|— Municipality —|
Map of Occidental Mindoro showing the location of San Jose.
|Region||MIMAROPA (Region IV-B)|
|District||Lone District of Occidental Mindoro|
|- Mayor||Romulo "Muloy" Festin|
|- Total||551.93 km2 (213.1 sq mi)|
|- Density||201.1/km2 (520.9/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
|Income class||1st class municipality|
San Jose is a 1st class municipality in the province of Occidental Mindoro, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 111,009 people in 22,464 households. According to the 2007 census, the population increased to 118,807 people.
San Jose is considered the main commercial port in the province. It is named after its patron saint, St. Joseph, the husband of Mary. Most of the people are Visayans, Batangueños and Ilocanos.
San Jose is the center of entertainment and business in the province. Major banks such as Philippine National Bank (PNB), United Coconut Planters Bank (UCPB), Development Bank of the Philippines (DBP), Allied Bank, Metrobank, Landbank, Philippine Veterans Bank, have local branches and even fast food chain Jollibee has started operations in San Jose.Mr. Donut has started to operate too. Telecommunication services are provided by Digital Telecommunications (Digitel), Smart Communications, Globe, RCPI, and Piltel. Numerous internet cafes are also available mainly in the poblacion area. Major schools in the province include Divine Word College, Montessori de San Jose, Philippine Central Island College (PCIC), I-NET Asia Technological School, Inc. and the Occidental Mindoro State College.
The population growth currently experienced by San Jose is attributed to a growing number of migrants.
It is located at the southern part of the province with a total land area of 551.9294 km² Climatic condition is classified under Type A category and slope is generally flat Soil composition developed from recent alluvial deposits which are silty-loam to clay loam and landforms consist of limestone and sedimentary rocks. All types of erosion are present: slight , moderate and severe erosion. Eleven (11) rivers and creeks serve as natural drainage. Mineral deposits includes copper and limestone.
San Jose is politically subdivided into 38 barangays
Historical records show that in 14th century, Chinese traders anchored to trade at the shores of Mangarin, the oldest settlement in the southern portion of Occidental Mindoro. Its name was derived from the word “Mandarin”, an official Chinese Palace, the remains of which can still be found in the old barrio of Mangarin. When the Spanish took possession of the Island in the 18th century, the first site of the Presidencia was built in sitio of Sinaoga, on the western side of Barrio Sta. Teresa, now part of the municipality of Magsaysay. A year later, it was again transferred to Caminawit. On May 1, 1910, Pandurucan, which was renamed San Jose, became the seat of the Civil Government with Don German Ramirez as its first appointed leader up to 1915. When the Japanese Imperial Forces occupied the town, Bonifacio Gomez was appointed as Mayor from 1941-1942 followed by Pedro Cuden, 1942-1943 and finally Isabelo Abeleda in 1944 until 1946. During the American reoccupation Bibiano Gaudiel replaced Isabelo Abeleda who regain his position in 1955.
San Jose figures prominently in Philippine history for its role during World War II. American forces led by General Douglas MacArthur with the Filipino soldiers staged a so-called "Second Landing" in the beaches of San Jose (the "First" being the famous Leyte Landing) on December 15, 1944, to retake the Philippine islands from the Japanese.Battle of Mindoro. Securing San Jose and the whole Mindoro island proved decisive in the goal to recapture Manila and Luzon, and the eventual defeat of the Japanese Imperial forces by victorious from the Filipino and American troops.
The Philippine government split Mindoro into two provinces, Occidental Mindoro and Oriental Mindoro in 1950. San Jose became the temporary capitol but was transferred to Mamburao on January 1950. Migration to Mindoro in the years after the war boosted population growth and spurred development. The Philippine Sugar Mill plantation in the northern Barangay Central helped San Jose become the center of commerce in those years. The economic base has since widened to include rice, corn, tobacco, salt, and aquaculture production.
It is the most thickly populated area in the province which continuously grow at 2.38% annually. Out of the total population of 110,812 around 41.97% resides in urban area and 58.03% are situated in rural barangays. After experiencing negative migration during the 1990s, population is on a rebound and projected to increase further.
Average household size is recorded at 5 with built-up density of 6500 persons per km². About 69.42% are dependents resulting to a dependency ratio of 1:2. On the other hand, male-female ratio is computed at 108:100.
Tagalog is the most outspoken dialect and 83.97% are practicing Catholicism.
The municipality has largely diverse economic activities. However, majority of working force which is estimated at 76%, are still engage in agriculture.
Major crops produced includes corn, rice, garlic, onions and among others. It is also known for inland fishing producing lapu-lapu, milkfish, and export quality prawn. Substantial quantity of marine products are also available.
Commercial livestock and poultry farms producing layers, broilers and meat products also exist. It has the largest number of agricultural support facilities such as ricemills, warehouses, solar dryers, and the likes.
Registered commercial establishments number around 1,030 and the public market, the center of commercial activities, is the largest in the province.
Industries includes hollowblocks making, handicrafts and furnitures, and other small scale processing and manufacturing plants.
Known tourism facilities are beach resorts, hotels and restaurants.
The major attractions of the industrial town of San Jose are its three offshore islands - Ambulong, Ilin, and White Island. San Jose is also a favorite jump-off point to the world-class diving site - Apo Reef Marine Park.
Local airlines such as Cebu Pacific, Philippine Airlines, and Zest Air fly from Manila to San Jose on a regular basis. Flights take approximately one hour. Montenegro and Besta Shipping operates a roll-on/roll-off ferry service from Manila to San Jose weekly. An alternate, similar service from the port of Batangas City takes from 12 to 16 hours also.
The provincial highway of Occidental Mindoro links most of the towns from north to south. Local bus and jeepney operators ply the route from the northernmost town of Abra de Ilog all the way to San Jose. The mostly dusty, gravel road is being upgraded and paved to hasten travel.
Most roads in the poblacion area and nearby barangays are well-paved. Tricycles are the common mode of transportation around town. Banca (small boat) transfers to nearby island resorts and diving spots are available.