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San Juan Island National Historical Park
IUCN Category V (Protected Landscape/Seascape)
Location San Juan County, Washington, USA
Nearest city Friday Harbor, Washington
Coordinates 48°27′21″N 122°59′08″W / 48.45583°N 122.98556°W / 48.45583; -122.98556Coordinates: 48°27′21″N 122°59′08″W / 48.45583°N 122.98556°W / 48.45583; -122.98556
Visitors 246,780 (in 2005)
Governing body National Park Service
San Juan Island National Historic Site
U.S. National Register of Historic Places
U.S. National Historic Landmark District
U.S. National Historical Park
Nearest city: Friday Harbor, Washington
Architect: Unknown
Architectural style(s): No Style Listed
Governing body: National Park Service
Added to NRHP: October 15, 1966[1]
Designated NHLD: November 5, 1961[2]
NRHP Reference#: 66000369

San Juan Island National Historical Park, also known as American and English Camps, San Juan Island, is a U.S. National Park on San Juan Island in Washington, made up by the sites of the British and U.S. Armies' camps during the Pig War. Both of these camps were set up in 1859 as response to a border dispute triggered by the killing of a pig. The camps were occupied for 12 years, until the Treaty of Washington was signed, negotiated by Kaiser Wilhelm I of Germany. The British abandoned their camp in November 1872, while the American camp was disbanded in July 1874.[3]

The site was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1961,[2] and listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1966.[1]

The park is divided into two parts; an American Camp where US soldiers were stationed, and a British Camp, where the British Royale Marines established a garrison. The Britsh Camp is the only part of a US national park that commemorates a British military site and the only one that flies the British Union Flag.

References

  1. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23. http://www.nr.nps.gov/.  
  2. ^ a b "American and English Camps, San Juan Island". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. http://tps.cr.nps.gov/nhl/detail.cfm?ResourceId=252&ResourceType=District. Retrieved 2008-03-01.  
  3. ^ "San Juan Island National Historical Park". http://www.nps.gov/sajh. Retrieved 2008-02-27.  

External links

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