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Coordinates: 53°39′29″N 1°29′10″W / 53.658000°N 1.486000°W / 53.658000; -1.486000

Sandal
St Helen's Church, Sandal.JPG
St Helen's Church, Sandal
Sandal is located in West Yorkshire
Sandal

 Sandal shown within West Yorkshire
Population 5,432 
OS grid reference SE340180
Metropolitan borough City of Wakefield
Metropolitan county West Yorkshire
Region Yorkshire and the Humber
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town WAKEFIELD
Postcode district WF2
Dialling code 01924
Police West Yorkshire
Fire West Yorkshire
Ambulance Yorkshire
EU Parliament Yorkshire and the Humber
List of places: UK • England • Yorkshire

Sandal is a suburb of Wakefield, West Yorkshire, England with a population in 2001 of 5,432.[1] It is an ancient settlement and is the site of Sandal Castle.[2] It is two miles south from Wakefield, eight miles north of Barnsley, nine west from Pontefract and thirty from York.[3] The Battle of Wakefield was fought here in the 15th century during the Wars of the Roses.[4]

Contents

History

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Topynomy

The name Sandal derives from the Early Scandinavian sandr meaning sand or gravel and healh, a meadow.[5]

Early History

In the Domesday Book of 1086 Sandal is recorded as a berewic (a village where barley was grown) in Wachefeld (Wakefield) where there was a church with a priest. The church was on the site of the present church of St Helen.[6]

There are records of mining for coal and quarrying for stone in the 14th century.[7]

In 1460, during the Wars of the Roses, the Duke of York was killed on 30 December in the Battle of Wakefield near Sandal Castle.

Governance

Sandal was anciently a parish town in the Agbrigg Division of the Agbrigg Division of the wapentake of Agbrigg and Morley in the liberty of Wakefield, West Riding of Yorkshire.[3]

Religion

Sandal Magna's church is dedicated to St. Helen, the mother of Constantine the Great. At the time of the Norman Conquest Sandal Church was a possession of the crown. The Saxon church was recorded as one of two churches in the Wakefield manor in the Domesday Book of 1086. In about 1150 the first church was replaced by a second church in the shape of a Latin cross by Earl Warenne of Sandal Castle. It was enlarged in about 1180 and almost completely rebuilt in the first half of the 14th century. The church was altered and extended after 1505 and the present church extensively restored and enlarged in 1872.[8]

Amenities

Although largely a residential area, local amenities include a library,[9] schools,[10] churches[11][12] and an Asda supermarket.[13]

References

Notes
  1. ^ Sandal Neighbourhood Profile, Wakefield MDC, http://www.wakefield.gov.uk/NR/rdonlyres/E7FCCC5A-306F-4C62-812F-CEC33EAFC65C/0/Sandal.pdf, retrieved 2010-03-12 
  2. ^ Sandal Castle, www.richard111.com, http://www.richard111.com/sandal_castle.htm, retrieved 2009-05-07 
  3. ^ a b The ancient parish of Sandal Magna, Genuki, http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/eng/YKS/WRY/Sandalmagna/index.html, retrieved 2010-03-10 
  4. ^ The Battle of Wakefield 1460, www.wars-of-the-roses.com, http://www.wars-of-the-roses.com/content/battles/wakefield.htm, retrieved 2009-05-07 
  5. ^ Walker 1966, p. 39
  6. ^ Walker 1966, p. 42
  7. ^ Walker 1966, p. 105
  8. ^ Church History, Sandal Magna Church, http://www.sandalmagna.com/index.php?ids=41x0x1x1xaxxxnxx, retrieved 2010-03-12 
  9. ^ Sandal Library, www.wakefield.gov.uk, http://www.wakefield.gov.uk/CultureAndLeisure/Libraries/FindLibrary/SandalLibrary/default.htm, retrieved 2009-06-17 
  10. ^ "Wakefield Sandal Magna Junior And Infants School Wakefield: Read Parent Reviews & Rankings". www.schoolsnet.com. http://www.schoolsnet.com/uk-schools/school-details-reviews/wakefield/wakefield-sandal-magna-junior-infants-school/16180339/0/212515.html. Retrieved 2009-06-17. 
  11. ^ "Welcome: We warmly welcome you to the website of The Parish of Sandal Magna.". www.sandalmagna.com. http://www.sandalmagna.com/. Retrieved 2009-06-17. 
  12. ^ "Sandal Methodist Church Wakefield". myweb.tiscali.co.uk. http://myweb.tiscali.co.uk/sandalmeth/. Retrieved 2009-06-17. 
  13. ^ "ASDA Store Locator". www.multimap.com. http://www.multimap.com/clients/browse.cgi?client=asda_sf&f_id=167&origE=-1.49867000593639&origN=53.6832895001668&place=&db=&id=167&count=5&srec=0&icon=X&f_type=&george=&filter=pc%20!&rt=browse2&scale=10000. Retrieved 2009-06-17. 
Bibliography
  • Walker, J.W. (1966), Wakefield its History and People Vol.1&2 3rd Edn, S.R. Publishers 

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