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San Mateo County, California
Seal of San Mateo County, California
Map of California highlighting San Mateo County
Location in the state of California
Map of the U.S. highlighting California
California's location in the U.S.
Seat Redwood City
Largest city Daly City
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

741 sq mi (1,919 km²)
449 sq mi (1,163 km²)
292 sq mi (756 km²),
Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

707,161
1,575/sq mi (608/km²)
Founded 1856
Time zone Pacific : UTC−8/UTC−7
Website www.co.sanmateo.ca.us

San Mateo County (pronounced /ˌsæn məˈteɪoʊ/ (Spanish for: St. Matthew County) is a county located in the San Francisco Bay Area of the U.S. state of California. It covers most of the San Francisco Peninsula just south of San Francisco, and north of Santa Clara County. San Francisco International Airport is located at the northern end of the county, and Silicon Valley begins at the southern end. As of 2005 the population was 712,462. The county seat is Redwood City. It is among the 20 most affluent counties in the United States, in terms of personal, per capita and household income. It is strongly Democratic and ethnically diverse. The county's built-up areas are mostly suburban, and are home to several corporate campuses.

Contents

History

San Mateo County was formed from parts of San Francisco County and Santa Cruz County in 1856.

The county bears the Spanish name for Saint Matthew. As a place name, San Mateo appears as early as 1776 and several local geographic features were also designated San Mateo on early maps including variously: a settlement, an arroyo, a headland jutting into the Pacific (Point Montara), and a large land holding (Rancho San Mateo). Until about 1850, the name appeared as San Matheo.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 741 sq mi (1,919 km²). 449 sq mi (1,163 km²) of it is land and 292 sq mi (756 km²) of it (39.40%) is water. A number of bayside watercourses drain the eastern part of the county including San Bruno Creek and Colma Creek. Streams draining the western county include Frenchmans Creek, Pilarcitos Creek, Naples Creek, Arroyo de en Medio, and Denniston Creek.

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Incorporated cities

Unincorporated communities

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

Transportation infrastructure

Major highways

Public transportation

SamTrans (San Mateo County Transit District) provides local bus service within San Mateo County. Local and commuter bus routes also operate into San Francisco.

Caltrain, the commuter rail system, traverses the county from north to south, running alongside the Highway 101 corridor for most of the way. Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART) trains serve San Francisco International Airport and the northern portion of the county, terminating at Millbrae.

Caltrain, BART, and SamTrans converge at the Millbrae Intermodal station.

Airports

San Francisco International Airport is geographically located in San Mateo County, but it is owned by the City and County of San Francisco.

San Mateo County does own two general aviation airports: Half Moon Bay Airport and San Carlos Airport.

Marine transport

The only deepwater port in South San Francisco Bay is the Port of Redwood City, situated along Redwood Creek, originally created as a lumber embarcadero in 1850.

Demographics

File:US06A081 Age.png
Age distribution (2000 census)
San Mateo County Government Center in Redwood City, facing northwest

As of the census of 2008,[1] there were 712,690 people, 252,648 households, and 171,564 families residing in the county. The population density was 2,575/sq mi (808/km²). There were 266,469 housing units at an average density of 780/sq mi (424/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 46.1% White, 3.51% Black or African American, 0.44% Native American, 20.04% Asian, 1.5% Pacific Islander, 8.4% from other races, and 3.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 23.4% of the population. 7.4% were of Italian, 7.1% Irish, 7.0% German and 5.3% English ancestry according to Census 2000. 54.6% spoke English, 21.3% Spanish, 6.7% Tagalog, 4.6% Chinese or Mandarin and 1.5% Cantonese as their first language from estimate census 2008.

There were 252,648 households out of which 32.1% had children under the age of 18, 51.3% were married couples living together, 11.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.6% were non-families. 28.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.74 and the average family size was 4.29.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.8% under the age of 18, 11.1% from 18 to 24, 28.5% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, and 10.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 97.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.1 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $69,819, and the median income for a family was $78,737. Males had a median income of $50,342 versus $43,383 for females. The per capita income for the county was $39,045. About 5.55% of families and 8.52% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.00% of those under age 18 and 7.51% of those age 65 or over.

