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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

San Luis Potosí is the name of both a state in Mexico and that state's capital city. This article is about the state. For the city, see San Luis Potosí, San Luis Potosí.
Potosí is the name of a city in Bolivia. This article is about the Mexican state. For the Bolivian city, see Potosí.
San Luis Potosí
Estado Libre y Soberano
de San Luis Potosí
—  State  —

Flag

Coat of arms
Location within Mexico
Country  Mexico
Capital San Luis Potosí
Municipalities 58
Admission December 22, 1823[1]
Order 6th
Government
 - Governor Fernando Toranzo Fernandez (PRI)
 - Federal Deputies PAN: 7
 - Federal Senators Alejandro Zapata Perogordo (PAN)
Eugenio Govea Arcos (Convergencia)
Carlos Jiménez Macías (PRI)
Area
Ranked 15th
 - Total 63,068 km2 (24,350.7 sq mi)
Population (2005)
 - Total 2,410,414 (Ranked 16th)
 - Demonym Potosino
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
HDI (2004) 0.7694 - medium
Ranked 19th
ISO 3166-2 MX-SLP
Postal abbr. S.L.P.
Website San Luis Potosí State Government

The Mexican state of San Luis Potosí has an area of 24,266 square miles (62,849 km2). It is in the central part of the Mexican republic, It borders Coahuila to the north, Nuevo León to the north-east, Tamaulipas to the east, Veracruz to the east, Hidalgo, Querétaro, and Guanajuato to the south, and Zacatecas to the north-west. At the 2005 census the population was 2,410,414.

In addition to the state capital San Luis Potosí, the state's largest cities include Ciudad Valles, Matehuala, and Rioverde.

Contents

Etymology

The state and its capital are both named after Louis IX of France (also known in Mexico as San Luis Rey de Francia, Saint Louis, King of France), its patron saint. The Potosí was added in reference to the fabulously rich mines of Potosí, Bolivia, comparing the wealth of these mines to that of the local mines at Cerro de San Pedro.

Geography

San Luis Potosí is bounded on the east by Nuevo León, Tamaulipas and Veracruz, on the south by Hidalgo, Querétaro and Guanajuato, and on the west by Zacatecas.

The state lies mostly on the Mexican Plateau, with the exception of the southeastern corner of the state, where the tableland breaks down into the tropical valley of the Panuco River. The surface of the plateau is comparatively level, with some low mountainous wooded ridges. The Sierra Madre Oriental runs north and south through the state, and separates the Mexican Plateau from the Gulf Coastal Plain to the east. The Sierra Madre Oriental is home to the Sierra Madre Oriental pine-oak forests. The Panuco River originates on the Plateau, and flows eastward through a gap in the Sierra Madre to drain into the Gulf of Mexico. The easternmost portion of the state lies on the Gulf Coastal Plain, and covered by the Veracruz moist forests.

The Panuco and its tributaries drain the southern and southeastern portion of the state. The northern and central portion of the state, including the capital, lie on an interior drainage basin which does not drain to the sea.

The mean elevation is about 6,000 ft., ensuring a temperate climate. The state lies partly within the arid zone of the north, while the southern half receiving a more liberal rainfall through the influence of the Nortes, which deliver significant amounts of rain. The rainfall, however, is uncertain at the western and northern regions, and much of the state is poorly provided with rivers. The soil is fertile and in favorable seasons large crops of wheat, maize, beans and cotton are grown on the uplands. In the low tropical valleys, sugar, coffee, tobacco, peppers and fruit are staple products. Stockraising is an important industry and hides, tallow and wool are exported. Fine cabinet and construction woods are also exported to a limited extent.

At one time San Luis Potosí ranked among the leading mining provinces of Mexico, but the revolts following independence resulted in a great decline in that industry. The area around Real de Catorce has some of the richest silver mines in the country. Other well-known silver mining districts are Peñón Blanco, Ramos and Guadalcázar. The development of Guadalcazar dates from 1620 and its ores yield gold, copper, zinc and bismuth, as well as silver. In the Ramos district, the Cocinera lode was said to have a total yield of over $60,000,000 in the first decade of the 20th century.

