Santa Clara, California: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

City of Santa Clara
—  City  —
Santa Clara Convention Center

Seal
Location in Santa Clara County and the state of California
Coordinates: 37°21′16″N 121°58′9″W / 37.35444°N 121.96917°W / 37.35444; -121.96917Coordinates: 37°21′16″N 121°58′9″W / 37.35444°N 121.96917°W / 37.35444; -121.96917
Country United States United States
State California California
County Santa Clara
Government
 - Type Council-Manager
 - City Council Mayor Patricia M. Mahan
Dominic J. Caserta
Will Kennedy
Kevin Moore
Joe Kornder
Jamie L. Matthews
Jamie McLeod
 - City Manager Jennifer Sparacino
Area
 - Total 47.6 km2 (18.38 sq mi)
 - Land 47.6 km2 (18.4 sq mi)
 - Water 0.0 km2 (0.0 sq mi)
Elevation 23 m (75 ft)
Population (2005)
 - Total 109,000
 Density 2,149.1/km2 (5,566.2/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 - Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP codes 95050-95056
Area code(s) 408
FIPS code 06-69084
GNIS feature ID 1654953
Website http://www.santaclaraca.gov/

Santa Clara, California (pronounced /ˌsæntəˈklærə/), founded in 1777 and incorporated in 1852, is a city in Santa Clara County, in the U.S. state of California. The city is the site of the eighth of 21 California missions, Mission Santa Clara de Asís, and was named after the mission. The Mission and Mission Gardens are located on the grounds of Santa Clara University. Saint Clare is the patron saint of Santa Clara [1]

Santa Clara is located in the center of Silicon Valley, and is home to the headquarters of Intel, Applied Materials, Sun Microsystems, NVIDIA, Agilent Technologies, and many other high-tech companies. It is home to both Mission College and Santa Clara University, the latter being the oldest institution of higher learning in the state of California.

Santa Clara is also home to Great America, an amusement park operated by Cedar Fair, L.P. The San Francisco 49ers NFL football team has its headquarters and practice facilities in Santa Clara. On Wednesday, November 8, 2006, the 49ers announced their intention to move the team to Santa Clara, after negotiations failed with the city of San Francisco to build a new stadium.[2]

Santa Clara owns and operates an electric utility called Silicon Valley Power. In 2005 Silicon Valley Power brought online the Donald Von Raesfeld (DVR) Power Plant. The new combined-cycle gas turbine plant produces 147 megawatts of electricity for the city and its residents.[3] As a result, the going rate for electricity in Santa Clara is considerably cheaper than that offered by Northern California's dominant utility, Pacific Gas and Electric.

Contents

Geography and environment

Santa Clara is drained by three seasonal creeks, all of which empty into the southern portion of San Francisco Bay; these creeks are San Tomas Aquino Creek, Saratoga Creek, and Calabazas Creek.

There are some significant biological resources within the city including habitat for the burrowing owl, a species of special concern in California due to reduction in habitat from urban development during the latter 20th century.[4] This owl uses burrows created by ground squirrels and prefers generally level grasslands and even disturbed areas.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000[5], there were 102,361 people, 38,526 households, and 24,117 families residing in the city. The population density was 5,566.2 people per square mile (2,149.1/km²). There were 39,630 housing units at an average density of 2,155.0/sq mi (832.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 55.59% White, 29.27% Asian, 2.29% African American, 0.53% Native American, 0.43% Pacific Islander, 6.94% from other races, and 4.95% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 15.99% of the population.

There were 38,526 households out of which 27.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.4% were married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.4% were non-families. 25.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.14.

In the city the population was spread out with 19.9% under the age of 18, 11.3% from 18 to 24, 39.1% from 25 to 44, 19.1% from 45 to 64, and 10.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 103.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.9 males.

According to a 2007 estimate, the median income for a household in the city was $75,687, and the median income for a family was $98,977.[2] Males had a median income of $58,641 versus $43,131 for females. The per capita income for the city was $31,755. About 4.5% of families and 7.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.3% of those under age 18 and 8.2% of those age 65 or over.

