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Santa Fe City Hall.
Flag of Argentina.svg Cities and towns
in Argentina
Santa Fe
Province Santa Fe
Department La Capital
Location 31°38′S 60°42′W / 31.633°S 60.7°W / -31.633; -60.7Coordinates: 31°38′S 60°42′W / 31.633°S 60.7°W / -31.633; -60.7
Population 369,046
Demonym santafesino
Area 748 km²
Density 493.37 inhab/km²
CPA base S3000
Phone code +54 342
Mayor Mario Barletta
Party Progressive, Civic and Social Front
Pedestrianized San Martín Street.

Santa Fe is the capital city of province of Santa Fe, Argentina. It sits in northeastern Argentina, near the junction of the Paraná and Salado rivers. It lies opposite the city of Paraná, to which it is linked by the Hernandarias Subfluvial Tunnel. The city is also connected by canal with the port of Colastiné on the Paraná River. Santa Fe has about 369,000 inhabitants as per the 2001 census [INDEC]. The metropolitan area has a population of 454,238, making it the ninth largest in Argentina.

Santa Fe is the commercial and transportation center for a rich agricultural area that produces grain, vegetable oils, and meats. The city is the seat of the Catholic University of Santa Fe (inaugurated in 1959), the National University of the Littoral (first founded as the Provincial University in 1889, and which changed to its current name in 1919), several museums, and a number of buildings erected during colonial times.

Santa Fe is linked to Rosario (170 km to the south), the largest city in the province, by the Brigadier Estanislao López Highway and by National Route 11, which continues south towards Buenos Aires.

Contents

History

Santa Fe railway station, 1905; today the long distance bus station.

Santa Fe was originally founded in the nearby site of Cayastá (where there is an historical park containing the burial place of Hernandarias, the first American-born governor in South America) in 1573. It was moved to the present site in 1653 due to the constant flooding of the Cayastá River. The city became provincial capital in 1814, when the territory of the province of Santa Fe was separated from the province of Buenos Aires by the National Constituent Assembly, held in the city in 1853.

A suspension bridge was completed in 1924, though severe flooding partially destroyed it in 1983 (a second bridge, the Oroño, was opened in 1971). The city's historical role in the Argentine Constitution led national lawmakers to choose it as the site of Constitutional Conventions in 1949, 1957, and 1994.

Its location is still not immune to flooding, however. On April 29, 2003, the Salado, which empties into the Paraná near Santa Fe, rose almost 2 m (6.5 ft) in a few hours following heavy rainfall, and caused a catastrophic flood. No fewer than 100,000 people had to be evacuated, and large sections of the city remained under water more than a week later. That year, the suspension bridge was reopened, and in 2008, the city's historic grain silos were converted into the Los Silos Hotel and Casino and San Martín Street was pedestrianized.

Climate

The city has a climate considered as "Humid Subtropical" or "Cfa" by Köppen classification. Winters are generally mild, though minimum temperatures can fall below 0°C (32°F) on cold nights during the winter . Summers are generally hot and humid. During the most extreme heat waves, temperatures have exceeded 45°C (113°F). Temperatures have exceeded 35°C (95°F) in every season)[1].

Rainfall can be expected throughout the year though summer is usually the wettest season. Thunderstorms can be intense with frequent lightning, powerful downdraughts and intense precipitation.

Weather data for Santa Fe, Argentina
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 32.7
(91)
30.7
(87)
28.4
(83)
24.4
(76)
21.3
(70)
17.3
(63)
17.1
(63)
19.5
(67)
21.3
(70)
25.5
(78)
28.1
(83)
30.8
(87)
24.8
(77)
Average low °C (°F) 20.7
(69)
20.0
(68)
18.3
(65)
14.8
(59)
11.4
(53)
7.7
(46)
7.6
(46)
9.4
(49)
10.5
(51)
14.3
(58)
17.2
(63)
19.2
(67)
14.3
(58)
Precipitation mm (inches) 106.0
(4.17)
132.1
(5.2)
138.6
(5.46)
96.1
(3.78)
61.6
(2.43)
24.3
(0.96)
29.8
(1.17)
29.6
(1.17)
59.9
(2.36)
100.8
(3.97)
107.0
(4.21)
104.6
(4.12)
990.4
(38.99)
Source: Servicio Meteorológico Nacional (Argentine Meteorological Service) (NB: Data from the period 1981-1990)[2] Jan 2008

The City

Suspension bridge over the Setúbal Lagoon.

Santa Fe has a lot of important commercial centres, busy cultural life, interesting options in sports and tourism, numerous artistic and musical events, and an exciting nightlife.

There is an important infrastructure for tourism developed due to the building of highways and a subfluvial tunnel and, together with the beauty of the landscape and the various attractions that tourists can enjoy make them feel pleased to choose this region to spend their holidays. Hunting, fishing, excursions, walks by the river, practising water sports on the River Paraná (18 km away via Nº168 National Road), visiting the Space Observation Centre or the Zoo- Experimental Station of "La Esmeralda" Farm, make the tourist feel amazed and eager to know more about the region.

In a nutshell, Santa Fe offers a complete and varied shade of attractions that make one dive into history when visiting monuments, museums or find oneself in the beautiful parks, rivers and streams surrounded by wild flora and fauna.

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Gallery of Panoramic views of Santa Fe

East view towards the city center
Santa Fe view from San José del Rincón

Notable natives

Composer and ethnologist Ariel Ramirez (at the piano) with Mercedes Sosa, 1972.

References

Santa Fe Riverwalk.
Estación Recoleta Shopping Gallery.
Palomar Park.
Plaza of the Two Cultures.

See also Cat:People from Santa Fe, Argentina

Historical

Government

Tourism

Geographical location and Climate data

Press

Others


Simple English

Santa Fe is the capital city of the province of Santa Fe in Argentina. As of 2001, about 369,000 people live there.


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