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Sanguisorba officinalis
Flower head of Sanguisorba officinalis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Genus: Sanguisorba
Species: S. officinalis
Binomial name
Sanguisorba officinalis
L.

Sanguisorba officinalis (Great Burnet) is a plant in the family Rosaceae, subfamily Rosoideae. It is native throughout the cooler regions of the Northern Hemisphere in Europe, northern Asia, and northern North America.

It is a herbaceous perennial plant growing to 1 m tall, which occurs in grasslands, growing well on grassy banks. It flowers June/July.

Commercial Uses

Sanguisorba seeds

Use is made of its extensive root system for erosion control, as well as a bioremediator, used to reclaim derelict sites such as landfills.

The leaves are used in salads because they are mildly reminiscent of cucumber. Selective pruning of apical meristems, such as at flower heads, is used to encourage an increase in leaf production. ‎

Ethnomedical Uses

It has been in use by Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) for thousands of years, probably through the employment of the doctrine of signatures as a treatment for bleeding.

Specifically, the root is used to stop bloody dysentery, nosebleeds, and is applied topically to treat burns and insect bites.

References


Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Sanguisorba officinalis

Taxonavigation

Classification System: APG II (down to family level)

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiospermae
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Rosales
Familia: Rosaceae
Subfamilia: Rosoideae
Tribus: Sanguisorbeae
Subtribus: Sanguisorbinae
Genus: Sanguisorba
Species: Sanguisorba officinalis
Varieties: S. o. var. longifolia - S. o. var. officinalis

Name

Sanguisorba officinalis L.

References

  • Species Plantarum 1:116. 1753
  • USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Data from 07-Oct-06]. 33026

Vernacular names

Česky: Krvavec toten
Deutsch: Großer Wiesenknopf
English: Great Burnet
Español: Pimpinela mayor
Magyar: Őszi vérfű
日本語: ワレモコウ
Polski: Krwiściąg lekarski
Русский: Кровохлёбка лекарственная
Svenska: Blodtopp
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Sanguisorba officinalis on Wikimedia Commons.

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