Economy

McAfee headquarters

McAfee has its headquarters in Santa Clara.[6]

Namco Bandai Games's United States office is in Santa Clara.[7]

Representation

  • California Governor
Arnold Schwarzenegger (R)
  • Federal Senators
Barbara Boxer (D)
Dianne Feinstein (D)
  • Federal Representative
Mike Honda (D) of California's 15th congressional district
  • State Senator
Elaine Alquist (D)
  • State Assembly Members
Sally J. Lieber (D) of California's 22nd Assembly District
James T. Beall, Jr. (D) of California's 24th Assembly District
  • Santa Clara County Board of Supervisors
Ken Yeager of District 4
  • City Manager
Jennifer Sparacino
Patricia M. Mahan
  • City Council[9]
Dominic J. Caserta
Will Kennedy
Kevin Moore
Joe Kornder
Jamie L. Matthews
Jamie McLeod

History

Main Street, about 1910

The first European to visit the valley was José Francisco Ortega in 1769. He found the area inhabited by Native Americans the Spanish called the Costanos, "coast people," later known as the Ohlone. The Spanish began to colonize California with 21 missions and the Mission Santa Clara de Asis was founded in 1777.

In 1846, the American flag was raised over Monterey and symbolized the transfer of California to the United States. In 1851, Santa Clara College was established where the old mission used to be. In 1852, Santa Clara was incorporated as a town; it became state-chartered by 1862. The economy centered on family farms since orchards and vegetables were thriving on the fertile soil. In 1905, the first public high-altitude flights by man were made over Santa Clara in gliders designed by John J. Montgomery. By the beginning of the 20th century, the population had reached 5,000 and stayed about the same for many years. The semiconductor industry, which sprouted around 1960, changed the valley forever; little of its agricultural past remains.

Santa Clara's first medical hospital was built in 1963. This structure, on Kiely Boulevard, was replaced in 2007 with the new Kaiser Permanente medical center located on Lawrence Expressway at Homestead Road.

Santa Clara was also home to a major mental health facility, Agnews State Hospital. According to the National Park Service, more than 100 persons were killed at this site in the 1906 earthquake. The site is now home to Sun Microsystems and is listed in the National Register of Historic Places.

Transportation

Santa Clara has two major train stations: Great America-Santa Clara Station and Santa Clara (Caltrain/ACE station). The former is served by Amtrak's Capitol Corridor train as well as Altamont Commuter Express trains, while the latter has Caltrain and Altamont Commuter Express service.

Education

Central Park Library in Santa Clara

Santa Clara Unified School District serves Santa Clara.

The city also has the Santa Clara City Library.[10]

Sister cities

Santa Clara currently[11] has two sister cities. They are:

See also

References

  1. ^ "Santa Clara University Ethnobiographical Background." Santa Clara University. Retrieved on March 13, 2010.
  2. ^ "Source: 49ers plan to move out of S.F.". Yahoo News. November 9, 2006. http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20061109/ap_on_sp_fo_ne/fbn49ers_relocate_5.  (Link dead as of 15 January 2007)
  3. ^ Silicon Valley Power Dedicates Donald Von Raesfeld Power Plant on June 15, 2005, City of Santa Clara news release (2005)
  4. ^ Environmental Impact Report for the Esperanca property, Santa Clara, California, Earth Metrics Inc., California State Clearinghouse (1990)
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "Contact Us." McAfee. Retrieved on December 7, 2009.
  7. ^ "Company Info." Namco Bandai. Retrieved on December 8, 2008.
  8. ^ http://santaclaraca.gov/city_gov/city_gov_councilmembers.html
  9. ^ http://santaclaraca.gov/city_gov/city_gov_councilmembers.html
  10. ^ "Library." City of Santa Clara. Retrieved on December 7, 2009.
  11. ^ [1]

External links

Advertisements

Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message