Politics

Presidential election results
Year DEM GOP Others
2008 73.6% 222,767 24.8% 75,006 1.6% 4,963
2004 69.5% 197,922 29.3% 83,315 1.3% 3,620
2000 64.3% 166,757 31.0% 80,296 4.8% 12,346
1996 60.6% 152,304 29.2% 73,508 10.2% 25,720
1992 54.0% 149,232 27.2% 75,080 18.9% 52,196
1988 55.7% 141,859 42.9% 109,261 1.3% 3,360
1984 46.9% 122,268 51.9% 135,185 1.2% 3,178
1980 36.6% 87,335 48.8% 116,491 14.6% 34,811
1976 44.4% 102,896 50.6% 117,338 5.0% 11,507
1972 42.8% 109,745 52.8% 135,377 4.4% 11,175
1968 47.2% 106,519 43.7% 98,654 9.1% 20,495
1964 64.3% 140,978 35.6% 77,916 0.1% 297
1960 48.0% 97,154 51.7% 104,570 0.3% 528

San Mateo County has a five-member Board of Supervisors, representing five geographic districts, but elected at-large. The California Secretary of State, as of April 2008, reports that San Mateo County has 357,514 registered voters. Of those voters registered, 179,994 (50.4%) are registered Democratic, 82,189 (23.0%) are registered Republican, 13,648 (3.8%) are registered with other political parties, and 81,683 (22.8%) declined to state a political party preference. With the exceptions of Atherton, Hillsborough, and Woodside, every city, town, and the unincorporated areas of San Mateo County has more registered Democrats than Republicans.

San Mateo is a strongly Democratic county in presidential and congressional elections. The last Republican to win a majority in the county was Ronald Reagan in 1984.

San Mateo is part of California's 12th and 14th congressional districts. The 12th district seat became vacant upon the death of former Democratic representative Tom Lantos on February 11, 2008, but was filled by a special election held April 8, 2008 when former state senator Jackie Speier was elected to complete Lantos' term in the 110th Congress. The 14th district's representative is Democrat Anna Eshoo. In the State Assembly, San Mateo is in the 12th, 19th, and 21st districts, which are held by Democrats Fiona Ma, Gene Mullin, and Ira Ruskin, respectively. In the State Senate, San Mateo is in the 8th and 11th districts, which are held by Democrats Leland Yee and Joe Simitian, respectively.

On Nov. 4, 2008 San Mateo County voted 61.8 % against Proposition 8 which amended the California Constitution to ban same-sex marriages.

Environmental features

San Mateo County encompasses a variety of habitats including estuarine, marine, oak woodland, redwood forest, coastal scrub and oak savannah. There are numerous species of wildlife present, especially along the San Francisco Bay estuarine shoreline, San Bruno Mountain, Fitzgerald Marine Reserve and the forests on the Montara Mountain block. Several creeks discharge to the San Francisco Bay including San Mateo Creek and Laurel Creek and several coastal streams discharge to the Pacific Ocean such as Frenchmans Creek and San Vicente Creek.

The county is home to several endangered species including the San Francisco garter snake and the San Bruno elfin butterfly, both of which are endemic to San Mateo County. The endangered California clapper rail is also found on the shores of San Francisco Bay, in the cities of Belmont and San Mateo. The endangered wildflower Hickman's potentilla is found near the Pacific Ocean on the lower slopes of Montara Mountain. The endangered wildflowers White-rayed pentachaeta, Pentachaeta bellidiflora, San Mateo Woolly Sunflower, Eriophyllum latilobum, Marin Dwarf Flax, Hesperolinon congestum and the San Mateo Thornmint, Acanthomintha duttonii, are found in the vicinity of the Crystal Springs Reservoir.

Some students in San Mateo County's public schools attend outdoor education in La Honda. San Mateo Outdoor Education is a residential school that teaches major concepts of ecology via exploration of forest, pond, garden, tidepool, wetland, and sandy shore habitats. The center's mascot is the banana slug, a large yellow gastropod. The school uses songs from the famous Banana Slug String Band.

