Ignacio Miní (minor in Guaraní) to distinguish it from its bigger homonym San Ignacio Guazú (great).

In the 18th century the mission had a population of around 3000 people, and a rich cultural and handicraft activity, which was commercialized through the nearby Paraná River. Nevertheless, after the Suppression of the Society of Jesus of 1767, the Jesuits left the mission a year later, and the mission finally destroyed in 1817, as well as other missions in the area.

The ruins are one of the best preserved among the several build in a territory today belonging to Argentina, Brazil and Paraguay, and one of the most visited due to its accessibility. Lost in dense vegetation, the remains of the "Guaraní baroque" stile constructions were found in 1897, and gained the interest of the population after the 1903 expedition by poet Leopoldo Lugones, but its restoration didn't begin until 1940.

Side entrance to the church.

The main square was surrounded by the church, a cabildo, a cemetery, a monastery and some houses. The magnificent church with 74 metres length and 24 metres width was designed by Italian priest Juan Brasanelli, and build using the local red sandstone. The width of the walls are around 2 metres, what in spite of the fragile material let the constructions remain standing after over two centuries.

In 1984 the ruins were declared as World Heritage Site by UNESCO, and currently hold the Museo Jesuítico de San Ignacio Miní museum. Other Jesuit missions' ruins in the Misiones Province are Reducción de Santa Ana, Santa María La Mayor, and Nuestra Señora de Loreto. The World Monuments Fund recently completed restoration work on the main portal.

See also

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External links

Coordinates: 27°15′19″S 55°31′54″W / 27.25528°S 55.53167°W / -27.25528; -55.53167

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Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

South America : Argentina : San Ignacio Miní
Contents

San Ignacio Miní is town in the North of Argentina. It was one of the many missions founded by the Jesuits during the Spanish colonial period. The ruins are on the UNESCO World Heritage List.

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Buses from Posadas to Puerto Iguazú pass by.

  • The ruins of the mission
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