San Marcos, California: Wikis

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City of San Marcos
—  City  —
Looking north toward Lake San Marcos
Nickname(s): SM, The Valley of Discovery
Location in San Diego County and the state of California
Coordinates: 33°8′31″N 117°10′13″W / 33.14194°N 117.17028°W / 33.14194; -117.17028Coordinates: 33°8′31″N 117°10′13″W / 33.14194°N 117.17028°W / 33.14194; -117.17028
Country United States
State California
County San Diego
Founded
Incorporated April 22, 1840
Area
 - City 23.9 sq mi (61.7 km2)
 - Land 23.8 sq mi (61.5 km2)
 - Water 0.1 sq mi (0.2 km2)
Elevation 581 ft (177 m)
Population (2009)
 - City 83,149
 Density 2,300.3/sq mi (891/km2)
 Metro 3,001,072
Incl. Tijuana: 5,009,170
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 - Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code 92069, 92078, 92079, 92096
Area code(s) 760, 442
FIPS code 06-68196
GNIS feature ID 1661388
Website http://www.ci.san-marcos.ca.us/

San Marcos is a city in the North County section of San Diego County, California. As of 2009, the city had a total population of 83,149. Outside the San Diego region, it is best known as the home of California State University, San Marcos. The city is bordered by Escondido to the southeast, Encinitas to the Southwest, Carlsbad to the west, and Vista to the northwest.

Contents

History

According to historical legends, the San Luis Rey Mission flocks were robbed by a small band of Indians in the late 1700s. Fleeing the Spanish troops, the Indians escaped to the hills. While pursuing the Indians, the Spaniards came upon a fertile valley in 1797 which was named Los Vallecitos de San Marcos (Little Valleys of Saint Mark) to honor the day of discovery: April 25, “St. Mark’s Day”. On April 22, 1840, Governor Juan B. Alvarado granted Rancho Vallecitos de San Marcos to his relative, Jose María Alvarado. Jose Alvarado was killed at the Pauma Massacre in 1846, and the land was left to his wife; she then sold the land to Lorenzo Soto. In the late 1850s, Soto sold part of his land to Cave Couts and his family was soon raising livestock. Although Cave Couts owned the land, Major Gustavus French Merriam from Topeka, Kansas made the first permanent settlement. Merriam homesteaded 160 acres (0.65 km2) in the north Twin Oaks Valley and began wine and honey production.

After Major Merriam’s settlement, German and Dutch immigrants began moving into the area in the early 1880s. Then in 1883 a few miles south of the settlement, John H. Barham founded the first town in the area. By 1884, the town of Barham had a post office, blacksmith, feed store and a weekly newspaper. In 1887 the San Marcos Land Company bought almost all of the San Marcos land formerly owned by the Couts family and promptly divided the land into tracts. Soon the beautiful hills began attracting home-seekers.

The original town of San Marcos was at the intersection of what is now Grand Avenue and Rancho Santa Fe Road. In 1887 the Santa Fe Railroad announced that it was going to lay tracks going through the valley, but to the disappointment of the citizens, the tracks were laid one mile (1.6 km) away from the center of the town. By 1896, San Marcos was a community with its own stores, post office, blacksmith and railroad depot. In 1903, the town appeared to be going downhill so the people of San Marcos picked up their homes and moved along the railroad tracks to what now are Mission Road and Pico Avenue. In 1905, the town had every convenience, including rural mail delivery and telephone service. The first school in the area, which had started in Barham in 1880, was moved in 1889 to San Marcos. Later that same year, the Richland School was built, being the second school in San Marcos. The main business in San Marcos in the 1800s and early 1900s was farming. Then in the mid-1900s, dairies and poultry production became a big part of the business in the town.

San Marcos experienced a period of growth from 1956 onward, when the first water from the Colorado River arrived. Several small businesses were founded and the population rapidly increased to 2,500. San Marcos became an incorporated city on January 28, 1963. In the 1970s, San Marcos was flourishing as the third fastest-growing city in the state with a population of 17,479 by 1980. The population continued to boom over the next two decades, reaching 33,800 in 1990 and 82,743 in 2000.

Geography

San Marcos is located at 33°8′31″N 117°10′13″W / 33.14194°N 117.17028°W / 33.14194; -117.17028 (33.142077, -117.170233).[1]

Lake San Marcos

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 61.7 km² (23.8 mi²). 61.5 km² (23.8 mi²) of it is land and 0.2 km² (0.1 mi²) of it (0.29%) is water.