Economy

Prior to its dissolution, Pacific Air Lines had its corporate headquarters on the grounds of San Francisco International Airport in an unincorporated area in San Mateo County.[2] Prior to its dissolution, Hughes Airwest had its headquarters on the grounds of San Francisco International.[3]

Notable structures

There are a number of well known structures within San Mateo County:

County trails

See this county page for trail descriptions.

  • Alpine Trail
  • Bog Trail
  • Cañada Trail
  • Crystal Springs Trail
  • Edgewood Trail
  • Ralston Trail
  • San Andreas Trail
  • Sand Hill Trail
  • Sawyer Camp Trail
  • Skyline Trail
  • Sheep Camp Trail
  • Sweeney Ridge Trail

County parks

Source: http://www.sanmateocountyparks.org/
County Parks: http://www.co.sanmateo.ca.us/portal/site/parks

State parks

State beaches

Source: http://www.parks.ca.gov/parkindex/default.asp?tab=3 State Parks, Choose San Mateo

See also

References

  1. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  2. ^ Flight International. April 2, 1964. 523.
  3. ^ "World Airline Directory." Flight International. April 28, 1979. 1379.

External links

Coordinates: 37°26′N 122°22′W / 37.44°N 122.36°W / 37.44; -122.36


Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

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San Mateo County, California
Seal of San Mateo County, California
Map
File:Map of California highlighting San Mateo County.png
Location in the state of California
Map of the USA highlighting California
California's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded 1856
Seat Redwood City
Largest City Daly City
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

 sq mikm²)
 sq mi ( km²)
 sq mi ( km²),
wikipedia:Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

707161
Time zone [[Pacific Standard Time Zone|Pacific]] : [[Coordinated Universal Time|UTCUTC−8]]/[[Daylight saving time|UTC−7]]
Website: www.co.sanmateo.ca.us

San Mateo County is a county located in the San Francisco Bay Area of the U.S. state of California. It covers most of the San Francisco Peninsula just south of San Francisco, near San Francisco State University, and north of Santa Clara County. San Francisco International Airport is located at the northern end of the county, and Silicon Valley begins at the southern end. As of 2005 the population was 712,462. The county seat is Redwood City.

Contents

History

San Mateo County was formed from parts of San Francisco County and Santa Cruz County in 1856.

The county bears the Spanish name for Saint Matthew. As a place name, San Mateo appears as early as 1776 and several local geographic features were also designated San Mateo on early maps including variously: a settlement, an arroyo, a headland jutting into the Pacific (Point Montara), and a large land holding (Rancho San Mateo). Until about 1850, the name appeared as San Matheo.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,919 km² (741 sq mi). 1,163 km² (449 sq mi) of it is land and 756 km² (292 sq mi) of it (39.40%) is water. A number of bayside watercourses drain the eastern part of the county including San Bruno Creek and Colma Creek. Streams draining the western county include Frenchmans Creek, Pilarcitos Creek, Naples Creek, Arroyo de en Medio, and Denniston Creek.

Incorporated cities

Unincorporated communities

Adjacent counties

Transportation infrastructure

Major highways

Public transportation

SamTrans (San Mateo County Transit District) provides local bus service within San Mateo County. Local and commuter bus routes also operate into San Francisco.

Caltrain, the commuter rail system, traverses the county from north to south, running alongside the Highway 101 corridor for most of the way. Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART) trains serve San Francisco International Airport and the northern portion of the county, terminating at Millbrae.

Caltrain, BART, and SamTrans converge at the Millbrae Intermodal station.

Airports

San Francisco International Airport is geographically located in San Mateo County, but it is owned by the City and County of San Francisco.

San Mateo County does own two general aviation airports: Half Moon Bay Airport and San Carlos Airport.

Marine transport

The only deepwater port in South San Francisco Bay is the Port of Redwood City, situated along Redwood Creek, originally created as a lumber float channel in 1850.