Municipalities

The State of San Luis Potosí is divided into 58 municipalities (Spanish: municipios), each headed by a municipal president (mayor).

Major communities

Governors

The current governor is Fernando Toranzo (2009–2015) of the PRI party (Partido Revolucionario Institucional)

Economy

Traditionally, the Real de Minas potosino has driven the industrial engines in the state of San Luis Potosí, and as such, nowadays basic metallurgy still has the largest contribution within the Gross Domestic Product of the entity. The main products extracted across local mines are zinc, copper, lead, gold, silver, mercury, manganese, and arsenic. Other industries following the mining lead are in the sectors of chemicals, foods, beverages, tobacco, and textiles.

The services sector, also known as tertiary, is second regarding contribution to the state's income with a 21%, followed by commerce, hotels and restaurants with 18%. These combined activities employ 51% of the economically active population or EAP.

Agriculture is a traditional activity, still practiced in the Huasteca region. Currently, even if it contributes very little to the state GDP, it nevertheless employs as much as 20% of the EAP of the entity. The main agricultural products grown on Potosí soil are maize, beans, barley, sugar cane, oranges, coffee, sour lemon, tuna, and mango. Livestock activities are focused on raising sheep, cattle, and pigs.

General Motors now has a plant under construction, San Luis Potosí Assembly, to employ up to 1800 and assembly up to 160,000 vehicles per year.[2]

Cummins Inc. has had a manufacturing presence in San Luis Potosí since 1980 and employs nearly 2000 people there.

Demographics

The state of San Luis Potosí reports a population of a little more than 2,400,000 inhabitants, according to the latest census which took place in the year 2005. Population growth rate for the period 2000-2005 was in fact less than 1%.

The state is inhabited by 60% residents under 30 years of age, and reports a life expectancy rate similar to the national average, that is, 72 years for men, and 77 years of age for women.

Regarding cultural and ethnic diversity, as much as 11% of the state population has an indigenous origin, and the most representative language is that of the Nahuatl, followed by the Huasteco. The native peoples of the state are among the tallest in Mexico and include the Huastecs and Pame people. Due to its severe levels of isolation, the state is one of the nine entities in Mexico which report the highest rates of migration into the United States.

Education

The average schooling rate for those over 15 years of age lies at 7.7 years of education, considerably lower than the 8.1% found nationally, while illiteracy rates reach a high 9.2%, in addition to the facts that 28% of the same portion of those older than 15 never finished primary school, and that 4% of children under 14 years do not attend school.

Institutions of higher education include:

Transportation

Ponciano Arriaga International Airport serves the city.

Famous people

Arts and sciences

Journalists

  • Julio Hernández López - columnist of La Jornada


Politics


Sports

External links

References

  • Ricketts, Taylor H., Eric Dinerstein, David M. Olson, Colby J. Loucks, et al. (1999). Terrestrial Ecoregions of North America: a Conservation Assessment. Island Press, Washington, D.C..

This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.

Coordinates: 22°36′12″N 100°25′47″W / 22.60333°N 100.42972°W / 22.60333; -100.42972

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Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to San Luis Potosi article)

From Wikitravel

San Luis Potosi is a city in the San Luis Potosi state in the Bajio in Mexico.

Cathedral in San Luis Potosi

Get in

If you don't have a budget, you can fly directly to San Luis Potosi, but it is recommended to fly to Mexico City and take a bus to SLP, if you prefer to save.

By plane

Aeropuerto de San Luis Potosi (IATA: SLP) is a small, compact airport with just two gates: they have a limited range of commercial scheduled flights. From the U.S., direct flights are available on American to Dallas, on Continental to Houston, and on Mexicana to San Antonio. Non-stop flights are also available to Mexico City, Monterrey, and Guadalajara.

