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San Martín de Hidalgo
—  Municipality and city  —

Coat of arms
Location of the municipality in Jalisco
San Martín de Hidalgo is located in Mexico
San Martín de Hidalgo
Location in Mexico
Coordinates: 20°19′N 103°50′W / 20.317°N 103.833°W / 20.317; -103.833
Country  Mexico
State Jalisco
1540
Government
 - Type Municipality and City
 - Municipal President Dr. Carlos Alberto Rosas Camacho
Area
 - Total 324.57 km2 (125.3 sq mi)
Population (2005)
 - Total 24,127
Time zone Central Standard Time (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) Central Daylight Time (UTC-5)

San Martín de Hidalgo is a town and municipality, in Jalisco in central-western Mexico. The municipality covers an area of 324.57 km². As of 2005, the municipality had a total population of 24,127.[1] The city had a total population of 7,464.[1]

Contents

Toponomy

During the Pre-Hispanic period, San Martín de Hidalgo had the Nahuatl name of Huitzquilic, which in Nahuatl huitzquil means thistle and ic meaning place, so therefore meaning the place of the thistles.

History

In 1480, the Coca, Purépecha, and Tepenahual people settled in the place the Tepenahual tribe named as Huitzquilic. Under the order of Amecatl, present day Ameca, Jalisco, Huitzquilic was ruled by Huitzingarit. The Spanish founded the town in 1540, during their arrival, they baptized Huitzingarit giving him the name of Martín Santiago Huitzingarit. Since being the chief of his town, the town was named San Martín which later de La Cal was added due to the area's rich abundance in cal, a white-powdery clay. In 1823, San Martín de La Cal was mentioned as a free municipality. Until 1833, San Martín is changed from San Martín de La Cal to San Martín de Hidalgo, in honor of Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla el padre de la patria.

Architecture

Many beauties of the neoclassical architecture can be seen in San Martín de Hidalgo like,

  • La Capilla de La Concepion which was the first building built by the Spanish.
  • La Parroquia de San Martín de Tours built along with the Portales and the Plaza de Armas for the urban image of the town.
  • Templo El Calvario which is a church built for the southern sub-locality.

Famous Mentions

It has been said that the actress Maria Victoria, from the film La Criada bien Criada, might have been born in San Martín de Hidalgo.

In the Mexican Telenovela of Querida Enemiga, the protagonist Lorena de La Cruz (Ana Layevska) and the antagonist Sara de La Cruz (Carmen Beccera), were supposedly born in San Martín de Hidalgo, whom Lorena's mother Zulema said when she accused Sara of taking her real daughter's place.

Municipal Delegations

  • El Salitre
  • El Crucero de Santa María
  • El Tepehuaje de Morelos
  • Buenavista de Cañedo
  • El Trapiche del Abra
  • Labor de Medina

Municipal Agencies

  • Los Guerrero
  • San Isidro Palo Verde
  • Jesus Maria (El Zapote)
  • Rio Grande

References

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