Demographics

San Mateo County Government Center in Redwood City, facing northwest

As of the census² of 2000, there were 707,161 people, 254,103 households, and 171,265 families residing in the county. The population density was 608/km² (1,575/sq mi). There were 260,576 housing units at an average density of 224/km² (580/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 59.49% White, 3.51% Black or African American, 0.44% Native American, 20.04% Asian, 1.33% Pacific Islander, 10.17% from other races, and 5.02% from two or more races. 21.88% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 58.6% spoke English, 18.1% Spanish, 6.4% Tagalog, 4.2% Chinese or Mandarin and 1.3% Cantonese as their first language.

In 2005 47.3% of San Mateo County's population was non-Hispanic whites. African-Americans had declined to 3.4% of the county population. 23.4% of the population was Asian. The Hispanic proportion had grown, but had fallen below that of the Asians. Hispanics now made up 22.6% of the county population.

There were 254,103 households out of which 31.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.0% were married couples living together, 10.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.6% were non-families. 24.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.74 and the average family size was 3.29.

In the county the population was spread out with 22.9% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 33.2% from 25 to 44, 23.5% from 45 to 64, and 12.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 97.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.6 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $70,819, and the median income for a family was $80,737. Males had a median income of $51,342 versus $40,383 for females. The per capita income for the county was $36,045. About 3.50% of families and 5.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.00% of those under age 18 and 5.10% of those age 65 or over.

Politics

Presidential election results
Year DEM GOP Others
2004 69.5% 197,922 29.3% 83,315 1.3% 3,620
2000 64.3% 166,757 31.0% 80,296 4.8% 12,346
1996 60.6% 152,304 29.2% 73,508 10.2% 25,720
1992 54.0% 149,232 27.2% 75,080 18.9% 52,196
1988 55.7% 141,859 42.9% 109,261 1.3% 3,360
1984 46.9% 122,268 51.9% 135,185 1.2% 3,178
1980 36.6% 87,335 48.8% 116,491 14.6% 34,811
1976 44.4% 102,896 50.6% 117,338 5.0% 11,507
1972 42.8% 109,745 52.8% 135,377 4.4% 11,175
1968 47.2% 106,519 43.7% 98,654 9.1% 20,495
1964 64.3% 140,978 35.6% 77,916 0.1% 297
1960 48.0% 97,154 51.7% 104,570 0.3% 528

San Mateo is a strongly Democratic county in Presidential and congressional elections. The last Republican to win a majority in the county was Ronald Reagan in 1984.

San Mateo is part of California's 12th and 14th congressional districts, which are held by Democrats Tom Lantos and Anna Eshoo, respectively. In the State Assembly, San Mateo is in the 12th, 19th, and 21st districts, which are held by Democrats Fiona Ma, Gene Mullin, and Ira Ruskin, respectively. In the State Senate, San Mateo is in the 8th and 11th districts, which are held by Democrats Leland Yee and Joe Simitian, respectively.















Environmental features

San Mateo County encompasses a variety of habitats including estuarine, marine, oak woodland, redwood forest, coastal scrub and oak savannah. There are numerous species of wildlife present, especially along the San Francisco Bay estuarine shoreline, San Bruno Mountain, Fitzgerald Marine Reserve and the forests on the Montara Mountain block. Several creeks discharge to the San Francisco Bay including San Mateo Creek and Laurel Creek and several coastal streams discharge to the Pacific Ocean such as Frenchmans Creek and San Vicente Creek.

The county is home to several endangered species including the San Francisco garter snake and the San Bruno elfin butterfly, both of which are endemic to San Mateo County. The endangered California clapper rail is also found on the shores of San Francisco Bay, in the cities of Belmont and San Mateo. The endangered wildflower Hickman's potentilla is found near the Pacific Ocean on the lower slopes of Montara Mountain. The endangered wildflowers White-rayed pentachaeta, Pentachaeta bellidiflora, San Mateo Woolly Sunflower, Eriophyllum latilobum, Marin Dwarf Flax, Hesperolinon congestum and the San Mateo Thornmint, Acanthomintha duttonii, are found in the vicinity of the Crystal Springs Reservoir.

Some students in San Mateo County's public schools attend outdoor education in La Honda. San Mateo Outdoor Education is a residential school that teaches major concepts of ecology via exploration of forest, pond, garden, tidepool, wetland, and sandy shore habitats. The center's mascot is the banana slug, a large yellow gastropod.