Colleges and universities

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Palomar College

The main 200-acre (0.81 km2) campus of Palomar College is located in northern San Marcos. It is a a public two-year community college) and is a member of the California Community Colleges system. Palomar enrolls approximately 30,000 full-time and part-time students. Palomar offers more than 250 associate degree and certificate programs, and residents of California are charged $26 per unit.

"P" on hillside above Palomar College

A giant letter P (for "Palomar") on the hillside above the campus is a ubiquitous landmark for San Marcos, visible miles away.[2]

CSU San Marcos

CSU San Marcos is a smaller campus in the California State University system. It was founded in 1989 and built on a 304-acre (1.23 km2) hillside in northern San Marcos. It enrolls about 9,000 students and offers 44 undergraduate programs, 10 graduate programs and 1 Doctorate in Education in three colleges and one nursing school.

Government

San Marcos is governed by a council-manager system. The city council consists of a mayor and four City Council Members, who are elected at-large to alternating four-year terms. The current mayor is Jim Desmond. The current Vice Mayor is Hal Martin. Current City Council Members are Rebecca Jones, Chris Orlando, and Mike Preston. The current City Manager is Paul Malone.

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1970 3,896
1980 17,479 348.6%
1990 38,974 123.0%
2000 54,977 41.1%
Est. 2009 83,149 51.2%
San Marcos Civic Center is also home to City Hall and the Library

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 54,977 people, 18,111 households, and 13,221 families residing in the city. The population density was 893.4/km² (2,314.3/mi²). There were 18,862 housing units at an average density of 306.5/km² (794.0/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 67.39% White, 2.00% Black, 0.82% Native American, 14.67% Asian, 0.24% Pacific Islander, 20.39% from other races, and 4.48% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 36.87% of the population. The City has a diverse population with the a large Filipino Community and a growing Japanese Community. The Hispanic population consists of Mexican, Central American, and Puerto Rican. There is also a large African American community that has doubled in the past years. Although, The Native American population decreased in the past years going from 0.82% in the 2000 population to about 0.29%

There were 18,111 households out of which 39.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.6% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.0% were non-families. 20.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.03 and the average family size was 3.46.

In the city the population was spread out with 29.1% under the age of 18, 9.4% from 18 to 24, 32.3% from 25 to 44, 17.3% from 45 to 64, and 11.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 98.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $45,908, and the median income for a family was $51,292. Males had a median income of $36,297 versus $27,015 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,657. About 7.8% of families and 12.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.5% of those under age 18 and 7.9% of those age 65 or over.

Current estimates

According to estimates by the San Diego Association of Governments, the median household income of San Marcos in 2005 was $63,558 (not adjusted for inflation). When adjusted for inflation (1999 dollars; comparable to Census data above), the median household income was $51,611.

Politics

In the state legislature San Marcos is located in the 38th Senate District, represented by Republican Mark Wyland, and in the 74th Assembly District, represented by Republican Martin Garrick. Federally, San Marcos is located in California's 50th congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of R +5[4] and is represented by Republican Brian Bilbray.

Attractions

Old California Restaurant Row

San Marcos is known for having some of the best restaurants in North County[citation needed]. Old California Restaurant Row features a large concentration of restaurants offering a variety of cuisines.

San Marcos features several golf courses, notably Lake San Marcos, which itself is a recreational venue. Recently, the growth of Cal State San Marcos has led to great opportunities for youth (such as the high-tech sector) are increasingly setting up workshop in the city's robust economy.

San Marcos is home to a large population of retired persons and older adults. There are a variety of businesses offering services to this population.

A lighted cross, which stands on a hill above Lake San Marcos and is visible at night from many parts of the city, has been a community landmark for decades.[5]

References

  1. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ http://wikimapia.org/676190/The-Palomar-College-P - Palomar Letter P
  3. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ "Will Gerrymandered Districts Stem the Wave of Voter Unrest?". Campaign Legal Center Blog. http://www.clcblog.org/blog_item-85.html. Retrieved 2008-02-10. 
  5. ^ Sterrett, David. Lights on cross above Lake San Marcos back on. North County Times. Jan. 14, 2006. Accessed March 8, 2010.

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