San Juan City: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

City of San Juan
Lungsod ng San Juan

Flag

Seal
Map of Metro Manila showing the location of San Juan. Coordinates: 14°38' N, 121°2' E
Country Philippines
Region National Capital Region
Districts Lone District of San Juan City
Barangays 21
Incorporated (town) 1623
Incorporated (city) June 16, 2007
Government
 - Mayor Joseph Victor Ejercito (PMP/GO)
 - Vice Mayor Leonardo G. Celles (PMP/GO)
 - Sangguniang Panlungsod
Area
 - Total 7.77 km2 (3 sq mi)
Elevation 17.0 m (56 ft)
Population (2007)
 - Total 125,558
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
Area code(s) 2
Website Official Website of San Juan City

The City of San Juan (Filipino: Lungsod ng San Juan) or simply San Juan is a city in Metro Manila in the Philippines. Before the creation of Metro Manila, it was part of Rizal Province. Currently Metro Manila's smallest city in terms of area, San Juan is one of the smallest among the cities and municipalities in the metropolis, second only to Pateros. This was the site of the first battle of the Katipunan, the Filipino revolutionary organization, against the Spanish colonizers.

Contents

Etymology

The city is named after St. John the Baptist, who is also the city's patron saint.

Location

San Juan City is located at the approximate geographical centre of Metro Manila. It is bordered by Quezon City on the north and east, Mandaluyong City on the south, and the city of Manila on the west. Among the many interesting places in San Juan are the Pinaglabanan Shrine, which marks the first battle of the Katipunan, the Greenhills Shopping Center, one of the metro's popular bargain places, especially for electronics, clothing and other merchandise.

The territory of San Juan was once much larger than it is presently, stretching all the way to Caloocan City. Parts of what are now Districts 1, 2 and 4 of Quezon City as well as parts of Mandaluyong were originally within the San Juan territorial boundaries. This explains why the San Juan Reservoir in Horseshoe Village is under the jurisdiction of Quezon City.

History

San Juan is officially named, Municipality of San Juan del Monte. During the pre-Spanish period, San Juan was a village until it became a small encomienda in 1590. Formerly a barrio of Santa Ana de Sapa, which was ruled by King Lacantagean and his wife Bouan, the town derived its name from the patron saint San Juan de Bautista (Saint John the Baptist), and “Del Monte,” often annexed to it, was named after the hilly structure of the land. In 1602, the Dominican friars built a retreat house for their immediate use, where aging convalescing friars stayed. Later, the Dominicans Constructed a convent sanctuary and a stone church dedicated to the Holy Cross, a church destined to be ravaged during the Spanish occupation. To this day, the thrice-rebuilt church of the Holy Cross stands on the same site, with the Aquinas School for the boys and the Dominican College for the girls. In 1783, San Juan became independent of Santa Ana but it was still then a barrio.

The first battle of the Philippine Revolution that achieved independence from Spain, began in San Juan in 1898.

Although not officially known, the city of San Juan could also be called the "Town of Philippine Presidents." Of the last nine presidents since the country became a Republic in 1946, four of them were official residents of San Juan when they assumed the reins of national office. The four are/were the Macapagals, pere et fille, Diosdado Sr. (1961-1965) and the incumbent, his daughter Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo (2001-2010). The other two were Ferdinand Marcos (1965-1986) and Joseph Estrada (1998-2001).

Former President Joseph Estrada served as mayor of San Juan.

On June 16, 2007 voters in San Juan ratified the conversion of the municipality into a highly urbanized city, pursuant to Republic Act No. 9388 (An Act Converting the Municipality of San Juan into a Highly Urbanized City to be known as the City of San Juan). Congressman Ronaldo B. Zamora sponsored the Cityhood Bill at the House of Representatives and worked for its approval.[1]

Barangays

San Juan is politically subdivided into 21 barangays:

  • Addition Hills
  • Balong-Bato
  • Batis
  • Corazon De Jesus
  • Ermitaño
  • Greenhills
  • Halo-halo (St. Joseph)
  • Isabelita
  • Kabayanan
  • Little Baguio
  • Maytunas
  • Onse
  • Pasadeña
  • Pedro Cruz
  • Progreso
  • Rivera
  • Salapan
  • San Perfecto
  • Santa Lucia
  • Tibagan
  • West Crame

Transportation

  • Road R-6 passes through San Juan as Aurora Boulevard, as does the C-3 (Araneta Avenue). Less major routes include Nicanor Domingo (more known as N. Domingo), which heads towards Cubao in Quezon City and Pinaglabanan/Santolan, which leads towards Ortigas Avenue and eventually Quezon City.
  • The Purple Line of the Manila LRT also briefly passes through the city while running over Aurora Boulevard (R-6), serving the stations at V. Mapa and J. Ruiz.
  • Numerous jeepney routes operate through the area, heading towards Cubao, Divisoria, Crame (via Santolan), Taytay and other destinations. A bus route from Quiapo heading towards Cainta and Taytay passes through San Juan.

Education

Here is a list of some notable scholastic institutions in the city, both public and private.

  • The Polytechnic University of the Philippines (PUP) San Juan campus, was established in 2008 under the administration of San Juan City Mayor Joseph Victor "JV" G. Ejercito. It serves as the only community college in the locality.
  • The San Juan National High School, which was established in 1969 during the time of then Mayor Joseph Estrada, is the lone public high school in the City.
  • Aquinas School- a Catholic school established by the Dominicans
  • Asian Institute of Journalism and Communication- a school for graduate studies in Communication Management and Journalism
  • Dominican College - a Catholic, Private and an all girls school established by Dominicans (Order of Preachers) and ran by Dominican Sisters in which students are taught to follow the ideals of St. Dominic.
  • Fountain International Academy
  • Immaculate Conception Academy-Greenhills, an private all-girls Catholic school for Chinese Filipinos
  • Philippine Chen Kuang High School - a private school with a bilingual (English and Chinese ) curriculum
  • Montessori De San Juan
  • O.B. Montessori Center
  • De La Salle Greenhills High School
  • Pinaglabanan Elementary School
  • St. John's Academy
  • Xavier School- a private all-boys school run by the Society of Jesus for Chinese Filipinos
  • Sta. Lucia Elementary School
  • San Juan Elementary School
  • San Perfecto Elementary School
  • Salapan Elementary School
  • Nicanor Ibuna Elementary School
  • Pedro Cruz Elementary School
  • Kabayanan Elementary School
  • St. John the Baptist Catholic School - formerly Holy Child Parochial School

Culture

San Juan is known for its festival celebration of the feast of their patron, St. John the Baptist. Festivities include dousing pedestrians and vehicles with water. Drivers with unlocked doors at traffic lights are a preferred target. For this reason, the rest of Manila tends to avoid entering San Juan on the 24 June. Due to massive complaints from non-residents, recent ordinance in San Juan curtails all such activites at noon.

San Juan residents are also known for its fierce patriotism and localization, preferring to stay within the boundaries of the municipality for work, education, and residence rather than seek employment elsewhere. Popular perception see San Juan businessmen and consumers preferring to introduce new businesses and franchises into the municipality, rather than patronize such establishments even just outside San Juan's current or historical territorial boundaries.

Sister Cities of San Juan City

References

  • Google Earth

External links


Coordinates: 14°38′N 121°2′E / 14.633°N 121.033°E / 14.633; 121.033

Advertisements

Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message