Notable structures

There are a number of well known structures within San Mateo County:

Politics

Presidential elections results
Year Republicans

Democrats

2004 29.2% 83,315 69.5% 197,922
2000 31.0% 80,296 64.3% 166,757
1996 29.2% 73,508 60.6% 152,304
1992 27.2% 75,080 54.0% 149,232
1988 42.9% 109,261 55.7% 141,859
1984 51.9% 135,185 46.9% 122,268
1980 48.8% 116,491 36.6% 87,335
1976 50.6% 117,338 44.4% 102,896
1972 52.8% 135,377 42.8% 109,745
1968 43.7% 98,654 47.2% 106,519
1964 35.5% 77,916 64.3% 140,978
1960 51.7% 104,570 48.0% 97,154

County trails

See this county page for trail descriptions.

  • Alpine Trail
  • Bog Trail
  • Cañada Trail
  • Crystal Springs Trail
  • Edgewood Trail
  • Ralston Trail
  • San Andreas Trail
  • Sand Hill Trail
  • Sawyer Camp Trail
  • Skyline Trail
  • Sheep Camp Trail
  • Sweeney Ridge Trail

County parks

Source: http://www.sanmateocountyparks.org/ County Parks http://www.eparks.net/smc/department/esa/home/0,2151,5556687_10575168,00.html

State parks

State beaches

Source: http://www.parks.ca.gov/parkindex/default.asp?tab=3 State Parks, Choose San Mateo

See also

External links


<tr><th style="white-space:nowrap;background:#FFEFD6;text-align:right;background:#ffc94b;">Cities and towns
100k-250k</th><td colspan="1" style="text-align:left;width:100%;font-size:95%;background:#FCFAE5;">Antioch • Berkeley • Concord • Daly City • Fairfield • Fremont • Hayward • Richmond • Santa Clara • Santa Rosa • Sunnyvale • Vallejo</td></tr><tr><th style="white-space:nowrap;background:#FFEFD6;text-align:right;background:#ffc94b;">Cities and towns
25k-99k</th><td colspan="1" style="text-align:left;width:100%;font-size:95%;">Alameda • Belmont • Benicia • Burlingame • Campbell • Castro Valley • Cupertino • Danville • Dublin • East Palo Alto • Foster City • Gilroy • Livermore • Los Altos • Los Gatos • Martinez • Menlo Park • Milpitas • Morgan Hill • Mountain View • Napa • Newark • Novato • Oakley • Pacifica • Palo Alto • Petaluma • Pittsburg • Pleasant Hill • Pleasanton • Redwood City • Rohnert Park • San Bruno • San Carlos • San Leandro • San Mateo • San Pablo • San Rafael • San Ramon • Saratoga • South San Francisco • Suisun City • Union City • Vacaville • Walnut Creek</td></tr><tr><th style="white-space:nowrap;background:#FFEFD6;text-align:right;background:#ffc94b;">Cities and towns
10k-25k</th><td colspan="1" style="text-align:left;width:100%;font-size:95%;background:#FCFAE5;">Alamo • Albany • Alum RockAshlandBay PointBlackhawk-Camino Tassajara • Brentwood • Cherryland • Clayton • Dixon • El Cerrito • El Sobrante • Half Moon Bay • Healdsburg • Hercules • Hillsborough • Lafayette • Larkspur • Millbrae • Mill Valley • Moraga • North Fair Oaks • Orinda • Piedmont • Pinole • San Anselmo • San LorenzoStanfordTamalpais-Homestead Valley • Windsor</td></tr><tr><th style="white-space:nowrap;background:#FFEFD6;text-align:right;background:#ffc94b;">Sub-regions</th><td colspan="1" style="text-align:left;width:100%;font-size:95%;">East Bay • North Bay • San Francisco Peninsula • Silicon Valley • South Bay</td></tr></table>

Coordinates: 37°26′N 122°22′W / 37.44, -122.36

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at San Mateo County, California. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
Facts about San Mateo County, CaliforniaRDF feed
County names San Mateo County, California  +
County of country United States  +
County of subdivision1 California  +
Short name San Mateo County  +

This article uses material from the "San Mateo County, California" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

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