By bus

San Luis Potosi has a fairly large bus station with frequent service to major destinations, including Mexico City to the south and Monterrey to the north --- both about 5 hours away.

The overnight buses leave Austin, San Antonio or Laredo each night. They arrive in SLP around lunch time the next day. Most popular international line would be Grupo Senda / Turimex -- a 5 minute cab ride from Austin Airport.

Get around

In addition to buses, the city has trollies at very inexpensive prices to get around. Taxis are also cheap, yet you can get around a great portion of the city on foot.

  • Museo Federico Silva, Alvaro Obregon 80, Tel: (444) 812-2848, [1]. Open Monday-Friday, 10-6, Sundays 10-4, closed Tuesday. Admission: 30 pesos.
  • Museo Nacional de Mascaras
  • Teatro de la Paz
  • Templo del Carmen
  • Templo de San Francisco

Eat

San Luis Potosi has many good restaurants in the downtown area. Walk up Venustiana Carranza and you will find many of the city's top culinary gems.

  • La Corriente, V. Carranza 700: Eclectic atmosphere and a lively happy hour are reason enough to seek out this traditional Mexican restaurant, but the excellent comida corrida for 45 pesos is a lunch-time bargain.
  • La Virreina, V. Carranza 830: Elegant traditional dining room with suave white-glove service at every turn. The menu is innovative with many nouveau Mexican dishes colored with the splash of old style tradition. Their tortilla soup is spectacular, sprinkled with diced dry cascabel chile, and their truta en cilantro puts a unique spin on an already spectacularly prepared and presented broiled fish dinner.
  • La Gran Via, V. Carranza 560: Sophisticated elegance with live piano music at both lunch and dinner. The menu is heavy on Spanish classic dishes (including an outstanding paella, loaded with seafood and redolent with saffron). They also have a smattering of exciting nouveau Mexican fusions, equally well prepared, and their cream of artichoke soup is a culinary delight.
  • El Angel, V. Carranza 1625. About a mile out from downtown is this bright star of innovative nouveau Mexican cuisine. Even the vegetables are worth raving about here: the smoky depth of my plate of grilled nopales with chipotle was nothing short of an orgasm for my tongue.
  • La Fragua Steak Taco, About a mile out from downtown past Hotel Real Plaza on a side street from Carranza. The ultimate taco and beer joint. Lunch Dinner or to soak up the alcohol this place is always great. Teléfono:(444) 8175425

Drink

Be sure to find La Calle San Francisco (near the church by the same name) in the city's downtown sector. There are some outstanding cafes and clubs in this area. Look for those with the rooftop locations. They have the charm of brick-covered alleys and spectacular starlit views in the evening. Some also feature live music.

  • Cafe Luna
  • Callejon San Francisco, Universidad 169

Sleep

Chain hotels and moderate hotels are mostly located in the "Zona Hotelera", just outside the city, on the highway near the bus station. Inexpensive independent hotels are mostly downtown. The only luxury hotel in town is the Westin.

Talk

A conversational understanding of Spanish will aid you greatly during your visit, as few SLP citizens will fluently speak English. Indeed, it is a very chic city for learning the Spanish language without being distracted by the English of tourists.

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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

Map of Mexico highlighting San Luis Potosí

Etymology

Named after Louis IX of France (in Spanish San Luis Rey de Francia) and Potosí, in reference to the mines of Potosí, in Bolivia.

Proper noun

Singular
San Luis Potosí

Plural
-

San Luis Potosí

  1. A state of Mexico.

Translations

See also


Spanish

Etymology

Named after Louis IX of France (in Spanish San Luis Rey de Francia) and Potosí, in reference to the mines of Potosí, in Bolivia.

Proper noun

San Luis Potosí f.

  1. A state of Mexico.

Synonyms

  • Potosí

Related terms

See also

  • Wikipedia-logo.png San Luis Potosí on the Spanish Wikipedia.es.Wikipedia

Simple English

Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this name.


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