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Santa Fe, Texas
—  City  —
Location of Santa Fe, Texas
Coordinates: 29°22′50″N 95°6′15″W / 29.38056°N 95.10417°W / 29.38056; -95.10417Coordinates: 29°22′50″N 95°6′15″W / 29.38056°N 95.10417°W / 29.38056; -95.10417
Country  United States
State  Texas
County Galveston
Area
 - Total 14.0 sq mi (36.2 km2)
 - Land 14.0 sq mi (36.2 km2)
 - Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 30 ft (9 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 9,548
 Density 682.5/sq mi (263.5/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 77510, 77517
Area code(s) 409
FIPS code 48-65726[1]
GNIS feature ID 1351043[2]

Santa Fe (Spanish: santa—holy, fe—faith) is a city in Galveston County, Texas, United States. The population was 9,548 at the 2000 census. The town is named for the Santa Fe Railroad (now part of BNSF Railway) which runs through the town alongside State Highway 6.

Contents

History

The community grew after the Santa Fe Railway was built outside the area in 1877. Just over a century later in 1978, the residents there voted to become incorporated, and by the 1980s, Santa Fe annexed the towns of Arcadia and Alta Loma.

The City of Santa Fe came to be because the neighboring City of Hitchcock tried to annex a large portion of Alta Loma. After a six year struggle the residents of Alta Loma were given the chance to become their own incorporated city. To be in accordance with the laws of Texas they needed a certain number of residents within the area and a large part of the next town of Arcadia was included. The new city which included the towns of Alta Loma and Arcadia needed one name. The name of Santa Fe was chosen after the Santa Fe Independent School District which surrounds the area. It was the Santa Fe School District that got its name from the railroad in the early 19th century.

In 1981, white supremacists traveled to the city to join local shrimpers in protesting the growing presence of Vietnamese shrimpers in the Gulf.[3] That controversy, as well as similar conflicts in nearby port towns like Rockport, served as the basis for the 1985 Ed Harris film Alamo Bay.

In 2000, the Supreme Court ruled that the Santa Fe Independent School District's policy of permitting "student-led, student-initiated" prayer at football games and other school events violated the Constitution's prohibitions against the establishment of state religion.

Geography

Map of Santa Fe

Santa Fe is located at 29°22′50″N 95°6′15″W / 29.38056°N 95.10417°W / 29.38056; -95.10417 (29.380651, -95.104163)[4].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 14.0 square miles (36.2 km²), all of it land.

Demographics

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 9,548 people, 3,492 households, and 2,727 families residing in the city. The population density was 682.5 people per square mile (263.5/km²). There were 3,723 housing units at an average density of 266.1/sq mi (102.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 94.92% White, 0.25% African American, 0.58% Native American, 0.23% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 2.94% from other races, and 1.07% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10.78% of the population. Historically, Santa Fe was known as a sundown town.

There were 3,492 households out of which 37.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.5% were married couples, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.9% were non-families. 18.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.10.

In the city the population was spread out with 28.1% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 29.1% from 25 to 44, 23.9% from 45 to 64, and 11.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 96.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $47,550, and the median income for a family was $54,253. Males had a median income of $40,445 versus $27,188 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,396. About 4.8% of families and 6.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.5% of those under age 18 and 6.5% of those age 65 or over.

Government and infrastructure

The United States Postal Service Santa Fe Post Office is located at 13002 Highway 6.[5]

Education

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Primary and secondary schools

Public schools

The city is served by the Santa Fe Independent School District.

The schools in the city include:

  • R.J. Wollam Elementary School (Pre-K through 1)
  • Dan J. Kubacak Elementary (2 through 3; formerly Santa Fe Elementary North)
  • Elizabeth Cowan Elementary (4; formerly Santa Fe Elementary South)
  • Fritz Barnett Intermediate School (5-6; formerly Santa Fe Intermediate School)
  • Santa Fe Junior High School (7-8)
  • Santa Fe High School (9-12)

All of Santa Fe is served by the College of the Mainland.

Public libraries

Santa Fe owns the Mae S. Bruce Library at 13302 6th Street.[6] The Santa Fe Community Library opened inside a former World War II army barracks in 1975. By 1982 the barracks became overwhelmed by the library's increasing size. A group of residents established a building committee and, with Moody and Kempner Foundations grants and donations from the community, purchased a 1,920 square foot metal portable building on land leased from the Santa Fe Independent School District. The portable was across Highway 6 from the barracks. After continuing growth of the library, in 1987 Mae S. Bruce presented a 6400 square ftoot brick structure to the city. The library moved to the structure and was renamed after Bruce.[7]

Transportation

Airports in unincorporated areas near Santa Fe include:

Airports with commercial airline service for the area, located in Houston, are William P. Hobby Airport and George Bush Intercontinental Airport.

References

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ Claudia Kolker, San Francisco Chronicle, 11 September 2000, URL: http://www.sfgate.com:80/cgi-bin/article.cgi?file=/chronicle/archive/2000/09/11/MN95611.DTL
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "Post Office Location - SANTA FE." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on December 6, 2008.
  6. ^ "Welcome to the Mae S. Bruce Library!." Mae S. Bruce Library. Retrieved on December 6, 2008.
  7. ^ "About the Mae S. Bruce Library!." Mae S. Bruce Library. Retrieved on December 6, 2008.

External links


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